Socioeconomic Status of Disabled Ontarians

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Socioeconomic Status of Disabled Ontarians and its Impact on Standards of Living:

Socioeconomic Status of Disabled Ontarians and its Impact on Standards of Living By Jean Marc Patrice Aguilera, Katherine Connor, Dong Hwee Son

A community is democratic only when the humblest and weakest person can enjoy the highest civil, economic, and social rights that the biggest and most powerful possess – A. Philip Randolph :

A community is democratic only when the humblest and weakest person can enjoy the highest civil, economic, and social rights that the biggest and most powerful possess – A. Philip Randolph

In 2006, approximately 4.4 million Canadians ( 14.3% ) reported having a disability. The number is expected to rise as the population ages. – Employment and Social Development Canada:

In 2006, approximately 4.4 million Canadians ( 14.3% ) reported having a disability. The number is expected to rise as the population ages. – Employment and Social Development Canada

People with disability are less likely to have opportunities to earn income, hence limited access to medical supports. – American Psychological Association:

People with disability are less likely to have opportunities to earn income, hence limited access to medical supports. – American Psychological Association

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To accommodate the needs of Ontarians with disabilities, the Ministry of Community and Social Service offers a social assistance program, Ontario Disability Support Program

Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP):

Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) Financial supports for people with disabilities Any Ontarians with disabilities are eligible for ODSP B enefits include Drug coverage Dental coverage Vision care Hearing aids etc

However…:

However… In order to access this service, applicants must overcome significant barriers due to a complex bureaucracy

For Example:

For Example According to a report from the Center of Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH): “Dealing with the provincial income support programs has grown increasingly complex and has proven to be a considerable source of stress for CAMH clients ” And: “Once an application is approved, further administrative errors can slow the process of actually receiving money.”

Access to Medical Service and Treatment:

Fast growth rate of pharmaceutical cost in recent years lays financial burdens on people with disability Disabled individuals may apply for a drug card, which covers the cost of prescription drugs for the ODSP recipients However, due to its insufficient range of coverage, problems still exist among recipients Access to Medical Service and Treatment

“… if the prescription drug you need is not listed in the Ontario Drug Formulary, your doctor can ask the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to cover the cost of the prescription drug. The ministry will review the request and let your doctor know its decision…” - Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca :

“… if the prescription drug you need is not listed in the Ontario Drug Formulary, your doctor can ask the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to cover the cost of the prescription drug. The ministry will review the request and let your doctor know its decision…” - Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca This implies that in order to get a required drug the recipients must wait for an undetermined amount of time, or may not even get if unapproved.

Income:

Income After approval from ODSP, recipients are still subjected to socioeconomic adversity: “Even when funds are received, individuals still live well below the poverty line ” – CAMH Furthermore, even approval does not guarantee eligibility: “Long-term ODSP recipients are required to complete an eligibility reassessment every two years. The…process is error prone, causing clients considerable anxiety for fear that benefits may be terminated even though their condition has not changed.” - CAMH

“The Agenda with Steve Paikin, Laura Cattari: Living on ODSP” Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o30IfodtJbk:

“The Agenda with Steve Paikin , Laura Cattari : Living on ODSP” Retrieved from http :// www.youtube.com / watch?v =o30IfodtJbk

PowerPoint Presentation:

Many Disabled Ontarians wish to work; however, they will face many hurdles…

Barriers to Employment: -Parliament of Canada, Social Affairs Division:

Barriers to Employment: -Parliament of Canada, Social Affairs Division Discriminatory hiring practices: “ Some employers have negative attitudes and misconceptions with regard to people with disabilities, which can lead to discriminatory practices .” Inaccessibility of workplaces: “ due to their physical location but also, for example, when it comes to a lack of workplace tools, “enabling” computer hardware and software, websites, etc. Lack of education: “including the duty to accommodate, how to accommodate and the cost of accommodations .”

Autonomy, Independence, and Self-Determination:

Autonomy, Independence, and Self-Determination According to self-determination theory, both autonomy and independence are innate psychological needs. Furthermore: Both of these needs must be fulfilled in order “to chart one’s own course in life, to identify and express needs, establish goals or expectations and a plan of action to achieve them”

However…:

However… Accessible subsidized housing can be extremely difficult to procure due to shortages in availability, which translate into long waiting lists. “ In Ontario nearly 23,000 people are languishing on waiting lists... More than 12,000 people are waiting for support to live in a decent home .” – Community Living Ontario As a result, “ In Canada there are still hundreds of men and women living in large institutions designed for with people with intellectual disabilities .” – Community Living Ontario

Education:

Education Ontarians with Disabilities Act (ODA): “ the Ministry of Education, as well as school boards, are required to prepare, update and make public accessibility plans that address the identification, removal and prevention of barriers to people with disabilities”

However…:

However… Despite the ODA, receiving an education remains difficult for disabled Ontarians According to the Participation and Activity Limitation Survey: Insufficient Staffing and Services: In 2001, 75% of parents reported this as the reason for their difficulty in accessing special education services Of 155,000 Canadian children, only 38% were receiving special education services

Ontario Human Rights Code (OHRC):

Ontario Human Rights Code (OHRC) The OHRC states: “  Every person has a right to equal treatment with respect to services, goods and facilities, without discrimination because of…disability” Because every Ontarian matters. So when you see injustice…

Stand up and Speak Out! :

Stand up and Speak Out! Thanks for watching

Disclaimer: :

Disclaimer: This video is created to initiate discussion, and does not necessarily represent the views of the authors or the University of Ottawa.

Credits:

Credits Creators: Jean Marc Aguilera Katherine Connor Dong Hwee Son

References:

R eferences The Agenda with Steve Paikin , Laura Cattari : Living on ODSP Retrieved March 15, 2014,from http: //www.youtube.com/watch?v= o30IfodtJbk American Psychological Association, Disability & Socioeconomic Status. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.apa.org/pi/ses/resources/publications/factsheet-disability.aspx Boston University Disability Services. Retrieved form http:// www.bu.edu /disability/ Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (2012), Barriers to the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP): Experience of People with Mental Illness and Addictions. Retrieved March 13, 2014, from http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/about_camh/influencing_public_policy/public_policy_submissions/Ontario_disability_support_program/Pages/ barrierstoodsp.aspx Community Living (2009), Deinstitutionalization. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.communitylivingontario.ca/issues/policy-issues/ deinstitutionalization Community Living, Waiting List Statistics in Ontario. Retrieved March 10, 2014, from http://www.communitylivingontario.ca/news-events/news/media/waiting-list-statistics- ontario Disability Rights Legal Center. Retrieved from https:// disabilityrightslegalcenter.org // Employment and Social Development Canada (2014), Canadians in Context – People with Disabilities. Retrieved March 14, 2014, from http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid= 40 Evans , D, The Evolution of Disability through the Eyes of a Filmmaker, Retrieved from http:// www.dominickevans.com /2013/05/the-evolution-of-disability-through-the-eyes-of-a-filmmaker / Human Rights Committees. Retrieved from http:// ontario.psac.com /our-organization/human-rights-committees http ://www.yadempowers.org/about-disability/ Kohen , D., Uppal , S., Guevremont , A., Cartwright, F. (2006) Children with disabilities and the educational system – a provincial perspective. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/81-004-x/2007001/9631-eng.htm#cont Ministry of Community and Social Service (2008), Ontario Disability Support Program. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/en/mcss/programs/social/odsp/ O’Sullivan, Tracey (2014), Self-determination theory [1-16] Retrieved from https://maestro.uottawa.ca/indexEN.asp Ontario Human Rights Commission, Elementary and secondary education. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/opportunity-succeed-achieving-barrier-free-education-students-disabilities/elementary-and-secondary-education# fnB11 Parliament of Canada (2013), Persons with Disabilities in the Canadian Labour MarketL An Overlooked Talent Pool, Library of Parliament Research Publications. Retrieved March 10, 2014, from http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/ResearchPublications/2013-17-e.htm#a4 Service Ontario (2012), Human Rights Code, e-Laws . Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.e- laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_90h19_e.htm#BK1 SPD: Education. Retrieved from http://www.disabilitygauteng.org/ Education.htm Timesunion.com , Stethoiscope Laying on Stacks of Money, medicine, cash dollar. Retrieved from http://blog.timesunion.com/healthcare/ny-health-exchange-stalled-but-money-still-flows/2751/stethoscope-laying-on-stacks-of-money / Wikipedia, Disability. Retrieved from

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