Swami Vivekananda Life and Work

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Swami Vivekanand was the great hindu monk of 19th century who spread the message of Ramkrishna Paramhansa and Vedanta in western world, he is great personality who motivate and influenced the life of millions throughout the world. 2013 is celebrating his sesquisentennial anniversary (150th), let us come and look at his work and life.


By: hectormarini (89 month(s) ago)

Dear Dr. Rathore. Could you please send to me the pp XRD presentation to my e-mail hectormarini@yahoo.com? Dr. Hector Marini

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Swami Vivekananda:

Swami Vivekananda Foremost Saint of Modern India The Man and His Message Dr. Kamal Singh Rathore BN Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Udaipur-INDIA kamalsrathore@gmail.com +91 9828325713(m)

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Sesquicentennial anniversary

Early life…:

Early life… Born: January 12, 1863 in 3, Gor Mukharjee Street, Calcutta on Makara Sankaranti Day at 06:33:33 Morning. His name at birth was Narendranath ( Naren , Durgadas , Vile, Bile, Vireshwar ). Father: Sri Visvanath Datta (s/o Durgaprasad ), a very successful and distinguished lawyer. Mother: Bhuvaneshwari, a very pious lady. Prayer of the Lord was a way of life. Siblings: Mahendra Nath , Bhupendra Nath and Swarnmayi

Childhood and Early Youth…:

Childhood and Early Youth… Narendranath was highly inquisitive and bright in his studies and play. He was well read and had a remarkable power of understanding and retention. He completed Bachelor Arts degree from Scottish Church College, Calcutta in 1884. He was a great thinker and often challenged existing customs and rituals. He often wondered about this world and its Creator. He extensively studied different religious and philosophical systems of East and West. However, no one could satisfy his curiosity and he developed a feeling that the whole talk of God was a myth.


Transformation… Encounters with Sri Ramakrishna… Silver Coin Test Vision of the Lord Asking Boons from God Narendranath spent about 5 years as a disciple of Sri Ramakrishna and learnt everything concerning Spirituality based on Advaita philosophy. Sri Ramakrishna passed on all his spiritual power to Narendranath before going into samadhi . Narendranath takes charge of Ramakrishna mission at the age of 23, comes to be known as Swami Vivekananda.

Later Life…:

Later Life… Swami Vivekananda travelled across the country from Himalayas to Kanyakumari , studying and understanding the motherland and her problems. Episode with Maharaja of Alwar about idol worship Meditated deeply at Kanyakumari on the last bit of Indian rock for 3 days and had the “ Vision of one India ”. He also contemplated about going West. India had to be awakened, and that could be done only by making India’s message appreciated in the West.

Visit to the West…:

Visit to the West… In 1893 Swami Vivekananda sailed to America to attend the Parliament of Religions at Chicago. Episodes from his initial struggle in US… His “ Sisters and Brothers of America. .” speech in the religious assembly. Swami Vivekananda stayed for couple of years in the US and in England, delivering an extensive series of lectures on Vedanta philosophy preaching universality and brotherhood in various Universities and congregations. Sets up Vedanta Society in New York and England.

Return to Homeland…:

Return to Homeland… In 1897 Swamiji returns to India and is hailed as the new Sankaracharya . Establishes Ramakrishna Mission on May 1, 1897, which is dedicated to the task of teaching self realization and service to humanity. Establishes Belur Math in early 1898 to be a permanent abode for the monastery and monastic order. Revisits the West in 1899-90 and establishes Vedanta society in San Francisco.


Teachings… Swami Vivekananda firmly believed in the equality of mankind and preached extensively to remove biases and exploitation based on caste, creed, race and gender. Swamiji sought to bring back the spiritual awakening of the nation by instilling faith and pride for India’s culture and heritage. Swamiji is widely regarded as the India’s foremost nation builders. Many other subsequent national leaders including Gandhiji , Nehru, Aurobindo were influenced by his teachings on spirituality and service to the fellow beings.

Swamiji’s contributions:

Swamiji’s contributions Contribution to World Culture: New Understanding of Religion Bridge between the East and the West New Principle of Morality and Ethics New View of Man Contribution to Hinduism: Identity Unification Defense Meeting the Challenges New Ideal for Monasticism Refurbishing of Religious Doctrines

Maha samadhi…:

Maha samadhi … Swami Vivekananda attained maha samadhi on July 4, 1902 at his Belur Math during meditation. He had a premonition about this. Three days before his death he pointed out the spot for this cremation—the one at which a temple in his memory stands today. In the morning of July 4, he gave instructions concerning the future of Ramakrishna mission to one of his disciples. He had remarked to several persons that he would not live to be forty. His teachings and mission continues to inspire us even after 110 years…

Belur Math:

Belur Math Belur Math is the headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission and Math. Situated over 40 acres on the banks of river Hooghly ( Ganga ) in Howrah, about an hour drive from Kolkata. Campus includes: Temples dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna, Sri Sarada Devi and Swami Vivekananda. It also houses the main monastry of the Ramakrishna Order. Administrative offices for the mission. Resident Training Center for Vedic education. Charitable Dispensary to serve the sick and needy. “ Service to man is the service to the Lord ” is the founding principle of Ramakrishna Mission. Today there are mission centers in almost all states of India and several other countries.

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Swami Vivekananda– the photo was taken in Bushnell Studio in San Francisco , 1900

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Swami Vivekananda in Greenacre , Maine in August, 1894

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Vivekananda at Chennai 1897

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Swami Vivekananda with other Religious Leaders at Parliament of the Religion

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Swami Vivekananda on the platform of the Parliament of Religions September 1893. On the platform (left to right) Virchand Gandhi, Dharmapala , Swami Vivekananda

Relief Work and Service to Humanity:

Relief Work and Service to Humanity

Relief Work and Service to Humanity:

Relief Work and Service to Humanity

Belur Math…:

Belur Math…

Ancestral house:

Ancestral house

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Advaita Ashrama , Mayavati , a branch of the Ramakrishna Math , founded on 19 March 1899, later published many of Swami Vivekananda's work, now publishes Prabuddha Bharata journal

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Swami Vivekanand Way.. The Chicago Art Institute was the venue of the famous Hindu monk Swami Vivekananda addressed the Parliament of the World's Religions in 1893. On September 11, 1995, the Art Institute put up a bronze plaque to commemorate Swami Vivekananda's historic address. The plaque reads: "On November 11, 1995, the stretch of Michigan Avenue that passes in front of the Art Institute was formally conferred the honorary name "Swami Vivekananda Way"..

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plaque of Swami Vivekananda at the prestigious Art Institute of Chicago

Monks from Belur Math…:

Monks from Belur Math…

Relief Work and Service to Humanity:

Relief Work and Service to Humanity

Bhuvaneshwari Devi- Mother of Swami Vivekanand ji:

Bhuvaneshwari Devi- Mother of Swami Vivekanand ji

Ram Krishna Paramhans-Guru of Swami Vivekanand:

Ram Krishna Paramhans -Guru of Swami Vivekanand

Maa Sharda:

Maa Sharda

Elder Sister of Swami ji:

Elder Sister of Swami ji Swarnamoyee devi

Maharaja Ajit Singh ji Khetri, who gave Narendra name as Vividishnand to Swami Vivekanand:

Maharaja Ajit Singh ji Khetri , who gave Narendra name as Vividishnand to Swami Vivekanand

Sister Nivedita:

Sister Nivedita

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Mary Tappan Wright



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French writer M. Romaine Rolland Lokmanya Tilak Swami Ramtirth Jamshed ji Tata Maharshi Arvind John Lyon Swami Yoganand

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Bhaskara Sethupathi , Ramnad Alasinga Perumal , Maisur Alwar King Mangal Singh

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom Arise, awake and sleep no more. Within each of you there is the power to remove all wants and miseries.

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" This is the one central idea in the Gita : work incessantly, but be not attached to it " " That wonderful poem, without one note in it, of weakness or unmanliness " - Swami Vivekananda

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom March on! Anything that makes you weak physically, intellectually and spiritually, reject as poison.

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom There is no limit to the power of the human mind. The more concentrated it is, the more power is brought to bear on one point, that is the secret.

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom Blame none for your own faults, stand upon your own feet, and take the whole responsibility upon yourselves.

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom Conquer yourself, and the whole universe is yours.

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom Let us work without desire for name or fame or rule over others. Let us be free from the triple bonds of lust, greed of gain, and anger.

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life. Think of it, dream of it. Live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body be full of that idea and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to “SUCCESS”

Pearls of Wisdom:

Pearls of Wisdom A few whole hearted, sincere, energetic men and women can do more in a year than a mob in a century.

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If you want to know India read Swami Vivekananda Nobel laurette Rabindra Nath Thakur

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When I read Swami ji , I become highly motivated, he is anchor of my life. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

‘Our people have lost faith in themselves,’ said Swamiji sadly ‘I will bring back that faith to them. Now I go; but when I return, I shall awaken the sleeping millions of my people.’ :

‘Our people have lost faith in themselves,’ said Swamiji sadly ‘I will bring back that faith to them. Now I go; but when I return, I shall awaken the sleeping millions of my people.’

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‘Whatever you are doing,’ he said, ‘put your whole mind on it. If you are shooting, your mind should be only on the target. Then you will never miss. If you are learning your lessons, think only of the lesson. In my country boys are taught to do this.’ - Swami Vivekananda

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"My whole ambition in life is to set in motion machinery which will bring noble ideas to the door of everybody, and then let men and women settle their own fate.Let them know what our forefathers as well as other nations have thought on the most momentous questions of life. We are to put the chemicals together; the crystallization will be done by nature according to her laws. Keep the motto before you "ELEVATION OF THE MASSES WITHOUT INJURING THEIR RELIGION” - SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

But, mind you, this is life's experience; if you really want the good of others, the whole universe may stand against you and cannot hurt you. It must crumble before your power of the Lord Himself in you if you are sincere and really unselfish. :

But, mind you, this is life's experience; if you really want the good of others, the whole universe may stand against you and cannot hurt you. It must crumble before your power of the Lord Himself in you if you are sincere and really unselfish.

"Religion is the realization of Spirit as Spirit. Not spirit as matter." :

"Religion is the realization of Spirit as Spirit. Not spirit as matter."

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