Mental Illness : Mental Illness By Kelsey Skow
July,1,2009 Introduction to Mental Illness : Introduction to Mental Illness Includes Autism Spectrum Disorders, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Dissociate Disorders, Eating disorders, Depression, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Panic Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder, Substance Abuse Disorder Schizophrenia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Suicide, and Tourette’s Syndrome
All cultures have had problems with mental illnesses.
Mental illnesses can affect any age, race, religion, or income. Mental illnesses are not the result of personal weakness, lack of character or poor upbringing.
In many cultures those with a mental illness were considered the bottom of society and were often locked away in jails, back rooms, abused in Asylums and used for entertainment. The History of Mental Illness : The History of Mental Illness In the 1600s Native American shamans would summoned powers from the beyond to treat the mentally ill.
Those with a mental illness were often said to be involved with witchcraft and were demonically possessed.
Those suffering from a mental illness were commonly referred to as lunatics- mania lunatics and melancholy lunatics
Barbaric treatments included ice baths, making the person vomit, and bleeding the victim of all their “bad blood”
In the 1700s Cotton Mather, a Puritan clergyman, separated from the overused and common witchcraft and possession theories and tried to find a more logical explanation. History Cont. : History Cont. In the 1800s Benjamin Rush wrote the first American textbook of psychiatry and by 1843 there were only around 24 hospitals in the United States dedicated to treating mental illness.
In the 1900s Clifford Beers, manic depressive himself, wrote his life experiences as a mental patient in The Mind That Found Itself.
In the 1900s ideas pertaining to Mental Illnesses started to bloom. Sigmund Freud came to America to lecture on the topic of psychoanalysis.
In 1918 as ruled by The American Psychoanalytic Association only those who had actually completed medical school could train in psycho analytics. Different Treatments : Different Treatments Starting in the 1930s doctors began trying different procedures to help their patients. They tried insulin for schizophrenia in 1930 and from 1936 to around the 1950s used the Frontal Lobotomy.
The Frontal Lobotomy was performed as such:
“-To induce sedation, inflict two quick shocks to the head.-Roll back one of the patients’ eyelids.-Insert a device, 2/3 the size of a pencil, through the upper eyelid into the patients’ head.-Guided by the markings indicating depth, tap the device with a hammer into the patients’ head/ frontal lobe.-After the appropriate depth is achieved, manipulate the device back and forth in a swiping motion within the patient’s head.”
http://www.toddlertime.com/advocacy/hospitals/Asylum/history-asylum.htm Stepping Away From the Lobotomy : Stepping Away From the Lobotomy In the 1940s they started to use Electrotherapy to treat mental illness.
Then came the medication. The first medication was called chlorpromazine, next came haloperidol, and lithium. In 1989 they introduced the first serotonin dopamine antagonist.
Today medications include Zoloft, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Seroquel, Tegretol, Lamictal, Topamax, Klonopin , Xanax , Valium , and many more. People living and deceased with Mental Illness : People living and deceased with Mental Illness There are many famous people today and in the past that suffer/ed from Mental Illness.
The names may surprise you because they seem so “normal” and some you may remember from the news and magazines. Scientific : Scientific Dr. Kay Jamison
No longer suffers from manic depression
Professor of Psychiatry at the John Hopkins School of Medicine as well as the co-author of the standard medical text taught there
Wrote An Unquiet Mind Academic : Academic William James was born in New York City on January 11, 1842.
Suffered from Depression, battling it for most of his life.
Published many books on philosophy and lectured on various other topics concerning psychology, spiritualism, and philosophy.
Ex: "Philosophical Conceptions and Practical Results“, "Man's Religious Appetites“, and "Their Satisfaction through Philosophy“ Cultural : Cultural Drew Carey born May,23, 1958 in Cleveland, Ohio
Suffers from Depression
He is an actor, writer and director.
Jim Carrey was born January,17, 1962
Diagnosed with clinical depression
He is an actor best know for his lead role in Ace Ventura Pet Detective Cultural Cont. : Cultural Cont. Sheryl Crow was born February 11 1962
Suffers from Depression
She is a nine-time Grammy Award winning singer-songwriter and activist
Truman Capote was born September 30 1924 in New Orleans, Louisiana and died August 25 1984
Suffered from clinical depression
Writer who wrote Breakfast at Tiffanys and In Cold Blood Athletic : Athletic Lionel Aldridge- Football Player was born in February, 14, 1941
Played for the Green Bay Packers in the 1960’s
Battled Schizophrenia Public service/Social Justice : Public service/Social Justice Buzz Aldrin was born January 20, 1930 in Montclair, New Jersey.
He was the 2nd man to land on the moon.
Has problems with Bipolar Disorder and Depression
Daniel Boorstin-Former Presidential Advisor lived from 1914 to 2004
He was the Librarian of Congress, established the Center for the Book, and helped restore Thomas Jefferson Building of the Library Public Service/Social Justice Cont. : Public Service/Social Justice Cont. Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States born in February,12,1809
suffered from periods of deep depression.
Theodore Roosevelt- 26th President of the United States born in 1858 in New York
suffered from Bipolar disorder Books on Mental Illness : Books on Mental Illness My Social Stories Book By Carol Gray
“Taking the form of short narratives, the stories in My Social Stories Book take children step-by-step through basic activities such as brushing your teeth, taking a bath and wearing a safety belt in the car. These stories are written for preschoolers aged 2-6 and form a useful primer for non-autistic as well as autistic children.”
Dorothea Dix: Social Reformer By Witteman Marjorie O’ Rorke
“Dix is remembered primarily for her role in the betterment of the mentally ill, some of whom were chained, boxed, and kept in a dark room, and some of whom would, by modern standards, be considered normal.”
http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Dorothea-Dix/B-Witteman/e/9780736815529/?itm=1 Books on Mental Illness Cont. : Books on Mental Illness Cont. Like a Thorn By Clara Vidal
Ages 12 and up
“As Mélie becomes a teenager, the years of tiptoeing around her own home take their toll, and Mélie sinks into increasing unhappiness. No one understands her situation. It's only when her mother takes 14-year-old Mélie to a psychologist that there's a glimmer of hope for the girl.”
Still My Grandma By Veronique Van Den Abeele
“With charming, sensitive illustrations, this story gently introduces young readers to the realities of Alzheimer's disease, and reminds them that love is more powerful than any illness can be”.
http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Still-My-Grandma/Veronique-van-den-Abeele/e/9780802853233/?itm=1 Books on Mental Illness Cont. : Books on Mental Illness Cont. How are You Feeling Today? By Susan Perry
“Discusses various aspects of mental health, including self-perception, mental illness, emotional problems, and getting help.”
Hugging the Rock By Susan Taylor Brown
“This bittersweet story of loss and revelation reveals the powerful and complex bond between fathers and daughters. Sensitive portrayal of bipolar disorder.”
http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Hugging-the-Rock/Susan-Taylor-Brown/e/9781582462363/?itm=1 Books on Mental Illness Cont. : Books on Mental Illness Cont. Mommy Stayed in Bed This Morning-Helping Children Understand Depression By Mary Wenger Weaver
“The book helps children recognize their fears and anxieties, and then points to ways of discovering health and wholeness. healing from mental illness is an ongoing process.”
Go Ask Alice By Anonymous
“A classic story of warning against the use of drugs. For the teen scene of 2006, this story will appear as slightly dated. The issues of relationships both in and out of school have not changed much in the last thirty years, but there are subtle differences in the culture that may prove distracting for a young person reading this book today.”
http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Go-Ask-Alice/Anonymous/e/9781416914631/?itm=1 Books on Mental Illness Cont. : Books on Mental Illness Cont. Sybil By Flora Rheta Schreiber
“It's the story of a survivor of terrifying childhood abuse, victim of sudden and mystifying blackouts, and the first case of multiple personality ever to be psychoanalyzed.”
When Devon Met Oz-Helping Children Cope With Depression By Magy Erin and Don Martin
“An estimated six million children and adolescents suffer from depression, which often goes undiagnosed. This sympathetic book includes reassuring advice and important tips for both children and parents on finding help.”
http://search.barnesandnoble.com/When-Devon-Met-Oz/Magy-Martin/e/9780882823041/?itm=1 Facts : Facts One in four adults in America experience a mental health disorder in a given year.
Half of all lifetime cases of mental illness begin around age 14.
Racial and ethnic minorities are less likely to have access to mental health care services and often receive a poorer quality of care.
24 % of state prisoners and 21 % of local jail prisoners have a recent history of mental health disorder.
For more information on Mental Health visit Nami National Alliance on Mental Illness @ http://www.nami.org/ ReferencesInformation and Pictures : ReferencesInformation and Pictures Buzz Aldrin. (n.d.). Biographies. Retrieved July 01, 2009, from Answers.com Web site: http://www.answers.com/topic/buzz-aldrin
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