king of fruits Mango

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Mango is of drup fruit, very juicy and available in various variety full of vitamins, carbohydrates, and essential amino acids. Mango having various pharmacological activities, it has a prominent roles in our daily activities too. Mango is useful in prevention from heat stroke, hypertension, diabetes, diphtheria, vomiting, weight gain etc. mango is consumed as unripe or ripe fruits.

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The King of Fruits MANGO Dr. KS Rathore, BN Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Udaipur-Raj.313 002 kamalsrathore@gmail.com ; +919828325713(M) Ms Sonika Shrivastav , KD Dental College and Hospital, Mathura (UP) Sonika.bphm@gmail.com

Mangifera indica – Common Indian Mango:

Mangifera indica – Common Indian Mango The Mango is a member of the cashew family of flowering plants; other species include the pistachio tree and poison ivy. 

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Mango Types Mango Alphonso (Goa, India) Tommy Atkins Mango (UK, USA) Haden Mango (USA) Benishaan and Kesar mango (IND) Chaunsa variety (Pak) mango de leche (Guatemala) Like other drupaceous fruits, mangoes come in both freestone and clingstone varieties. Aavakaaya - S.Indian mango for pickle

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Not only do they taste great, but  mangoes are also loaded with several qualities that are excellent for your health. They are rich in powerful antioxidants that are known to neutralize free radicals that cause damage to cells and lead to health problems like heart disease, premature aging and cancer among other things. • The name ' mango ' is derived from the Tamil word ' mangkay ' or ' man-gay '. When the Portuguese traders settled in Western India they adopted the name as ' manga '. • Mangoes originated in East India, Burma and the Andaman Islands bordering the Bay of Bengal. Persian traders took the mango into the Middle East and Africa, from there the Portuguese brought it to Brazil and the West Indies. Mango cultivars arrived in Florida in the 1830's and in California in  the 1880's. • The Mango tree is a symbol of love .

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Here's why you should consume them...  Here's why you should consume them...  - With its high iron content , mangoes are excellent for pregnant women and those who suffer from anemia . But do consult with your doctor beforehand on how much is suitable. 

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- Constantly complaining about clogged pores ? Place mango slices on your skin and then wash off after 10 minutes. 

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Panacea for Heat Stroke Boil raw mangoes in water till cooked. Extract the juice, and mix with sugar, water, salt and a pinch of cumin seeds. Drink this consistently in the hot summer, especially when you suffer a heat stroke or get prickly heat.

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- If you suffer from indigestion problems , nothing will help you as much as a mango. They're known to give relief from acidity and aid proper digestion since they contain digestive enzymes that help break down proteins. 

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- Rich in potassium (K + ) , mangoes reduce high blood pressure . They also contain pectin , a soluble dietary fibre that is known to lower blood cholesterol levels. 

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Trying to put on weight ? Include mangoes in your diet. Since it is rich in calories as well as carbohydrates , it could be the perfect fruit to have. 

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Some studies say that eating mangoes reduces the risk of kidney stone formation

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- In Chinese medicine, mangoes are considered sweet and sour with a cooling energy. They are useful for those suffering from anemia, bleeding gums, cough, fever, nausea and even sea sickness. 

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- Studying for exams? This fruit is rich in glutamine acid- an important protein for concentration and memory . Instead of snacking on unhealthy chips and cookies, why not feast on slices of mangoes instead. 

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Mango leaves in Diabetes The tender leaves of the mango tree are used to prevent and control early symptoms of diabetes. Soak the fresh leaves in water overnight and squeeze them in water before straining it the next morning. Alternatively, these leaves should be dried, powdered and preserved. Take half a teaspoon of this powder twice a day. Throat disorder The mango bark is very effective in the treatment of diphtheria and other throat diseases.

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• Mangoes contain as much vitamin C as an orange.  • Mangoes are bursting with protective nutrients. The vitamin content depends upon the variety and maturity of the fruit, when the mango is green the amount of vitamin C is higher, as it ripens the amount of beta carotene (vitamin A) increases. • A Mango stored at 55 degrees will last for up to two weeks. Do not refrigerate.  • Mangoes are some of the best sources of beta carotene; they contain 20 percent more than cantaloupe and 50 percent more than apricots.

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Mango is national fruit of INDIA and PHILLIPINES and national tree of BANGLADESH India is number one in Mango production in the world • There are over 20 million metric tons of mangoes grown throughout the tropical and sub-tropical world. The leading mango producer is India, with very little export as most are consumed within the country. Mexico and China compete for second place, followed by Pakistan and Indonesia. Thailand, Nigeria, Brazil, Philippines and Haiti follow in order.

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Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 250 kJ (60 kcal) Carbohydrates 15 g Sugars 13.7 Dietary fiber 1.6 g Fat 0.38 g Protein 0.82 g Vitamins Vitamin A equiv. beta-carotene lutein zeaxanthin (7%) 54 μ g (6%) 640 μ g 23 μ g Thiamine (B1) (2%) 0.028 mg Mango Chemistry Riboflavin (B2) (3%) 0.038 mg Niacin (B3) (4%) 0.669 mg Pantothenic acid (B5) (4%) 0.197 mg Vitamin B6 (9%) 0.119 mg Folate (B9) (11%) 43 μ g Choline (2%) 7.6 mg Vitamin C (44%) 36.4 mg Vitamin E (6%) 0.9 mg Vitamin K (4%) 4.2 μ g Trace metals Calcium (1%) 11 mg Iron (1%) 0.16 mg Magnesium (3%) 10 mg Manganese (3%) 0.063 mg Phosphorus (2%) 14 mg Potassium (4%) 168 mg Sodium (0%) 1 mg Zinc (1%) 0.09 mg

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Unripe mangoes have oxalic, citric, malic , tartaric and succinnic acids which results in its sour taste. As such, it is acidic, astringent and antiscorbutic . The ripe fruit is full of sugar. The ripe mango is antiscorbutic , diuretic, laxative, invigorating, fattening and astringent. It tones up the heart muscle, improves complexion and stimulates appetite. Eating ripe mangoes in a season provides enough Vitamin A to last a whole year possibly. The mango kernel or seed contains over 8% protein besides other vitamins and minerals. Dried mango ? owers and the bark of the mango tree are astringent and useful in treatment of many ailments. The gum is used in dressing kibes and scabies. It is also considered anti-syphilitic.

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Mangoes in Ayurveda Mango is extensively used in Ayurvedic cures. Mangoes have the properties of ‘heating’. Mangoes are good for excess wind ( vata ) and musuc ( kapha ). A ripe mango helps the body to generate blood. If a glass of lukewarm milk is taken after eating a ripe mango then it energizes the entire system, especially the intestines. Mango increases the seven dhatus . It cleanses the body by eliminating toxins. It cures constipation. The emergence of boils on the body after eating mangoes indicates the cleansing action of mangoes. It is a good cure for loss of weight. This fruit checks premature aging.

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Mangoes Leaves used in many auspicious and sacred occasions also in decorations at marriage, other many poojas . Mango twigs or bark used in hawans or yagnas because it has property to clean environment

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