elements of valid contract

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

contarct 1872

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Presentation on:- Essential Elements of Valid Contract:

1 Presentation on :- Essential Elements of Valid Contract Presented By : Jain Khushmat

CONTRACT = AGREEMENT + ENFORCEABILITY:

CONTRACT = AGREEMENT + ENFORCEABILITY “An agreement enforceable by law” is Contract . - Section 2(h) There must be legal relationship. Agreements of social or domestic nature are not contracts. Examples: Invitation to a Birthday party Invitation to a Dinner etc 2

VOID AGREEMENT = AGREEMENT + NO ENFORCEABILITY :

VOID AGREEMENT = AGREEMENT + NO ENFORCEABILITY An agreement not enforceable by law is said to be void agreement . - Section 2(g) A contract which ceases to be enforceable by law becomes void when it ceases to be enforceable. – Section 2 (j) Example: An agreement with minor 3

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT:

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT 4

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT AGREEMENT:

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT AGREEMENT Every promise and every set of promises, forming the consideration for each other, is an agreement. {Section 2(e)} A person makes a proposal ( Offer ). When it is accepted by other, it becomes a promise ( Acceptance ). Thus, Offer + Acceptance = Promise However, promise cannot be one sided. Only a mutual promise forming consideration for each other is ‘agreement’. Thus, Promise + Consideration = Agreement 5

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT FREE CONSENT:

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT FREE CONSENT Two or more persons are said to consent when they agree upon the same thing in the same sense . (Section 13) 6

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT FREE CONSENT:

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT FREE CONSENT Consent of both parties must be free . Consent is said to be free when it is not caused by ( 1 ) coercion , as defined in section 15 ( 2 ) undue influence , as defined in section 16 ( 3 ) fraud , as defined in section 17 ( 4 ) misrepresentation , as defined in section 18 ( 5 ) mistake , subject to the provisions of sections 20, 21 and 22. 7

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT WHO ARE COMPETENT TO CONTRACT?:

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT WHO ARE COMPETENT TO CONTRACT? Every person is competent to contract who is of the age of majority according to the law to which he is subject, and who is of sound mind , and is not disqualified from contracting by any law to which he is subject. (Section 11) 8

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT CONSIDERATION =>SOMETHING IN RETURN:

ESSENTIAL OF A VALID CONTRACT CONSIDERATION =>SOMETHING IN RETURN When, at the desire of the promisor , the promisee or any other person has done or abstained from doing (PAST) , or does or abstains from doing (PRESENT) , or promises to do or to abstain from doing, something (FUTURE) , such act or abstinence or promise is called a consideration for the promise. -Section 2 (d) A promise without consideration is not ‘agreement’ 9

PERFORMANCE OF CONTRACT CONTRACTS WHICH MUST BE PERFORMED :

PERFORMANCE OF CONTRACT CONTRACTS WHICH MUST BE PERFORMED The parties to a contract must either perform, ‘actual performance’ or ‘attempted performance’, i.e. ‘offer to perform’ or offer to perform, their respective promises, 10

Elements of a Contract Intention to Create Legal Relations:

Elements of a Contract Intention to Create Legal Relations Agreements which create legal relations or are capable of creating legal relations are contracts, for example, an invitation to a dinner does not create any legal relation and therefore is not a contract. Husband & Wife Agreements The courts consider domestic arrangements between husband and wife to be social agreements and not legally enforceable: Balfour v Balfour .

Elements of a Contract Certainty of Terms:

Elements of a Contract Certainty of Terms The terms of a contract should be clear. In other words, the contract must not be vague. Contracts which are vague cannot be enforced.

AGREEMENTS NOT DECLARED EXPRESSLY VOID:

AGREEMENTS NOT DECLARED EXPRESSLY VOID There are Certain agreements which have been expressly declared void by the law. Thus an agreement made by parties should not fall in this category. August 21, 2009 Copyright Dipak Parmar 13

Writing and registration:

Writing and registration Oral contract is a valid contact. However the contract must be in writing and registered, if so required by any law, for example, gift, mortgage, sale, lease under the Transfer of Property Act 1882, Memorandum and Articles of Association of a Company under the Indian Companies Act August 21, 2009 Copyright Dipak Parmar 14

Thank You :

Thank You 15

authorStream Live Help