Leadership - Module 3 - Transformational and Transactional Leadership

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Transformational and Transactional Leadership:

Transformational and Transactional Leadership Karen Cooper

Slide2:

Transformational Leader Transactional Leader Leadership Searching! We need a charismatic, energetic, and passionate visionary who is willing to go beyond managing day-to-day operations of our organization in order to take us to the next level of success. Must have ability to persuade employees to adapt to changes in the organization Must be able to inspire employees to go above their normal capabilities Must be able to influence employees to endure sacrifices and difficulties at work in the interest of the organization Must have experience in team-building, motivating employees, and fostering collaboration among team members Now Hiring! We need an action-oriented, non-emotional individual who can keep everything flowing smoothly in our organization and keep our “ship afloat” through the daily use of control, and using a system of rewards and punishments. Must be able to use disciplinary power and incentives Must be able to improve productivity Must be able to motivate employees so they perform at their best. Must be able to impart to employees that you are the formal authority and they must follow your directions. Managementstudyguide.com “Want Ads”

History of Transformational Leadership:

History of Transformational Leadership Defined by James McGregor Burns in 1978 , Founder of modern leadership theory Initially developed for political and business leaders In education, initially focused on principals; focus now on teams working to solving problems Focus is on changing organizational culture (Denmark, 2012) (Ferlazzo, 2011) History of Transactional Leadership First described by Max Weber in 1947 Used after World War II when U.S. was rebuilding and working to maintain national stability In education, teachers getting merit pay if their students do well on standardized testing Focus is on getting results through a system of rewards and punishment (Spahr, 2016)

Transformational Leadership (Markovich, n.d.):

Transformational Leadership (Markovich, n.d.) Transactional Leadership (Ingram, n.d) (Markovich, n.d.)

Match Famous People With Their Leadership Style (Spahr, 2015) (Spahr, 2016):

Match Famous People With Their Leadership Style (Spahr, 2015) (Spahr, 2016) Transformational Leader Used to change existing thoughts for the better good Transactional Leadership Used in crisis situations or projects Howard Schultz – First Starbucks Franchise Ross Perot – Analyst, Ran for office of US President Norman Schwarzkopf- US Army General William Denning– Father of Statistical Quality Control John D. Rockefeller– Oil Magnate Bill Gates – Visited product teams to make sure employees knew the goals Vince Lombardi– Ran the same plays in practice over and over Peter Drucker– Management Consultant

Quotes From These Master Leaders :

Quotes From These Master Leaders Transformational Leader Used to change existing thoughts for the better good Transactional Leadership Used in crisis situations or projects Howard Schultz Starbucks is not an advertiser; people think we are a great marketing company, but in fact we spend very little money on marketing and more money on training our people . John D. Rockefeller Good leadership consists of showing average people how to do the work of superior people . Ross Perot Punishing honest mistakes stifles creativity. I want people moving and shaking the earth and they are going to make mistakes. Norman Schwarzkopf When placed in command, take charge. William Denning A bad system will beat a good person every time. Bill Gates The first rule of any technology used in a business is that automation applied to an efficient operation will magnify the efficiency. The second is that automation applied to an inefficient operation will magnify the inefficiency . Vince Lombardi The price of success is hard work, dedication to the job at hand, and the determination that whether we win or lose, we have applied the best of ourselves to the task . (Spahr, 2016) Peter Drucker If you want something new, you have to stop doing something old. (Spahr, 2015)

Transformational and Transactional Leadership in Education (Ferlazzo, 2011):

Transformational and Transactional Leadership in Education (Ferlazzo, 2011) Transformational Leadership Develop & Maintain Collaborative, Professional School Culture When led by a transformational leader, teachers and other school staff talk, observe, and plan together. They feel collectively responsible for continuous improvement and the leader encourages “ collaborative goal setting , reducing teacher isolation, use of bureaucratic mechanisms to support cultural changes, sharing leadership with others by delegating power , and actively communicating the school’s norms and beliefs” (Ferlazzo, 2011). Transactional Leadership Adequate Teacher Pay and Resources A common example of transactional leadership occurring in schools is when schools that don’t meet standards are punished and teachers get merit pay when they meet or exceed school goals on standardized testing. Another example would be the “ exchange of services ” that occurs when a teacher provides services for a salary which is a reward that the leader controls (Liontos, 1992).

Complementary Leadership Styles in Education (Ingram, n.d.) (Piehler, 2016):

Complementary Leadership Styles in Education (Ingram, n.d.) (Piehler, 2016) Many experts say that transactional leadership is complementary to transformational leadership. Others agree by saying that “ both leadership styles are needed for guiding an organization to success” (Ingram, n.d.). In a review of educational leadership styles, one author states “For education in particular, transformational leadership offers the best of everything – from tapping into the emotions of workers to offering the compensatory core that is the case for all forms of business, to guiding from a place of support” (Piehler, 2016).

References:

References Bush, S. (n.d.). Transformational Leadership: Leading by Example. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/transformational-leadership-leading-example-78891.html Denmark, V. (Spring 2012). Transformational Leadership – A Matter of Perspective. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from www.advac-ed.org/source/transformational-leadership-matter-perspective/ Ferlazzo, L. (2011, May 25). Being “Transactional” Versus Being “Transformational” in Schools. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/larry-ferlazzo/being-transactional-versu_b_779984.html Ingram, D. (n.d.). Transformation Leadership Vs. Transactional Leadership Definition. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/transformational-leadership-transactional-leadership-definition-13834.html Liontos. L. (1992). Transformational Leadership. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from https://www.ericdigests.org/1992- 2/leadership.htm Markovich, M. (n.d.). Describe the Characteristics of a Proactive Leader. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/describe-characteristics-proactive-leader-25663.html

References (continued):

References (continued) Piehler, C. (2016, August 7). 4 Major Types of Educational Leadership. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from http://www.theedadvocate.org/4-major-types-of-educational-leadership/ Spahr, P. (2015, December 30). What is Transformational Leadership? How New Ideas Produce Impressive Results. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from http://online.stu.edu/transformational-leadership/ Spahr, P. (2016, October 19). What is Transactional Leadership? How Structure Leads to Results. Retrieved March 30, 2017, from http://online.stu.edu/transactional-leadership/ Transactional Leadership Theory. (n.d.). Retrieved March 30, 2017, from https://managementstudyguide.com/transactional- leadership.htm

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