TRADING OF FOREST PRODUCE IN INDIA

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import & export of forest produce,trading of Timber & NTFP, Forest economics,forestry sector,timber production consumption

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By: kabir.pec12 (9 month(s) ago)

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TRADING OF FOREST PRODUCE IN INDIA: 

TRADING OF FOREST PRODUCE IN INDIA N.KANAGARAJ MSC [FORESTRY] FOREST COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE METTUPALAM-641301 TAMILNADU INDIA

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OUT LINE Introduction Forestry sector in India Trading of timber products Global scenario on timber products Production & consumption pattern of timber in India Import of timber Trade Policy Mechanism Export of timber Uruguay Round Trends and Projections Tamil Nadu scenario in major forest produce

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Trading of NWFP Global scenario NWFP products Tamil Nadu scenario Supply Chain of NWFP Products Trade organizations To meet out challenges

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To meet out the demand of Forest Produce we should know the current trend & projection

Introduction : 

Introduction The forest products sector is estimated to contribute about 1.2 percent of world GDP and approximately 3 percent of international merchandise trade. Industry annual turnover exceeds US$200 billion for four product categories: round wood and sawn wood, panels, pulp, and paper. The forest products industry is Employing over 13 million people in nearly 200 nations, STATE OF THE WORLD’S FORESTS 2005

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The rapid growth of Indian population . The societal demands on forests are becoming more diversified The widening gap between demand & supply It is main causes of forest degradation and loss of forest biodiversity

Recommended allocation of fund to Forestry : 

Recommended allocation of fund to Forestry 8 th Plan- Dr. M.S.Swaminathan committee - recommended allocation of Rs.9,950 crores 9 th plan- A.K. Mukerji committee -Recommended allocation of Rs.26,752 crores for ensuring covering 33% area in 20 years. 10 th plan - The National Forestry Action Plan [NFAP] Proposed Rs 27,256 crores A.K. Mukerji (2006)

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Plan Period Total public sector ( crores ) Out lay for forests and wild life ( crores ) % of plan out lay First 1951-56 2069 7.64 0.37 Second 1956-61 4800 21.21 0.44 third 1961-66 7500 45.85 0.61 Post third 1966-69 6687 41.93 0.63 Fourth 1969-74 15901 89.42 0.56 Fifth 1974-79 38853 208.84 0.53 Annual 1979-80 12550 68.33 0.54 Sixth 1980-85 97500 692.49 0.71 Seventh 1985-90 180000 1859.10 1.03 Post Seventh 1990-92 139197 1413.00 1.01 Eighth 1992-97 434100 4081.87 0.94 Ninth 1997-02 859200 8189.09 0.95 Bipin Behari, & Joshi, A.K. 2006

Plan Outlays/ Expenditure - l0th Plan Expenditure and 11th Plan(crore): 

Plan Outlays/ Expenditure - l0th Plan Expenditure and 11th Plan( crore ) SOURCE :(MOEF),PLAN COORDINATION (PC) DIVISION

Contribution of forestry to India’s GDP: 

Contribution of forestry to India’s GDP Year Contribution to GDP (%) 1993 - 94 1.46 1994 - 95 1.40 1995 - 96 1.30 1996 - 97 1.22 1997 - 98 1.19 1998 - 99 1.13 1999 - 2000 1.11 2000 - 01 1.08 2001 - 02 1.04 2002 - 03 1.01 2003 - 04 0.94 2004-05 0.95 Kala, J.C. & Bipin Behari .2006

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Economic survey-2011,Ministry of finance

Fund allocation for Forestry and Wildlife Sector in South Indian States (Rs. in lakhs): 

Fund allocation for Forestry and Wildlife Sector in South Indian States (Rs. in lakhs)

Forest Produce: 

Forest Produce

Wood /Timber Material Flows: 

Wood /Timber Material Flows

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Round wood Veneer sheets Ply wood Sawn wood

Forest Product Suppliers at the global level: 

Forest Product Suppliers at the global level 45 % - USA, Canada, Sweden and Finland 7 % - China 4 % - Russian Federation 6 % - Brazil 2 to3 % - Indonesia, India and Malaysia each.

Major Tropical Log Producers 2007-2009: 

Major Tropical Log Producers 2007-2009 Source: ITTO, 2010. India- 20 million cum

Major Tropical Log Consumers: 

Major Tropical Log Consumers India - 24 Million cum Source: ITTO, 2010.

Major Tropical Log Importers: 

Major Tropical Log Importers India – 3 Million cum Source: ITTO, 2010.

Major Tropical Sawn Wood Producers 2007-2009: 

Major Tropical Sawn Wood Producers 2007-2009 Source: ITTO, 2010. India-5 million cum

Major Tropical Sawn wood Consumers: 

Major Tropical Sawn wood Consumers Source: ITTO, 2010. India – 5 Million cum

Major Tropical Plywood Producers, 2007-2009: 

Major Tropical Plywood Producers, 2007-2009 Source: ITTO, 2010. India- 2.3million cum

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FAO-Trend in wood products -2005

SAWN WOOD PRODUCTION-2003: 

SAWN WOOD PRODUCTION-2003 SAWNWOOD CONSUMPTION-2003 FAO-Trend in wood products -2005

VENEER& PLY WOOD PRODUCTION-2003: 

VENEER& PLY WOOD PRODUCTION-2003 FAO-Trend in wood products -2005

VENEER &PLY WOOD CONSUMPTION-2003: 

VENEER &PLY WOOD CONSUMPTION-2003 FAO-Trend in wood products -2005

PULP AND PAPER PRODUCTION- 2003: 

PULP AND PAPER PRODUCTION- 2003 FAO-Trend in wood products -2005

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Year Ind.Round wood Sawn wood Ply wood Veneer 2000 16.500 7.900 1.315 0.015 2001 16.046 8.036 1.315 0.055 2002 18.824 10.990 1.615 0.244 2003 18.828 11.880 1.781 0.255 2004 22.810 13.661 1.957 0.267 2005 23.191 14.789 2.174 0.280 2006 23.192 14.789 2.154 0.280 2007 23.192 14.789 2.154 0.285 2008 23.192 14.789 2.154 0.290 2009 23.192 14.789 2.521 0.290 2010 23.192 14.789 2.521 0.290 Production of Timber Products (Million Cu.m ) SOURCE:IITO

Consumption of Timber Products (Million Cu.m) : 

Consumption of Timber Products (Million Cu.m ) Item/Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Round wood/logs 15.914 15.051 16.293 16.535 16.535 Sawn wood 8.806 11.007 12.010 13.784 14.984 Veneer 0.056 0.238 0.249 0.257 0.259 Plywood 1.253 1.551 1.704 1.911 1.911 Source; IITO Annual review and assessment of the world timber situation 2009

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Product 2006 2007 2008 2009* Logs 26.782 27.835 27.973 28.038 Sawn 14.843 14.823 14.813 14.860 Veneer 0.276 0.289 0.298 0.284 Ply wood 2.144 2.085 2.177 2.581 Consumption of Timber Products (Million Cu.m ) Source; IITO Annual review and assessment of the world timber situation 2009

Average annual timber consumption per 1,000 persons (Cu.m) : 

Average annual timber consumption per 1,000 persons (Cu.m) Category of Use 2006 Rural Urban Housing and allied Domestic uses (all logs) 39.3 - Construction 29.9 30.0 Furniture 15.4 15.4 Total 84.6 45.4 National Status Report On Forests and Forestry in India(MOEF)-2006

Channels of Distribution of Imported Timber Logs: 

Channels of Distribution of Imported Timber Logs

Channels of Distribution of Domestic Timber : 

Channels of Distribution of Domestic Timber

Import Quantity of Wood (Million cum ) : 

Import Quantity of Wood (Million cum ) Year Ind.roundwood Sawn wood Ply wood Veneer 2000 2.103 0.129 0.015 0.002 2001 2.622 0.060 0.024 0.003 002 3.077 0.086 0.015 0.004 2003 3.482 0.098 0.024 0.007 2004 3.735 0.094 0.020 0.004 2005 3.749 0.074 0.011 0.014 2006 3.607 0.060 0.025 0.015 2007 4.653 0.057 0.036 0.017 2008 4.792 0.082 0.057 0.024 2009 5.971 0.153 0.091 0.026 2010 5.061 0.135 0.091 0.026 Source; ITTO

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Port % of Log import Remarks Kandla 51% West coast Tuticorin 12% East coast Haldia 4 % East coast New Mangalore 6% West coast Mumbai 5% West coast Chennai 5% East coast Others 17% Major and minor ports at West and East coast Ashwani Kumar Bhat. (2006).Study Report on Tropical Timber Trade and Prospects in India

Logs were imported from……………: 

Logs were imported from…………… Logs were imported from about 100 countries (2001-02)- 85% of the total imports - Malaysia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and New Zealand (2004-05) – 85 % Malaysia, New Guinea, Gabon, Myanmar and Ivory Coast

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Major Trade Flows: Tropical Industrial Round wood 2008 (million m3).

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1.Open General License (OGL) These items can be freely traded Seeds of vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, tubers, bulbs, cuttings and saplings of flowers 2.Special Import Licence (SIL) It can be procured in the market by importers at a small premium

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Government of India has permitted import of wood under the Open General License since 1996 To ease out the wood shortage as also to reduce pressure on natural forests. This decision came in the wake of an historical judgment of the Apex Court of India arguing the need for conservation of forests for much needed environmental services and local community benefits.

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1.Actual users; For his own use , not for business or trade in that item. 2.Registered importers ; Those who have a valid registration certificate issued by an export promotion council, commodity board or other registered authority by the Government.

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India's international trading regulations & Export Import (EXIM) Policy, are formulated and implemented by Ministry of Commerce and Industry in consultation with several other ministries including Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Environment and Forests Ministry of Finance Ministry of Shipping Reserve Bank of India

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The Ministry of Finance - Fixing import duties and other border and internal taxes. The Reserve Bank of India - M anages the exchange rate policy and also regulates interest rates The Directorate General of Foreign Trade is responsible for the execution of the Export Import Policy The Commerce Department facilitates continuous dialogue between the Government and industry regarding major trade developments

Export quantity of wood products (million cum) : 

Export quantity of wood products (million cum) Year Ind.roundwood Sawn wood Ply wood Veneer 2000 0.00058 0.00646 0.00223 0.00062 2001 0.00695 0.00096 0.06389 0.00155 2002 0.00570 0.00762 0.04987 0.00573 2003 0.01184 0.02106 0.11044 0.00729 2004 0.00874 0.01647 0.02890 0.01557 2005 0.01143 0.01474 0.03271 0.02088 2006 0.01791 0.01757 0.04109 0.01954 2007 0.00940 0.02295 0.11822 0.02704 2008 0.01100 0.05916 0.07712 0.01696 2009 0.02754 0.02359 0.06902 0.02724 2010 0.02605 0.01810 0.06902 0.02344

Uruguay Round : 

The Uruguay Round Agreement signed in Morocco (Northwestern Africa) in April 1994 Average import tariff rate across all forest products in developed country markets are to be reduced from 3.5% to 1.1% - a decline of nearly 70%. The tariff changes will be greatest for pulp and paper products, will experience a 100% reduction in tariffs Uruguay Round

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Product Pre-Uruguay rate % Post-Uruguay rate % Reduction % Wood products (weighted avg.) 2.0 1.1 43 Wood in rough 0.0 0.0 0 Wood-based panels 9.4 6.5 31 Semi-manufactures 0.9 0.4 50 Wood articles 4.7 1.6 67 Paper products (weighted avg.) 3.5 0.0 99 Pulp and waste 0.0 0.0 0 Paper and paperboard 5.3 0.0 100 Printed matter 1.7 0.3 83 Paper articles 7.3 0.0 100 Agreed Tariff Rates in Pre- and Post-Uruguay round

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The Doha Round of Trade Negotiations launched in November, 2001 Objective - Lower trade barriers to increase the global trade It has introduced negotiations in the environmental goods & services Doha Ministerial Declaration (DMD) enjoins upon the WTO members to reduce or eliminate tariffs on environmental goods and services. Environmental goods & services- The goods and services used to measure, prevent, limit, minimize or correct environmental damage

Non-Tariff Barriers: 

Non-Tariff Barriers Customs procedures Valuation Clearance Financial procedures Standards Quality controls Certification Phyto-sanitation -Measures requiring removal

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In addition to the WTO/GATT negotiations there are other recent actions to encourage trade liberalization North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)

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Trends and Projections

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Total Projected Demand of Raw wood by Different Industries in India (1998 to 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2020) In Million Cubic Meter Industry 1998 1999 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Paper & Paper Board 4.48 4.48 4.48 8.96 15.40 26.24 35.84 Newsprint 1.46 1.63 1.78 2.56 3.42 4.63 6.22 Rayon Grade Pulp 2.10 2.30 2.50 2.80 3.10 3.40 3.80 Construction Industry 13.60 14.60 15.90 19.40 22.10 26.30 28.50 Packaging 4.36 4.49 4.62 5.54 6.40 7.55 9.00 Furniture 2.25 2.38 2.52 3.36 4.62 5.90 7.53 Automobile Industry 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.28 0.41 0.60 0.87 Agricultural Implements 2.00 2.06 2.12 2.33 2.50 2.50 2.50 Railway sleepers 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 Sports Goods 0.27 0.31 0.35 0.58 0.98 1.67 2.73 Handicrafts 0.40 0.42 0.45 0.54 0.65 0.78 0.95 Plywood 10.10 10.50 11.00 14.00 17.96 22.90 29.20 Veneer 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.34 0.43 0.54 0.70 Particle Board 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.18 0.22 0.28 0.35 MDF Board 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.17 0.21 0.24 0.28 Match Box 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.60 3.00 3.40 4.00 Mining 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 Catamaran 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.07 0.11 0.16 Misc. Industry .5.14 5.40 5.70 6.70 9.40 11.20 15.15 Total 51.91 54.55 57.72 73.91 94.89 122.76 152.80 Source: INDIASTAT

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1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 * 2020 * Production 24 .407 24 .879 18 .761 23 .192 31 .771 41 .497 52. 596 Imports 1 .334 0.355 2. 231 4. 648 6 .367 8 .317 10 .541 Exports 0.042 0.005 0.003 0.007 0.010 0.013 .0016 Consumption 25 .698 25. 228 20 .989 27 .833 38. 129 49 .801 63. 121 Net trade -1 .291 - 3.49 -2 .228 -4 .641 -6 .357 -8 .304 -10 .525 Trends and Projections for Industrial Round wood (Million m 3 ) Source : (FAO) 2007 * Projection

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1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 * 2020 * Production 17. 460 17. 460 7 .900 14. 789 18 .200 22. 651 27 .517 Imports 0.018 0.007 0.009 0.072 0.097 0.128 0.162 Exports 0.035 0.017 0.010 0.014 0.013 0.013 0.014 Consumption 17 .443 17. 450 7 .899 14. 846 18. 285 22 .766 27 .665 Net trade 0.016 0.09 0.0008 -0.057 -0.084 -0.114 -0.148 Trends and projections for sawn wood (Million m 3 ) Source : (FAO) 2007 * Projection

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1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 * 2020 * Production 2 .185 3. 025 3. 794 4 .183 7 .770 11. 289 15 .656 Imports 0.124 0.216 0.605 1 .193 1 .462 2 .079 2 .859 Exports 0.008 0.010 0.028 0.309 0.400 0.686 1. 071 Consumption 2. 300 3. 231 4 .370 5 .066 8. 831 12 .681 17 .444 Net trade -0.115 -0.206 -0.576 -0.883 -1 .061 -1 .392 -1 .788 Trends and Projections for paper and paperboard (Million tonnes ) Source : (FAO) 2007 * Projection

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1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015* 2020 * Production 0.829 0.950 1. 335 2 .052 3 .153 4. 581 6 .353 Imports 0.066 0.172 0.143 0.359 0.586 0.851 1 .181 Exports 0 0.003 0.016 0.013 0.031 0.045 0.063 Consumption 0.895 1. 119 1. 462 2 .398 3 .708 5. 387 7 .471 Net trade -0.066 -0.169 -0.127 -0.345 -0.554 -0.805 -1 .117 Source : (FAO) 2007 * Projection Trends and projections for wood pulp (Million tonnes )

Outturn of Major Forest Produce in Tamil Nadu (2007-2008): 

Outturn of Major Forest Produce in Tamil Nadu (2007-2008) Produce Outturn (M.T) Average Price (Rs.) Value (Rs. in Lakh ) Teak wood (CUM) 4675 23, 849 1 ,115 Pulpwood (Debarked wattle wood) 4,071 1,212 49.38 Pulpwood (Blue gum wood) 2,839 2, 204 62.61 Pulpwood (Eucalyptus hybrid) 18,760 2 ,854 535.51 Firewood 5151.52 999 51.47 Sandalwood (Heartwood) 631.8 3,36,813 21, 283 Sandalwood (Sapwood) 83.1 94548 78.66 Wattle bark 725.6 3355 24.35 Babul 26,994 3,846 1,038 Source : Department of Economics and Statistics, Statistical Hand Book 2011, Govt. of Tamil Nadu

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Source : Department of Economics and Statistics, Statistical Hand Book 2011, Govt. of Tamil Nadu

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Source : Department of Economics and Statistics, Statistical Hand Book 2011, Govt. of Tamil Nadu

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Bansal.K. (2007)

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Source ;UN Comtrade data as on 31 August 2007

Share of NWFP export total exports of select countries: 

Share of NWFP export total exports of select countries Source ;UN Comtrade data as on 31 August 2007

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Source ;UN Comtrade data as on 31 August 2007

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Source ;UN Comtrade data as on 31 August 2007

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Source; Regina Hansda (2009) ,The Outlook For Non-wood Forest Products In Asia And The Pacific

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Produce Outturn (M.T) Average Price/ tonne (Rs.) Value ( Rs. in Lakh ) Cashew 34.191 35,000 11.97 Tamarind 588.694 8,600 50.63 Other NWFPs 1,202 17,510 210.58 Bamboo 129.665 4,341 5.63 Source : Department of Economics and Statistics, Statistical Hand Book 2011, Govt. of Tamil Nadu

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Source : Department of Economics and Statistics, Statistical Hand Book 2011, Govt. of Tamil Nadu

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Source : Department of Economics and Statistics, Statistical Hand Book 2011, Govt. of Tamil Nadu

Supply Chain of NWFP Products: 

Supply Chain of NWFP Products

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NWFP included for export under special agricultural commodities. Vishesh Krishi Upaj Yojana (Special Agricultural Produce Scheme) has been introduced To boost exports of fruits, vegetables, flowers, Non wood forest produce and their value added products. Export of these products shall qualify for duty free credit entitlement .

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NWFPs are of growing importance for export. There are many data gaps with respect to the Production and Consumption of NWFPs. Data are not collected in a uniform fashion.

ITTO: 

ITTO ITTO was established in 1986. It Promotes the conservation and sustainable management of tropical forest use and trade of tropical forest resources. Its members represent about 80% of the world's tropical forests and 90% of the global tropical timber trade. It  has 40 members: 18 producing and 22 consuming countries

Green trade organizations : 

Green trade organizations To ensure benefits to local people from national, regional and international trade. It promotes trade practices that hold to the principles of sustainable development. 1.Ecological sustainability (use and conservation) 2.Economic sustainability (productivity) 3.Social sustainability (equity)

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Green trade organizations

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Agar woods Exporters Association Bombay Firewood & Timber Commission Agents Association Bombay Timber Merchants Association Federation of Indian Plywood & Panel Industry Indian Plywood Industries Plywood Manufacturers Association of India

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Wood Furniture Makers Association Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH) Federation of Rajasthan Handicraft Exporters (FORHEX) Federation of Rajasthan Home Textiles & Handicraft Exporters (FORTHE)

To meet out the challenge ………..: 

To meet out the challenge ……….. 1.Raise the plantation for the industry 2.Restore the degraded forest 3.Prevention of illegal trading 4.Decrease the tariff for timber import 5.Negasiation with other country to meet the timber demand

7: 

7 THANKYOU