All Eyes On Houston

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NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center tied Houston to the nation and the world.

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The establishment of the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center at Clear Lake for evermore tied Texas to the nation and the world.:

The establishment of the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center at Clear Lake for evermore tied Texas to the nation and the world.

The Plan…:

The Plan… U.S. Representative Albert Thomas believed that with some federal funding, his hometown of Houston had the potential to become the largest, most productive city in the South.

The Plan…:

The Plan… Congressman Thomas reasoned that what was good for Houston was good for the United States.

The Plan…:

The Plan… As chairman of the Independent Offices Subcommittee on House Appropriations, Thomas had the power to influence federal spending.

The Plan…:

Out of 20 possible cities being considered, NASA Administrator James E. Webb announced his decision on September 14, 1961. Houston would be the site of the new NASA Manned Spacecraft Center. The Plan…

The Plan…:

President John F. Kennedy gives his momentous speech at Rice University, September 12, 1962 The Plan…

The Plan…:

Kennedy vows to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. The Plan… He pledges to invest in Houston in the amount of $1 billion in government contracts over the upcoming five years.

The Plan…:

The Plan…

It Begins…:

It Begins… South of Houston, near Clear Lake, the Humble Oil Company donates land to Rice University which is then turned over for use as the location for the new NASA Manned Spacecraft Center. The center was renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in 1969.

It Begins…:

It Begins… The Humble Oil Company creates the Friendswood Development Company to develop a residential area adjacent to NASA’s location – Clear Lake City is born. Credit: clcwa.org

It Begins…:

It Begins… In 1977, a majority of Clear Lake City is annexed by the City of Houston. Credit: clcwa.org

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Significant effects on Houston are immediately felt…

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Billions of dollars is pumped into the Houston-area economy in a single year.

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Billions of dollars is pumped into the Houston-area economy in a single year. Large grants and federal funds are awarded to area universities for aviation and aerospace technology research. Rice University is the foremost of these institutions.

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Billions of dollars is pumped into the Houston-area economy in a single year. Property values in Clear Lake City begin to rise As NASA employees and professionals move into the area

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Billions of dollars is pumped into the Houston-area economy in a single year. Many corporations in the fields of aviation and aerospace set up business in the Houston area. Corporations such as…

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston…

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… The Manned Spacecraft Center is at the forefront of Manned spaceflight

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… The Manned Spacecraft Center is at the forefront of Astronaut training

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… The Manned Spacecraft Center is at the forefront of Mission Control Operations

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… The Manned Spacecraft Center is at the forefront of Mission Control Operations And…

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… Houston becomes the original center of aerospace technology research and development

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Houston, formerly known as the “Bayou City” is rebranded as “Space City”

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… Houston was thrust onto the national and world stage as the location of the nation’s efforts to spearhead the exploration of space

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… The Soviets had Sputnik…

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… …but Houston will always have Alan Shepherd, John Glenn, and the original Mercury 7 astronauts,…

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… …Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin , Michael Collins and Apollo 11…

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… …Jim Lovell and the brave crew of Apollo 13…

All eyes are now on Houston…:

All eyes are now on Houston… All space pioneers and the epitome of bravery in the face of the unknown! Houston was already known for the Ship Channel and the oil industry, but the space program was the wave of the future and it was that innovation that placed this city at the center of space exploration and technology

The future is here.:

The future is here. The Johnson Space Center leads NASA’s flight-related scientific and medical research programs. The technologies developed here, originally for spaceflight, are now being used in many areas of medicine, energy, transportation, agriculture, communications and electronics.

The future is here.:

The future is here. Houston is now developing technologies to be used for the future of NASA and the nation’s space program. Technologies to be implemented on…. The International Space Station (ISS) The manned mission to Mars And…

The future is here.:

The future is here. Houston is where technologies are being developed and utilized by the Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, known as SpaceX , the world’s first privately owned space transport company.

… lt all began here.:

… lt all began here. In the recent decades, the U.S. space program has grown and spread out across the nation.

… lt all began here.:

… lt all began here. The program might have spread to different installations in different states…

… lt all began here.:

… lt all began here. …but the Johnson Space Center will forever be known as the heart of the original manned space program.

… lt all began here.:

… lt all began here. And it is for that reason, Houston, the “Space City”, will always be tied to the nation and the world

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All photos credited to NASA, except where noted. Presentation compiled by: Randy L. Krinsky HIST2303 Texas History June 2013 Copyright: University of Houston - Downtown

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