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Pesticides may be defined as simply as chemical agents used to control or eliminate pest. DefinationMethod of pest controal: Natural control Artificial control Mechanical control Agricultural control Chemical control Biological control Method of pest controalTypes of pests: Rodents Insects Weeds Fungi Types of pestsClassification of Pesticides: Insecticides Herbicides Fungicides Rodenticides Classification of PesticidesPowerPoint Presentation: Essential for a good pesticides:- It should have a high margin of safety. It should be easy to handle and apply It should not show toxicity in case of warm blooded animals. It should not have inflammable characters. It should be available easily at affordable cost.PowerPoint Presentation: Natural pesticides:- Natural pesticides are a cheap and safer alternative to products bought in a store. Leaves, barks, seeds and wood can have toxic effect on different pests.PowerPoint Presentation: 1.Pyrethum flowers:- Synonym:- Insect flowers Biological source:- It consist of dried flower heads of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium family- Compositae Geographical source:- Japan,Brazil,Kenya,India Macroscopic characters:- Colour -Cream to straw coloured Odour :-Aromatic Taste:-Bitter followed by numbness Size:-10-15 mm in diameter Shape:-Flat with convex receptablePowerPoint Presentation: Chemical consistuent :- The main chemical consistuent are pyrethin I & pyrethin II.It also contains cinerin I,cinerin II, Jasmolin I, Jasmolin II. Uses:- Pyrethrum is widely used in domastic and agricultural insecticidal sprays,dusring powders and aerosol preparation for controlling of pestsPowerPoint Presentation: Pyrethum flower-2.Neem: Synonym:- Margosa Biological source:-It consist of all aerial parts of Azadirachta i ndica ,family- Meliaceae Geographical source:-India, Pakistan, Srilanka etc… Chemical consistuent :-It mostly contain- Nimbin Nimbidin Azadirachtin Salanin Nimbolin B 2.NeemPowerPoint Presentation: Uses:-It mainly used as Insect repellant Insecticide Anti feedant Nematicide Anti microbial agent SpermicidalPowerPoint Presentation: Neem -3.Tobacco: Biological source:-It consist of dried leaves of Nicotiana tobacum , family- solanaceae Geographical source:- China,U.S.A.,India Macroscopic characters:- Colour -flowers are light- red,white or pink in colour.Seeds are brown in colour Size- Sseeds are 0.5mm in diameter.Flowers are 1.5-2.0 in cm. 3.TobaccoPowerPoint Presentation: Chemical consistuent :- It contains- Nicotine Nornicotine Anabasine Uses-Nicotine exerts stimulant effects on heart and nervous system.It is powerful quick acing poison.It is also used as insecticides.PowerPoint Presentation: Tobacco-Some other natural pesticides are-: Cevadilla Derris Ryania Nux-vomica Citronella Some other natural pesticides are-Chemical structure : Pyrethrin Nicotine Chemical structurePowerPoint Presentation: Common name Chemical consistuent Use NEEM Ninbin,Nimbidin , Solanin,Nimbolin B Anti- feedant , Nematicide , Antimicrobial TOBACCO Nicotine,Nornicotine , Anabasine Insecticide,Stimulant effect on heart PYRETHRUM FLOWER Pyrethrin I,Pyrethrin II Cinerin I, Cinerin II Insecticidal spray,Dusting powder CEVADILLA Veratrine,Cevadine , Sabadine Pesticides,TaenicidePowerPoint Presentation: Weedicides - Herbicide is commonly known as a weed killer, it is a type of pesticide used to kill unwanted plants.PowerPoint Presentation: The common weeds found in wheat & rice fields are:- Amaranthus Chenopodium Grasses ConvolvulnusPowerPoint Presentation: Weed control:- The various methods of control of weeds are- Mechanical methods Agricultural methods Biological methods Chemical methodsReferences-: Kokate CK, Purohit AP, Gokhale SB. Pharmacognosy , 26th ed.India , Nirali Prakashan , 2004, pn 592-603 Ansari S.H.,Essential of pharmacognosy,1 st ed.,Birla publication,2005,pn 621-636 Rangari vinod D,Pharmacognosy & phytochemistry , vol II,2 nd ed.,Career publication,2009 pn 146-161 References-PowerPoint Presentation: Ali Mohammed,Pharmacognosy & Phytochemistry,vol I,CBS publishers,Vol 1,edition 1,P.N. 786-789 Evans.C.William,Pharmacogosy,Edition 16,Sauders Elsevier,P.N . 533PowerPoint Presentation: THANK YOU You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.