Lecture Method

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Lecture Method : 

Lecture Method

A lecture is anoral presentation intended to present information or teach people about a particular subject. : 

A lecture is anoral presentation intended to present information or teach people about a particular subject.

Types of Lecture : 

Types of Lecture Traditional oral essay The teacher is an orator and the only speaker. B. Participatory Lecture begins with learners brainstorming ideas on the lecture topic on what they have read in preparation.

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C. Feedback Lecture Consists with mini lectures with 10-minute small group discussion opportunity to manipulate the lecture content D. Mediated Lecture Use of media such as films, slides, Web-based images along with traditional lecture.

Purposes of Lecturing : 

Purposes of Lecturing Lectures can be an efficient means of introducing learners a new topic. It can be used to stimulate students’ interest in a subject. It can also be used to inspire people. To integrate and synthesize a large body of knowledge. (Parker, 1993) “The lecture is valuable where knowledge is advancing and up-to-date textbooks are not available.” (Jones,1990)

Advantages of the Lecture Method : 

Advantages of the Lecture Method It is economical in terms of student time. A great deal of information can be communicated in a one hour lecture. More pertinent information can be taught to a student. 2. The lecturer can supplement a textbook by enhancing a topic and making it come to life.

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3. The teacher serves as a role model for students. 4. Lectures bring enjoyment to the learners. 5. It helps students develop their listening skills.

Disadvantages of the Lecture Method : 

Disadvantages of the Lecture Method It lends itself to the teaching of the facts while placing little emphasis on problem solving, decision making, analytical thinking, or transfer of learning. (Black. 1993) Lecturing is not conducive to meeting students’ individual needs. Lecturing brings with it the problem of limited attention span on the part of the learners.

Delivering the Lecture : 

Delivering the Lecture Control your anxiety. An effective control mechanism is imaging. 2. Spontaneity Avoid reading to the class. Do not write your lecture out in full sentences. Rehearse the delivery at home.

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3. Voice quality Beware of lecturing in monotone. 4. Body language Do not stand glued to the podium. Use your hand for emphasis but not too much. Be aware of your body language. Maintain eye contact.

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4. Speed of delivery Affects both the learner’s comprehension and enjoyment of the material. 5. Getting of the right foot Casual conversation for a minute to establish rapport Give an opening “attention getter”

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END

Discussion Method : 

Discussion Method

Purposes and Advantages of Discussion Method : 

Purposes and Advantages of Discussion Method 1. Give learners an opportunity to apply principle, concepts, and theories. 2. Clarification of information and concepts 3. Students can learn process of group problem solving. 4. Attitudes can be changed through discussion.

Disadvantages of the Discussion Method : 

Disadvantages of the Discussion Method It takes a lot of time. It is effective only to a small group. One person or a few people monopolized the discussion.

Discussion Techniques : 

Discussion Techniques Make your expectations clear. Set the ground rules. Arrange the physical space. Plan a discussion starter. Facilitate, don’t discuss. Encourage quiet group members. Don’t allow monopolies. Direct the discussion among members. Keep the discussion on track. Clarify when confusion reigns. Tolerate some silence. Summarize when appropriate