Hockey 101 : Hockey 101 History : History Ice hockey is an adaptation of the Native American game of lacrosse.
The first formal game was recorded in Kingston, Ontario in 1855.
The first professional league, called the National Hockey Association, formed in 1909. Players--oFFENSE-- : Players--oFFENSE-- Center: Most like football quarterbacks in regard to playmaking ability. Operating up and down the middle of the ice, Centers lead their team's attack by passing the puck between his two wings to set up a goal.
Wings:You can't fly with just one. These guys follow the action up and down the rink on either side of the center. Left and right side wings pass back and forth, trying to position themselves for a shot on goal Players--defense-- : Players--defense-- Defensemen: The two defensemen try to stop incoming play before any chance of scoring is possible. They block shots, clear the puck from their own net area and entertain the opposing team's forwards with body shots and ridicule
Goaltender: As the last line of defense, everyone takes a shot at the goalie. This player's challenge is to keep the puck from entering his team's goal. Goalies can use any piece of equipment or any part of his body (even the head) to protect his net. The rink : The rink Ice hockey is played on an ice surface known as the rink.
A regulation ice rink is 200 ft long x 85 ft wide. The rink : The rink goals : goals A goal net, or cage, is 6 ft wide x 4 ft high.
It is designed so that the pucks entering the net will stay in, though shots will occasionally rebound off a back post and carom out.
The goal line itself is 2 inches wide. The puck : The puck Made of vulcanized rubber.
It is 3 inches in diameter and 1 inch thick.
It weighs about 6 ounces, and is often frozen before games to make it slide and not bounce. scoring : scoring Scoring a goal is the object of the game.
While a goal does not count if an attacker kicks it in, if that same attacker kicks it in off a defender other than the goalie, it does count.
In this case, the kicker is credited with the goal.
On the other hand, if a shot is deflected in off a teammate, the teammate gets credit for the goal, and the shooter gets an assist. offsides : offsides No player may precede the puck into the offensive zone. icing : icing When the puck is played from behind the center line to a point beyond the opponent’s goal line.
Icing is not called when a team is shorthanded.
Linesman have the discretion to “wave off” an apparent icing violation if it is deemed to be the result of an attempted pass. The teams : The teams Six players each, made up of a center, a right and left winger, two defensemen and a goaltender. time : time 60 minute games
3, 20-minute periods in the NHL referees : referees The referee controls the game.
He calls all of the penalties and must decide the legality of goals.
Sometimes he will call time-out and ask the linesmen for an opinion before he makes a final decision. linesman : linesman The duty of the linesman is to determine offside's and icings.
They drop the puck for face-offs and chase the puck after stoppage of play.
It is also the linesmen's unenviable job to break up fights while the referee assesses the penalties. Starting play : Starting play The game begins with a face-off, in which the referee drops the puck in the center circle, and two players facing each other in an attempt to gain control of the puck.
Face-offs at different locations on the ice are used to restart the play throughout the game. signals : signals