protected area of ladakh

Category: Education

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protection is important for conservation of natural resources and wild life


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plz send it on my email.

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Hi diskit I am Research fellow in FRL, Leh. I saw your presentation this is very nice. can you send this onmy email id-- Thanks

By: kunzang (108 month(s) ago)

this presentation is very helpful for gaining knowledge about ladakh also, so please send it on my mail id..

Presentation Transcript

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PROTECTED AREAS OF LADAKH Presented by:- Kunzang diskit Roll no. 14 M.Sc(F) E.V.S


CONTENTS Introduction About ladakh Climate of ladakh Flora and Fauna of Ladakh Endangers species of Ladakh Protected areas of Ladakh Hemis high altitude National Park Changthang Sanctuary Karakoram Sanctuary Kanji Sanctuary Tongri Sanctuary Sabu Chukor Reserve Conclusion References


These are area of Land and Sea especially dedicated . to the protection and maintenance of Biodiversity . These are manage through Legal effective means India has got 584 Protected area according to . .National Wild life database (2004) covering area of 4.7% First National Park in India is Jim Corbett (1935) First National Park of the World is Yellowstone 1872 Introduction


ABOUT LADAKH Ladakh the Land of high rising passes. Annual and Perennial dominate the flora of Ladakh . Ladakh has hostile environment. The average height of the mountains is 18,380 ft . The main town itself is situated at 11,500 ft. The total area of Ladakh is 58,321 km sq. Ladakh consist three main river the Indus, the Shyok , and the Zanskar . Ladakh can be situated under three main Geographical feature i.e. the Indus river , the Himalayan range and the planes of Changthang .

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Phyang village Photragraph taken on 05-06-09


CLIMATE OF LADAKH The area of Ladakh is unique and its Environment support some rare species of plants and animals . The altitude range causes wide variation in climate even within Ladakh . During winter the temperature falls as low as - 40. There is scanty rainfall, it varies from 4 to 5 inches. Summer in Ladakh experience an average temperature in the range of approximately -3 to 30 degree.

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Severe winter with heavy snow fall In Jan,2009


FAUNA OF LADAKH WILD ANIMAL OF LADAKH Yak :- ( Bos grunniens ) yak is the largest animal of the cold desert. Kiang ( Equus heminous ):- the kiang was previously hunted for sport, yet after protection, its population is increased.

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Marmot ( Arctomys Himalayanus ):- Ladakh uria l( Ovis vigine ):- It is found above the 11,000 ft it is highly endangered found only in Ladakh.

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Snow leopard ( Uncia uncia ):- It feed mainly on wild sheep, goats and also domestic livestock up to the size of small yak Ibex ( Capra ibex ):- It is found between 3500 to. 5200 m height it is commonly called as Skin.

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Tibetan gazelle: Goas graze primarily in the morning and afternoon while during midday hours they remain in open/rest on the soft sandy plane. Tibetan antelope ( Panthelop s hodgsoni ) :-

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Double hump camel :- it is found only in nubra valley of Leh district at the height of 12,000 ft 02 of june-09


BIRDS OF LADAKH Around 270 birds species have occurred in Ladakh ., of which only about 35% are known to breed, the rest being migrants or rare visitor The wide verity of birds show migration into and from Ladakh some show migration in winter season like Pigeons, Storks , Kingfisher and Magpie comes to settle and return back in march while other patch of birds comes in may and return in October.

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Storks Kingfisher

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Pigeons Magpie

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Black necked crane


LIVESTOCK OF LADAKH The Domestic animal of Ladakh are Cow, Goats, Sheep, Yak, Dzo , Dsomo , Dog and Donkey . The shawl wool goats called Changra . The finest wool produced from Changra is called ‘ Lena ’. The offspring of Yak and Common Cow is a valuable hybrid Dzo and Dzomo .

Dzo (Male) :

Dzo (Male)

Dzomo (Female):

Dzomo (Female)

Donkey :



FLORA OF LADAKH The Flora of Ladakh is conventionally divided into three type . Arid vegetation:- Oasitic vegetation:- Alpine vegetation:- The dominant trees of Ladakh are Willow and Poplar . Local doctor makes drugs from the leaves of the willow tree.

Dominant trees of Ladakh :

Dominant trees of Ladakh


MEDICINAL PLANTS .s.n Species Local name Locality and altitud. Med. use 1 Aconitum heterophyllum (yarrow) longe South pull,15000 ft leh valley Cardiac disorder 2 Arnebia e uchroma (rattanjot) Demak Tsoltak,15,000 ft (changthang valley) As a blood purifier, 3 Bergenia s tracheyi Gatils Ating, 11,800 ft (zansker valley) Effective in ulcer 4 Dactylorhiza hatagirea angmolapo Partapur, 10,250 ft (Nubra valley) Tonic and aphrodisiac 5 Hippophae r hamnoide s (seabuckthorn) Thesta lu lu Leh and nubra valley Source of vitamin 6 Podaphyllum hexandrum demobkusu Panikhar, 10,500 ft Acidity and mountain stress 7 Rheum speciformae lacchu Penzila, 14,000 ft Appertizer 8 Iris l actea teshmamentok Khalsi,9500 ft (leh valley) Anti allergic

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Arnebia benthamii Aconitum dactylorhiza

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Iris lactea Hippophae rhamnoides


ENDANGERED SPECIES OF LADAKH FAUNA Snow l eopard :- Estimated that 3500-7000 leopards are left in world, they are protected under CITES . Black necked crane :-The ICBP red data book consider it as endangered. According to CITES Tibetan Aragall i , Tibetan antelope , Ladakh Uriel , Wild Yak and wild Ass are also endangered FLORA :- The major endangered medicinal plants are Aconitum heterophyllum , Arnebia benthamii , Bergenia stracheyi , Dactylorhiza h atagirea , Podophllum hexandrum etc


PROTECTED AREA OF LADAKH About 10% of the total area of the Ladakh is deemed protected include National Parks, Sanctuaries and Reserves These zone were decline protected area in as far back as 1987 , No specific plans were formulated for there sustainable and scientific management The region is virtually treeless, except for cultivated varieties of Populous and Salix .


1.THE HEMIS NATIONAL PARK! Hemis high altitude National Park is the only National Park in the region.(1981) The part cover about 4100sq km. It is the largest notified national Park of India. The National Park is named after a Buddhist Monastery.

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Entire region be accorded protection under UNESCO’s Man and biosphere program, and the Hemis National Park with its Monestery be declared a world Heritage Site.

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NATURAL HISTORY The Principle Biome in Himes include Dry Himalayan subtropical Pine forest. Western Himalayan Alpine shrub and Meadows . Himalayan Alpine tundra .


FAUNA OF HEMIS The Park is home to viable breeding population of about 200 snow leopard. It contain the best area for Bharal , Snow leopard , Urial , Argali and Wild ass . The Park is good to study Himalayan Birds of prey. Birds of prey noted here are Golden Eagle, Vulture and the Himalayan Grraffon vulture.


FLORA The region is in the rain shadow of the Himalayan and does not receive much precipitation hence dry forest of Juniper, Populus-salix , forest sub alpine dry birch fir are present at lower altitude .


2.CHANGTHANG SANCTUARY Changthang Sanctuary is also known as Cold desert sanctuary. It was established in 1987 . It cover an area of 4000 . The flag species include Kiang, Tibetan Argali, and Tibetan Gazelle.

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Changthang santuary


3.KARAKORAM SANCTUARY Though listed as Protected area, its area is not as yet define and appears to be between 1800 and 5000 sq km This sanctuary named after Karakoram range . Main species protected include Ibex, blue sheep and Chiru in its eastern plains. The Flora of this Sanctuary is almost completely absent at high altitude.

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Karakuram sanctuary


4.TONGRI SANCTUARY Area of Tongri sanctuary is about 20sq .km Located in west Ladakh of Zanskar valley.


5.KANJI SANCTUARY Located south of Foto La . It was established in 1988 . It cover an area of It has a healthy population of Ibex .


6.SABU CHUKOR RESERVE Located about 20 km east of Leh . It cover a area. Its main purpose is to safe habitation and population of Ibex and blue sheep .


CONCLUSION Ladakh has wide variety of Flora and Fauna since large amount of species are getting Endangered and protection is vital to conserve the biodiversity of Ladakh Values of protected area are range from protection of natural habitats and associated Flora and Fauna, to the maintenances of environment stability.


REFERENCE Books Singh, S.P. Singh, J.S. Gupta, S.R.(2008) “Ecology, Environment and Resource conservation,” Anamaya Publishers New Delhi Pfister Otto (2004) “Birds and mammals of Ladakh” Oxford university press. Thsangspa Ldawa Tashi (2008) “Ladakh books of records” Ladakh Study group. WEB SITES

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