Chicken Pox

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Chicken Pox:

Chicken Pox Khushbu Adhikari BPH 2 ND YEAR 6 TH BATCH

About Chicken Pox:

About Chicken Pox Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), also known as human herpes virus 3 (HHV-3), one of the eight herpes viruses known to affect humans. Characterized by: Fever Raw, open, itchy sores

History:

History Giovanni Filipo an Italian scientist first described the symptoms of Chicken Pox An English physician described a mild case of Small Pox as “Chicken Pox” in the 1600s William Heberden was the fist physician to demonstrate that Chicken Pox was different than Small Pox

Name Origin:

Name Origin The skin appeared to be picked by chickens Resembles the seeds of Chick Peas Most common explanation is that its not that dangerous so it’s a “chicken” version of Pox. Pox is another word for a curse, which is what it was believed to be in medieval times.

Prevention:

Prevention Vaccination(Varicella) Or…for the extremely paranoid Quarantine Kill everyone around you

Transmission:

Transmission Persons to person contact or sneezing/coughing Kids around 6 or 7 will usually spread it between each other.

Treatment :

Treatment Acyclovir Tylenol In medieval times and still today, oatmeal baths are used to relieve itching.

Worst Victims:

Worst Victims Adults Infants Teenagers People with weak immune systems

Preventive Treatment after Exposure:

Preventive Treatment after Exposure Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin (VZIG) Only offers temporary protection Recommended for: Newborns whose mothers have chickenpox 5 days prior to 2 days after delivery Children with leukemia or lymphoma who have not been vaccinated Persons with cellular immunodeficiencies or other immune problems Persons receiving drugs, including steroids, that suppress the immune system Pregnant women

Complications:

Complications Bacterial Infections Viral Pneumonia Bleeding Problems Infection of the brain

Deaths from Chicken Pox:

Deaths from Chicken Pox Before there was a vaccine, about 100 people died of Chicken Pox every year in America Most of those deaths occurred in people that didn’t have an illness that put them at higher risk Deaths still occur in healthy children and adults

To vaccine or not to vaccine? Pro Side:

To vaccine or not to vaccine? Pro Side Saves lives Saves $$$ Kids don’t miss school 85% percent affective in preventing disease Less likely to develop Shingles If someone does get Chicken Pox after vaccination, it usually is a lot less worse than a typical case resulting in a few skin lesions, little to no fever and lasting fewer days

To vaccine or not to vaccine? Con Side:

To vaccine or not to vaccine? Con Side Vaccine is new. Don’t know about long term side affects yet Chicken Pox is usually pretty harmless. No use in vaccinating The vaccine is only expected to be effective for 20 years. Those who were vaccinated will need a booster shot. Between the time the original shot wears off and the booster shot, those who were vaccinated can now develop Chicken Pox later in life when its more dangerous

People who should not be vaccinated:

People who should not be vaccinated If you had a serious allergic reaction to Chicken Pox vaccine You have a moderate to serious illness You’re pregnant Unable to fight off serious infection People that have been vaccinated for Chicken Pox can still get Shingles, but they are less likely than someone that hasn’t been vaccinated to get it

Shingles(Herpes Zoster):

Shingles(Herpes Zoster) Is caused by the chickenpoxvirus that remains in the nerve roots of all persons who had chickenpox and can come out in your body again years later to cause illness. More common after age 50 and the increases risk with age. Shingles is contagious.

Shingles(cont.):

Shingles(cont.) If you come in contact with someone with Shingles and you haven’t had Chicken Pox yet, you will get Chicken Pox and not Shingles There is no vaccine for Shingles. There is work being done to create one. It is expected to take about 5 years

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