Bio Terrorism

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Bio Terrorism:

12/23/2016 1 Bio Terrorism Consits of 2 words Biological Weapons Terrorism. Biological weapons May be Bacteria,Virusesetc. Chemical Toxins

Terrorism:

12/23/2016 2 Terrorism FBI defines as act Involving forceful use and Violence to Intimidate general Population for Political,religious or ideological Issues

Definition:

12/23/2016 3 Definition Defined as use of Biological Living organisms or their toxic Products to cause Death,Disability Disease in man,Animals or Plants . May be done directly ,food or Water Supplies.+

Types:

12/23/2016 4 Types Microorganisms Biologically Derived Bioactive Substances-BDBS Artifically designed Biolgical Mimicking Substances.

Micro organisms:

12/23/2016 5 Micro organisms Interact and Multiply In the Target Host Natural or Genrtically Engineered. Plague,Anthrax

BDBS:

12/23/2016 6 BDBS Toxins Hormones Neuro peptides Cyto Kines

Artificial:

12/23/2016 7 Artificial Nerve gases Pesticides

Factors:

12/23/2016 8 Factors Low cost Cultivation In lab Large qties in Short time Can cause mass casualties Originators can Escape

Criterion:

12/23/2016 9 Criterion Highly infectious Air dispersible Readily grown Stable Storage Resistant to Climatic Changes Resistant to Antibiotics and Treatment.

Bacteria:

12/23/2016 10 Bacteria BACTERIA (including RICKETTSIA and CHLAMYDIA) Bacillus anthraci s (anthrax) Bartonella quintan a (trench fever) Brucella species (brucellosis) Burkholderia malle i (glanders) Burkholderia pseudomalle i (melioidosis) Franciscella tularensi s (tularaemia) Salmonella typh i (typhoid fever) Shigella species (shigellosis) Vibrio cholerae (cholera) Yersinia pesti s (plague) Coxiella burneti i (Q fever) Orientia tsutsugamush i (scrub typhus) Rickettsia prowazeki i (typhus fever) Rickettsia rickettsi i (Rocky Mountain spotted fever) Chlamydia psittac i (psittacosis) FUNGI Coccidiodes immiti s (coccidioidomycosis) Histoplasma capsulatu m (histoplasmosis)

Viruses:

12/23/2016 11 Viruses Hantaan/Korean haemorrhagic fever, etc. Sin nombre Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever Rift Valley fever Ebola virus disease Marburg virus disease Lymphocytic choriomeningitis

Slide12:

12/23/2016 12 BACTERIA (including RICKETTSIA and CHLAMYDIA) Bacillus anthraci s (anthrax) Bartonella quintan a (trench fever) Brucella species (brucellosis) Burkholderia malle i (glanders) Burkholderia pseudomalle i (melioidosis) Franciscella tularensi s (tularaemia) Salmonella typh i (typhoid fever) Shigella species (shigellosis) Vibrio cholerae (cholera) Yersinia pesti s (plague) Coxiella burneti i (Q fever) Orientia tsutsugamush i (scrub typhus) Rickettsia prowazeki i (typhus fever) Rickettsia rickettsi i (Rocky Mountain spotted fever) Chlamydia psittac i (psittacosis) FUNGI Coccidiodes immiti s (coccidioidomycosis) Histoplasma capsulatu m (histoplasmosis)

Types _ctd:

12/23/2016 13 Types _ctd VIRUSES Hantaan/Korean haemorrhagic fever, etc. Sin nombreCrimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever Rift Valley feverEbola virus diseaseMarburg virus diseaseLymphocytic choriomeningitisJunin (Argentine haemorrhagic fever) Machupo (Bolivian haemorrhagic fever) Lassa feverTick-borne encephalitis/Russian spring-summer encephalitisDengueYellow feverOmsk haemorrhagic feverJapanese encephalitis TOXINS Clostridium botulinum (Botulium toxin)

Important factors:

12/23/2016 14 Important factors Infectivity - capability to enter, survive and multiply in a host. It is expressed as the proportion of persons exposed to a given dose who become infected. Virulence - relative severity of the disease caused by a micro-organism. It is quantified as the ratio of the number of clinical cases over the number of infected hosts. Different strains of the same micro-organism may cause disease of different severity, e.g. Brucella melitensis usually causes more severe infection than B. suis or to B. abortu s. Lethality - ability of an agent to cause death in an infected population. The case-fatality rate -- i.e. the proportion of clinically recognised cases of a specified disease who die as a result of that illness within a specified time -- provides useful information on the clinical management of cases. Pathogenicity - capacity of a micro-organism to cause disease. It is measured by the ratio of the number of clinical cases over the number of exposed persons. Incubation period - the time elapsing between exposure to an infective agent and the first appearance of the signs and symptoms of disease associated with the infection. This is affected by many variables such as the initial dose, virulence, route of entry, rate of replication, and host immunological status.

Introduction:

12/23/2016 15 Introduction State the purpose of the discussion Identify yourself

Topics of Discussion:

12/23/2016 16 Topics of Discussion State the main ideas you’ll be talking about

Topic One:

12/23/2016 17 Topic One Details about this topic Supporting information and examples How it relates to your audience

Topic Two:

12/23/2016 18 Topic Two Details about this topic Supporting information and examples How it relates to your audience

Topic Three:

12/23/2016 19 Topic Three Details about this topic Supporting information and examples How it relates to your audience

Real Life:

12/23/2016 20 Real Life Give an example or real life anecdote Sympathize with the audience’s situation if appropriate

What This Means:

12/23/2016 21 What This Means Add a strong statement that summarizes how you feel or think about this topic Summarize key points you want your audience to remember

Next Steps :

12/23/2016 22 Next Steps Summarize any actions required of your audience Summarize any follow up action items required of you

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