Cerebral Palsy

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CEREBRAL PALSYpresented by LaQueita Owens : 

CEREBRAL PALSYpresented by LaQueita Owens

WHAT IS CEREBRAL PALSY : 

WHAT IS CEREBRAL PALSY Cerebral Palsy is a term used to describe chronic movement or posture disorders Cerebral refers to the brain Palsy refers to a physical disorder

Causes of Cerebral Palsy : 

Causes of Cerebral Palsy Cerebral Palsy can be caused by injury during child birth, if your baby got stuck in the birth canal with no oxygen supply If your water broke and your doctor didn’t make sure you delivered within 24 hours In premature infants it can be caused by bleeding in the brain, brain infections such as encephalitis, meningitis, and herpes simplex. Head injuries Sever jaundice

Causes cont. : 

Causes cont. Damage to brain cells that control the movement of muscles, when the cells die, electric impulses are no longer sent to muscle cells. Fever during pregnancy is a great indicator that something is wrong, having a temperature over 100.4 F can put the unborn child at risk for brain damage.

Types of Cerebral Palsy : 

Types of Cerebral Palsy Spatic- tense, contracted muscles Ataxic- a poor sense of balance, often causing patients to stumble and fall Athetoid- constant, uncontrolled motion of limbs, head, eyes Rigidity- tight muscles that resist effort to make them move Tremor- uncontrollable shaking, interfering with coordination

Spastic Cerebral Palsy : 

Spastic Cerebral Palsy Spastic Cerebral Palsy is the most common diagnosis. If a child’s CP is “spastic,” her muscles are rigid and jerky. She has difficulty getting around. There are three types of spastic Cerebral Palsy: Spastic diplegia — The child’s leg and hip muscles are tight, and their legs cross at the knees, making it difficult to walk. This kind of movement is frequently referred to as “scissoring.” Spastic hemiplegia — Only one side of a child’s body is stiff. Her arms or hands might be more affected than her legs. On the affected side, her arm and leg may not develop normally. Leg braces may be necessary. Spastic quadriplegia — The severest of the three, spastic quadriplegia means that your child is more likely to have mental retardation if diagnosed as quadriplegia. His legs, arms, and body are affected. It will be difficult for him to walk and talk, and he may also experience seizures

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy : 

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy This is the least diagnosed type of Cerebral Palsy. Your child will have trouble tying his/hers shoes, buttoning his shirt, cutting with scissors, and doing other tasks that require fine motor skills. He/She might walk with his feet farther apart than normal and have trouble with his balance and coordination. The child may suffer from “intention tremors,” a shaking that begins with a voluntary movement. For example, a child may reach for a toy, and then his/her hand and arm will start to shake. As he/she gets closer to the toy, the tremor worsens.

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy : 

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy Athetoid is the second most frequently diagnosed type of Cerebral Palsy. The child will have normal intelligence, but his/her body will be totally affected by muscle problems. Their muscle tone can be weak or tight, and he/she might have trouble walking, sitting, or speaking clearly. They may also have trouble controlling her facial muscles and therefore constantly drool.

Symptoms : 

Symptoms Symptoms include limbless, where patients have no ability to control one or all of ones limbs In some patients sudden or instant jerks affect body parts at different times. In coordination of the muscles which control speech and eating, patient may incur slurred speech, or drooling the ability to swallow one’s saliva is affected

Treatment : 

Treatment Careful surveillance of the patient's physical and psychological status. A physical therapist, will help to mobilize and maintain the function of the neuromuscular system. Occasionally, an orthopedic surgeon may surgically lengthen a tendon to make a limb more functional. A speech therapist can provide additional speech training, and a vocational therapist can help the patient to find work. The key professional is the primary physician, usually the pediatrician, who with care and understanding guides the patient through the years.

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