Ten Basic Elements of Stories

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Presentation Description

For use in listening and note-taking for ESL Digital Storytelling class at MiraCosta College.

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Presentation Transcript

Ten Basic Elements of Stories : 

Ten Basic Elements of Stories Kristi Reyes ESL Digital Storytelling MiraCosta College

Stories : 

Stories Called “narratives” or “prose” (as opposed to poetry) The following slides show the 10 basic elements of stories. Note: There are other elements of literature not listed here. Also, of course, not all stories contain all the elements here.

Number 1. : 

Number 1. Title

Number 2. : 

Number 2. Beginning Introduction Opening “hook” Ending / Conclusion

Number 3. : 

Number 3. Setting Location Date Time

Number 4. : 

Number 4. Plot = actions, events Chronological / sequential Transitions Problem / Conflict Climax Resolution

Number 5. : 

Number 5. Characters Protagonist = central character Antagonist = character(s), group(s), force(s), idea(s) against which protagonist struggles

Number 6. : 

Number 6. Point of view – one who is telling the story / narrator or speaker 1st person = I, me 3rd person = not the narrator; he, she, it, they

Number 7. : 

Number 7. Details / description Physical (people, places) Psychological (thoughts / ideas, feelings)

Number 8. : 

Number 8. Dialog, as people really speak Direct quotes Indirect / reported speech

Number 9. : 

Number 9. Mood / atmosphere

Number 10. : 

Number 10. Style Active verbs and specific, concrete nouns Figurative languages (metaphors) and symbolism Tone (attitude) Irony = reverse of normal expectations

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