Anything but Google: you can say "NO" to Google

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Slides for the UKeiG workshop held in London on 19th November 2013.


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PowerPoint Presentation:

18/11/2013 1 Anything but Google You can say “NO” to Google Tuesday, 19 th November 2013, London Karen Blakeman , Slides available at Also on authorSTREAM and Slideshare X X X This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Why not Google?:

Why not Google? Results vary from one moment to the next results are personalised 500-600 changes to its algorithms/year we are all Google’s lab rats subjected to up to 12 experiments each time we visit Just Testing: Google Users May See Up To A Dozen Experiments Google is continually dropping advanced search commands and options more difficult to get what WE want instead of what Google thinks we want 18/11/2013 2

It’s difficult to kick the Google habit:

It’s difficult to kick the Google habit Good coverage Much of the time it gives reasonable results Personalisation is sometimes a good thing Synchronisation across multiple platforms and services means can access calendars, bookmarks, maps and directions any time, anywhere Can’t escape “Powered by Google” - Google search engine used by many websites for searching their pages 18/11/2013 3

Gary's Social Media Count | PERSONALIZE MEDIA :

Gary's Social Media Count | PERSONALIZE MEDIA 18/11/2013 4

What is used depends on the topic:

What is used depends on the topic 18/11/2013 5 Is Google+ Really The 2nd Most Popular Social Network? Google+ probably not intentionally used by searchers. Reviews of hotels found via Google Maps are on Google+

Search Engine Market Share :

Search Engine Market Share 18/11/2013 6

Apple Makes Bing The "Default Search Engine" For Siri :

Apple Makes Bing The "Default Search Engine" For Siri 18/11/2013 7

Private browsing - quickest way “un-personalise”search :

Private browsing - quickest way “un-personalise”search Private Browsing/Incognito ignores tracking and search cookies Chrome - New Incognito window - Ctrl+Shift+N FireFox - File, New Private Window - Ctrl+Shift+P Internet Explorer – Tools, InPrivate Browsing [location varies depending on which version you have] - Ctrl+Shift+P Opera – File, New Private Window - Ctrl+Shift+N Safari – click on Safari next to the Apple symbol in the menu bar, select Private Browsing and then click on OK. Will not remove country personalisation


Bing/Yahoo Yahoo now uses Bing’s database, commands and ranking algorithms Yahoo Finance still available No advanced search screen on Bing - use commands List at Advanced Operator Reference filetype : site: inbody : inurl : AND, NOT, OR parentheses for complex Boolean searches NEAR:n where n is a number, specifies that the terms must be within that number of words of each other and in any order banana NEAR:3 toffee Date option only for US version 18/11/2013 9

Limit by date:

Limit by date Bing – US version only Yahoo – all versions 18/11/2013 10

Bing :

Bing Results seem to be more consumer/retail focused more ‘shopping’ than research results improve as soon as you start using the advanced search commands Sometimes more up to date than Google updates sites more frequently adds new sites more quickly useful if you are looking for information on a new company or organisation BUT interesting features and options available to US users only changing location and version of Bing does not always work using anonymous proxy does not always work 18/11/2013 11

Bing search history:

Bing search history “Adaptive search” – but can turn off search history 18/11/2013 12

Bing gets personal – US users only:

Bing gets personal – US users only 18/11/2013 13

Bing vs Google:

Bing vs Google 18/11/2013 14 18/11/2013 15


Bing Bing images – good alternative to Google Bing videos – good alternative to Google (includes YouTube in results) Bing maps – much improved over the last 2-3 years and generally a good alternative to Google but availability of different views including Streetside dependant on location Bing news – limited coverage of non-US and regional titles compared with Google Bing Social (Twitter and Facebook search) – US only Close links and integration with Facebook, also LinkedIn 18/11/2013 16

Yahoo! Finance:

Yahoo! Finance 18/11/2013 17

DuckDuckGo – :

DuckDuckGo – Does not track, does not personalise R esults are a compilation of about 50 sources including Wikipedia, Wolfram Alpha, Bing, Blekko and its own Web crawler DuckDuckBot Advanced search commands include: site: inbody : intitle : filetype : sort:date to sort by date (uses results from Blekko ) region:cc (e.g. de) to boost a country DuckDuckGo Syntax DuckDuckGo – silly name but a neat little search tool 18/11/2013 18


DuckDuckGo Great if you are fed up with Google “spamming” your results list with pages from just two or three sites Great if you want a good range of different types of sites in your results Web is the default but click on the downward pointing arrow next to the search box on the results page to see other options (some of them Google) 18/11/2013 19


DuckDuckGo 18/11/2013 20


DuckDuckGo 18/11/2013 21 Found 8 results . Compare with Bing (6) and Google (59)


DuckDuckGo 18/11/2013 22

Millionshort :

Millionshort Million Short: unearthing information hidden in the dungeons of Google’s results Uses Bing API plus other sources Great for finding specialist articles that Google buries beyond reach Removes top 10k sites from results - can change to top million, 100k, 1k, 100 Can add sites back in, can block sites Can “Boost!” sites so that they always appear at the top Can use site: and filetype : commands Country versions give different results (under Manage Settings and Country) 18/11/2013 23

Million Short:

Million Short 18/11/2013 24

PowerPoint Presentation:

Yandex for filetype use mime: diabetic retinopathy mime:pptx has an advanced search screen at Blekko Ask Teoma all three support filetype : and site: 18/11/2013 25

Yandex :

Yandex 18/11/2013 26

Blekko :

Blekko 18/11/2013 27


Ask 18/11/2013 28

Teoma :

Teoma 18/11/2013 29


Exalead 18/11/2013 30

Ixquick Web Search :

Ixquick Web Search “The world’s most private search engine” Does not track, does not record IP address, does not store searches, autocomplete for searches disabled Does not use Google sister website offers anonymous Google results Can use filetype: and site: commands Has date options Web, images and video (powered by Blinkx) search Sometimes heavy on ads 18/11/2013 31


Ixquick 18/11/2013 32 18/11/2013 33


WolframAlpha Computational knowledge engine, curated data Click Examples, Random, or an image in the homepage background to get an idea of what it covers 18/11/2013 34

PowerPoint Presentation:

18/11/2013 35

PowerPoint Presentation:

18/11/2013 36

PowerPoint Presentation:

18/11/2013 37


WolframAlpha 18/11/2013 38 18/11/2013 39

PowerPoint Presentation:

18/11/2013 40 Free specialist tools for research information and grey literature (anything but Google Scholar!)

Microsoft Academic Search:

Microsoft Academic Search Journal articles, pre-prints, post-prints, conference proceedings, reports and white papers Free to use but the full text of some papers can only be viewed on payment of a fee to the original journal publisher Author may have several different profiles and articles may be assigned to wrong author Sometimes very slow to load Uses Silverlight for the charts 18/11/2013 41

Microsoft Academic Search:

Microsoft Academic Search 18/11/2013 42

Microsoft Academic Search:

Microsoft Academic Search 18/11/2013 43

Mandated Open Access:

Mandated Open Access US All research publications resulting from work funded by the US National Institutes of Health are expected to be deposited in PubMed Central ( ) some material embargoed for up to 12 or 24 months ( ) Europe PubMed Central ( ) part of PMC network of international repositories UK 1st of April 2013 - researchers at UK Research Institutions are expected to publish as open access any peer‐reviewed research papers and conference proceedings that acknowledge Research Council UK funding 18/11/2013 44

UK Gold versus Green OA:

UK Gold versus Green OA Gold OA researchers publish their articles in journals that offer open access publishing (can be established “conventional” publishers) articles can be made available free of charge to readers immediately author or institution/department pays article processing fee CC-BY Green OA researchers deposit copies of articles in an institutional or subject-based repository, subject to copyright/license permissions repository makes copies available to the public either immediately or embargoed (more common) period of embargo varies (for example ) CC-BY-NC 18/11/2013 45

Fragmentation of open access:

Fragmentation of open access Where are the open access publications? Individual OA articles within existing subscription journals? Separate OA journals? Publishers web site? Author’s website Institutional repositories Aggregators e.g. Scopus, Web of Science, Google? “Predatory publishers” see Jeffrey Beall’s list at 18/11/2013 46

Institutional repositories and open access:

Institutional repositories and open access BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine CORE ( COnnecting Repositories) DART-Europe E-theses Portal DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals Institutional Repository Search (IRS) Open DOAR RIAN - Pathways to Irish Research ROAR - Registry of Open Access Repositories OpenAIRE 18/11/2013 47

OpenAIRE :

OpenAIRE 18/11/2013 48

Specialist search tools for research information:

Specialist search tools for research information A selection can be found at ArXiv BioMed Central Chemistry Central ChemSpider Deep Web Technologies Mednar Science Research WorldWideScience 18/11/2013 49

Specialist search tools for research information:

Specialist search tools for research information Europe PubMed Central Mendeley Open Biology PhilPapers : Online Research in Philosophy PubMed Central Scirus TechXtra [closing in 2014]   18/11/2013 50


JSTOR 18/11/2013 51

Article may be OA but public access outside of the institution may be not allowed or difficult:

Article may be OA but public access outside of the institution may be not allowed or difficult 18/11/2013 52 WATER report published | SCONUL Walk-in Access To E-Resources

Author/researcher ID:

Author/researcher ID Bring Your Own Identity (BYOI) ResearcherID Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier - ORCID Why Every Researcher Should Sign Up For Their ORCID ID ResearchGate Why I’m Evaluating ResearchGate ......and there are more! 18/11/2013 53

Grey literature:

Grey literature Literature that has been “peer reviewed” or assessed/approved in some way by colleagues or subject experts but is not easy to find or access Print run may have been small, possibly never published electronically Published on the web but page or site is no longer available. (Use web archives e.g. ). Research & technical papers, government reports, pre-prints, market surveys, press releases, committee papers, conference papers, presentations Use advanced search commands to try and track down information GreyNet International, Grey Literature Network Service 18/11/2013 54

OpenGrey :

OpenGrey 18/11/2013 55


Images 18/11/2013 56

Bing images:

Bing images 18/11/2013 57

Bing US version has a license option:

Bing US version has a license option 18/11/2013 58

TinEye Reverse Image Search :

TinEye Reverse Image Search Search using an uploaded image or a URL of an image Finds out where an image came from, how it’s being used, modified versions, if a higher resolution version exists Plug-in for Firefox, Chrome, Safari, IE, Opera Free version not as comprehensive as Google’s reverse image search Search Creative Commons images by colour select up to 5 colours can adjust the proportions of each colour check copyright license on original image before using [I’ve found occasional ‘all rights reserved’ images] 18/11/2013 59

Creative Commons and public domain images:

Creative Commons and public domain images Always check the copyright on individual photos Flickr Creative Commons Multicolr Search Lab Chromatik – Exalead Labs Wikimedia Commons Geograph “UK and Ireland photos of landmarks and buildings for every Ordnance Survey grid” Wellcome Images Most of the images on US government web sites Nasa 18 November 2013 Karen Blakeman 60 : 18/11/2013 61

TinEye Multicolr

TinEye Multicolr 18/11/2013 62 : 18/11/2013 63

Geograph :

Geograph 18/11/2013 64

Historypin :

Historypin 18/11/2013 65 Photos, video, audio – all types of licenses Uses Google Maps, Street View and other apps


Historypin 18/11/2013 66

Pinterest :

Pinterest 18/11/2013 67

PowerPoint Presentation:

BBC - Your Paintings Looking for photographs | The National Archives Flickr: The National Archives UK's Photostream English Heritage Images of England: a searchable photographic archive of the historic buildings of England ViewFinder Local libraries, for example Old Newcastle in Photos 18/11/2013 68


Statistics 18/11/2013 69

Official statistics:

Official statistics OFFSTATS UK National Statistics Publication Hub Office for National Statistics Welsh Government | Statistics Welsh Assembly Government StatsWales Eurostat European Union Open Data Portal 18/11/2013 70 : 18/11/2013 71

UK National Statistics & ONS:

UK National Statistics & ONS , 18/11/2013 72

PowerPoint Presentation:

Publication Hub ( ) is an “index” to what is available and links through to other sites when necessary. ONS ( ) only shows reports since 2008 even if there are earlier editions. Use the Publication Hub to search for the report title/series. Once you have found an edition of the title click on “Current and past editions” to see the list of editions available. Then click on the relevant report. 18/11/2013 73

Publication Hub search (

Publication Hub search ( 18/11/2013 74 : 18/11/2013 75 : Not all of the data on this site is open data – may be restrictions on use Download links sometimes take you to the wrong dataset Download links sometimes completely broken It’s all or nothing! Have to filter the datasets for the information you want and produce your own graphs and charts Variety of formats 18/11/2013 76

Eurostat :

Eurostat 18/11/2013 77

European Union - Open Data Portal :

European Union - Open Data Portal 18/11/2013 78

Datamarket :

Datamarket Open portal to datasets worldwide and market research Creates visualisations of the data 18/11/2013 79

Zanran :

Zanran Searches graphs, charts, tables, PDFs, spreadsheets Can limit by location of server, date, and filetype Title in results list is usually the title or caption to the table and not title of the document Hover over the thumbnail to see a preview of the table or page Click on the URL button next to the result to view the original URL of the document clicking on it may take you to “page not found” 404 Click on the title of the result to see Zanran’s own copy (free registration usually required Useful if document no longer available at it’s original location and can’t be found in any of the web archives 18/11/2013 80


Zanran Zanran – great for data in tables, charts and graphs 18/11/2013 81

Guardian Data Store :

Guardian Data Store 18/11/2013 82 Data and analysis on topics that are in the news Some data sets created from information obtained via FoI Links to the original datasets are provided

Dog bites data: how likely are you to get bitten? :

Dog bites data: how likely are you to get bitten? 18/11/2013 83


Video Bing Videos Vimeo “Your Videos Belong Here” Dailymotion Dogpile Video Search (includes Google) blinkx Video “A simple way to discover and share great videos” Individual news sites BBC Archives, Rare Clips & Video Archives - BBC Motion Gallery (priced service) ITN Source “The world's leading provider of archive footage” (priced service) 18/11/2013 84

News, alerts and current awareness:

News, alerts and current awareness 18/11/2013 85

News other than Google:

News other than Google Bing and Yahoo News nowhere near as comprehensive as Google Follow favourite newspapers Follow favourite blogs Identify subject/industry portals Twitter Facebook LinkedIn 18/11/2013 86

ProQuest Newsstand:

ProQuest Newsstand 18/11/2013 87 Selection also available through public libraries : Create a “newspaper” from your Twitterstream, Google+ account, Facebook, or for a hashtag or keyword Sign in with your Twitter or Facebook account set up a separate account if you prefer for use with, a “nom de plume” Automatically identifies articles, videos, photos from links in postings All papers are public 18/11/2013 88 18/11/2013 89 18/11/2013 90 : 18/11/2013 91 Curated news e.g.

Free alerting services:

Free alerting services Google email and RSS alerts are seriously broken do not alert you to everything that is new alerts sometimes ‘die’ often bring up old material that you’ve already seen duplicate information Email alerts becoming a rarity some web sites and blogs offer email subscription to new content – often use RSS to email conversion tools such as Feedburner (how long will that be around?) RSS feeds on news sites often all or nothing Need an RSS reader e.g. Netvibes, Feedly, FeedReader Phil Bradley's weblog: 20 Alternatives to Google Reader 18/11/2013 92

My own reader – RSSOwl (desktop only):

My own reader – RSSOwl (desktop only) 18/11/2013 93

Talkwalker (subscription) :

Talkwalker (subscription) 18/11/2013 94

Where is information shared and discussed?:

Where is information shared and discussed? “Conventional” web publishing Institutional repositories Comments section on articles Linkedin (professional issues) Facebook (personal and consumer focussed) Twitter (great for following conferences) Google+ (personal, business and communities) Blogs and blog comments YouTube Flickr Pinterest Discussion boards …. everywhere…. 18/11/2013 95

Which ones should you consider:

Which ones should you consider Depends on the nature of your “business” and type of enquiry Where do you, organisations similar to you , or your competitors have a presence? Some search tools for searching across multiple networks Not very reliable Networks may restrict access via APIs Often get better results when searching inside the social network - need to sign up for an account 18/11/2013 96

PowerPoint Presentation:

18/11/2013 97

PowerPoint Presentation:

18/11/2013 98 18/11/2013 99 : 18/11/2013 100 : 18/11/2013 101

Twitter Search :

Twitter Search Advanced Twitter search - 18/11/2013 102

Use advanced Twitter search commands:

Use advanced Twitter search commands 18/11/2013 103 See also the free guide on Searching Twitter at

Tweetdeck :

Tweetdeck 18/11/2013 104

Facebook Graph Search:

Facebook Graph Search Change your language to English US under account settings Increasingly used by recruitment agencies and advertisers 18/11/2013 105

Tracking down websites and pages that have disappeared:

Tracking down websites and pages that have disappeared 18/11/2013 106

UK Government Web Archive | The National Archives :

UK Government Web Archive | The National Archives Browse by category or choose your organisation from an A-Z list Choose the date of the archived version of the website you want to view 18/11/2013 107

UK Government Web Archive | The National Archives :

UK Government Web Archive | The National Archives 18/11/2013 108 18/11/2013 109 : 18/11/2013 110

Wayback Machine :

Wayback Machine 18/11/2013 111

Digital Education Resource Archive (DERA) :

Digital Education Resource Archive (DERA) 18/11/2013 112

Keeping up to date:

Keeping up to date Inside Search Official Google Blog Google Scholar Blog SearchReSearch : Search Engine Land Search Engine Watch Boolean Black Belt-Sourcing/Recruiting Karen Blakeman’s Blog Phil Bradley's weblog 18/11/2013 113

Free fact sheets :

Free fact sheets Search Strategies - Search Tools Summary and Comparison of Commands (Google, Bing, DuckDuckGo) Search Strategies - Top Search Tips Searching Twitter 18/11/2013 114

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