Food Production Trend In India- Food Security-forests And Food Securit

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Food Production Trend In India- Food Security-forests And Food Security- Change In Land Use Pattern In Forestry :

Food Production Trend In India- Food Security-forests And Food Security- Change In Land Use Pattern In Forestry N.KANAGARAJ 1 ST MSC [FORESTRY] FOREST COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE METTUPALAM-641301 TAMILNADU INDIA

Slide 3:

Rank Commodity Production (Int $1000)  Footnote Production (MT)  Footnote 1 Rice, Paddy 27,478,290 C 129,000,000 * 2 Buffalo Milk 25,344,630 C 50,740,000 F 3 Wheat 11,230,560 C 72,000,000 * 4 Cow Milk, Whole, Fresh 10,238,690 C 38,500,000 * 5 Vegetables Fresh nes 6,567,750 C 35,000,000 F 6 Sugar Cane 4,825,286 C 232,320,000 7 Potatoes 3,626,250 C 25,000,000 F 8 Pimento, Allspice 3,267,187 C 1,100,000 F 9 Indigenous Cattle Meat 3,087,958 C 1,493,008 F 10 Groundnuts in Shell 2,851,116 C 5,900,000 11 Mangoes 2,629,692 C 10,800,000 F 12 Chick-Peas 2,451,420 C 6,000,000 * 13 Indigenous Buffalo Meat 2,405,425 C 1,487,640 F 14 Bananas 2,397,018 C 16,820,000 F 15 Indigenous Chicken Meat 2,217,838 C 1,901,406 F 16 Hen Eggs 2,163,754 C 2,492,000 F 17 Spices nes 2,073,136 C 1,600,000 F 18 Rapeseed 1,817,472 C 6,400,000 * 19 Tomatoes 1,800,668 C 7,600,000 F 20 Maize 1,684,900 C 14,500,000 * No symbol = official figure F = FAO estimate * = Unofficial figure C = Calculated figure Production in Int $1000 have been calculated based on 1999-2001 international prices Food production of India -2005

Record Food Production of India :

Record Food Production of India Food production in India for 2007-08 is estimated to be 227.3 million tones This will be the highest ever food production in India surpassing the earlier record of 217.28 million tones during 2006-07.

Slide 5:

Food Grain Production in Indian States, 2006-07

Slide 6:

India Cereals - Excluding Beer 181 182 176 175 Starchy Roots 26 28 30 33 Sugar & Sweeteners 25 26 27 24 Pulses 15 14 12 12 Treenuts 1 1 1 1 Oilcrops 32 36 27 38 Vegetable Oils 7 7 6 7 Vegetables 57 59 69 68 Fruits - Excluding Wine 33 40 41 49 Stimulants 1 1 1 1 Spices 2 2 2 2 Alcoholic Beverages 3 4 4 4 Meat 4 4 4 4 Offals 1 0 0 0 Animal Fats 1 2 2 3 Milk - Excluding Butter 62 70 78 87 Eggs 1 2 2 2 Fish, Seafood 5 5 5 6 Aquatic Products, Other 0 0 0 0 Country name Food groups 1990-92 1995-97 2000-02 2005-07 Production (kg/person/year)

Slide 7:

Rice Wheat Coarse Cereals Pulses Total food grains Growth Rate 1950-51 20.58 6.46 15.38 8.41 50.82 - 1960-61 34.58 11 23.74 12.7 82.02 4.90 1970-71 42.22 23.83 30.55 11.82 108.43 2.83 1980-81 53.63 36.31 29.02 10.63 129.59 1.80 1990-91 74.29 55.14 32.7 14.26 176.39 3.13 2000-01 84.98 69.68 31.08 11.07 196.81 1.10 Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India Production of food grains

Agriculture scenario: :

Agriculture scenario: In the past, India has made great progress in providing food security for its people. The growth of food production has surpassed the growth of population per capita food availability increased from 167kg per year during 1980-1990 to 174 kg per year during 1990-2000 Till 1990, foodgrain production was driving the agricultural sector growth- a natural consequence of high priority food policy regime pursued since independence

Composition of foodgrains in India from 1950-2000 :

Composition of foodgrains in India from 1950-2000 . Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India . Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India

Food production and gross sown area for foodgrain from 1950-2000. :

Food production and gross sown area for foodgrain from 1950-2000. Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India

Slide 11:

India’s Annual Growth Rate Year GDP Per capita income 1951-79 3.6 1.3 1980-91 5.6 3.5 1992-06 6.5 4.7

Slide 14:

Projected Requirement of Foodgrains

Slide 15:

Year Rice Wheat A (m ha) P (m t ) Y (t / ha) A (m ha) P ( m t) Y ( t/ ha) 1996-97 43.43 81.74 1.88 25.89 69.35 2.67 1998-99 44.80 86.08 1.92 27.52 71.29 2.59 2000-2001 44.71 84.98 1.90 25.73 69.68 2.70 2002-03 41.18 71.82 1.74 25.20 65.76 2.61 2004-05 41.91 83.13 1.98 26.38 68.64 2.60 2006-07* 43.62 92.76 2.12 28.04 74.89 2.67 The Status of Production and Productivity of Rice and Wheat the two important cereals from 1995-96 to 2006-07

Slide 16:

Year Pulses Total Foodgrains A (mha) P (m t) Y (t ha) A (m ha) P (m ha) Y (t /ha) 1996-97 22.45 14.24 0.63 123.58 199.44 1.61 1998-99 23.50 14.91 0.63 125.17 203.61 1.62 2000-2001 20.35 11.08 0.54 121.05 196.81 1.62 2002-03 20.50 11.13 0.54 113.86 174.77 1.53 2004-05 22.76 13.13 0.57 120.00 198.36 1.65 2006-07* 23.11 14.23 0.61 123.47 216.13 1.75 The Status of Production and Productivity of Pulses and Total Foodgrains from 1995-96 to 2006-07

What is Food Security?:

What is Food Security? "Access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life." (World Bank) "All people at all times have both physical and economic access to the basic food they need." (FAO Committee on World Food Security) When all people at all times have both physical and economic access to sufficient food to meet their dietary needs for a productive and healthy life. (United States Agency for International Development - USAID )

Types of Food Security:

Types of Food Security Household Food Security – assuring or enhancing access to food for the poorest, most food-insecure households and groups National Food Security – ensuring availability, adequacy and stability of supplies of food at the global and national level Acute Food Insecurity – severe short-term problem, a crisis associated with an environmental or economic shock or a continuing emergency Chronic Food Insecurity – long-term problem, lack of access of vulnerable households to adequate levels of food for normal human development – fundamentally intertwined with problems of poverty and inadequate livelihoods

Slide 19:

Farmers and fishers can earn a fair income for their efforts Food is produced in a way that is safe for people and the environment Local , regional, and community food production is supported Social justice and inclusion are priorities All people are empowered to work together to create positive change in the food system and our communities Food security happens when...

Slide 20:

whenever food is hard to get, such as when: There are no farms or grocery stores nearby Our food travels great distances to get to us There isn't enough money Healthy & safe food is not available Healthy foods cost more than unhealthy foods Our rivers are polluted so fish don't survive Our traditional foods are not available or accessible Food insecurity happens..........

Slide 21:

Key Dates in Food Security: 1945 - FAO established 1948 – Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1960 – International Freedom from Hunger Campaign 1963 – World Food Program established 1966 – International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights 1967 – First Food Aid convention 1974 – World Food Conference, World Food Council established; 1975 – FAO Global information and early warning system (GIEWS); International Emergency Food Reserve Key Dates in Food Security:(FAO)

Slide 22:

1981 – First World Food Day 1983 – Broadened concept of food security adopted by FAO 1984 – Lome III convention gives central place to food security 1984-85 Famines in Africa 1985 – USAID Famine Early Warning System (FEWS) established 1994 – FAO Special Program for Food Security 1996 – World Food Summit 2000 – United Nations Millennium Summit, established the Millennium Development Goals 2002 – World Food Summit Food security and forest

Slide 23:

This Bill to provide a statutory framework to entitle families living below the poverty line to certain minimum quantities of food grains per month through targeted public distribution system. This Act may be called the National Food Security Act, 2010 Ensuring supply of wheat and/or rice to identified BPL families as per their entitlement under section 3 of this Act

Slide 24:

Jobs in the forest 250 million people or more depend substantial on forests for firewood, shifting cultivation activities and the logging industry Job opportunities in forest related activities and agro-forestry (especially on a hectare base) are low compared to agriculture.

Slide 25:

World forests directly or indirectly supply the food to an estimated 200-300 million people annually (FAO, 1978) 62% of the total population in developing countries, live in rural regions and directly obtain most of their food from their local environment (FAO, 1992) wood and NTFPs help for livelihood of rural people.

Slide 26:

The availability of forest resources, coupled with the food needs of people, is reaching a critical state. Rapid growth in the world population - per capita growth in forestry production and food resources cannot keep up with human needs

Slide 27:

Between 60% and 70% of the population in underdeveloped countries dwell in rural areas and work and live near or in forest areas. These people not only collect wild plant roots, leaves, fruits, and nuts from trees, shrubs,and other plants, but also hunt wild animals, fish, and insects

Slide 28:

Farmers integrate various types of trees into crop production systems to increase food production in several ways (Scherr, 1994). Most families in developing countries grow fruit trees, such as coconut and banana, which directly contribute to their food supply. The use of trees in crop production is a great asset in helping to control erosion and reducing water runoff.

Slide 29:

leguminous trees are planted, essential nitrogen is added to the soil. about 60 kg/ha of nitrogen is added to soil from the leguminous tees. Tree and shrub vegetation serves as nutritionally valuable fodder for livestock. Honeybees are managed in many forest ecosystems as a form of livestock. The honey they produce is a highly-valued forest product. In India an estimated 32,000 tons of honey a year are produced

Key NTFP and nutrients:

Key NTFP and nutrients

India’s food security challenge :

India’s food security challenge It is established that a human body requires a daily intake of about 50 gm of protein. While people in the developed countries and most of the developing countries have a satisfactory intake of protein, in India the per capita daily intake is only about 10 gm. This endangers health and work performance. January 4, 2010

Slide 32:

The economic value of foods harvested from forest contribution to individual incomes. Food from forests, many non-timber products are sold by rural people to enhance their income Thousands of tree species are used for different purposes, including food, fuel, medicines, pigments, tannins, shelters, weapons, hammocks, toys, and cooking utensils

Slide 33:

India has a total land area of approximately 328 million hectares. India occupying only 2.4 % of the world’s geographical area, supports about 16.2% of the world’s human population. India also has only 0.5% of the world’s grazing area but supports 18% of the world’s cattle population.

Forest cover-2009:

Forest cover-2009

TN Forest cover comparison(2005-2007):

TN Forest cover comparison(2005-2007)

Land use pattern-TN:

Land use pattern-TN

Slide 41:

Category 05-06 04-05 Area(ha) % Area(ha) % 1. Forest 2110703 16.2 2122069 16.3 2. Barren and unculturable land 503255 3.9 509275 3.9 3. Land put to non-agricultural uses 2138679 16.4 2124564 16.3 4. Culturable waste 368661 2.8 374026 2.9 5. Permanent pastures and other grazing lands 110309 0.8 113563 0.9 6. Misc. tree crops and groves not included in the net area sown 274351 2.1 290072 2.2 7. Current fallow 758840 5.8 691926 5.3 8. Other fallow lands 1518008 11.7 1704139 13.1 9. Net area sown 5243839 40.3 5097011 39.1 Geographical area 13026645 100.0 13026645 100.0 Area sown more than once 788879 6.0 792058 6.1 Gross area sown 6032718 46.3 5889069 45.2

Reference :

Reference www.photius.com/.../ india /.../ india _economy_ food _grain_productio~8853.html - http://www.indianetzone.com/24/land_use_pattern_india.htm www. india together.org/poverty/ food sec.htm

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