Patterns of Organization Listing & Classification

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Patterns in Reading

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Patterns of Organization:

Patterns of Organization Karen Hamilton Silvestri, Instructor Reading 90 Fayetteville Technical Community College Reading Prep Palm Beach State College Effective Reader 3 rd Edition. Chapter 7 Listing and Classification Order pages 294-305

Listing:

Listing Lists facts and/or details Each supporting sentence presents factual evidence to support the main idea Authors list a series or set of reasons, details, or points. Changing the order of the details does not change their meaning.

Addition Transitions Used in the Listing Pattern:

Addition Transitions Used in the Listing Pattern And Also Furthermore Another Besides Final Finally First First of all For one thing In addition Last Last of all Moreover Next One Second Third

EXAMPLE OF LISTING:

EXAMPLE OF LISTING An animal as large and beautiful as a horse needs to be cared for carefully. First, cleaning its stall on a regular basis is absolutely necessary. In addition, a horse needs to be groomed 3-5 times a week. Finally, a horse needs to be fed and exercised on a daily basis.

The List of Items Pattern:

The List of Items Pattern List of items Item 1 Item 2 Item 3 • A list of items is a series of reasons, examples, or other details that support an idea. • The items have no time order, but are listed in whatever order the author prefers.

The List of Items Pattern:

The List of Items Pattern A. Another is the mythical Atlas, who was pictured holding up the heavens in an early collection of maps, and ever since, atlas has meant any book of maps. B. The names of many people, real and fictional, have become permanent parts of the English language. C. A third name-turned-word is that of John Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, who got the idea of putting a piece of meat between two slices of bread; the result was the sandwich that bears his name. D. One is Joseph Guillotin , a physician, who invented a machine for cutting off condemned prisoners’ heads—the guillotine.

The List of Items Pattern:

The List of Items Pattern The names of many people, real and fictional, have become permanent parts of the English language. One is Joseph Guillotin , a physician, who invented a machine for cutting off condemned prisoners’ heads—the guillotine. Another is the mythical Atlas, who was pictured holding up the heavens in an early collection of maps, and ever since, atlas has meant any book of maps. A third name-turned-word is that of John Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, who got the idea of putting a piece of meat between two slices of bread; the result was the sandwich that bears his name.

The List of Items Pattern:

The List of Items Pattern Self-disclosure is revealing information about oneself. Meaningful self-disclosure includes three important elements. First of all, it must be done on purpose. If you accidentally mention to a friend that you’re thinking about quitting a job, that is not self-disclosure. Second, the information must be significant. Telling trivial facts, opinions, or feelings—that you like fudge, for example—hardly counts as disclosure. The third requirement is that the information being shared is private. There’s nothing noteworthy about telling others that you are depressed or happy if they already know that. Main idea: Meaningful self-disclosure includes three important elements. 1. 2. 3.

The List of Items Pattern:

The List of Items Pattern Self-disclosure is revealing information about oneself. Meaningful self-disclosure includes three important elements . First of all , it must be done on purpose . If you accidentally mention to a friend that you’re thinking about quitting a job, that is not self-disclosure. Second , the information must be significant . Telling trivial facts, opinions, or feelings—that you like fudge, for example—hardly counts as disclosure. The third requirement is that the information being shared is private . There’s nothing noteworthy about telling others that you are depressed or happy if they already know that.

The Classification Pattern:

The Classification Pattern Authors use the classification pattern to sort ideas into smaller groups and describe the traits of each group. Each smaller group, called a subgroup , is based on shared traits or characteristics.

Types of Teachers:

Types of Teachers

Transitions Used in the Classification Pattern:

Transitions Used in the Classification Pattern Another (group, kind, type) Characteristics First (group, categories, kind, type) Second (group, categories, kind, type) Order Traits

EXAMPLE OF CLASSIFACTION:

EXAMPLE OF CLASSIFACTION “Wetlands” is a general term that includes several types of vital links between water and land. One type of wetland is a bog; it is characterized by spongy peat deposits, acidic waters, and is covered by a carpet of sphagnum moss. Another type of wetland is the marsh, which is a wetland frequently swamped with water; it is characterized by soft-stemmed vegetation. Finally, a swamp is a type of wetland dominated by woody plants.

PRACTICE:

PRACTICE Visit http://wps.ablongman.com/long_henry_er_1/ to practice these concepts online. Complete the Applications, Review Tests, and Mastery Tests for Chapter 7 in your textbook.

Sources:

Sources The Effective Reader (Updated Edition) by D. J. Henry © 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

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