Searching without Google

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Online Information 2011 pre-conference workshop delivered on 28th November 2011, Olympia, London

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Searching without Google:

Searching without Google Online Information, 2011 #online11 Karen Blakeman karen.blakeman@rba.co.uk Twitter: @karenblakeman http://www.rba.co.uk/as/ This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License X X X X

Outline for the day:

Outline for the day Overview of how Google (possibly) works, current issues and problems Alternative general search tools Specialist search tools, including social media Your strategies for the future Please note: the printed slides were created over a week ago and there may have been new developments since then. This means that in the live workshop we may cover additional tools and techniques or that some may no longer be available. 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 2

Google knows best :

Google knows best 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 3 Hewish mild Google decided to change my search to Jewish mild = Google decides that coots are lions – changed a search for coots mating behaviour to lions mating behaviour

No plus sign any more and Google ignores “...”:

No plus sign any more and Google ignores “...” Dear Google, stop messing with my search : http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2011/11/08/dear-google-stop-messing-with-my-search/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 4

Google can seriously damage your news :

Google can seriously damage your news Experiment by Mary Ellen Bates Is Google really filtering my news? - Librarian of Fortune http://www.librarianoffortune.com/librarian_of_fortune/2011/09/is-google-really-filtering-my-news.html Highlights More than a quarter of the stories showed up in only one searcher’s results Almost one in five searchers saw a story that no one else saw Only 12% of searchers saw the same three stories in the same order And it’s about to get worse - Google News Launches "Standout" Tag for Featured Content http://searchengineland.com/google-news-launches-standout-tag-for-featured-content-94256 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 5

Google's Collateral Damage: SEO Cat & Mouse Game http://www.seobook.com/learn-seo/collateral-damage.php :

Google's Collateral Damage: SEO Cat & Mouse Game http://www.seobook.com/learn-seo/collateral-damage.php 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 6 Google revenues - $29.321 billion ($8.505 billion net) - Q1+Q2+Q3=$27.301 billion ($7.032 billion net) 2011 Financial Tables - Google Investor Relations http://investor.google.com/financial/tables.html

How Google works:

How Google works “ Dear Bing, We Have 10,000 Ranking Signals To Your 1,000. Love, Google” http://searchengineland.com/bing-10000-ranking-signals-google-55473 Over 200 hundred “signals” Each may have over 50 variations / 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 7

Google knows us so well:

Google knows us so well 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 8 Google personalises and tailors your results depending on your location, computer, browser, past searches, what you have looked at in the past, your +1s, your blocked sites, Google experiments, your Google+ account, your other social networks, what you do on your android phone, what you had for breakfast...and anything else it can find by rummaging around in your Google dashboard. Check your dashboard at http://www.google.com/dashboard/

:

Google is doing its own thing: Assuming typos without giving you the option to refuse the so-called “correction” Looks for obscure variations and synonyms ‘+’ sign to enforce exact match has been removed Sometimes ignores quotation marks around phrases Not including all of your terms in the search BUT we do now have Verbatim search – exact match search and removes personalisation What I see on my screen for a search is not what you’ll see on yours for the same search 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 9

Google Verbatim search:

Google Verbatim search Run your search first and then select Verbatim from the left hand menu on your results page Appears that you can include advanced search commands in your strategy Google: Verbatim for exact match search http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2011/11/18/google-verbatim-for-exact-match-search/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 10

Google searches – zeolites environmental remediation:

Google searches – zeolites environmental remediation 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 11 “Normal” search Verbatim (identical to &pws=0) Chrome Incognito

Google is good at....:

Google is good at.... Localisation Country versions give priority to local content Localisation at town/city level may have to tell Google where you are based don’t have to tell Google my town if I am looking a local restaurant, taxi or plumber especially useful when using a mobile device Personalisation? Varies from person to person as to whether it is useful Image search Maps (better than Bing for many countries) Google Finance Overall coverage and rolling out features worldwide 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 12

Yahoo:

Yahoo Now uses Bing’s web and image databases and generates the same results except in Japan and Korea Losing its unique commands Site Explorer gone (along with link and linkdomain commands?) Up for sale? Is there any point recommending it for general searching? 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 13

Bing.com:

Bing.com Sometimes more up to date than Google and some unique content Results tend to be more consumer/retail oriented Most of the interesting developments and features are only ever available in the US version Bing advanced search screen minimalist - need to use commands detailed list at Advanced Operator Reference http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff795620.aspx (some no longer work) Bing Adds Adaptive Search, Customized by Your Search History - Search Engine Watch http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2109647/Bing-Adds-Adaptive-Search-Customized-by-Your-Search-History 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 14

Bing:

Bing 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 15 Bing starting to behave like Google and automatically correcting “mistakes” Need to prefix terms with + signs or use “..” around terms to force exact match

Bing Maps:

Bing Maps http://www.bing.com/maps/ “Classic” http://www.bing.com/maps/explore/ uses Sliverlight more interactive automatically changes type of view as you zoom in Multimap, Birdseye, Aerial, Streetside (not available for all towns or countries), Ordnance Survey Map view for UK “After Little Resistance in Germany, Bing Expands Streetside Photos Across Europe” http://searchengineland.com/after-little-resistance-in-germany-bing-expands-streetside-photos-across-europe-96351 Often has problems finding correct location 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 16

Bing Maps:

Bing Maps 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 17 ??

DuckDuckGo:

DuckDuckGo http://duckduckgo.com/ No tracking, no “filter bubble” site: inbody: intitle: filetype: sort:date to sort by date (uses results from Blekko) region:cc (e.g. de) to boost a country Syntax and keyboard shortcuts at http://duckduckgo.com/goodies.html Maths, conversions, programming syntax and shortcuts http://duckduckgo.com/tech.html answer at top of results usually from Wolfram Alpha !bang commands https://duckduckgo.com/bang.html DuckDuckGo – silly name but a neat little search tool http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2011/11/07/duckduckgo-silly-name-but-a-neat-little-search-tool/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 18

DuckDuckGo:

DuckDuckGo 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 19

Blekko:

Blekko http://blekko.com/ slashtags for sorting by date (/date), searching for images (/images) and videos (/videos) Use public slashtags to search a group of web sites covering a particular topic or type of site e.g. /energy Or create your own slashtag to search your specified list of sites (similar to Google Custom Search Engines) wind turbine electricity generation /karenblakeman/renewable “Musings about librarianship: Using Blekko to search across thousands of library sites” http://musingsaboutlibrarianship.blogspot.com/2010/11/using-blekko-to-search-across-thousands.html 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 20

Blekko:

Blekko Does not always search for all of your terms Cannot do filetype, inurl, intitle searches Drop down menu next to page in results list for site search (or use /site) similar pages (or use /similar) inbound links to the page (or use /links) 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 21

Blekko link commands:

Blekko link commands Find pages that link to a page or website pages with similar content, what people are saying about a page, following up a story Use slashtags ‘/links’ and ‘/domainlinks’ with a URL or domain me. http://www.rba.co.uk/sources/registers.htm /links will find pages http://www.rba.co.uk/ /domainlinks Yahoo Site Explorer closes – try Blekko instead http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/2011/11/20/yahoo-site-explorer-closes-try-blekko-instead/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 22

Blekko.com – seo option for links to a page:

Blekko.com – seo option for links to a page 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 23

iSeek - web:

iSeek - web http://iseek.com/ Uses Google as a source as well as Bing and its own crawler 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 24

iSeek - education:

iSeek - education 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 25

Quintura.com:

Quintura.com 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 26

Cluuz.com (uses Yahoo):

Cluuz.com (uses Yahoo) 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 27

Finding country specific search engines:

Finding country specific search engines Difficult to find up to date listings Country search engines and Regional Search Engines http://www.philb.com/countryse.htm Country versions of main search engines China Baidu Russia Yandex Czech Republic Seznam

Wolfram Alpha http://www.wolframalpha.com/:

Wolfram Alpha http://www.wolframalpha.com/ “Computational Knowledge Engine” Very good for calculations and conversions Curated information Can be very out of date Sometimes very wrong No references to original source Have to ask the question in the right way 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 29

Google Scholar:

Google Scholar A useful place to start your research or if you are looking for a specific paper but..... No source list, not comprehensive and omits many key scientific publications Does not use publishers’ meta data Author search unreliable, search on year of publication unreliable Sometimes does weird things with your search terms Peter Jasco - Google Scholar's Ghost Authors, Lost Authors, and Other Problems http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6698580.html Even so, better in some ways than the free competition 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 30

Microsoft Academic Search:

Microsoft Academic Search http://academic.research.microsoft.com/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 31

Microsoft Academic Search:

Microsoft Academic Search Problems coverage sometimes gets the author completely wrong “Will the Real Scott Wilson Please Stand Up, Please Stand Up” http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/2011/09/20/will-the-real-scott-wilson-please-stand-up-please-stand-up/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 32 M Edwards should be Martin Edwards not Maria-Benedicta Edwards

Mendeley.com:

Mendeley.com Desktop and web program for managing and sharing research papers 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 33

News - Silobreaker.com:

News - Silobreaker.com 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 34

Silobreaker - networks:

Silobreaker - networks 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 35 Can change the emphasis using the slider bars

Stock markets and company financials:

Stock markets and company financials Yahoo Finance Started long before Google Finance, but how much longer will it last? More information provided by Google Finance Both use Thomson Reuters, SEC Edgar 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 36

Yahoo Finance:

Yahoo Finance 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 37

Stock markets and company financials:

Stock markets and company financials Share Price and Stock Market Information http://www.rba.co.uk/sources/stocks.htm List of Stock Exchanges http://www.wikinvest.com/wiki/List_of_Stock_Exchanges Official Company Registers http://www.rba.co.uk/sources/registers.htm OpenCorporates: The Open Database Of The Corporate World http://opencorporates.com/ (use with care) 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 38

Intute:

Intute http://www.intute.ac.uk/ Closed in July 2011 Web site still available but not being updated. 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 39

Selected specialist tools - URLs:

Selected specialist tools - URLs http://www.chemspider.com/ http://biznar.com/ http://www.techxtra.ac.uk/ http://philpapers.org/ http://www.mednar.com/ http://www.scirus.com/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ http://www.healthmash.com/ http://elib.tiho-hannover.de/virtlib/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 40

Chemspider:

Chemspider Royal Society of Chemistry initiative Information compiled from multiple sources Do not need to know any chemistry to search it 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 41

Biznar:

Biznar Real-time federated search of selected business sources Can narrow down by topic Includes social media but you may want to remove at least Google Groups from the list – Advanced Search and uncheck the relevant boxes 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 42

TechXtra:

TechXtra Engineering, mathematics and computing Good for technical reports and specifications 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 43

PhilPapers:

PhilPapers “PhilPapers is a comprehensive directory of online philosophical articles and books by academic philosophers.” Human and editorial input - not just a “bot” 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 44

Mednar:

Mednar By the same people who created Biznar 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 45

Scirus:

Scirus Elsevier Both journals and independent web sites Good advanced search options Full text of most journal articles priced 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 46

Pubmed:

Pubmed 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 47

Healthmash:

Healthmash Pulls together information from a variety of health related web sites and social media 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 48

Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Veterinärmedizin:

Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Veterinärmedizin 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 49

COnnecting REpositories - CORE:

COnnecting REpositories - CORE http://core.kmi.open.ac.uk / “UK’s first open access full-text search engine to aid research JISC” http://www.jisc.ac.uk/news/stories/2011/09/openaccess.aspx 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 50

Yet more.....:

Yet more..... Institutional Repository Search http://irs.mimas.ac.uk/demonstrator/ BioMed Central | The Open Access Publisher http://www.biomedcentral.com/ DOAJ -- Directory of Open Access Journals http://www.doaj.org/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 51

PowerPoint Presentation:

Where to find new scholarly research papers: 30 key, free websites Roddy Macleod's Blog http://roddymacleod.wordpress.com/2011/11/10/where-to-find-new-scholarly-research-papers-30-key-free-websites/ Selected resources from the blog and comments Science Daily: News & Articles in Science, Health, Environment & Technology : http://www.sciencedaily.com DRIVER Search Portal http://search.driver.research-infrastructures.eu/ NEP: New Economics Papers http://nep.repec.org/ CiteULike : Everyone's library http://www.citeulike.org/home The DART-Europe E-theses Portal (DEEP) http://www.dart-europe.eu/basic-search.php HighWire (Stanford University) http://highwire.stanford.edu/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 52

Statistics http://www.offstats.auckland.ac.nz/ :

Statistics http://www.offstats.auckland.ac.nz/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 53

The Guardian:

The Guardian Guardian data store - data journalism and data visualization h ttp://www.guardian.co.uk/data Data and analysis on topics that are in the news, links to the original datasets are provided Guardian World Government Data http://www.guardian.co.uk/world-government-data 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 54

Open Data Directory:

Open Data Directory http://open.mflask.com/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 55

Zanran:

Zanran http://www.zanran.com/ Zanran – a new data search engine http://awareci.wordpress.com/2011/04/21/zanran-a-new-data-search-engine/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 56

Market research:

Market research Use aggregators as an index to identify likely publishers and go direct to those publishers Research and Markets http://www.researchandmarkets.com/ Report Buyer http://www.reportbuyer.com/ Marketresearch.com http://www.marketresearch.com/ MindBranch http://www.mindbranch.com/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 57

Images - Bing:

Images - Bing 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 58

Bing:

Bing 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 59 Options in the left hand sidebar similar to Google “More sizes” but no “similar” option

Bing – Visual Search:

Bing – Visual Search 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 60 Not available in all country versions – content varies

Bing – Visual Search:

Bing – Visual Search 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 61 Check accuracy of associated information - may be out of date

Flickr:

Flickr Flickr Creative Commons http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons or advanced search screen http://www.flickr.com/search/advanced/ Use Advanced Search for date options 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 62

Compfight – http://www.compfight.com/ :

Compfight – http://www.compfight.com/ Search interface for Flickr Can select Creative Commons or photos that can be used commercially 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 63

Images - other sources for Creative Commons and public domain images :

Images - other sources for Creative Commons and public domain images Idee Inc Multicolr Search Lab http://labs.ideeinc.com/multicolr/ Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/ check the licence information towards the bottom of the page e.g. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_Beach_by_Thomas_Beach.jpg MorgueFile.com http://www.morguefile.com/ - public domain Geograph http://www.geograph.org.uk/ Creative Commons 2.0 Most of the images on US government web sites are public domain (but do check) NASA http://www.nasa.gov/ - public domain 27 November 2011 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk 64

Multicolr Search Lab http://labs.ideeinc.com/multicolr/ :

Multicolr Search Lab http://labs.ideeinc.com/multicolr/ Search for up to 5 colours – can adjust proportions of colour No key word searching of content Flickr creative commons images – clicking on an image takes you to its Flickr page 27 November 2011 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk 65

Video:

Video YouTube, Google Video search (not the same as YouTube) Vimeo.com, DailyMotion.com iTunes, iTunes U Blinkx - http://www.blinkx.com/ good for catching up with news Zuula - http://www.zuula.com/ click on the video tab Browsys Finder http://www.browsys.com/finder/ click on the video tab 27 November 2011 Karen Blakeman www.rba.co.uk 66

Bing Videos:

Bing Videos 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 67

Social media as part of search:

Social media as part of search Social and professional networks included in both Google’s and Bing’s results – degree of integration depends on whether you are signed in to an account It is where many organisations and companies market and promote their services and products It is where the conversations about companies, products and services are taking place It is where people share information People expect organisations to automatically pick up on their complaints and problems Now an essential part of search 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 68

LinkedIn.com:

LinkedIn.com For companies as well as people Boolean Black Belt-Sourcing/Recruiting http://www.booleanblackbelt.com/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 69

Blogpulse.com – ‘Trend this’:

Blogpulse.com – ‘Trend this’ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 70

Topsy.com:

Topsy.com 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 71

Socialmention.com:

Socialmention.com 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 72

Icerocket:

Icerocket 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 73

Twazzup.com:

Twazzup.com 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 74

Paper.li - create your own newspaper:

Paper.li - create your own newspaper 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 75

Paper.li – individual Twitterstream http://paper.li/karenblakeman:

Paper.li – individual Twitterstream http://paper.li/karenblakeman 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 76

Paper.li – keyword http://paper.li/karenblakeman/1321447614:

Paper.li – keyword http://paper.li/karenblakeman/1321447614 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 77

Suffering withdrawal symptoms?:

Suffering withdrawal symptoms? 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 78 Decide which sites you want to search and design your own Google custom search engine

Create your own search engine using something else:

Create your own search engine using something else Blekko.com Create a slashtag Musings about librarianship: Using Blekko to search across thousands of library sites http://musingsaboutlibrarianship.blogspot.com/2010/11/using-blekko-to-search-across-thousands.html Gigablast Custom Topic Search http://gigablast.com/cts.html up to 500 sites 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 79

Want to explore other stuff? Zuula.com:

Want to explore other stuff? Zuula.com Type in your search once and work your way through the search tools Can edit the order of the search tools and remove unwanted ones 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 80

Keeping up to date:

Keeping up to date Inside Search http://insidesearch.blogspot.com/ Official Google Blog http://googleblog.blogspot.com/ Search Engine Land http://searchengineland.com/ Search Engine Watch http://searchenginewatch.com/ Boolean Black Belt-Sourcing/Recruiting http://www.booleanblackbelt.com/ Karen Blakeman’s Blog http://www.rba.co.uk/wordpress/ Phil Bradley's weblog http://philbradley.typepad.com/ 27/11/2011 www.rba.co.uk 81

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