Kevin Mumphrey PPT Project Week 3

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Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Learning

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Synchronous vs. asynchronous learning:

ETEC 645 Dr. Becky Parton Summer 2012 Kevin Mumphrey Synchronous vs. asynchronous learning

Student – faculty communication:

Student – faculty communication Office Hours and Student-Faculty Interaction Virtual hours reported higher student satisfaction, although not significantly differently from traditional office hours. Students prefer asynchronous communication via email with professors. Students also preferred asynchronous office hours with a guaranteed email response time. Synchronous studies have found that higher education students preferred immediate communication with their professors by utilizing technology such as, instant messaging and podcasts, as well as incorporating these tools into their courses for better communication and collaboration. A hypothesis has determined that students are more likely to use asynchronous communication – with a reasonable response time over synchronous communication. Li, L., Finley, J., Pitts, J., Guo, R.. Which is a better choice for student-faculty interaction: synchronous or asynchronous communication?. Journal of Technology Research.

combining audio/video Synchronous chat & asynchronous open forum discussion:

combining audio/video Synchronous chat & asynchronous open forum discussion A/V Synchronous Chat Positives Asynchronous Open Forum Positives A/V Synchronous Chat Negatives Asynchronous Open Forum Negatives Engaging accountability Builds a virtual community Builds academic relationship with instructor and university Lack of participation/unmotivated Balancing work and family with academic obligations Small text in chat area Student isolation Technical problems Fast paced instruction Students can fall behind Fast typists has advantage over slower typists when communicating live Need quiet location when audio is used Group discussions at one’s leisure Collaborative learning activities Ability to view lectures and assignments at own pace Teng, T., Taveras, M., (2004-2005). Combining Live Video and Audio Broadcasting, Synchronous Chat, and Asynchronous Open Forum Discussions in Distance Education. J. Educational Technology Systems. Vol. 33(2 ) (121-129)

Synchronous chats & asynchronous discussions:

Synchronous chats & asynchronous discussions Synchronous Chat This requires immediate response with a greater sense of presence and spontaneity Discussion management is paramount to a successful synchronous chat session Immediacy of the synchronous exchange stimulates overall interaction Asynchronous Discussion The asynchronous medium provides a more richer, more inclusive interchange Topics are discussed in threaded forums Instructor tabulates class responses, and responds when he/she feels compelled to Hines, R., Pearl, C. (2004). Increasing Interaction in Web-based Instruction: Using Synchronous Chats and Asynchronous Discussions. R ural Special Education Quarterly, 23(2)

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