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Intrauterine Devices IUDs:

Kristen Schlom Intrauterine Devices IUDs

What is an intrauterine device:

What is an intrauterine device An IUD is a small T-shaped device that is inserted into the woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are 2 types of IUDs on the market today in the United States. Mirena (Hormones) ParaGard T380A (Copper)

Hormonal vs. copper:

Hormonal vs. copper Both hormanal IUDs and copper IUDs prevents fertilization of an egg by damaging or killing the sperm. Hormonal IUDs, also known as Mirena , release the hormone Progestin which thickens females’ cervical mucus which makes it harder for sperm to travel through the cervix. Progestin also affects the lining of the uterus, causing it to become more difficult for implantation if an egg were to become fertilized. Mirena can be used for up to 5 years.

Hormonal vs. copper:

Hormonal vs. copper The Copper IUD that is on the market is known as ParaGard . Copper is toxic to sperm. It makes the uterus and fallopian tubes produce fluid that kills sperm. This fluid contains white blood cells, copper ions, enzymes, and prostaglandins. ( webmd.org , 2011) ParaGard can last for up to 12 years.

IUD insertion:

IUD insertion How it looks when in the uterus.

How to get started with an iud:

How to get started with an iud You should consult with your doctor when deciding whether an IUD is the best decision for you. An IUD should be put in by a doctor at the doctors office. Usually after a short consultation the doctor will put in an order and get it approved by your insurance or have the patient pay the costs. The IUD will be sent to the doctors office. When everything is approved and has arrived the doctor can insert it.

Insertion of the iud:

Insertion of the iud Sometimes the doctor will use a little anesthetic while inserting, but most of the time it is not necessary. Some cramping and spotting may occur 1-2 days after insertion. Your doctor may have you come in 4-6 weeks after the initial insertion to make sure that it stays in place. Insertion is easier when the women has had a vaginal childbirth within the last year.

Insertion of iud:

Insertion of iud It is important to check and make sure the string from the IUD is still in place. If you cannot find the string it doesn’t mean it was expelled, it could be in the cervical canal, which is not harmful. In this kind of situation, make an appointment with your doctor to confirm the IUD is still in place. Until your doctor confirms that it is still in place you should use another form of birth control.


cost Insurance will usually cover all or some of the cost of an IUD. If an individual wishes to purchase an IUD without insurance it can range anywhere from $500-$1,000. Which will cover the device itself, along with the insertion, and if necessary the check up appointment after insertion.

Advantages and possible side effects:

Advantages and possible side effects “IUDs are some of the least expensive, longest lasting forms of birth control available to women today.” ( Plannedparenthood.org , 2013) IUDs are highly effective. Safe. No interruption of intimacy. Can be used while breastfeeding. Hormonal IUDs can reduce period cramps, give you a lighter period, and in some cases completely stop them.

Disadvantages and possible negative side effects:

Disadvantages and possible negative side effects “May cause menstrual problems, more risk for women who have never had children, requires trained medical professional for insertion and withdrawal.”(Hock, 2012) Mild to moderate pain while IUD is being inserted. Spotting for the first 3-6 months. In very rare cases the IUD can push itself through the wall of the uterus or the woman can develop an infection.

Failure rate:

Failure rate ParaGard Typical Faliure Rate: 0.8% Perfect Use Failure Rate: 0.6% Mirena Typical Failure Rate: 0.2% Perfect Use Failure Rate: 0.2%


effectiveness “Effectiveness is an important and common concern when choosing a birth control method. IUDs are one of the most effective forms of birth control available. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they use an IUD .” ( Plannedparenthood , 2014)

Do Intrauterine devices protect from stis?:

Do Intrauterine devices protect from stis ? NO!!! IUDs do not protect from STIs. Another form of birth control such as, the male condom, the female condom, or selective abstinence should be practiced if someone is trying to protect themself from STIs.


References Planned Parenthood. (2014). IUD. Retrieved from http ://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control/iud-4245. htm WebMD. (2012). Birth Control and the IUD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/sex/birth-control/iud-intrauterine- device Hock. R. R. (2012). Human Sexuality. (3 rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson Education, Inc.

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