Patterns of Organization Definition/Example

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Patterns in Reading

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Patterns of Organization:

Patterns of Organization Karen Hamilton Silvestri, Instructor Reading 90 Fayetteville Technical Community College Reading Prep Palm Beach State College Effective Reader 3 rd Edition. Chapter 8 Generalization Example, Definition Example

Examples:

Examples Gives specific examples to support the main topic.

DEFINITION-AND-EXAMPLE:

DEFINITION-AND-EXAMPLE Defines a thing or a concept The definition and example pattern of organization includes just what its name suggests: a definition and one or more examples .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Definition and Example Definition Example Example

PowerPoint Presentation:

TERM Definition Distinguishing feature Distinguishing feature Distinguishing feature or Example of term COMEDIAN Entertainer Tells jokes Makes others laugh Chevy Chase Definition - Example Pattern

The Definition and Example Pattern:

The Definition and Example Pattern A. For instance, a football player recovering from an operation may want to return to his team, yet he also knows that he may limp for the rest of his life if he is injured again. B. An approach-avoidance conflict is a situation in which someone is both attracted to and repelled by the same goal. C. People who are loyal to their present employer but are interested in a new and better job are another example.

The Definition and Example Pattern:

The Definition and Example Pattern Here is the logical order for the sentences on the last screen. An approach-avoidance conflict is a situation in which someone is both attracted to and repelled by the same goal. For instance , a football player recovering from an operation may want to return to his team, yet he also knows that he may limp for the rest of his life if he is injured again. People who are loyal to their present employer but are interested in a new and better job are another example .

The Definition and Example Pattern:

The Definition and Example Pattern • Textbook authors often provide definitions of important terms, followed by examples. They usually set off the terms they are defining in italic or boldface type. • When reading and taking notes on a textbook, always do two things : 1 Write down key definitions . 2 Write down a helpful example for each definition.

The Definition and Example Pattern:

The Definition and Example Pattern Read the textbook paragraph below and then answer the questions. (1)A loss leader is a product or service that sells at a loss but generates customer interest that can lead to a later profit. (2)A classic example of a loss leader is the ice-cream counter at a Thrifty’s variety store. (3)Ice cream cones are sold for less than the cost of the stand, equipment, supplies, and labor. (4)But the ice-cream counter, strategically placed near the store entrance, helps draw customers into the store. (5)Once inside, they often buy other items as well, so the store turns an overall profit. (6)The loss-leader principle is used in many other applications. (7)For instance, television networks take a loss on special events like the Olympic Games because they believe that the viewers they attract will then “stay tuned” for their other, moneymaking shows. 1. What term is being defined? 2. Which sentence contains the definition? 3. In which sentence does the first example appear? 4. In which sentence does the second example appear?

The Definition and Example Pattern:

The Definition and Example Pattern Read the textbook paragraph below and then answer the questions. (1)A loss leader is a product or service that sells at a loss but generates customer interest that can lead to a later profit . (2)A classic example of a loss leader is the ice-cream counter at a Thrifty’s variety store. (3)Ice cream cones are sold for less than the cost of the stand, equipment, supplies, and labor. (4)But the ice-cream counter, strategically placed near the store entrance, helps draw customers into the store. (5)Once inside, they often buy other items as well, so the store turns an overall profit. (6)The loss-leader principle is used in many other applications. (7) For instance , television networks take a loss on special events like the Olympic Games because they believe that the viewers they attract will then “stay tuned” for their other, moneymaking shows. 1. What term is being defined? 2. Which sentence contains the definition? 3. In which sentence does the first example appear? 4. In which sentence does the second example appear?

GENERALIZATION-AND-EXAMPLE:

GENERALIZATION-AND-EXAMPLE The GENERALIZATION-AND-EXAMPLE pattern states a general idea and then offers a series of examples to support the general idea. This type of pattern is also simply called the EXAMPLE pattern. Some common transition (signal) words include for example, for instance, such as, typically, etc. (see page 342)

SOURCES:

SOURCES The Effective Reader (Updated Edition) by D. J. Henry © 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers T EN S TEPS TO A DVANCING C OLLEGE R EADING S KILLS Fourth Edition , John Langan © 2008 Townsend Press

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