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Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. 3. Personality is a comprehensive thing, which indicates the development of an individual in various fields of life.PERSONALITY : PERSONALITY The term ‘personality’ is derived from Latin word “ persona ” which means mask. Which the actors wear the portrays the characters of the play. We cannot take personality as the outward appearance or behaviour of a person. Personality includes the totality of ones behaviour both inner and outer behaviour.DEFINATION G.W. ALLPORT : Personality is the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psycho physical systems that determine his unique adjustment to the environment. Personality is the sum of activities that can be discovers by actual observation over a long enough period of time to give reliable information. – J.B.Watson. : DEFINATION G.W. ALLPORT : Personality is the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psycho physical systems that determine his unique adjustment to the environment. Personality is the sum of activities that can be discovers by actual observation over a long enough period of time to give reliable information. – J.B.Watson .CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONALITY : CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONALITY Personality is what one is. Personality of each individuals is unique and specific. It is not static but dynamic in nature. It is the product of heredity and environment.COMPONENTS OF PERSONALITY : COMPONENTS OF PERSONALITY # PHYSICAL APPEARANCE # EMOTIONALITY #SOCIABILITY # CHARACTER # TEMPERAMENT # INTERESTS # ABILITIESTHEORIES OF PERSONALITY : The theories of personality try to describe the basic structure and underlying entities or constructs involved in personality in one way or the other, along with the processes bye which these entities interact. THEORIES OF PERSONALITYPowerPoint Presentation: THEORIES OF PERSONALITY TRAIT TYPE TRAIT-CUM-TYPE LEARNING THEORY PSYCHOANLYTICAL BEHAVIOURISTIC SOCIAL COGNATIVE HUMANISTIC BIO-PSYCHOLOGICALTRAIT THEORY : In trait approach the personality is viewed in terms of various traits. Trait may be defined ass relatively permanent and relatively consistent general behaviour patterns that an individual exhibits in most situation. These patterns are said to be the basic units of one’s personality that can be discovered through observing one’s behaviour in a variety of situations TRAIT THEORYTYPE THEORY : TYPE THEORY Type approach advocate that human personalities can be classified into a few clearly defined types and each person, depending upon his behavioural characteristics, somatic structure, blood type, fluids in the body or personality traits, can be described as belonging to a certain type. Hippo crates, Kretschmer. Sheldon. Carl JungH.J. EYSENCK : TRAIT-CUM-TYPE This approach tries to synthesize the type and trait approaches. starting with the trait approach, it yields definite personality types. H.J. EYSENCKPowerPoint Presentation: PSYCHOANLYTICAL Sigmund Freud. BEHAVIOURISTIC THEORY. This approach reflects a humanistic trend in dealing with the understanding human behaviour. It believes in the goodness of man and reposes optimistic confidence in man’s positive nature. Abraham Maslow. Carl Rogers. Goldstein. And Angyal. Advocated the humanistic approach.CLASSIFICATION OF PERSONALITY : CLASSIFICATION OF PERSONALITY TYPES THEORY Hippo crates classification. Dominance of fluid type in the body Personality type Tempermental charecteristics Blood Sanguine Light hearted, optimistic, happy, hopeful & accommodating. Yellow Choleric Irritable. Angry, but passionate & strong with active imagination Phlegm Phlegmatic Cold. Calm, slow or sluggish and indifferent. Black bile Melancholic Bad tempered, dejecteced , sad, depressed, Pessimestic , Deplorable and self -involvedKRETSCHMER’S CLASSIFICATION. : KRETSCHMER’S CLASSIFICATION. Personality type Personality characteristic Pyknic ( having fat bodies) Sociable, jolly, easygoing, & good natured Athletic (balanced body) Energetic, optimistic & adjustable Leptosomatic (lean & thin) Unsociable, reserved, shy, sensitive, & pessimisticPowerPoint Presentation: Sheldon’s classifications. Personality type Somatic descriptions Personality characteristic Endomorphic Person having highly developed viscera but weak somatic structure Easy going, sociable & affectionate Mesomorphic Balanced development of viscera & somatic structure (I.e. athletic type) Craving for muscular activity, self-assertive, loves risk & adventure Ectomorphic Weak somatic structure as well as undeveloped viscera (leptosomatic) Pessimistic, unsociable & reserved.Spranger’s classification. : Spranger’s classification.Jung,s classification : Jung,s classification Introverts Does not express his feelings to others and goes on suffering internally, lean, thin, loves loneliness, quite unstable in their friendship, tactless & cold, absorbed in his own intellectual pursuit. Extroverts Express his feelings freely, loves to be amidst people, stable, optimistic, realistic & practical in his approach always tries to grab the opportunity that comes on the wayTRAIT APPROACHES : TRAIT APPROACHES ALLPORT’S CLASSIFICATIONCATTELL’S CLASSIFICATION: CATTELL’S CLASSIFICATION GENERAL TRAITS UNIQUE TRAITS SURFACE TRAITS SOURCE TRAITSEYSENCK’S CLASSIFICATION (trait-cum-type approaches) : EYSENCK’S CLASSIFICATION (trait-cum-type approaches) Introversion v/s Extraversion Stability v/s instability(Neuroticism) PsychoticsPSYCHO ANALYTICAL APPROACH : PSYCHO ANALYTICAL APPROACH ID- UNSCONCIOUS EGO- SUB-CONSCIOUS SUPER EGO – CONSCIOUSADLER’S INDIVIDUAL APPROACH TO PERSONALITY : ADLER’S INDIVIDUAL APPROACH TO PERSONALITY Power Motive and Striving for superiority and Perfection. Style of life Influenced by the following factors The order of birth The type of children Fictional finalism Compensation for inferiority The creative self Social interestThe Humanistic Approach : The Humanistic Approach This approach to personality came from a group of psychologists subscribing to the humanistic school of psychology, the so –called third force in psychology A number of theories , such as those of Godlstein , Angyal , Rogers and Maslow subscribe to the approach advocated by humanistic psychology. We shall now discuss the view point of the highly influential humanistic thinker ofThe self actualisation theory – Abraham Maslow : The self actualisation theory – Abraham Maslow Hierarchical structure of needs Psychological needs Safety needs Belonging and love needs Esteem needs Self actualisationThe self theory – Carle Rogers : The self theory – Carle Rogers Perceived self Ideal selfASSESSMENT OF PERSONALITY: ASSESSMENT OF PERSONALITYPowerPoint Presentation: Job satisfaction Leadership skillPowerPoint Presentation: Transactional leadership Transformational leadership This type of leadership generally aims at this type of leaders motivate their followers by raising their concern from basic need to achievement. They bring charisma, inspiration, intellectual stimulation and individualized considerationPowerPoint Presentation: Those who want about a successful life and satisfying career need to understand themselves first. They also need to learn how to perform best in the workplace. Some of the key factors in career development You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.