Grammar Practice:Participial Adjectives(-ing v. –ed adjectives) : Grammar Practice:Participial Adjectives(-ing v. –ed adjectives) By Kristi Reyes
MiraCosta College What are adjectives? : What are adjectives? Words that describe nouns
What are nouns?
L Many verbs of emotion have –ing and –ed adjective forms : Many verbs of emotion have –ing and –ed adjective forms What are some verbs of emotion? Sample verbs of emotion: These verbs can be changed to adjectives by changing the spelling : These verbs can be changed to adjectives by changing the spelling Amaze (verb: You amaze me!)
Amazing (adjective: These students are amazing!)
Amazed (adjective: I am amazed by the students in this class!)
Interest (verb: Computers interest her.)
Interesting (adjective: Computers are interesting for her).
Interested (adjective: She is interested in computers) What’s the difference between the –ing and –ed adjective forms? : What’s the difference between the –ing and –ed adjective forms? Verb + ing = adjective to describe a thing or things that cause the emotion
The comic movie was amusing!
Verb + ed = adjective to describe a person or animal that experiences an emotion, feeling, or reaction; an experiencer’s emotion
I was really amused by the movie. Other helpful hints: : Other helpful hints: Sentences often use the word "by" with adjectives ending in ED.
Greg was challenged by his math homework.
Sentences often use the word "to" or “for” with adjectives ending in ING.
Greg’s math homework was challenging to him. Practice … : Practice … surprise : surprise Slide 9: Was the girl surprising or surprised?
Was the party surprising or surprised?
surprising exhaust : exhaust Slide 11: Was the man exhausting or exhausted?
Was the marathon exhausting or exhausted?
exhausting bore : bore Slide 13: Was the man boring or bored?
Was the audience boring or bored?
bored irritate : irritate Slide 15: Is a back seat driver irritating or irritated?
Is the driver irritating or irritated?
irritated satisfy : satisfy Slide 17: How does the girl feel? Satisfying or satisfied?
How is the food? Satisfying or satisfied?
satisfying frustrate : frustrate Slide 19: Is the man frustrating or frustrated?
Are computers frustrating or frustrated?
frustrating shock : shock Slide 21: Is the woman shocked or shocking?
Is the news shocked or shocking?
shocking embarrass : embarrass Slide 23: Is being scolded embarrassing or embarrassed?
How does the boy feel? Embarrassing or embarrassed?
embarrassed interest : interest Slide 25: The class is interesting or interested?
The student is interesting or interested in the class?
interested excite : excite Slide 27: Is this excited or exciting?
Are they excited or exciting?
Excited annoy : annoy Slide 29: Is the woman annoying or annoyed?
Is the man’s action annoying or annoyed for the woman?
annoying disappoint : disappoint Slide 31: The runner lost the race. Is that disappointing or disappointed?
How does the second place runner feel? Disappointing or disappointed?
disappointed Your turn! : Your turn! Spelling Rules : Spelling Rules For verbs that become adjectives by adding + ing
Usually just add + ing
2. Final e, - e + ing
Bore Spelling Rules : Spelling Rules For verbs that become adjectives by adding + ed
Usually just add + ed
2. Final e, - e + ed
Excite Questions? : Questions? More Practice : More Practice Choose the correct form
-ing v. -ed Quiz 1
-ing v. -ed Quiz 2