PPL 5 Marriage Divorce Remarriage

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PPL 5: Marriage, Divorce and Remarriage : 

PPL 5: Marriage, Divorce and Remarriage Jeremiah 2:1 – 4:4

Establishing Limits of the Unit : 

Establishing Limits of the Unit Word event formula (2:1; doesn’t occur again until 13:3) Command to declare war (4:5) – moves from trial to carrying out the sentence Enveloped by address to Jerusalem followed by address to Israel (2:1-4) and its inversion (4:1-4). Marriage metaphor runs throughout the unit. Judah/Israel designations run throughout unit.

The Form of 2:1 – 4:4 : 

The Form of 2:1 – 4:4 A covenant lawsuit (a kind of disputation speech) based on overriding metaphor of marriage and divorce. Presence of the term rîb (2:9, 29) Calling heaven and earth as witnesses (2:12) Appeals to divorce legislation of Deut 24:1-4 (3:1-11) Rhythm of accusation, denial, declaration of guilt, and sentencing.

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 : 

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 Prelude to a divorce trial (2:1 – 37) Yahweh’s grief over Israel’s change of heart (2:1 – 8) Memory of devoted love in the wilderness (2:1-3) Marriage metaphor First fruits metaphor (First fruits holy to the LORD and set aside for priestly use) Disbelief at Israel’s abandonment of YHWH’s love (2:4-8) Summons to hear and messenger formula Yahweh’s case against Israel (2:9 – 22) “Therefore” The charges (2:9-13) Idolatry/synchretism Water imagery The punishment (2:14-19) Destruction of land by enemies Futility of political alliances (water imagery revisited) Israel’s treachery vs. YHWH’s faithfulness (2:20 – 22) Yahweh’s liberation Israel’s Prostitution

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 : 

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 Prelude to a divorce trial (2:1 – 37) Yahweh’s refutation of Israel’s countersuit (2:23 – 35a) “How can you say . . .” Implies denial of charges Yahweh’s confrontation of denial of uncleanness (2:23 – 28) Camel/donkey in heat (2:23b – 25) Israel’s shame at the ineffectiveness of her idolatry (2:26 – 28) Yahweh’s rejection of Israel’s countersuit (2:29 – 35a) “Behold!” Israel’s irresponsiveness to discipline (2:29 – 30) Israel’s ingratitude for YHWH’s grace (2:31 – 32) Israel’s insensitivity to her guilt (2:33 – 35a) Yahweh’s case confirmed (2:35b – 37) “Behold” The addition charge of Israel’s denial The failure of Israel’s allies

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 : 

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 Divorce court (3:1 – 4:4) 3:1-5 Legal and spirital complications of repentance(The rmal with which chapter begins is probably the remnant of a superscription along the lines of “Yahweh’s word came to me saying . . .”) The illegality of YHWH’s and Judah’s reunion (3:1) The brazenness, stubbornness, and shallowness of Judah (3:2-5) Bedouin metaphor and defilement of land (3:2) Yahweh’s failed attempts to correct wayward Judah (3:3) Judah’s insincerity and presumption (3:4-5) 3:6-10 Judah’s refusal to learn from Israel’s mistakes Yahweh’s divorce from faithless Israel as object lesson for Judah (3:6-8) Judah’s superficial and insincere repentance (3:9-10) Inability of Josiah’s sincerity to affect Judah Jeremiah’s recognition of Josianic reform’s failure

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 : 

Structure of 2:1 – 4:4 Divorce court (3:1 – 4:4) 3:11-4:2 Yahweh’s invitation for Israel’s return from exile as paradigm of Judah’s return from exile. The call to return based on the wordplay hbvm hbwv (3:11-15) Description of life after the return (3:16-18) The ark gives way to Jerusalem itself (i.e. law will be deposited in the inhabitants of the city themselves. YHWH will be enthroned upon their hearts). 3:16-17 Reunion of Judah and Israel on their ancestral land. (3:18) Idealized example of accusation followed by sincere repentance (3:19-4:2) Renewed accusation of treachery (3:19-20) Israel’s sorrowful contrition and willingness to repent (3:21-23) Israel’s concern that severity and length of rebellion precludes returning (3:24-25) Yahweh’s conditions for returning (4:1-2) 4:3-4 The point of the object lesson (direct address to Judah) Farming metaphor concluding defiled land theme (4:3) Circumcision metaphor indicating renewal of covenant (4:4)

1. Yahweh's grief over Israel's change of heart (2:1-8) : 

1. Yahweh's grief over Israel's change of heart (2:1-8) Memory of devoted love in the wilderness (2:1-3) DeRoche vs. Fox Marriage metaphor First fruits metaphor Disbelief at Israel’s abandonment of YHWH’s love (2:4-8, Note the oracle marker, the summons to hear and the messenger formula) House of Jacob/House of Israel Accusation of unprovoked unfaithfulness

2. Yahweh's case against Israel (2:9-22) : 

2. Yahweh's case against Israel (2:9-22) a) The charges (2:9-13) i. Idolatry/synchretism ii. Water imagery b) The punishment (2:14-19) i. Destruction of land by enemies ii. Futility of political alliances (water imagery revisited) c) Israel’s treachery vs. YHWH’s faithfulness (2:20 – 22) i. Yahweh’s liberation ii. Israel’s Prostitution

3. Yahweh's refutation of Israel's countersuit (2:23-37) : 

3. Yahweh's refutation of Israel's countersuit (2:23-37) a) Yahweh’s confrontation of denial of uncleanness (2:23 – 28) Camel/donkey in heat (2:23b – 25) Israel’s shame at the ineffectiveness of her idolatry (2:26 – 28) b) Yahweh’s rejection of Israel’s countersuit (2:29 – 35a) “Behold!” Israel’s irresponsiveness to discipline (2:29 – 30) Israel’s ingratitude for YHWH’s grace (2:31 – 32) Israel’s insensitivity to her guilt (2:33 – 35a) c) Yahweh’s case confirmed (2:35b – 37) “Behold” The addition charge of Israel’s denial The failure of Israel’s allies

Divorce court (lē’mōr) : 

Divorce court (lē’mōr) a) The illegality of YHWH’s and Judah’s reunion (3:1) b) The brazenness, stubbornness, and shallowness of Judah (3:2-5) Bedouin metaphor and defilement of land (3:2) Yahweh’s failed attempts to correct wayward Judah (3:3) Judah’s insincerity and presumption (3:4-5) 1. Complications of repentance (3:1-5)

Divorce court : 

Divorce court a) Yahweh’s divorce from faithless Israel as object lesson for Judah (3:6-8) b) Judah’s superficial and insincere repentance (3:9-10) Inability of Josiah’s sincerity to affect Judah Jeremiah’s recognition of Josianic reform’s failure 2. Judah’s refusal to learn from Israel (3:6-10)

Divorce court : 

Divorce court a) The call to return based on the wordplay šûbâ müšbûâ (3:11-15) b) Description of life after the return (3:16-18) The ark gives way to Jerusalem itself (i.e. law will be deposited in the inhabitants of the city themselves. YHWH will be enthroned upon their hearts). 3:16-17 Reunion of Judah and Israel on their ancestral land. (3:18) c) Idealized example of accusation followed by sincere repentance (3:19-4:2) Renewed accusation of treachery (3:19-20) Israel’s sorrowful contrition and willingness to repent (3:21-23) Israel’s concern that severity and length of rebellion precludes returning (3:24-25) Yahweh’s conditions for returning (4:1-2) 3. Judah’s refusal to learn from Israel (3:11-4:2)

Divorce court : 

Divorce court Farming metaphor (breaking ground for new planting) Circumcision metaphor (covenant renewal) 1. Special use of “Israel” and “Assyria” Israel – Thompson, McKane, Holladay Assyria – Carroll, Holladay McConville’s suggestion How this affects interpretation of unit 2. Evolution of Jeremiah’s theology of repentance 3. Jeremiah’s theology of the land 4. The point of the object lesson (4:3-4) Main Issues for understanding unit

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