Special Needs Populations and Disasters_Nieves

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Special Needs Populations and Disasters:

Special N eeds Populations and Disasters Presented by: Kourtney Nieves


Define special needs populations Identify and discuss issues associated with special needs populations Identify legal and regulatory issues associated with special needs populations Objectives

What are Special Needs Individuals?:

Definitions differ across jurisdictions May include populations such as: Those with acute or chronic medical conditions Those with disabilities The elderly Children Non-English speaking/limited English proficiency (Reilly and Markenson , 2011) National Response Framework definition ( n.d .) What are Special Needs Individuals?

Issue to Consider with Special Needs Populations:

Supplies Equipment Manpower Volunteers Education/Information Dissemination (Reilly & Markensen , 2011) Issue to Consider with Special Needs Populations

“Rules of the Road” for Handling Special Needs Populations in Disasters:

“One size fits all”? Identification and planning issues Communication Coordination ( McEntire , 2007). “ Rules of the Road” for Handling Special Needs Populations in Disasters

Special Needs Populations Tips:

Special medical needs Disabilities Elderly Children Limited English proficiency (Rand Health Initiative, 2009) Special Needs Populations Tips

Legal and Regulatory Issues to Consider:

Americans with Disabilities Act (1990 and 2008) Post-Katrina Emergency Management reform Act of 2006 Older American Act of 1965 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act ( HIPAA ) U.S. Health and Human Services and the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act of 2006 (Reilly and Markenson , 2011) Legal and Regulatory Issues to Consider


McEntire , J. (2007). Disaster response and recovery. Danvers, MA: Wiley & Sons. National Response Framework ( n.d .). Glossary of Terms. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/glos sary.htm Rand Health Initiative. (2009). Enhancing Public Health Emergency Preparedness for Special Needs Populations: A Toolkit for State and Local Planning and Response. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR6 81.html Reilly, M. and Markenson , D. (eds.) (2011). Health care emergency management:principles and practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett. References

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