PPL 7 YHWH's Rejection of Daughter Zion

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Yahweh’s Rejection of Zion : 

Yahweh’s Rejection of Zion Jeremiah 7:1 - 10:25

5 Main Units : 

5 Main Units Prose oracles regarding temple and valley worship (7:1 - 8:3) Failure of Judah’s leaders to encourage repentance (8:4-13) The poisoned water of YHWH’s judgment (8:14-9:16) Proclamation of and lamentation over Judah’s demise (9:17-26) The role of idolatry in Judah’s destruction (10:1-25)

I. Prose Oracles : 

I. Prose Oracles 7:1-8:3 composed of four units 1. Three oracles concerning corrupt temple cult (7:1-15) 2. Prohibition of prophetic intercession on behalf of Judah (7:16-20) 3. Futility of temple rituals in Judah’s current spiritual crisis (7:21-28) 4. Three oracles concerning defiling worship in the Valley of Hinnom.

I. Prose Oracles : 

I. Prose Oracles 7:1-8:3 composed of four units 1. Three oracles concerning corrupt temple cult (7:1-15) 2. Prohibition of prophetic intercession on behalf of Judah (7:16-20) 3. Futility of temple rituals in Judah’s current spiritual crisis (7:21-28) 4. Three oracles concerning defiling worship in the Valley of Hinnom.

3 Oracles Concerning Corrupt Temple Worship : 

3 Oracles Concerning Corrupt Temple Worship Word event formula introduces the unit. Unit ends at 7:15. In 7:16 YHWH addresses Jeremiah directly. Three oracles each with a distinct form 7:1-7 Call to repentance 7:8-11 Accusation in form of series of rhetorical questions (Behold . . . Behold, oracle formula) 7:12-15 Doom oracle against Judah Shaul Zalevski, “The Discourse of Jeremiah in the Gate of the House of the LORD,” Bar Ilan Annual 16-17:9-31, 127-128.

Shiloh/Saul & Zion/David : 

Shiloh/Saul & Zion/David Original location of tabernacle associated with Eli, Samuel, & Saul (1 Sam 7:1-2; 14:3) Permanent location of temple associated with David & Solomon (Ps 2:6) Ramah Kiriat-Jearim

Prohibition of Intercession : 

Prohibition of Intercession New section marked by “As for you . . .” Form: dialogue between YHWH and prophet in divine council 7:17-19 gives reason for prohibiting intercession followed by a return to pronouncement of doom in 7:20 (cf. 7:14) Reason: Ashtarte worship (introduced by Solomon 1 Kgs 11:5, 33; eradicated by Josiah 2 Kgs 23:13)

Futility of Temple Rituals : 

Futility of Temple Rituals Sardonic encouragement to defile whole burnt offerings (7:21) A history lesson in covenant priorities: obedience vs. sacrifice (cf. Exod 15:26; 1 Sam 15:22) “Stiffen the neck” recalls the yoke metaphor Jeremiah already used and will use again (27:8-12; cf. Deut 28:48)

Three Oracles on Defiling Valley Worship : 

Three Oracles on Defiling Valley Worship Three oracles on the valley balance three oracles on Zion. Downward movement 7:29-31 Grieve, Zion! Grieve! Jerusalem personified as woman engaging in mourning rights (cf. Deut 21:10-13) Location of the mourning ritual: “bare heights” doubly ironic (cf. Jer 2:5) “The generation of his fury” connects Jeremiah’s gen with the wilderness gen. Molech worship in Valley of Hinnom (Tophet)

Excursus: Valley of Hinnom & Hell : 

Excursus: Valley of Hinnom & Hell Valley of Hinnom serves as model for NT teaching on Hell. Valley of Hinnom > Gehenna Tophet is Aramaic for “oven” A place of extreme defilement (2 Kgs 23:10; Jer 19:2) A new Jerusalem and a new Valley of Hinnom (Isa 66:22-24; Rev 21:1-3, 8)

3 Oracles on Defiling Valley Worship (cont.) : 

3 Oracles on Defiling Valley Worship (cont.) Exposed and desecrated bodies (7:32-34) Covenant curse of Dt 28:26 (cf. vassal treaties of Esarhaddon) Language recalls 2 Sam 21:1-14 Saul/Shiloh and David/Zion traditions Exposed and desecrated bones (8:1-3) Picture inspired by Josiah’s reform (2 Kgs 23:16; cf. 1 Kgs 13:2) Ironic/sarcastic picture cf. Ezek 37

II. Failure of Judah’s Leaders : 

II. Failure of Judah’s Leaders Failure to recognize time of return (8:4-7) Perpetual backsliding (8:4-5) Animal like stubborness (8:6) Worse than animal-like instincts (8:7) Judah’s deceitful leaders (8:8-13) Lying pen of the scribes (8:8) Folly of the sages (8:9-11) Failure of leaders to be Judah’s conscience (8:12-13)

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment : 

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment Unit defined by inclusio (8:14 – 9:16) Judah’s retreat to fortified cities (8:14-15) Poisoned water = a compromised water supply during siege Curse formula: “May Ea, king of apsu, lord of the springs, give you deadly water to drink, and fill you with dropsy.” Likely also recalls bitter water in wilderness (Exod 15-17; 32:20)

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment : 

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment Invasion from the North (8:16-17) The sound of horses (8:16) The bite of serpents (8:17) Jeremiah’s and YHWH’s grief over Judah’s destruction (8:18-9:3) Over YHWH’s abandonment of Zion (8:18-19) Over Judah’s wound that won’t heal (8:20-22). Balm in Gilead (Gen 37:25) Judah’s healer (Exod 15:26; 2 Chron 16:2)

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment : 

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment Jeremiah’s and YHWH’s grief over Judah’s destruction (8:18-9:3) Over YHWH’s abandonment of Zion (8:18-19) Over Judah’s wound that won’t heal (8:20-22). Over the need for a retreat away from Judah (9:1-3) Judah’s failure to love her neighbor Warning against trusting neighbors (9:4) Disconnect between loving neighbor and knowing YHWH (9:5-6) Doom oracle: refinement of deceitful Judah (9:7-9)

Slide 20: 

Gilead King’s Hwy

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment : 

III. Poisoned Water of YHWH’s Judgment YHWH’s grief over the uncreation of Judah (9:10-16; cf. 4:23-26) Judah: an impassable waste (9:10a) Absence of domesticated animals (9:10b) Judah: a haunt for jackals (9:11; 10:22; Ps 44:19 i.e. a return to the wilderness) The mystery of Judah’s uncreation (9:12-16 a crisis of faith)

IV. Lament Over Judah’s Demise : 

IV. Lament Over Judah’s Demise The Call for the wailing women (9:17-18) Performance of a dirge composed by YHWH (9:19-20) Death coming up to the windows (9:21) Judah’s abandonment of her distinctive features Knowledge of YHWH Circumcision of Heart

V. Idolatry’s Role in Judah’s Destruction : 

V. Idolatry’s Role in Judah’s Destruction Warning not to imitate nations in revering idols (10:1-5) Incomparability of YHWH (10:6-16) Preparation for exile (10:17-22) A plea for mercy and vengeance (10:23-25)

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