Atmosphere – The Protective Blanket

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FOCAL THEMEPLANET EARTH OUR HOME EXPLORE, CARE & SHARE : 

FOCAL THEMEPLANET EARTH OUR HOME EXPLORE, CARE & SHARE

ORIGIN OF THE EARTH AND ITS LIFE FORMS : 

ORIGIN OF THE EARTH AND ITS LIFE FORMS

UNIVERSE TIME LINE137O CRORE YEARS – FORMATION OF THE UNIVERSE460 CR- FORMATION OF SUN & SOLAR SYSTEM420 CR-EVOLUTION OF LIFE & FORMATION OF ATMOSPHERE.270 CR - FOSSILIZED ALGAE-OLDEST EVIDENCE OF LIFE.200 CR- OXYGEN RICH ATMOSPHERE60 CR- MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS54-41 CR- VARIETIESOF AQUATIC LIVE FORMS : 

UNIVERSE TIME LINE137O CRORE YEARS – FORMATION OF THE UNIVERSE460 CR- FORMATION OF SUN & SOLAR SYSTEM420 CR-EVOLUTION OF LIFE & FORMATION OF ATMOSPHERE.270 CR - FOSSILIZED ALGAE-OLDEST EVIDENCE OF LIFE.200 CR- OXYGEN RICH ATMOSPHERE60 CR- MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS54-41 CR- VARIETIESOF AQUATIC LIVE FORMS

36 CR- AMPHIBIANS.29-25 CR-PRIMITIVE REPTILES/DINOSAURS21 CR- PRIMITIVE BIRDS7 CR – ANCIENT PRIMATES6.5 CR- PRIMITIVE HORSE44 LAKH YEARS - AUSTRALOPITHECUS25-20 LAKH 6 HOMO SPECIES18 LAKH HOMO ERECTUS APPEARS 2 LAKH HOMO SAPIENS APPEARS10,000 EARLY HUNTER GATHERING SOCIETIES TAKE UP AGRICULTURE. : 

36 CR- AMPHIBIANS.29-25 CR-PRIMITIVE REPTILES/DINOSAURS21 CR- PRIMITIVE BIRDS7 CR – ANCIENT PRIMATES6.5 CR- PRIMITIVE HORSE44 LAKH YEARS - AUSTRALOPITHECUS25-20 LAKH 6 HOMO SPECIES18 LAKH HOMO ERECTUS APPEARS 2 LAKH HOMO SAPIENS APPEARS10,000 EARLY HUNTER GATHERING SOCIETIES TAKE UP AGRICULTURE.

EARTH ,THE “MASTERS OF THE UNIVERSE” IS THE ABODE OF THE MANKIND AND FLORA & FAUNA. THE SEARCH FOR KNOWLEDGE STARTED 5000 YEARS AGO. NO SINGLE DISCIPLINE ANSWERS ALL QUESTIONS COMING TO OUR MINDS. THUS WE HAVE HOLISTIC APPROACH,DERIVE OBJECTIVE DETAILS,SYNTHESIS OF FACTS. : 

EARTH ,THE “MASTERS OF THE UNIVERSE” IS THE ABODE OF THE MANKIND AND FLORA & FAUNA. THE SEARCH FOR KNOWLEDGE STARTED 5000 YEARS AGO. NO SINGLE DISCIPLINE ANSWERS ALL QUESTIONS COMING TO OUR MINDS. THUS WE HAVE HOLISTIC APPROACH,DERIVE OBJECTIVE DETAILS,SYNTHESIS OF FACTS.

Slide 6: 

QUEST FOR KNOWLEDGE PROMOTES INNOVATIONS,IMPROVISATIONS DISCOVERIES. WE CATEGORIZED THESE STUDIES INTO FOLLOWING MAJOR GROUPS LIKE ATMOSPHERE,LITHOSPHERE,HYDROSPHERE, NOOSPHERE,BIOSPHERE & ENERGY

SUB THEMES : 

SUB THEMES 1.ATMOSPHERE : THE PROTECTIVE BLANKET 2.HYDROSPHERE : WATER & WETLANDS 3. LITHOSPHERE : LAND & SOIL 4. BIOSPHERE : THE WORLD OF LIFE FORMS 5.NOOSHERE : HUMAN INFLUENCE ON ENVIRONMENT 6. ENERGY : THE DRIVING FORCE

Slide 8: 

1.ATMOSPHERE : THE PROTECTIVE BLANKET

THE GASEOUS ENVELOP WHICH SURROUNDS THE EARTH IS CALLED ATMOSPHERE.IT ENDS AT 800 KM.99% OF THE ATMOSPHERE IS CONCENTRATED IN THE LOWER 30 KM.IT MAINTAINS TEMPERATURE . IT IS THE CANOPY FOR EARTH TO PROTECT EARTH’S BIOTIC ELEMENTS FROM UV LIGHT, X-RAY,COSMIC RAYS : 

THE GASEOUS ENVELOP WHICH SURROUNDS THE EARTH IS CALLED ATMOSPHERE.IT ENDS AT 800 KM.99% OF THE ATMOSPHERE IS CONCENTRATED IN THE LOWER 30 KM.IT MAINTAINS TEMPERATURE . IT IS THE CANOPY FOR EARTH TO PROTECT EARTH’S BIOTIC ELEMENTS FROM UV LIGHT, X-RAY,COSMIC RAYS

WE ARE HEARING SOUND,SEEING THE SPECTACULAR SUNSET, GLITTERING MOON,ENJOYING THE BLUE SKY WITH THE AID OF ATMOSPHERE. GASES & WATER VAPOURS ARE THE MAJOR CONSTITUENTS OF IT. : 

WE ARE HEARING SOUND,SEEING THE SPECTACULAR SUNSET, GLITTERING MOON,ENJOYING THE BLUE SKY WITH THE AID OF ATMOSPHERE. GASES & WATER VAPOURS ARE THE MAJOR CONSTITUENTS OF IT.

WEATHER IS THE CONDITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE AT ANY GIVEN TIME & PLACE.CLIMATE IS AVERAGE CONDITION OF THE WEATHER BASED UPON STATISTICS COLLECTED OVER A PERIOD OF MINIMUM THIRTY YEARS. : 

WEATHER IS THE CONDITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE AT ANY GIVEN TIME & PLACE.CLIMATE IS AVERAGE CONDITION OF THE WEATHER BASED UPON STATISTICS COLLECTED OVER A PERIOD OF MINIMUM THIRTY YEARS.

CLIMATE IS THE HEART OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY INFLUENCES VEGETATION,SOILS,LANDFORMS& WATER RESOURCES. : 

CLIMATE IS THE HEART OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY INFLUENCES VEGETATION,SOILS,LANDFORMS& WATER RESOURCES.

MAJOR ELEMENTS OF THE WEATHER & CLIMATE. : 

MAJOR ELEMENTS OF THE WEATHER & CLIMATE. 1. AIR TEMPERATURE 2.AIR PRESSURE 3.HUMIDITY 4.AMOUNT OF CLOUDS 5.KIND OF PRECIPITATION 6.DIRECTION OF THE WIND

SUGGESTED PROJECTSPROJECT: 1MONITORING WEATHER THROUGH MIND WEATHER STATION PRIMARY DATAA.THE ALCOHOL THERMOMETER B.WET BULB THERMOMETER –HUMIDITYC.RAIN GAUGED.INTENSITY OF SUNSHINEE.ANEMOMETER : 

SUGGESTED PROJECTSPROJECT: 1MONITORING WEATHER THROUGH MIND WEATHER STATION PRIMARY DATAA.THE ALCOHOL THERMOMETER B.WET BULB THERMOMETER –HUMIDITYC.RAIN GAUGED.INTENSITY OF SUNSHINEE.ANEMOMETER

PROJECT 2STUDY OF THE SEASONAL VARIATION WEATHER PARAMETERSAND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH LOCAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICESPRIMARY DATA ABOUT SOIL,WATER BY COLLECTED WITH STRUCTURED QUESTIONS FROM FARMERS.COMPARE THEM WITH THE WEATHER SECONDARY DATA : 

PROJECT 2STUDY OF THE SEASONAL VARIATION WEATHER PARAMETERSAND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH LOCAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICESPRIMARY DATA ABOUT SOIL,WATER BY COLLECTED WITH STRUCTURED QUESTIONS FROM FARMERS.COMPARE THEM WITH THE WEATHER SECONDARY DATA

PROJECT 3STUDY OF THE PATTERN OF MONSOONAL RAINFALLCOLLECT 10 YEARS DATA ON RAIN FALL DURING THE MANSOONS AND COMPARE. : 

PROJECT 3STUDY OF THE PATTERN OF MONSOONAL RAINFALLCOLLECT 10 YEARS DATA ON RAIN FALL DURING THE MANSOONS AND COMPARE.

PROJECT 4ESTIMATION OF CARBON STOCK BY HERBS AND GRASS IN SCHOOL/RESIDENTIAL CAMPUS.STUDY THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF VEGETATION IN A AREA .THEN HARVEST THEM. WEIGH THE DRY PLANT.CALCULATE THE CARBON STOCK IN THE BIOMASS. : 

PROJECT 4ESTIMATION OF CARBON STOCK BY HERBS AND GRASS IN SCHOOL/RESIDENTIAL CAMPUS.STUDY THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF VEGETATION IN A AREA .THEN HARVEST THEM. WEIGH THE DRY PLANT.CALCULATE THE CARBON STOCK IN THE BIOMASS.

PROJECT 5ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF CLIMATIC CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE : 

PROJECT 5ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF CLIMATIC CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE

PROJECT 6STUDY ON TRADITIONAL CALENDER SYSTEM ,AGRICULTURAL CYCLE & WEATHER CONDITIONS : 

PROJECT 6STUDY ON TRADITIONAL CALENDER SYSTEM ,AGRICULTURAL CYCLE & WEATHER CONDITIONS

PROJECT 7HAZARD DAMAGE MAPPINGHAZARD=TH,MHVULNERABILITY=STATUS NATURAL CAPITAL(SNC),SPC,SFC,SSC,SHC, : 

PROJECT 7HAZARD DAMAGE MAPPINGHAZARD=TH,MHVULNERABILITY=STATUS NATURAL CAPITAL(SNC),SPC,SFC,SSC,SHC,

PROJECT 8ASSESSMENT OF AIR QUALITYA.CONTENT OF SULPHUR –OBSERVE LICHENSB.STUDY THE PROPERTY OF RUBBER BANDC. CO2 BY LIME WATER D.SUSPENDED PARTICLES WITH NYLON CLOTH : 

PROJECT 8ASSESSMENT OF AIR QUALITYA.CONTENT OF SULPHUR –OBSERVE LICHENSB.STUDY THE PROPERTY OF RUBBER BANDC. CO2 BY LIME WATER D.SUSPENDED PARTICLES WITH NYLON CLOTH

PROJECT 9STUDY OF IMPACT OF THE WEATHER CONDITION ON ANIMALSTUDY THE EFFECT OF WEATHER CHANGES ON MILK PRODUCTION/EGG PRODUCTION/LIVE WEIGHT GAIN : 

PROJECT 9STUDY OF IMPACT OF THE WEATHER CONDITION ON ANIMALSTUDY THE EFFECT OF WEATHER CHANGES ON MILK PRODUCTION/EGG PRODUCTION/LIVE WEIGHT GAIN

AIR HAS NO FENCE OCEAN HAS NO CAP PROTECT THE NATURE’S BEFORE IT BECOMES HISTORY : 

AIR HAS NO FENCE OCEAN HAS NO CAP PROTECT THE NATURE’S BEFORE IT BECOMES HISTORY

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