PPL 6 Destruction of Daughter Zion

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The Destruction of Daughter Zion : 

The Destruction of Daughter Zion Jeremiah 4:5 – 6:30

Distorted Zion Theology : 

Distorted Zion Theology 4:5 – 6:30 = first half of larger section: 4:5 – 10:25. The section defined by many repeated themes all revolving around a false hope in the inviolability of Zion. Defining “Zion Theology”

Psalm 46:4-7 : 

Psalm 46:4-7 There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy habitation of the Most High. 5 God is in the midst of the city; it shall not be moved; God will help it when the morning dawns. 6 The nations are in an uproar, the kingdoms totter; he utters his voice, the earth melts. 7 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah

Psalm 48:1-3, 8, 12-14 : 

Psalm 48:1-3, 8, 12-14 Great is the LORD and greatly to be praised in the city of our God. His holy mountain, 2 beautiful in elevation, is the joy of all the earth, Mount Zion, in the far north, the city of the great King. 3 Within its citadels God has shown himself a sure defense. 8 As we have heard, so have we seen in the city of the LORD of hosts, in the city of our God, which God establishes forever. Selah 12 Walk about Zion, go all around it, count its towers, 13 consider well its ramparts; go through its citadels, that you may tell the next generation 14 that this is God, our God forever and ever. He will be our guide forever.

Psalm 125:1-2 : 

Psalm 125:1-2 Those who trust in the LORD are like Mount Zion, which cannot be moved, but abides forever. 2 As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people, from this time on and forevermore.

Isaiah 37:33-35 : 

Isaiah 37:33-35 "Therefore thus says the LORD concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not come into this city, shoot an arrow there, come before it with a shield, or cast up a siege ramp against it. 34 By the way that he came, by the same he shall return; he shall not come into this city, says the LORD.35 For I will defend this city to save it, for my own sake and for the sake of my servant David.“ Cf. also Psalms 76; 87; 129; 132; 147

Subdivisions of 4:5 – 10:25 : 

Subdivisions of 4:5 – 10:25 Invasion of Zion from the N. by an army under YHWH’s command (4:5 – 31) Justification for Invasion of Zion: unrestrained wickedness (5:1 – 29) Refrain (5:9,29) Siege and gleaning of recalcitrant Zion (6:1 – 30) 6:13-15 gleaning Exposé of distorted Zion theology and prescription of cure (7:1 – 8:3) Correction of distorted Zion theology and application of cure (8:4 – 20) gleaning 8:11-12 Lamentation over Zion’s destruction (8:21 – 9:22) Refrain (9:9) Reduction of Judah to one of the nations (9:33 – 10:25)

Themes : 

Themes Sentinel/Battle alarm theme (4:5-6, 15, 19-21; 6:1-4, 8, 17) Plural imperatives Invader from the North (4:6, 15, 5:15; 6:1, 22) Remnant theme (4:27; 5:18)

Yahweh's Invasion from the North : 

Yahweh's Invasion from the North 4:5 – 17 = Judgment oracle against Judah in form of a call to sound the alarm. Limits of unit: beginning is the call to blow the trumpet and the end is the oracle formula. Imagery of a sentinel posted on wall, guarding the city (cf. Ezek 3:17; Isa 56:10) Zaphon (North) associated with Zion in Psalm 48:2. A double entendre? Lion imagery – the boundary between civilization and wild is blurred (cf. 5:6; 25:36-38; Prov 22:13)

Yahweh's Invasion from the North : 

Yahweh's Invasion from the North Jeremiah’s accusation of deceit Even Jeremiah succumbed to distorted Zion theology Misappropriation of Isaiah by false prophets (Isa 26:12; 27:1-3; 32:18; 39:8; 52:7) Description of the Divine Warrior (4:11 – 17) The Sirocco wind serves as the harbinger of YHWH’s coming in judgment Riding the clouds like a chariot (Psalm 68:4-5; 104:1-4; Isa 19:1). A displacement of Baal. Exodus 15:3; Deut 20:4; Joshua 5:13-15 4:14-15 should be read together – there is still time.

Destruction of Zion as Uncreation : 

Destruction of Zion as Uncreation 4:18 – 22 YHWH’s grief at Zion’s destruction and its root cause – Judah’s folly YHWH plays multiple roles in the text Here he is a grieving onlooker YHWH torn between his love and his holiness 4:23 – 26 Poem describing uncreation The “I saw . . . and behold” pattern mimics Gen 1:31 Tôhû wü bôhû recalls Gen 1:2 Zion = microcosm of universe (Isa 66:1; Ex 20:24-25; 1 Kgs 7:23 4:27 – 31 Creation mourns and Zion screams

Slide 12: 

Heaven Veil = Sky Lamps = trees Laver = sea Altar = earth

Invasion of Zion Due to Unlimited Wickedness : 

Invasion of Zion Due to Unlimited Wickedness 5:1-9 Jerusalem worse than Sodom & Gomorah! (Note the refrain 5:9, 29; 9:9) Yoke metaphor recalls divorce motif (cf. 2:20) 5:10 – 19 A remnant preserved in the midst of destruction 5:20 – 29 A people more unruly than the sea YHWH’s containment of sea as a paradigm of his limiting evil. Judah’s evil will not be contained

Slide 14: 

Graffiti found at Kuntillet Ajrud Yahweh and his Asherah

Zion Besieged and Gleaned : 

Zion Besieged and Gleaned 6:1-8 Flee besieged Zion! Begins with sentinel theme. New oracle begins with messenger formula Note the play on the root [qt (tq C) Ironic reversal: fleeing away from the city 6:9-15 Judah gleaned like a vineyard 6:16-21 Judah’s irresponsiveness to correction 6:22-30 The Foe from the N that will refine Judah “Terror on every side” (20:3-4, 10; 46:5; 49:29; cf. Psalm 31) Refining metaphor – Judah cannot be cleansed

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