150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi: Bapu@150

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Tribute to Gandhiji our Father of the nation and beloved leader of India, he used truth and non-violence as the weapons against britishers and won the freedom for our country.

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150 th birth Anniversary 1

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 2 October 1869 at Kirti Mandir Porbandar-Gujarat  Father: Karam Chand Uttam Chand Gandhi Prime Minister at Porbandar State  Mother: Putli bai Kaba Gandhi 5

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 Once he read the story of Shravana. Shravana used to carry his old and blind parents in two baskets slung on a bamboo yoke. Mohan was deeply touched by his devotion to his old parents. He resolved to be like Shravana and serve his parents.  Once Mohan saw a play depicting the life of King Harishchandra who lost his kingdom and suffered much for truth. Mohan was so deeply moved by this play that he was in tears. He decided never to swerve from the path of truth and be ever truthful and honest like Harishchandra.  In his childhood the young Gandhi was very timid. He feared to step in darkness even in his own house. He feared ghosts and thieves and snakes. Rambha was a maid servant in his house. Once she said to Mohan: `Why are you so much fearful Remember Rama Rama will always protect you. Fear never encounters him who remembers Rama. Mohan was deeply impressed by these words. He took to reciting the name of Rama. His faith in Rama increased as he grew up. He remembered God and dedicated all his work to him. When he died his last words were `He Rama 7

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Impatient lad Confession of steal gold Say not to cheat 9

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Mother Putlibai asked Mohan to take a vow not to eat meat not to drink and not to live an immoral life Gandhiji took this vow and boarded a steamer for England. 10

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Gandhi attended law school in London and was famous among the faculty for his bad handwriting. 11

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Gandhi was wed at age 13 his wife Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia was one year older. At the time they were poor so Kasturba sold all her jewellery for the money to send Gandhi to study law in England. As a child he wanted to study medicine. 12

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Laxmidas 13

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Gandhi ji and famous author Leo Tolstoy interacted with each other through letters. 17

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Gandhi ji set up a small colony Tolstoy Farm at an 1100 acre site 21 miles from Johannesburg South Africa for his colleagues in the Satyagraha struggle. 19

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Haridas Manilal Ramdas Devdas Arun Ela Rajmohan Gopal krishna Tushar Ramchandra 21

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Mahatma title was given to Gandhiji by the Nobel Prize winning Bengali poet Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. 6 March 1915 24

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Kochrab Ashram Ahmedabad May 25 1915 25

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The Ashram was shifted from Kochrab to Sabarmati on the bank of river Sabarmati in July 1917 also known as Harijan Ashram. 27

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Gandhi Ji wore just a loin cloth for 27 years. He gave up his normal wardrobe in Sep 1921. 31

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19 April 1917 34

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In 1918 Mahatma Gandhi started his movement for Khadi 35

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1919-1924 39

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1 August 1920 40

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Presidential Address - Mahatma Gandhi I.N.C. Session 1924 Belgaum 41

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1928 42

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12 March 1930 – 6 April 1930 43

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“I cannot teach you violence as I do not myself believe in it. I can only teach you not to bow your heads before any one even at the cost of your life.” 1928 44

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12 March 1930 46

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“Nonviolence is a weapon of the strong.” April 6 1930 49

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Round Table Conferences 1930-1932. Date: 12 Nov 1930. Event location: London. 51

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September 24 1932 An agreement between Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi was signed on September 24 1932 known as Poona Pact. 54

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9 August 1942 58

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9 August 1942 59

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Aga Khan Palace served as the prison for Mahatma Gandhi in Pune from Aug 1942 to May 1944 60

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Kasturba Gandhi and Mahadev Desai died in the premises of this Aga Khan Palace turned prison. 61

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Gandhis wife died in 1944 while imprisoned in the Aga Khan Palace. Her day of death February 22 is celebrated as Mothers Day in India. 62

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Jamna Lal Bajaj 63

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Gandhi wrote a letter to Hitler addressing him as "Dear Friend" and beseeched him to stop the Second World War. Hitler never wrote back. 66

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Gandhi denounced Gandhism and did not want to create a cult-like following. He also conceded that he had “...nothing new to teach the world. Truth and nonviolence are as old as the hills.” 67

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Gandhiji stayed from 1936 to 1948 at Sevagram Ashram Wardha 70

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"The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated." 74

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Manu and Abha Meera Ben Maidalin Shled 75

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76 4 Big Leaders of India

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1947 77

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Gandhiji was jailed eleven times. In all he spent 11 years and 19 days in jail. 78

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“When I despair I remember that all through history the way of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants and murderers and for a time they can seem invincible but in the end they always fall. Think of it--always.” 84

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Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose gave title of “Rashtrapita” to Gandhiji With C.Rajagopalachari With Winston Churchill 86 Winston Churchill Half-naked Fakir

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Gandhiji and their close circuit Magan Lal Gandhi 87

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Gandhiji in all fasted 17 times as his way of protest. Gandhi Ji fasted for 21 days at a stretch three times - one for Hindu/Muslim Unity another to protest untouchability and third time to protest his detention without charges. 89

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It is too bad to be too good. 90

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When Jawaharlal Nehru was giving tryst of destiny speech to celebrate independence Gandhi ji was not present at that time. 91

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Gandhi ji was born on Friday India got its freedom on Friday and Gandhi ji was assassinated on Friday. 98

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Mahatma Gandhi funeral procession was 8 kilometers 5 miles long. a period of 14 years on as many as six occasions attempts were made to kill Gandhiji 99

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In 1959 Gandhi Memorial Museum was established. It is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu India. It is also known as Gandhi Museum. It consists of a blood stained garment which was worn by Mahatma Gandhi when he was assassinated. 101

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भारत मे 53 मुख मारग - रााधीजी के नाम से भारत मे 53 मुख मारग है जबकक किदेश ामे 48 सडक े है। 102

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His resilience steely resolve determination non-violent ways to protest struggle suffering and still a desire to do good can never be found in another. Even today when any leader from left to right to far right visit any foreign country they espouse the teachings of Gandhiji to get any credibility or recognition. You can try a million times but for India there is only one Mahatma and One Father of the Nation. MAHATMA GANDHI. 104

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The country against whom he fought for Indias Independence Great Britain released a stamp honouring him 21 years after his death. 105

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In all 79000 km is the estimated distance that Gandhiji walked during his campaigns from 1914 to 1948. This is equivalent to circling the Earth twice. Gandhiji walked 18 kms a day for nearly 40 years. 110

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 1: “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”  2: “The greatness of humanity is not in being human but in being humane.”  3: “In a gentle way you can shake the world.”  4: “Change yourself – you are in control.”  5: “I will not let anyone walk through my mind with their dirty feet.”  6: “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.”  7: “Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.”  8: “We need not wait to see what others do.”  9: “A ‘No’ uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a ‘Yes’ merely uttered to please or worse to avoid trouble.”  10: “The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others. ”  11: “To call woman the weaker sex is a libel it is mans injustice to woman.”  12: “Earth provides enough to satisfy every mans needs but not every mans greed.”  13: “Love is the strongest force the world possesses.”  14: “Nonviolence is a weapon of the strong.”  15: “A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.” 113

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“Confession of errors is like a broom which sweeps away the dirt and leaves the surface brighter and clearer. I feel stronger for confession.” “Nearly everything you do is of no importance but it is important that you do it” 115

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When I admire the wonders of a sunset or the beauty of the moon my soul expands in the worship of the creator. 116

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In 1930 he was the Time Magazine Man of the Year. He was a great writer and the Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi have 50000 pages. 119

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Mahatma Gandhi was nominated 5 times for the Nobel Peace Prize. Followers of Gandhian philosophy 121

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Gandhi in 1982 is an epic historical drama film based on Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi won the Academic Award for best motion picture. 130

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Gandhi wrote a lot if articles and essays. He founded 3 newspapers and wrote 3 books of his own. The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi have 50000 pages 132

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Around 7000 students at his birthplace Porbandar stood in planned manner to create the shape of his face a feat which in all likelihood would also get a place in Guinness world records. 139

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