SUBJECT – VERBAGREEMENT : SUBJECT – VERBAGREEMENT Rule # 1 : Rule # 1 SS+SV / PS+PV = SS/PS
Subject and Verb must agree in number
Singular subject = singular verb
Plural subject = plural verb
SS - Zach makes gurgling noises.
PS - The cows walk across the field. Rule # 2 : Rule # 2 CS + PV = PS
Compound subjects joined by “and”, pertain to 2 separate subjects use plural verb
Twiddle-dee and Twiddle-dum are characters from Alice in Wonderland.
Lila and Lilo attend NKP together. Rule # 3 : Rule # 3 CSS + SV = SS
Compound subject taken as individual subject takes singular verb
My best friend and rival is Carla.
The boss and accountant asks for an audit of funds. Rule # 4 : Rule # 4 MSS + SV = SS
Compound subject modified by EACH and EVERY use singular verb.
Each boy and girl in this class is intelligent
Every adult and child gets a gift bag. Rule # 5 : Rule # 5 PS (PN) + PV = PS
Verb agrees with subject NOT predicate nominative (his, her, only, my, their, etc.)
Shoes and bags are my favorite things.
Books and magazines are his only materials for his report Rule # 6 : Rule # 6 Either-Or/Neither-Nor + SV/PV = SS/PS
Compound subjects joined by Either-Or, Neither-Nor, verb agrees with the subject nearest it.
Neither the host nor the guests know about the surprise.
Either eggs or toast is my favorite breakfast. Rule # 7 : Rule # 7 As Unit + SV = SS
Regarded as a unit, collective noun is SINGULAR.
Congress is going to pass the Reproductive Health Bill.
The jury agrees the accused is not guilty. COLLECTIVE NOUNS : COLLECTIVE NOUNS army
troupe Rule # 8 : Rule # 8 As Individual + PV = PS
Taken as and individual, collective noun is PLURAL.
After the three-hour practice under the brutal sun, the team shower, change into their street clothes, and head to their air-conditioned homes.
After the long exam, the class start their research papers on famous mathematicians. Rule # 9 : Rule # 9 Article “THE” + number + SV = SS
Preceded by article “THE”, subject number is singular.
The number of voters is increasing.
The number of attendants registers at the lobby. Rule # 10 : Rule # 10 Article “A” + number + PV = PS
Preceded by article “A”, subject number is plural.
A number of voters are arriving to register
A number of students join the Math-Sci competition. Rule # 11 : Rule # 11 AS + SV/PV = SS/PS
Verb agrees with the Affirmative Subject (doer of the action) NOT the with the negative subject.
The cat not the dogs eats the fish.
The teachers not the students are in charge. Rule # 12 : Rule # 12 IPS +SV = SS
Singular indefinite pronouns take SINGULAR verb
Another one bites the dust.
Everybody is welcome.
Something is under the bed. SINGULAR INDEFINITE PRONOUNS : SINGULAR INDEFINITE PRONOUNS another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, little, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, somebody, someone, something Rule # 13 : Rule # 13 IPP + PV = PS
Plural indefinite pronoun take plural verb.
Few words were spoken.
Others can worry about that. PLURAL INDEFINITE PRONOUNS : PLURAL INDEFINITE PRONOUNS both, few, many, others, several Rule # 14 : Rule # 14 Many a + SV = SS
“Many a” followed by a singular verb takes a singular noun.
Many a novelist write about death and sorrow.
Many a suitor is rejected by the neighborhood sweetheart. Rule # 15 : Rule # 15 NPS + SV = SS
Noun plural in form but singular in meaning take singular verb.
Mathematics makes me bewildered.
Politics is a dirty game.
Mumps is a dangerous disease. Rule # 16 : Rule # 16 NFP + PV = PS
The following nouns are plural in form and take plural verb; glasses, pants, pliers, tweezers, scissors, refreshments and clothes.
Scissors are used for cutting.
Clothes make the man. Rule # 17 : Rule # 17 It + SV = SS
“It” is singular and take singular verb
It is finished.
It feels weird to say sorry. Rule # 18 : Rule # 18 An amount + SV = SS
An amount of money, space, time or unit of measurement, even in plural form, takes singular verb.
A 30 square meter condo unit costs 2 million pesos.
One million dollars is not worth much today. Rule # 19 : Rule # 19 Fractions + SV/PV = PS
Fractions are singular or plural depending on the “of” phrase, is it countable or not.
One-half of the grain is ruined.
A quart of juice is sufficient.
One half of the student body are having a big Christmas meal tomorrow.
One-third of the apple is tart.
One-third of the apples are rotten. Rule # 20 : Rule # 20 ADJECTIVE + PV = SS
Adjectives used as nouns use plural verb.
Unlucky are those who believe in luck.
The old need some recognition to feel they belong.
The tactful keep their opinions to themselves. Rule # 21 : Rule # 21 Mathematical Abstraction + SV = SS
Math abstractions take singular verb
Two and two equals four.
Sixty plus 9.99 is almost seventy. Rule # 22 : Rule # 22 NONE + PV =PS
Indefinite pronoun NONE is singular BUT can take either a singular or plural verb depending on the noun that comes after
None of the students get it.
None of the class is exempted.
None of the engines are working Rule # 23 : Rule # 23 RPS + SV = SS
Relative pronoun used as a subject of the verb takes a verb that agrees with antecedent pronoun.
The sales manager is a good researcher who spends a great amount of time surfing the Web for information.
He who is your brother and friend understands you. Slide 28: A relative pronoun relates to another noun preceding it in the sentence. In doing so, it connects a dependent clause to an antecedent (i.e., a noun that precedes the pronoun.) Therefore, a relative pronoun acts as the subject or object of the dependent clause.
Consider the following sentence where the relative pronoun is a subject:
The chef who won the competition studied in Paris.
In this sentence, WHO relates back to (or is relative to) the noun CHEF. WHO also acts as the subject of the dependent clause and the verb WON. The dependent clause: who won the competition. The independent clause: The chef studied in Paris. Examples of Relative Pronouns : Examples of Relative Pronouns that, which, who, whom, and whose.