Christian Dior

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Made by - Kishkindha Christian Dior

Christian Dior:

Christian Dior (21 January 1905 – 23 October 1957) was a French fashion designer, best known as the founder of one of the world's top fashion houses, also called Christian Dior. His company Dior owns LVMH which also owns Louis Vuitton. Christian Dior

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Christian Dior was born in Granville, a seaside town on the coast of Normandy, France, the second of the five children of Maurice Dior, a wealthy fertilizer manufacturer (the family firm was Dior Frères), and his wife, the former Isabelle Cardamone . He had four siblings: Raymond (father of Françoise Dior), Jacqueline, Bernard, and Ginette (aka Catherine). When Christian was about five years old, the family moved to Paris, France, but still returned to the Normandy coast for summer vacations. Dior's family had hopes he would become a diplomat, but Dior was artistic and wished to be involved in art. He was gay, though not openly so. To make money, he sold his fashion sketches outside his house for about 10 cents each. In 1928, Dior left school and received money from his father to finance a small art gallery, where he and a friend sold art by the likes of Pablo Picasso. Three years later, after the death of Dior's mother and brother and a financial disaster in the family’s fertilizer business, during the Great Depression, that resulted in his father losing control of Dior Frères, the gallery had to be closed. Early life

Early life:

From then until about 1940 he worked with fashion designer Robert Piguet , when he was called up for military service. In 1942, when Dior left the army, he joined the fashion house of Lucien Lelong , where he and Pierre Balmain were the primary designers. For the duration of World War II, Dior, as an employee of Lelong — who labored to preserve the French fashion industry during wartime for economic and artistic reasons — designed dresses for the wives of Nazi officers and French collaborators, as did other fashion houses that remained in business during the war, including Jean Patou , Jeanne Lanvin , and Nina Ricci. While Dior dressed Nazi wives, his sister Catherine (1917—2008) served as a member of the French Resistance, was captured by the Gestapo, and sent to the Ravensbrück concentration camp, where she was incarcerated until she was liberated in May 1945.

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Dior died while on holiday in Montecatini , Italy on 23 October 1957. Some reports say that he died of a heart attack after choking on a fish bone. Time's obituary stated that he died of a heart attack after playing a game of cards. However, the Paris socialite and Dior acquaintance Alexis von Rosenberg, Baron de Rédé , stated in his memoirs that contemporary rumor had it that the fashion designer succumbed to a heart attack after a strenuous sexual encounter. Some even think that he died because of a seizure. To this day, the exact circumstances remain undisclosed. Death

Death:

The Paul Gallico novella Mrs ' Arris Goes to Paris (1958, UK title Flowers for Mrs Harris) tells the story of a London charwoman who falls in love with her employer's couture wardrobe and decides to go to Paris to purchase herself a Dior ballgown . A perfume named Christian Dior is used in Haruki Murakami's novel The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle as an influential symbol placed at critical plot points throughout. The English singer-songwriter Morrissey released a song titled "Christian Dior" as a b-side to his 2006 single "In the Future When All's Well". Kanye West released a song called "Christian Dior Denim Flow" as part of his GOOD Fridays song giveaway program. Tributes

Tributes:

On December 16, 1946 Dior founded his fashion house, backed by Marcel Boussac , a cotton-fabric magnate. The actual name of the line of his first collection, presented in early 1947, was Corolle (literally the botanical term corolla or circlet of flower petals in English), but the phrase New Look was coined for it by Carmel Snow, the editor-in-chief of Harper's Bazaar. Dior's designs were more voluptuous than the boxy, fabric-conserving shapes of the recent World War II styles, influenced by the rations on fabric. He was a master at creating shapes and silhouettes; Dior is quoted as saying "I have designed flower women." His look employed fabrics lined predominantly with percale, boned, bustier-style bodices, hip padding, wasp-waisted corsets and petticoats that made his dresses flare out from the waist, giving his models a very curvaceous form. Initially, women protested because his designs covered up their legs, which they had been unused to because of the previous limitations on fabric. There was also some backlash to Dior's designs due to the amount of fabrics used in a single dress or suit. The Dior fashion house

The Dior fashion house:

During one photo shoot in a Paris market, the models were attacked by female vendors over this profligacy, but opposition ceased as the wartime shortages ended. The "New Look" revolutionized women's dress and reestablished Paris as the center of the fashion world after World War II.

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Christian Dior S.A. Type Société Anonyme Traded as Euronext: CDI Industry Retailing Founded 16 December 1946 Founder(s) Christian Dior Headquarters 30 Avenue Montaigne Paris, France Number of locations 210 (as of September 2010) Area served Worldwide Key people Bernard Arnault (Chairman), Sidney Toledano (CEO), Raf Simons (creative director), Kris Van Assche (creative director for Dior Homme ),

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Victoire de Castellane (designer, Dior Fine Jewelry ) Products Apparel/footwear specialty, department store, other specialty Revenue Increase €24.62 billion (2011) Operating income Increase €5.323 billion (2011) Profit Increase €1.279 billion (2011) Total assets Increase €51.20 billion (2011) Total equity Increase €24.94 billion (2011) Employees 84,981 (2011)[1] Divisions Christian Dior Parfums Christian Dior Cosmetics Dior Homme Subsidiaries Christian Dior Couture[2] Financière Jean Goujon ( LVMH 42.36%) Website dior.com

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Christian Dior, together with others in the fashion industry and the culture of the industry as a whole, was criticized by fashion model Inga Radziejewski for promoting anorexia nervosa and unrealistic body image in women, by designing clothes so small that the anorexic model could not fit into them even when she was dangerously underweight. Galliano's collection inspired by homeless people also drew a lot of criticism, but also attention, to the house of Dior. Criticism

Criticism:

On 23 February 2011, scandal arose when John Galliano was accused of making anti-semitic comments after drinking in Paris. Footage was released of the designer under the influence of alcohol saying "I love Hitler" and "People like you would be dead today. Your mothers, your forefathers would be fucking gassed and dead" to a Jewish woman. He was then accused of allegedly assaulting a gallery curator that same night and verbally insulting her and her boyfriend. Actress Natalie Portman, who was recently made the new face of Miss Dior Cherie perfume, commented on the matter to express her disgust, stating that she will in no way be associated with him. However, another model for Dior, French actress Eva Green, downplayed the seriousness of the incident, stating: "Sometimes, you can make mistakes. I don't think he's anti-semitic . I'm Jewish. I don't think he has anything against the Jews. I think it's more that he was probably a bit drunk." On 25 February, Dior announced Galliano's suspension pending an investigation, citing that the company has a "zero-tolerance" policy toward anti-semitism . In France, it is against the law to make anti-semitic remarks of this nature, and can be punishable by up to six months in prison. On 1 March 2011, Christian Dior officially announced that it had fired Galliano amidst the controversy. Galliano controversy

Galliano controversy:

At the end of 2010, the only declared major shareholder in Christian Dior S.A. was Groupe Arnault SAS, the family holding company of Bernard Arnault . The group's control amounted to 69.96% of Dior's stock and 82.86% of its voting rights. The remaining shares are considered free float. Christian Dior S.A. held 42.36% of the shares of LVMH and 59.01% of its voting rights at the end of 2010. Arnault held an additional 5.28% of shares and 4.65% of votes directly. Ownership and shareholdings

Ownership and shareholdings:

Christian Dior 1946–1957 Yves Saint Laurent 1957–1960 Marc Bohan 1960–1989 Gianfranco Ferré 1989–1997 John Galliano 1997–2011 Bill Gaytten 2011–2012 Raf Simons 2012–present Creative Directors

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The company operates a total of 210 locations as of September 2010: Asia: 109 Africa: 1 (Casablanca, Morocco) Caribbean: 1 (San Juan, Puerto Rico) Europe: 45 Middle East: 8 North America (Canada, Mexico, and the United States): 48 Oceania: 6 South America: 2 (Brazil) Retail locations

Retail locations:

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