PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY

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ppt based for psychosocial theory of erikson

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ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOR : 

ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOR STAGES IN PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY

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INTRODUCTION: Personality traits come in opposites Optimistic or Pessimistic Independent or Dependent Emotional or Unemotional Leader or Follower are inborn traits But traits like feeling either competent or inferior are to be learned based on the challenges and support we receive in our growth. Erik Erikson dealt this growth concepts in this theory

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EIGHT STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT: Infancy Early childhood Play age School age Adolescence Young adulthood Middle adulthood Late adulthood

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INFANCY Age: Birth to 18 months Ego Development Outcome: Trust or Mistrust Basic Strength: Drive and Hope Love and care from mother influences the child Traits If they are given – Trust Else – Mistrust Suicide studies states that this stage helps in developing belief in life

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Early childhood Age: 18 months to 3 years Ego Development Outcome: Autonomy or Shame Basic Strength: Self control, courage, & Will We learn to walk, talk, feed ourselves and toilet training If freedom is given- Autonomy(gain more control to acquire new skills & learn from mistakes) Else- Shame or Doubt

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Play age Age: 3 to 5 years Ego Development Outcome: Initiative or Guilt Basic Strength: Purpose Take Initiative in activities like creating play situations, copy an Adult and so on If not a Guilt will be developed

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School age Age: 6 to 12 years Ego Development Outcome: Industry or Inferiority Basic Strength: Method and Competence we are capable of learning, creating and getting knowledge and new skills, thus a sense of Industry occurs If we have unresolved feeling, then Inferiority occurs

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Adolescence Age: 12 to 18 years Ego Development Outcome: Identity or Role Confusion Basic Strength: Devotion Neither child nor an adult stage More complex issues like identifying oneself, social interactions are concerned If we are successful in this, Identity state occurs If unsuccessful, then Role Confusion occurs

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Young adulthood Age: 18 to 35 Ego Development Outcome: Intimacy or Isolation Basic Strength: Affiliation and Love we seek one more companions and love If we can find a right partner in marriage and friends Intimacy can be experienced If not Isolation & the person will keep distance from others

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Middle adulthood Age: 35 to 55 or 65 years Ego Development Outcome: Generativity or Self absorption Basic Strength: Production and Care If we can produce more and get lot of love and Care from others Generativity is experienced If this stage is not successful we become Self absorbed

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Late adulthood Age: 55 or 65 to Death Ego Development Outcome: Integrity or Despair Basic Strength: Wisdom If we have satisfaction in life and fulfilled feeling, and ready to accept death as an end called Integrity If we feel we must live because the purpose of life is not fulfilled, fear of death occurs called Despair

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