Category: Education

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Selcuk Bergama Karsiyaka

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School Konak sq.

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Kemal Ataturk statue

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Izmir is the second-largest port and third largest city in Turkey The total population of the metropolitan municipality is 3.795.978 by the end of 2008

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Izmir is located on the Aegean Sea near the Gulf of Izmir and is the capital of the Izmir Province.

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As a major city, it is easily accessible by plane, train or automobile and abundant in facilities for travellers.

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Izmir makes an excellent base for exploring the famous ancient cities of Ephesus, Pergamum, Miletus, Priene and Sardis, …

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… all of which are within easy driving distance.

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Rich in history and archaeological remains, Izmir is also widely regarded as the most westernized city of Turkey in terms of values and lifestyle.

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Nicknamed "the pearl of Aegean," Izmir is home to wide palm-lined boulevards, smart shops, hotels and restaurants, a busy port and exotic old quarter.

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The climate is pleasant even in the summer, thanks to a refreshing sea breeze.

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The 5,000 year-old city of Izmir (ancient SMYRNA) is one of the oldest cities of the Mediterranean basin.

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The original city (with the ancient name Smyrna) was established in the third millennium BC (at present day Bayrakli), at which time it shared with Troy the most advanced culture in Anatolia.

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Greek settlement is attested by the presence of pottery dating from about 1000 bC.

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In the first millennium BC Izmir ranked as one of the most important cities of the Ionian Federation.

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Also, it is believed that the epic poet Homer resided here. Smyrna was little more than a village throughout the Lydian and subsequent sixth century BC Persian rule. (photo Boulevard Ataturk)

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In the fourth century BC a new city was built on the slopes of Mt. Pagos (Kadifekale) during the reign of Alexander the Great.

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Smyrna's Roman period, beginning in the first century BC, was its second great era.

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In the first century AD, Smyrna became one of the earliest centres of Christianity and it was one of the Seven Churches of Revelation.

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Revelation and the Martyrdom of Polycarp indicate the existence of a Jewish community in Smyrna in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. (photo PASAPORT QUAI)

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The letter to the church at Smyrna in Revelation indicates that the Christians were spiritually "rich" and apparently in conflict with the Jews.(Pasaport quai)

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The origins of the Christian community there, which was established in the 1st century, are unknown.

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Ignatius of Antioch stopped at Smyrna on his way to martyrdom in Rome in 107 AD

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Smyrna's bishop, Polycarp, was burned at the stake in Smyrna's stadium around 156 AD (photo Izmir Alsancak)

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Byzantine rule came in the fourth century and lasted until the Seljuk conquest in 11th century. (Konak sq., Mosque)

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In 1415, under Sultan Mehmed Çelebi, Smyrna became part of the Ottoman Empire. Kizlaragasi Han-caravanserai in Kemeralti

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The city earned its fame as one of the most important port cities of the world during the 17th to 19th centuries.

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The majority of its population were Greek but merchants of various origins (especially Greek, French, Italian, Dutch, Armenian, Sephardi and Jewish) transformed the city into a cosmopolitan portal of trade.

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During this period, the city was famous for its own brand of music (Smyrneika) as well as its wide range of products it exported to Europe (Smyrna/Sultana raisins, dried figs, carpets, etc.). Konak

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Today, Izmir is Turkey's third largest city.

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It is widely regarded as the most Westernized city of Turkey in terms of values, ideology, gender roles, and lifestyle.

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Port of Izmir is still the biggest port of Turkey in terms of quantities of cargoes handled. There are railway, highway & airway connections to the port.

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Port of Izmir has a distinctive nature in that it is the only container handling terminal in the region Izmir Alsancak Port meets not only the Aegean Region’s demands but also Marmara and Inter Anatolia are included in its large hinterland.

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Port of Izmir the old times…

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Traffic in Izmir nowadays…

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Alsancak Tcdd train station

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Karsiyaka carsi

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Bornova Ogretmen Evi Parki

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Izmir, Bornova Ogretmen Evi

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See you soon in Izmir!

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KF Sources: http://www.sacred-destinations.com/turkey/izmir.htm http://www.allaboutturkey.com/izm_museum.htm http://www.izmir.bel.tr/ http://wikimapia.org/#lat=38.4381612&lon=27.1693182&z=14&l=14&m=m Music: Yedi Karanfil - Belalim

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