The Roles & Contributions of Native American Tribes in Mining Issues

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The Roles & Contributions of Native American Tribes in Mining Issues:

By Jessica Koski (Mining Technical Assistant) Keweenaw Bay Indian Community September 28, 2012 Lake Superior Binational Forum Marquette, MI The Roles & Contributions of Native American Tribes in Mining Issues

Presentation Outline:

A people and a place Legacy impacts and concerns Sovereignty and Treaty Rights Expertise and capacity Emerging indigenous rights principles Leadership Presentation Outline

PowerPoint Presentation:

Photo Credit: NASA Location

Ojibwa People: Connected to the Great Lakes:

Ojibwa People: Connected to the Great Lakes

Legacy of Mining on Native Land:

Uranium mining and the Navajo Nation Black Mesa and the Hopi Midnight Mine and the Spokane Tribe Legacy of Mining on Native Land

Legacy of Sulfide Mining:

500,000 i nactive and a bandoned Hard Rock Mines in 32 States Legacy of Sulfide Mining At least 50 billion tons of untreated, un-reclaimed mining waste Acid Mine Drainage Rio Tinto River, Spain Cleaning up of these environmental problems exceeds $70 billion Nationally, acid mine drainage as polluted 12,000 miles of streams

Examples of Modern Mines that have gone Bankrupt:

Examples of Modern Mines that have gone Bankrupt Acid Mine Drainage Rio Tinto River, Spain Zortman Landusky Mine, Montana Summitville Mine, Colorado Brohm Mine, South Dakota

Additional Concerns:

Heavy metals and other contaminants Habitat, wetland and stream loss Transportation/energy/ water usage Air quality Protection of cultural properties Additional Concerns Empire Mine, Michigan Tilden Mine Tailings, Michigan Impacts of Selenium on fish

PowerPoint Presentation:

Source: Lake Superior Binational Program Mercury Emissions

PowerPoint Presentation:

Source: Turyk et al. 2012 Mercury & Fish Consumption

PowerPoint Presentation:

Anishinaabe Treaty Territories

Rights Reserved in the Treaties:

1836 Treaty: “The Indians stipulate for the right of hunting on the lands ceded, with the other usual privileges of occupancy...” 1837 Treaty: “The privilege of hunting, fishing, and gathering the wild rice, upon the lands, the rivers and the lakes included in the territory ceded, is guarantied to the Indians. . .” 1842 Treaty: “The Indians stipulate for the right of hunting on the ceded territory, with the other usual privileges of occupancy. . .” 1854 Treaty: “. . .such of them as reside in the territory hereby ceded, shall have the right to hunt and fish therein. . .” Rights Reserved in the Treaties

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life:

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life Ziigwan (Spring)

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life:

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life Niibin (Summer)

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life:

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life Dagwaagin (Fall)

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life:

Treaty Rights = Protecting a Way of Life Biboon (Winter)

Michigan: Implications for Trust Responsibility:

Michigan: Implications for Trust Responsibility Tribal Leaders meet with EPA Region 5 Administrator, February 2012 in Marquette, MI “The lack of federal programs for mining in Michigan leaves tribes vulnerable to the interpretation of Michigan laws by Michigan agencies alone …” ~KBIC President Warren C. Swartz

Expertise and capacity:

Expertise and capacity Technical review Community outreach and education Monitoring

Emerging Indigenous Rights Principles:

Emerging Indigenous Rights Principles

Leadership for the Great Lakes:

Leadership for the Great Lakes Josephine Mandamin , Anishinaabe Elder & Mother Earth Water Walker Bad River Chairman Mike Wiggins, Jr.

Miigwech (Thank You)! :

Questions? Miigwech (Thank You)! “We as a people can’t just pick up our reservations and move because our homes have sacred places, medicine , wild rice, ceremonies, etc .” ~Tina VanZile , Mole Lake Sokaogon Chippewa

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