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Premium member Presentation Transcript Women Empowerment – Changes from 2000 to 2010 In Contemporary Indian Society: Women Empowerment – Changes from 2000 to 2010 In Contemporary Indian Society By Syed AatifIntroduction: Introduction Indian women today have gained a respectable status as compared to what it was 10 years ago. This has led to a wave of movements, legislations, enactments, etc….empowering women to gain a respectable status in Indian society, without hindrance from religion, family, society and law.Criminal Laws: Criminal Laws The Indian Penal Code Chapter XVI – Section 312 to 314 Punishment for Crime of Miscarriage Chapter XVI – Section 354 Outraging the modesty of a womanCriminal Laws: Criminal Laws Chapter XVI – Section 366 to Section 366B Punishment for kidnapping, abduction, procuration, importation of women, girl child Chapter XVI – Section 375 to 376D Punishment for rape. Section 376A to 376D deal with special kinds of sexual offences. Chapter XX – Section 494, 495 and 497 These sections deal with offences relating to marriage.Criminal Laws: Criminal Laws Chapter XXA – Section 498A Cruelty by husband or relatives of husband of a woman The Indian Evidence Act Chapter VII – Sections 113A, 113B and 114A The sections deal with special cases as to presumptions in cases of abetment of suicide by a married woman, dowry death, etc..Family Laws and Personal Laws: Family Laws and Personal Laws The Hindu Marriage Act Sections 9, 10, 13(2), 24 give right of divorce and maintenance to both husband and wife The Hindu Succession Act Right of succession to a Hindu female along with other exclusive rights as well. These rights have been enhanced vide the 2005 amendment.Family and Personal Laws: Family and Personal Laws The Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act and The Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act They give right of adoption, maintenance and guardianship to a Hindu female as equivalent to Hindu male. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act Section 3 and 4 of the Act give right to a Muslim married women to claim Mahr and ask for maintenance.Family and Personal laws: Family and Personal laws The Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act Section 2 of the Act gives an exclusive right to married muslim woman to claim divorce from her husband. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act A recent enactment by the Indian Parliament. The above stated Act includes even live-in relationships within its purview and protects women from domestic violence.Human Rights and Women: Human Rights and Women “ Human rights are literally the rights that one has simply because one is a human being” - Jack Donnelly Human rights are natural and cannot be taken away just like that. The UDHR and many other international legislations have granted certain rights to women.Indian Constitution and Women’s Rights: Indian Constitution and Women’s Rights Article 14 – Assures equality to all citizens including women Article 15(1) – Ensures that no discrimination be made against its citizens on basis of caste, creed, color, race, sex…etc. Article 39(a) – To pursue a policy of providing the minimum necessities of life to the citizen without discriminating between men and women. Other rights are also there such as Article 42, 51A, 243D(3), 243D(4)…etc..Expression of Government’s concern for women: Expression of Government’s concern for women Important Dates 1975 – International Year of Women 8 th March – International Women’s Day 1990 – SAARC year of the Girl Child (1991-2000) – The SAARC Decade of the Girl Child 2001 – Year of Women’s EmpowermentPowerPoint Presentation: Social and Economic Programmes for the benefit of women 1. Educational Development Plan for Women 2. Programmes for improving women’s health 3. Economic Development Programmes for WomenPowerPoint Presentation: The Stree Shakti Scheme to empower women economically – Karnataka Aim: To strengthen the process of economic development of women. The scheme is functioning well in many rural areas of Karnataka.Women Empowerment and Law and Judiciary: Women Empowerment and Law and Judiciary State of Maharashtra v. C.C.W. Council of India – A lady cannot be arrested without the presence of a lady constable and the same cannot done after sunset and before sunrise. Major Singh v. State Of Punjab – Essence of women’s modesty is her sex.Women Empowerment and Law and Judiciary: Women Empowerment and Law and Judiciary Mathura Rape Case A pertinent case with regard to rape law in India. It altered the position of rape laws in India. Sarla Mudgal v. UOI A case with regard to bigamy. It was held that conversion of religion will not ipso facto dissolve previous marriage.Women Development Schemes and NGOs: Women Development Schemes and NGOs SERUDS, Gram Seva Trust, Sarvodaya Youth Organization….to name a few. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is requesting proposals from Indian NGOs under its “Health of the Urban” (HUP) programme.Women Development Schemes and NGOs: Women Development Schemes and NGOs Naukri for Women – new job site – helps women build their careers UMEED – another such NGO Landesa Centre for Women’s Land RightsConclusion: Conclusion Positive changes have been witnessed in past decade. This has accrued a new status to Indian women. Indian women surely are getting empowered. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.