logging in or signing up Thermal Power Plant akshay khapane khapane Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 611 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: September 04, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description A thermal power station is a power plant in which the prime mover is steam driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator. After it passes through the turbine, the steam is condensed in a condenser and recycled to where it was heated; this is known as a Rankine cycle. The greatest variation in the design of thermal power stations is due to the different fuel sources. Some prefer to use the term energy center because such facilities convert forms of heat energy into electricity. Some thermal power plants also deliver heat energy for industrial purposes, for district heating, or for desalination of water as well as delivering electrical power. A large part of human CO2 emissions comes from fossil fueled thermal power plants; efforts to reduce these outputs are various and widespread. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Thermal Power Plants (Steam Power Plants) : Thermal Power Plants (Steam Power Plants) Presented by Akshaykumar c. khapane Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Engg & Tech. SE - PRODUCTIONINDEX : INDEX Introduction Steam power plant layout Plant Layout Energy Conversion Process work of Steam Power Plant Processing of Power Plant Types of Steam Power Plant Efficiency Advantage & disadvantage References firstname.lastname@example.orgPowerPoint Presentation: email@example.comPowerPoint Presentation: INTRODUCTION In India 65% of total power is generated by the Thermal Power Stations. Yamunanagar Thermal Power Project is a project of Haryana Power Generation Corporation limited (HPGCL). It is situated at village Kalanor In Yamunanagar. Its total capacity is 600 MW as at present with two units working with capacity. Having two unit of 2 x 300 MW = 600 MW firstname.lastname@example.orgMajor Parts of Steam Power Plant: Major Parts of Steam Power Plant 1. Boilers 2. Superheater 3. Turbine 4. Condenser 5. Economizer 6. Air preheater 7. Chimney 8. Coal Handling Plant 9. Cooling Tower 10. Evaporator 11. Pumps email@example.comSTEAM POWER PLANT LAYOUT: STEAM POWER PLANT LAYOUT firstname.lastname@example.orgPowerPoint Presentation: email@example.comPowerPoint Presentation: Plant layout firstname.lastname@example.orgFire Tube Boiler: Fire Tube Boiler email@example.comWater Tube Boiler: Water Tube Boiler firstname.lastname@example.orgPowerPoint Presentation: email@example.comPowerPoint Presentation: firstname.lastname@example.orgSTEAM POWER PLANTS: STEAM POWER PLANTS email@example.comSteam Power Plants: Steam Power Plants Electricity generation in thermal power plants if characterized by the main source of generation being firing of coal, gas etc. Steam is produced in a boiler, and it drives a turbine connected to an alternator. Heat energy is converted to electric energy within the so-called steam cycle. firstname.lastname@example.orgEnergy Conversion Process in Steam Power Plants: Energy Conversion Process in Steam Power Plants Chemical Energy is Converted into Thermal Energy by Combustion In Boiler Thermal Energy is Converted into Mechanical Energy In Turbine Mechanical Energy is Converted into Electrical Energy In Generator Chemical Energy Fuel Thermal Energy Mechanical Energy Electrical Energy email@example.comPowerPoint Presentation: firstname.lastname@example.orgEnergy Conversion . . . : Energy Conversion . . . Fuel, Air and water produce steam in the boiler by combustion Steam of high temperature and pressure is expended from high pressure to low pressure in the turbine Thermal energy is converted into kinetic energy and finally mechanical energy This mechanical energy derives the generator to produce electricity email@example.comSteam Power Plant can work in two Manners: Steam Power Plant can work in two Manners Production of electricity Production of electricity with production of steam for the use in industry e.g. paper mills, textile mills, sugar mills, refineries firstname.lastname@example.orgProcessing of Power Plant: Processing of Power Plant Turbine Grid Water Fuel Steam Waste Gases Exhaust Steam Generator Boiler email@example.comEfficiency . . .: Efficiency . . . Turbine Losses: Heat rejection to Condenser 54% 3. Alternator or Generator Loss 1% TOTAL 55% Grand Total 71% So Efficiency = (100% - Losses) = 100% - 71% = 29% firstname.lastname@example.orgMerits of Steam Power Plant: Merits of Steam Power Plant Fuel is cheaper* Less space is required The initial cost is less A portion of steam can be used in various industries email@example.comDemerits of Steam Power Plant: Demerits of Steam Power Plant Maintenance and operating costs are high Pollution of atmosphere is one of the major problems Water is required in huge quantity Handling of coal and disposal of ash are difficult tasks firstname.lastname@example.orgReferences: References Basic mechanical Engg. Book -By Tharker publication email@example.comThank you!: Thank you! firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.