logging in or signing up cardiomyopathy ksbarot Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 10727 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (5) Dislike it (0) Added: March 02, 2008 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 3 Presentation Description cardiomyopathy Comments Posting comment... By: sanjaypatel2175 (10 month(s) ago) i want to download this ppt Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: sandeepkundra (25 month(s) ago) Excellent presentation. concise yet v informative. Please allow download.!!! Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: daman143m (26 month(s) ago) thanks for it Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: fatens (27 month(s) ago) please i want download this one. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: fatens (27 month(s) ago) Thank u v much.................. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close loading.... See all Premium member Presentation Transcript Cardiomyopathy: Cardiomyopathy Definition: Definition Disorders of the cardiac muscle of unknown aetiology Specific types: Specific types Infective/viral Metabolic/infiltrative (cardiac amyloidosis) Systemic/multistystem disease Familial neuro-muscular disorders eg muscular dystrophy Sensitivity or toxic reactions eg. Alcohol (dilated) and chemotherapyInfective : Infective Viral eg. Coxackie virus (dilated) Tuberculosis (restrictive) HIV/AIDS ( dilated) Chagas disease (restrictive) - South America hypereosinophilic syndrome - could be parasitic, mostly unknown (restrictive - iron deposits) Metabolicdiseases: Metabolic diseases Primary cardiac amyloidosis - restrictive (protein deposits) cardiac sarcoidosis - cardiac granulomas hemochromatosisClassification: Classification Hypertrophic HCM HOCM Obliterative Dilated (Congestive) Restrictive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Pathological changes are of muscular hypertrophy associated with fibrosis Muscle fibres hypertrophy Myocardial disarray - some parts of the heart coronary arteries tendancy - large calibreMyocardial Disarray: Myocardial Disarray Normal Muscle Structure Myocardial Disarray (Parallel alignment) (Disorganised alignment)Types Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Types Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy HCM or HOCM Asymmetric septal (ASH) - without obstruction Asymmetric septal (ASH) - with obstruction Symmetric hypertrophy - concentric Apical hypertrophyHCM: HCM Mitral Valve in normal position HOCM: HOCM Mitral valve presses against septum MRSYMMETRIC: SYMMETRIC symmetric or concentric APICAL: APICAL Small cavity remains Apical HypertrophySymptoms: Symptoms Dyspnoea angina palpitation dizzy spells syncopeSlide16: Gene is present from birth linked to growth hormone Myopathy can develop at any age - mostly under age 25, but not always diagnosis at early age increases risk of poor prognosisPrognosis: Prognosis Adults - 2-3% SCD per year Adolescents - 4-6% SCD per year Infants (less than 1 yr old), mortality = 50% Identification of patients at risk: Identification of patients at risk Diagnosis in childhood/adolescence Family history of HCM or SCD SyncopeMechanism of death: Mechanism of death Mostly unknown ?VT or VF AF with fast ventricular response Any arrhythmia or increased obstruction causing Haemodynamic compromiseDilated Cardiomyopathy: Dilated Cardiomyopathy Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Dilated Cardiomyopathy Dilated left ventricle poorly contracting little difference between systole and diastole low cardiac output Slide22: Difficult to distinguish between dilated cardiomyopathy & dilated left ventricle due to severe CAD Usually post MI/CAD - local dysfunction Dilated myopathy - global dysfunctionRight ventricular dilatation: Right ventricular dilatation Uhl’s disease RV dysplasia or myopathy congenital associated ventricular arrhythmiasRestrictive Cardiomyopathy: Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Idiopathic Infiltrative eg – amyloidosis,sarcoidosis, mucopolysacharidosis, malignancies or Radiation Glycogen storage disease Hemochromatosis Fabrys disease Cardiac transplant rejectionCharacteristics: Characteristics Abnormal compliance of the left ventricle short relaxation time Dilated atria with normal ventricular dimensions.Summary : Summary various types diagnosis ECHO BLOOD TESTS LINK TO MEDICAL CONDITIONS Classification difficult discrepancies between countries (terminology & nomenclature) You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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