industrialization and urbanization

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Made By: Rahul Kolate Roll no.- 094140039 :

Made By: Rahul Kolate Roll no.- 094140039

What is Industrialization? :

What is Industrialization?

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process of social and economic. whereby a human group is transformed from a pre-industrial society into an industrial one. It is a part of a wider modernisation process, where social change and economic development are closely related with technological innovation, particularly with the development of large-scale energy and metallurgy production. It is the extensive organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.

What is Urbanization? :

What is Urbanization ?

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Urbanization is the physical growth of urban areas as a result of global change. Urbanization is also defined by the United Nations as movement of people from rural to urban areas with population growth equating to urban migration. Urbanization is closely linked to modernization, industrialization, and the sociological process of rationalization.

History of Industrialization and Urbanization:

History of Industrialization and Urbanization

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The first country to industrialize was Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution. The first ever transformation to an industrial economy from an agrarian one was called the Industrial Revolution and this took place in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in a few countries of Western Europe and North America, beginning in Great Britain. The Second Industrial Revolution describes a later, somewhat less dramatic change which came about in the late 19th century with the widespread availability of electric power, internal combustion engines, and assembly lines to the already industrialised nations.

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Industrialization is a cause of urbanization So, first urbanized country is Great Britain.

Industrialization & Urbanization the Boom :

Industrialization & Urbanization the Boom

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New inventions found. The lack of an industrial sector in a country is widely seen as a major handicap in improving a country's economy, and power, pushing many governments to encourage or enforce industrialisation .

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The cost of products are reduced. markets of all countries are opened to the products of all companies Import &export increased.

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Due to which, Import and Export plays main role in the economical functions of countries e.g. mangoes of INDIA. Globalization of country. Time period for one thing reduced.

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It helped to increase the human qualities & their work ness Mass production started. Importance of buyer is increased Production increased.

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The use of natural sources started . New energies were searched to increase industrialization process.

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Due to industrialization the people got job. Due to these reason people started to came to cities. Due to these reason urbanizations started New cities are formed.

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In new cities ,new types of services were started like servant ,etc. In new countries ,development was increased due to which transportation ,process of mailing improved.

Industrialization & urbanization the cruse:

Industrialization & urbanization the cruse

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Competition started between country to country Un-developed countries loosed their independence. Due to industrialization ,money got more importance.

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Wages were increased. Living statues of peoples were increased. Families were separated.

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Every one tried to go to the city. In the cities ,shortage of land is formed. Shortage of water is started

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Slum areas were increased in cities In this areas, various diseases were infected. Also pollution was increased.

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The urban heat island has become a growing concern. During warm daylight hours, less evaporative cooling in cities allows surface temperatures to rise higher than in rural areas.

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