PPL 3: Jeremiah between Two Worlds

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PPL 3: Jeremiah between Two Worlds : 

PPL 3: Jeremiah between Two Worlds Jeremiah 1:1-3

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The world that created the book The world that the book creates

A New World : 

A New World Jeremiah 4:23-28 removal of the old world order Jeremiah 33:7-13 establishment of new world order beginning in Jerusalem Jeremiah is situated between these two worlds – the world out of which it was spoken and the world that it speaks into existence. Its historical orientation does not trap it in the past but propels it into the future.

Jeremiah 1:1-3 : 

Jeremiah 1:1-3 The oracles of Jeremiah ben Hilkiah, who came from the priests who are in Anathoth in the territory of Benjamin to whom Yahweh’s message came in the days of Josiah ben Ammon, king of Judah, in the 13th year of his reign. And it came in the days of Jehoiakim ben Josiah, king of Judah until the end of the 11th year of Zedekiah ben Josiah, king of Judah – until the exile of Jerusalem in the 5th month. (Author’s Translation)

Function of Superscription : 

Function of Superscription Anchors book to history Divine Word spoken into specific socio-political situation Divine Word intersects w/ human reality God entering the arena of our time and space. Speaks to multiple situations Continues speaking into and shaping human history (the world that the text creates) Divides Jer’s ministry into 3 periods Overlapping Josianic reforms Jehoiakim’s reign Zedekiah’s reign to the exile

The Priests of Anathoth : 

The Priests of Anathoth Descendants of Abiathar (1 Kgs 2:26) Guardians of the Shiloh tradition (Jer 7:12-14; 26:6-9) Associated with the Ephod for consulting God (1 Sam 23:6-9; 30:7) Uniquely qualified to speak to the loss of temple, ark, and ephod (contact with God).

Jeremiah and Josiah : 

Jeremiah and Josiah Virtually no mention of Josianic reform in Jeremiah No mention of Jeremiah in 2 Kings Only one oracle in Jeremiah dated to Josiah’s time (3:6). Reference is unusually vague. Two approaches to chronology Traditional: 627/626 BCE = beg of Jer’s prophetic career. Alternative: 627/626 BCE = Jer’s birth (J. P. Hyatt, W. L. Holladay)

Historical Background : 

Historical Background Manasseh’s pro-Assyrian policy maintained Judah’s status as Assyrian vassal until 642 BCE Amon continued this policy but was assassinated within two years of his accession. (Stirrings of a shift in balance of power) Assyria Medes & Persians Egypt Babylon 640 BCE Josiah takes the throne at age 8 coinciding with resurgence of Assyrian power 628 BCE Josianic reform begins as Assyrian weakens 627/626 BCE Assurbanipal dies Babylon rebels 621 BCE Law book found in temple accelerating reform 612 BCE Nineveh falls

Slide 11: 

Pow! ZAP!

Historical Background : 

Historical Background Jehoahaz succeeds Josiah but Neco 2 takes control of Judah and replaces Jehoahaz with Eliakim (Jehoiakim). 605 BCE Battle of Carchemish (Jer 46:2) Another victory at Hamath and seizure of Egyptian post at Riblah

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Hamath Wham! Riblah Gotcha!

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Judah Egypt Babylon

Historical Background : 

Historical Background Jehoahaz succeeds Josiah but Neco 2 takes control of Judah and replaces Jehoahaz with Eliakim (Jehoiakim). 605 BCE Battle of Carchemish (Jer 46:2) Another victory at Hamath and seizure of Egyptian post at Riblah 598 BCE Jehoiakim dies and Jehoiachin accedes to throne. 3 months later Jerusalem again surrenders to Babylon. First deportation Zedekiah placed on throne. 595 BCE revolt in Babylon (Jer 27-29) 591 BCE Psammetichus 2 becomes ringleader for rebellion

Historical Background : 

Historical Background 589 BCE Zed withholds tribute provoking an invasion. Siege of Lachish 588 – 586 Siege of Jerusalem Zedekiah captured at Riblah. 2nd Deportation Gedaliah made governor at Mizpah

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Mizpah

Historical Background : 

Historical Background 589 BCE Zed withholds tribute provoking an invasion. Siege of Lachish 588 – 586 Siege of Jerusalem Zedekiah captured at Riblah. 2nd Deportation Gedaliah made governor at Mizpah 582 BCE Ishmael ben Nethaniah assassinates Gedaliah. Flight to Egypt and 3rd deportation.

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