تصميم نظام للمتابعة والتقييم

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القطاع التربوي

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1 ﺔﺳﺩﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﻳﺭﺪﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﺣﻮﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﻴﻘﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻤﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﻱﻮﺑﱰﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻄﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﳋ ﻱ ﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗ ﻝﻭﺣ ﻲﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑﻟﺍ

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2 CapEFA 2013

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3 ﻲﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺩﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ

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4 ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻮﺘﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺪﺟ ﺓﺭﻅ ﻧ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ﺔﺳﺩﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭ ﻠﻟ ................................ ................................ ........................... 5 ﺔﻣﺩﻘ ﻣ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................ 6 ﻡﺳﻘﻟ ﺍ 1 . ﻐﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬﻓ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻭﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﺎ ﺳﻻ ﺍ ﺔ ﻧﻣﺎﻛ ﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻬ ﻔﻠﺧ ................... 8 ﺍ ﻝﺻ ﻔﻟ 1 . ﺱﺳ ﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻳ ﻫﺎﻔﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﻐﺗ ﻭ ﻡﻬﻔﻟﺍ ................................ ................................ ..................... 10 1.1 ﻡﻳ ﻫﺎﻔﻣ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 12 1.2 ﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗ ﻲﺣﺎﻧﻣ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ................................ ................................ .... 13 1.3 ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ ﺓﺩﻣﺗ ﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ : ................................ ................................ ........ 14 1.4 ﺔﻌﺒ ﺎﺘ ﻤﻟ ا مﻴ ﻴ ﻘ ﺘ ﻟا و قﺌ ا رط و ةدﻴدﺠ نوﺎﻌﺘﻠﻟ ﻲﺌ ﺎ ﻤﻨ ﻻا : ................................ ................................ ...... 14 ﻝﺻ ﻔﻟﺍ 2 . ﻥﻳﻁ ﺭ ﺷ ﻥﻳﻳﺳﺎ ﺳﺃ ءﺍﺭﻭ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ................................ .............. 17 2.1 ﺔﻳ ﻠﻋ ﺎﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺩ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ : ................................ ................................ .................... 17 2.2 تﺎﻴ ﻨ ا زﻴ ﻤﻟ ا ﺔطﺨ ﻟا و ﺔﻴ ﻠﻴ ﻐﺸﺘ ﻟا ﺔﻴ وﻨﺴﻟ ا ................................ ................................ .................... 18 ﻡﺳﻘﻟ ﺍ 2 . ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻠﻟ ﻲﻣﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻬ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ .............................................................. 24 ﺍ ﻝﺻ ﻔﻟ 1 . ............................................................................................ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ : .. ........ 27 1.1 ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 27 1.2 ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇﻭ ﻝﻳ ﻠﺣﺗﻟﺍ ................................ ................................ ................................ . 33 1.3 ﺭﻳ ﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺍﻭ ﺭﺷﻧ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 37 1.4 ﻝﻤﻌ ﻟا ﺔﻌﺒ ﺎﺘ ﻤ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............. 40 ﺍ ﻝﺻ ﻔﻟ 2 . ﻲ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳ ﻬﻟ ﺍ ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 42 2.1 ﺕﺎﻘﺑ ﻁ ﺙﻼ ﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻲﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣ ﻅﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳ ﻫ ................................ ................................ ........... 43 2.2 طﻴ طﺨﺘﻟا ة ر ادإ رود ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... 44 2.3 ﺔ ﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣ ﻼﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣ ................................ ................................ ......................... 45 2.4 ن ﻴﻴﻨﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﻛ رﺎﺸﻤ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 46 ﻡﺳﻘﻟ ﺍ 3 . ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭ ﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣ ﺗ ................................ .......................... 50 ﻝﺻ ﻔﻟﺍ 1 . ........................................................ ﻡﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﺔﻣﻅ ﻧ ﻷ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻳ ﻫﺎﻔﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺻ ﺎﻧ ﻌﻟﺍ : . ... 52 1.1 ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 12 1.2 ................................... ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺽ ﺭﻐﻟﺍ ... ............... 52 1.3 ﺕ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻉﺍﻭﻧﺃ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 53 ﻝﺻ ﻔﻟﺍ 2 . ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳﺗﺧﻻ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻓ ﺭﻳﻳﺎﻌﻣ ................................ ................................ .................... 55 2.1 ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺩ ﺻﻭ ﺔﻠ ﺻ ...................................................................................... ... ........ . 55 2.2 ﺎﻬﻗﺎﺴﺘا و ﺎﻬﺘ ﺎ ﺒ ﺜ و ت ﺎﻨﺎﻴﺒﻟا رﻓا وﺘ ................................ ................................ .......................... 57 2.3 ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇﺔﻔﻠﻛﺗ ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 58 2.4 ةﺎﻛ ﺎ ﺤﻤﻟا جذ وﻤﻨ ﺒ طﺒ رﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ . 58 ﻝﺻ ﻔﻟﺍ 3 . ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳﺗﺧﻻ ﺔﻳﺳﺎ ﻳﺳ ﺭﻳﻳﺎ ﻌﻣ ................................ ................................ ............... 62 3.1 ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫ ﻷﺍ ﻕﻳ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻟ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻁﻳﺳ ................................ ................................ ........................ 62 3.2 ﺔﻴﻟ ودﻟا رط ﻷﺎﺒ تا رﺸ ؤﻤﻟا طﺒ ر ................................ ................................ ........................... 63 3.3 ﻱﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺄﺷﺑ ﺔﻣﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻛﻓﻷﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ................................ .......................... 68

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5 ﻠﻟ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ﺓﺮ ﻈﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﺣﻮ ﺔﻴﺒﻳﺭﺪﺘ ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳﻣﺻ ﺗ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻼﻬﺳﻭ ﻼﻫﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺳﺩﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠ ﻟ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻟ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ 1 ﻭﺃ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ." ﻥﺇ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻧ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺢﺟﺎﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔ ﻱ ﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺑﺗ ﺭﻣ ﺔﻁ ﺑ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﻬﻣﺎﻅ ﻧ ﻁﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺣﺑ ﺻﺍ ﺩﻘﻟ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻛﺑﺎ ﺷﺗﻭ ﺍﺩ ﻳﻘﻌ ﺗ ً ﺎ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻑﻟ ﺄﺗﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻧﺯﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔﻧﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﺗ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ ، ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻻﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺎﻣﺑ ﻙﻟ ﺫ ﻲﻓ .ﺭﺛﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗ ً ﺎﺟﺫﻭ ﻣﻧ ﻥﻣ ءﺯ ﺟﻭ ﻲﻧﻁﻭ ﻙﻠﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﺳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﺗﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺱﻳﺳ ﺄ ﺗ ﻟ ﺱﻳﺳﺄ ﺗ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳ ﻛﻔﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺍ ﺏﻠﻁﺗﻳ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺭﻳﻭﻁ ﺗ ﻥﺍ . ﻡﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻠ ﻣ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ ﺻﺗ ﻥﺍ . ﻲﺳﺳﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣﻛ ءﺯ ﺟ ﻝﻛﺷﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣ ً ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻳﺟﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺭﺎﻣﻣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻳﻬ ﻳﺟﻭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺉﺩ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻳﻧﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺉﺩﺎﺑﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺱﻛﻌﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ . : مﺎﻌﻟا فدﻬﻟا ﻙﺩ ﻭﺯﺗﺳ ﺳﺩ ﺎﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ـ ﺔ ﻳﻫ ﺎﻔﻣ ﻟﺎﺑ ـ ﻡ ﻳﺭ ﻭﺭﺿﻟ ﺍ ــ ﺔ ، ﺕﺍﻭﺩ ﻷ ﺍﻭ ﻭ ﻳﻧ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ــ ﻓ ﻙﺗﺩﻋﺎﺳﻣﻟ ﺕﺎ ــ ﻲ ﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻘﻟﺍ . ﻟا :ىوﺘﺤﻤ ﺳ ﺗ ﻲﻁﻐ ﺔﻳﻟﺎ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻭ ﺎﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻯﻭﺗﺣﻣ : ﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻠﻟ ﻡﻭ ﻬ ﻔﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺣ ﺎﻧﻣ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺗ ﻠ ﻟ ﺓﺭﻳﻐﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﻣﻧﻻﺍ . ﺷﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺎﻬ ﻳﻠﻋ ﻡﻭﻘﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﻻﺍ ﻁﻭﺭ ﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺑﺭ . ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﻲﺳ ﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ، ءﺍ ﺩﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﻻ ﻥ ﺎ ﺑﺳﺣﻟﺎﺑ ﺫﺧﺄﺗ ﻥﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ . ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻝﺎﻣﻛﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﺳﺩﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ، ً ﺍﺭﺩﺎ ﻗ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻊﻗ ﻭﺗ ﻳ : ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻲﻓ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧﻟ ﻲ ﻣﻳﻫﺎﻔﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻓ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺗ ﻪﺗﺷﻗ ﺎﻧ ﻣ ً ﺎﻳﻟﺎﺣ . 1 ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﺢﻠ ﻁ ﺻ ﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺢﻠ ﻁ ﺻ ﻣ ﻥﺎﻓ ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ . ﺔﻳﺑﺭ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺑﻭ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﻟ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺎﺻ ﺗ ﺭﻳ ﺷﺗ ﺎﻣﺑﺭ ﻡﺩﺧﺗﺳﺗ .ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺣﻠﻁ ﺻ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻌﻔﺗ ﺎﺿﻳ ﺍ ﻲﻁﻐﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﺍ ﻡﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ " ﺔﻁﺧ" ﺢﻠﻁ ﺻ ﻣ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﻧ ﻑﻭ ﺳ ،ﻲ ﻠﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻲﻓ . ﻝﺩﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻟﺎﺑ

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6 ﻡﺎﻬﺳﻹﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧﻟ ﻲﺳ ﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺣﺗ ءﺍ ﺩﻻﺍ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻕﻔ ﺗﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﻟ ﺭ ﻳ ﻳ ﺎ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ . ﺔﻳﻧ ﻔﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻁﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣ ﺻﺗ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ . ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧﻷﺍﻭ ﻱﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻣ ﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ • ﺓءﺍﺭﻗ ء ﺎ ﻧﺛﺃ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭ ﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻅﺗﻧﺎ ﺑ ﻲﺗﺄﺗ ﻑﻭﺳ ، ﻝﻣﺄ ﺭﻔﻟﺍ . ﻱﺩ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﻻ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻣﺄ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻻﺍﻭ ﺔﺑﺎ ﺟ ﻋ ﻧ ﺳ ﺎﻬ ﻳ ﺢﻳ ﺿﻭﺗ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻙﺩ ﻋﺎﺳ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻣﻬﻓ ﻙ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ءﺍ ﺯﺟﻷﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟ ﻥﻣ ﺏﻧﺍﻭﺟ ﻭﺃ ﻙﻟﺫﻛﻭ ﺩﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﺑ ﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺎﺟﻳﻹ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺣ ﻣ ﺔ ﻳﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻭ . ﻲﻧﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻌﻗﺍﻭ • ﻥﺃ ﻙﻳﻠ ﻋ ﺡﺭﺗﻘﻧ ،ﻻﻭﺃ ﺫﺧﺄﺗ ﺕﺎﻅﺣﻼﻣ ﻥﻭ ﺩ ﺗ ﻭ ﺓﺩﺣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻝﻛ ﺓﺭﻳﺻ ﻗ ﺔﺻﺎ ﺧ ﻙ ﺗﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﺑ ،ﻡﺛ . ﻗ ﻥﺭﺎ ﺵﻗﺎﻧﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻠ ﻣﺗﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﻗﻼﻌ ﻙﺋﻼﻣﺯ ﻊﻣ ﻊﻣﻭ .ﻙﺑ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺳﻧﻣ ﻲﻋﺎ ﻣ ﺟﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎـﺷﻧﻟﺍ • ﺔﻳﺎ ﻬﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭ ﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ، ﺏﻠﻁﻳﺳ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻙﺗﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﻳ ﻋﺎﻣﺟ ً ﺎﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ ﺔﺑﺎﺟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹ . ﺃﺩ ﺑﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻙﻳﻠ ﻋ ﺡﺭﺗﻘﻧ ،ﻙ ﺗﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣﻟ ﺩﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺓءﺍﺭﻘﺑ ، ﻥﻋ ﺏﻳﺟﺗﻭ ﻗ ،ﻡﺛ . ﻱﺩ ﺭﻓ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺭﺎ ﺎﻬﺷﻗ ﺎﻧ ﻭ ﻙﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺟﺇ ﻭ ﻙﺋﻼ ﻣﺯ ﻊﻣ ﻙﺭﻅﻧ ﺔﻬﺟﻭ ﺽﺭﻋﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻭ . ﻙﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺳﻧﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ،ﺍ ﺭﻳﺧﺃﻭ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻣ . ﺎ ﻫ ﺭﺎﻛﻓﺃ ﺹﺧ ﻠﺗ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ــ ﻡ • ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻲﻋﺎ ﻣ ﺟﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎﺷﻧﻟﺍ : ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻡﻛﺗﺎ ﺑ ﺎﺟﺇ ﻥﻋ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺷﻧ ﻟﺍ . ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺏﺭﺩﻣ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻋﺎﻣﺟ • ﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺔﻳﺩ : ﻥﺇ ﺓﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺩ ﺭﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻙﺭﻭﺿ ﺣﻭ ﻙﺗﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻣﻳﻳ ﻘﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻪ ﻥﻣ ﻝﺑﻗ . ﻙﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻋ ﻭ ﻣﺟﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺳﻧﻣ

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7 :تا ءا رــﻗ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻹ ﺎ ﺒ ﻰﻟإ دا وﻤﻟا ﺔﻤدﺨ ﺘ ﺴﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ةرود يوﺒرﺘﻟا طﻴ طﺨﺘﻠﻟ و ﻛﺴﻨ وﻴﻟا دﻬﻌﻤ IIEP ﻝوﺤ ةدﺤ و ﻟا 6 ، ﺎﻨ ﻨﺎﻓ ﻲﺼ وﻨ ضﻌﺒ ةءا رﻘﺒ تا ر و ﺸﻨﻤﻟا ﻲﺘ ﻟا رﻓ وﺘﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺼﻨﻤ مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﻹا ﻲﻨ و ر ﺘﻛﻟ : • Kusek ، J.Z . ؛ ،ت ﺴﻴ ر R.C. 2004 . رﺸﻋ تا و طﺨ ﻟ مﺎظﻨ ﺔﻌ ﺒﺎﺘﻤ ﻟا و مﻴﻴ ﻘﺘﻟ ا ﻤﻟا دﻤﺘﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺌ ﺎ ﺘﻨﻟا . نط ﻨﺸا و ﺔﻤﺼﺎﻌﻟا : كﻨﺒﻟا ﻲﻟ ودﻟا . • ،يﺎﻛﺎﻤ K. 2007 . ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ ءﺎﻨﺒ مﺎ ظﻨ م ﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﻟ ا و ﺔﻌﺒ ﺎﺘﻤﻟا مﻋد ﻟ ﺔﻤ وﻛ ﺤ ﻝﻀﻓأ . نط ﻨﺸا و ا ﺔﻤﺼﺎﻌﻟ : كﻨﺒﻟا ﻲﻟ ودﻟا ، ﺔﻋ وﻤ ﺠﻤ مﻴ ﻴﻘ ﺘﻟ ا ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻤﻟا . ﺔﺤﺎﺘ ﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﻗ وﻤ ﻟا ﻲﻟﺎﺘ ﻟا : www.worldbank.org/IEG • SIDA. 2004b . تا رﺸ ؤ ﻤ ﺞﺌ ﺎﺘﻨﻟا . ﺔﻗ ر و ﻝﻤﻋ SIDA ، مﻗ ر 5 ﺎﻫدﻋأ ﻲﺘﻟا و تﻴﻤﺸ نﺘ رﺎﻤ . SIDA ءﺎﻤﻨ ﻺﻟ ﺔﻴد ﻴ وﺴﻟا ﺔﻟﺎﻛ و ﻟا / - مﻟ وﻬ ﻛ وﺘﺴ . • ةرا زو نو ؤﺸﻟا ﺔﻴﺠ رﺎﺨﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻤﻨدﻟا ﺎ كر . 2006 . ﺎﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﻌﺒ و ﻟا تا رﺸ ؤ ﻤ .يوﺒ رﺘﻟا عﺎطﻘﻠﻟ نﻏﺎ ﻬﻨﺒ و ﻛ : ةرا زو نو ؤﺸﻟا ﺔﻴﺠ رﺎﺨ ﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻤﻨدﻟا ﺎ كر . • نﺎﻓ رﻴد نﻟ وﻛ Koelen Der Van ، نﺎﻓ غ روﺒﻤﻴ ر Roemburg Van 2007 . ﺔﻌﺠا ر ﻤ تﺎﻤﻴﻴ ﻘ ﺘ مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟا ، رﻴ رﻘﺘ نﻋ برﺎﺠﺘ ءا رﺒﺨﻟا ﻠﻤﺎﻌﻟا نﻴ ﻲﻓ تا رﺎﻔﺴﻟا ﺔﻴدﻨﻟ و ﻬﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻝود رﺸ ﻋ ﺔﻛﻴ رﺸ . ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠ ،ب رﻴ وﺘ ﻨ أ ﻤ حﺎ ﺘ ﻲﻓ : www.ua.ac.be/download.aspxc.IOBn77760ct71671e212944

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8 ﺔﻣﺩﻘﻣ ﻥﺇ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻭﺎﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺑ ﺔﻁﺑﺗﺭ ﺔﻣﻅ ﻧﺄ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻳﺩﺟ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﻭ ﺭﺑ ﺍ ﺞﻣ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﺍ . ﺭﺗﻔﻟ ﺍ ﺕ ﺔﻠﻳﻭﻁ ، ﻥﻛﻳ ﻡﻟ ﻥﺇ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻣﻟ ، ﻓ ﺩﻘ ﺕﺭﻭﻁ ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻷ ﺍ ﺓﺯﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍﻭ ﻥ ﺎ ﻣﺿﻟ ﻁﺑﺿ ﺙﺩﺣﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺱﺭﺍﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﻭ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺔﻳﻔ ﻳ ﻛ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ . ﻥﻣ ﻭ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ءﺎﻳ ﺷ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻳﺳ ﺎ ﺳﻷﺍ ،ﺔﻓﻭﺭﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺔﺑﺳ ﺎﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻭﻳﺩ ﻭ ،ﻑﺍﺭﺷﻹﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺵﻳﺗﻔﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﺩﺧ ﻲﻫ ﺏﺗﻛﻣ ﺕﻻ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓﻭ ﺎﻛﻭ ﻭﺃ ﺱﺎﻳﻗﻭ ﺭﺎﺑﺗﺧ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻟ ﻭﺅﺳ ﻣ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧ ﺔﻟ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﺇ ﻊﻣﻭ . ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﺔ ﻠﻛﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ﺎﻣ ﻭﻣﻋ ﺓﺯﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺍ ﻲﻫ ﺔﻠﺻﻔ ﻧ ﻣ ﻭ ، ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﺭﻘﺗﻔﺗ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻅﺗ ﺩﻭﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﺭﻓﺎ ﺢﻣﺳﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﻭﺭﺿﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬ ﻟ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺭﺛﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻲﻘﻳﻘ ﺣ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗ . ﺭﺛﺃ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧ ﺵﻳﺗﻔﺗ ﻟﺍ ،ﻕﻳﻗﺩﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺿ ﻔﻳﻌ ً ﺎ ﺔﻘ ﻳﻘﺣ ﺏﺑﺳ ﺑ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﻛ ﻡﻬ ﻧﺃ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣ ﺹﺣﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻬﻣ ﺎﻣﺗﻫﺍ ﻥﻭﺯ ﻛﺭﻳ ﺍﻭﻧﺎ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻘﻠﻟ ﻝﺎﺛﺗﻣﺍ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻷ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻝﺎﺛﺗﻣ ﻻﺍ ﺭﺛﻛﺍ ﺩﻗ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻡﻫ ﺯﻳﻛﺭ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻳﻠﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ .ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻲﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣﻭ ﺓﺩ ﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺛ ﺩﺣﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﻐ ﺗ ﺕﺎﻌﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎﺟﻭ ﺩ ﺯﻣ ً ﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﻣﺗﻫ ﻻ ﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻘﺑ ، ﻰﺗﺣﻭ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ، ﺔ ﻟﺎﻌﻓ ﻓ ﺯﻛﺭﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺳﺎ ﺳ ﺍ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻻﺩ ﺑ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ، ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧﻳ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ .ﻙﺳﺎﻣﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺿ ﺔ ﻠﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻬﺟﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺕ ﺍﺭ ﻳﻳﻐ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ً ﺎﻋﺎ ﻧ ﻗﺇ ﻝﻬﺳﻷﺍ ﺙﻳﺣ ، ﻥﺇ ﺎﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺔﻳﺿﻗ ﺩ ﺭﺟﻣ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻣﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻡﻳﻘﺗﻭ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻓ . ﻱﻭﻁﻧ ﻳ ﺭﻣﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺿﻗ ﺎﻘﻣﻋ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻲﻫﻭ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑﻭ ،ﺓﺭﺍﺩ ﻹ ﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻲﻓ ﻳ ﻔ ﻅ ﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﺳﻭ ﻩﺎﺟﺗﺍ ﻥ ﻥﻳ ﻟ ﻭﺅﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻓ . ﻔ ﻲ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺩﻘﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻐﺗﺳ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻭﺣ ﻧ ﻝﻭﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺩ ﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛ ﺃ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﺩ ﻘ ﻋ ﻥﻣﺯﻟ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ﻝﻭﺩ ﺔﻳﻣﻧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﺩ ﻟ ﻱﺩﺎﺻﺗﻗ ﻻﺍ ﻥﻵﺍ ﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺑ . ﺞﺿ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻥﺇ ﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟ ﺎ ﺔﻣﺛ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳﺍﺯﺗﻣ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﺎﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺃﺩ ﺑ ﺑ ﻣ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺎ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ،ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ،ﻡﻬ ﻧ ﻣ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻙﻟ ﺫ ﻲ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﺽﻔﺧﻧ ﻣ ﺎﻳ ﻧﺍﺯﻧ ﺗﻭ ﺍﺩ ﻧﻏﻭ ﺃ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺩﻗ ﺍﻭﻌﻁﻗ ﻩﺎﺟﺗ ﻻﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻼﻳﻭﻁ ﺎﻁﻭﺷ ﻝﻌﻔﻟﺎﺑ ﺍﻭﻠﺻﺣﻭ . ﺔ ﻳﺑﺎ ﺟﻳﺇ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﻳﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻥﺎ ﻛ ﻳﻭﻁ ً ﻼ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺻ ً ﺎ ، ﻭ ﻧﺎ ﻛ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺕ ﺎﻬﻳﻠ ﻋ ﺏﻠﻐﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺓﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺔﻣﻭﺎ ﻘﻣ ، ﻭ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻥﻛﻳ ﻡﻟ ﻪﻘ ﻳﻘﺣ ﺗ ً ﻼﻬﺳ . ﻝﺍﺯ ﺎﻣﻭ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺎﻳﺩ ﺣ ﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡ ﻭﻳﻟﺍ ﻰﺗﺣ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻫ ﺕ ﻲﻫ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻥﺎﻳﺣ ﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﺳﺎﻳﺳﻭ . ﺔﻳﻧﻓ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﺭﺛﻛ ﺍ ﺭﻣﻻﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺝﺎ ﺗﻧ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻝﺫﺑﻟ ﺝﺎﺗﺣ ﻳ ﺩﻭﻬﺟ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗﻟ ﻝﻳ ﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻣﺍﺩ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻌﺟﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻳ ﻝﻣﻌ .ﺓءﺎﻔﻛﺑ ﺗ ﻕﻠﻁﻧ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻣ ﻥ ﺔﻳﺿﺭﻓ ﺎﻫﺩﺎﻔﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻝ ﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺳ ﻳ ﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻡ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻟﻵﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺑﺗﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻰ ﻧﺑﺗ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻬﺿﻌﺑ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ، ﻝﻣﺷﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩ ﻝﻛ ﺎ ﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﺭﻭﻬﺷ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍﻭ . ﻥﺎﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﺗ ﻟﺎﺑﻭ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺫ ﻳﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﺔﻟﺍﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻝﻛﺷﺗ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺃﺩ ﺑﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻪﻧﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ . ﻥﺇ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺟﺎﺗ ﻧ ﺍ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺔﻘﻳﺭﻁﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﺑ ﺳ ﻗﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺗ ــ ﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﻕﺣﻻ ﺕ ــ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭ ﻝﻭ ﺣ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ . ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻰﻟﺇ

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9 ﺎﻣﻠﻛ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺯ ﺭﺣﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺑﻛﺃ ، ﺗﻋ ﺍ ﺩﺍﺯ ﺩﺎﻣ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺣﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺙ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ءﺍﻭﺳ . ﻲﻣ ﺎﺗ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻁ ﺳﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﺑ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭ ﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺏﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻩﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻥﺃ ﻝﻭﻘﻳ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣﺛﻭ ﺭﺻﺎ ﻧ ﻋ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻊﻳ ﻣ ﺟ ﻝﻣﺷﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌ ﻲﻧﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ً ﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺿ ﺃ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻝﻘﺗﻧ ﺗﺳ ﻥﻣ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﻁﻭ . ﺗ ﻰ ﻧﺑﺗ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻼﻛ ﻟﺍ ﻰ ﺣﻧﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻣ ﻳﻫﺎﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﺣﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻠﻣﻌ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻁﻁﺧﻟ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ . ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺳ ﻳ ﺵﻗﺎﻧ ﺭﻳﻐﺗﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻫ ﺎ ﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻓ ﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻕ ﻁﺧ ﻁ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ، ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻧﻣﺎ ﻛﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻁﻭﺭﺷﻟ ﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ءﺍ ﺭﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌﻣ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻊﻣ ﻁﺑ ﺗﺭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ . ﻲﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺵﻗ ﺎﻧ ﻳﺳ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ . ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻝﺛﻣﻟ ﻲﻣ ﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭﻛﻳﺳ ﺙﻟﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﺍﻭ ﺓﺍﺩ ﺃ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺯ ﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﺔ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻭ ،ﺔ ﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻫﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﻻ ﺎ . ﻝ ﺻﻭﺗﺗ ﺳ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻳﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺕﺎ ﺟﺎ ﺗﻧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻋ ﻥ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻟ ﺉﺩﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧﻌ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻘﻳﺛﻭ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ .

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10 ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ 1 . ﺍ ﻟ ﻳﻐﺗ ـ ﺭ ﻲﻓ ـﻓ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻬ ﻳﻘ ـ ﻓ ﻡﻳ ـ ﺧ ﻲ ــ ﻁﻁ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ـ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﺷﻟﺍ ﻭ ـ ﻁﻭﺭ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﻷ ﺍ ﺎ ﻬﻔﻠﺧ ﺔ ﻧ ﻣﺎﻛﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺎ ﻧ ﻣﻬﻓ ﺭﻳﻐﺗ ﺩﻘﻟ ﻟ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻭ ﻬﻔﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻛﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻪﻔﺋ ﺎﻅﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻛﻭ ،ﺕ ﻗﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺭﻣ ﻊﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﺕﺍﻭﺩ ﻷ ﺍﻭ ﺔﺣﺭﺗﻘ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﺣ ﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺑﺗﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺛ ﺩﺣ ﺩﻗﻭ . ﻙﻠ ﺗ ﺭﻭﺩﻟ ﻡﻬ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﻁ ﺗ ﻕﺎﻳﺳ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﻳ ﻳﻐﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺎ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻭ ﺣ ً ﺍﺭﺧﺅﻣ ءﺍﺭﻵ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕﻓﺍﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﻁﻳ ﻁ ﺧﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺳ ﺩﻗﻭ .ﻲﺋﺎﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﺢﺑﺻﺃ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﺎ ﻛﻣ ﻝﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻳﺍﺯﺗﻣ ﺯ ﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ﻑﻭﺭﻌ ﻥﻵﺍ ﺃ ﻥ ﺎﻣﺇ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ،ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺃ ﺯﺟﺗﻳ ﻻ ءﺯﺟ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻔﻧﺗ ءﺎﻧﺛ ﺃ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻭﺃ ﻭﺃ ،ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺗﻓ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ . ﺎ ﻣﻬﻳﻠ ﻛ ﻥﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻭﺣﻧ ﻝﺎﻘﺗﻧﻻﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻡﻭ ﻳﻟﺍ ﻪ ﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻊﻗ ﻭﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻧﻳﺑ . ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺝﺎﺗ ﺣ ﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎ ﺟﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺯ ﺭﺣﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺄﺷﺑ ءﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻠﻟ ﺕﺎﻅﺣﻼﻣ ءﺎﻁﻋﺇ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳﺯﻣ ﻡﻠ ﻌﺗﻟ ﺎﺑ ً ﺎﻣﺗ ﻬ ﻣ ﺎﻧ ﻫ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻭ ، ﺔ ﻳﺣ ﻳﺣﺻﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﻹ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺑ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﻫﻻﺍ ﻥ ﻳﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭ ﻥﻳﻠﺻﻓ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﻳ . ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺑﺭﺟﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ : ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ 1 ﺭﻭﺩ ﺵﻗﺎﻧﻳ ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ . ﺓﺭﺍ ﺩ ﻹﺍﻭ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺞﻬ ﻧ ﺭ ﻳﻳﻐ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻭ ﻬﻔﻣﻭ 2 ﺃ ﻥﻳﻁﺭﺷ ﺩﺩﺣﻳ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟ ﻥﻳ ﻳﺳﺎﺳ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﻭ ، ﻡ ﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﻣﺗﻌﻣﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ EMIS ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ،ﺏ ﺳﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻗ ﻭﺛﻭ ﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﻓﺎﻛ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﺞ ﺗﻧﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻝﺎ ﻌﻓ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ . ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻧﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻡـﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻫ : ﻥﻣ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻡﻭ ﻬﻔﻣﻭ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻡﻬﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻙﺗ ﺭﺩ ﻗ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗ ﻭﻫ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻐﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺣﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗ ﻹﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩ ، ﺕﺎﺑﻠﻁﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﺔﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ . ﻝﺎﻌﻓ :ﻡـﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺣﻣ • ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻫ ﺎﻔﻣ ﻑﻳﺭ ﻌﺗ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ؛ • ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻁﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻐ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺣ ﺎﻧﻣ ﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟ ﻭ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﻣ ﻧﻹﺍ ، ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻐﺗ ﺭﻳ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻅﻧ ﻑﺋﺎ ﻅ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ . • ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺩﻭﺟﻭ ﺕﺎﺑﻠﻁﺗﻣﻭ ﺹﺋ ﺎﺻﺧ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ تﺎﺠ رﺨﻤ مﻠﻌﺘﻟا : ﺔﻌ ﻗ وﺘﻤﻟ ا ﻥﻣ ءﺎﻬﺗﻧﻻﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ : ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﺭﺩﺎﻗ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ، ﻡﻳ ﻫﺎﻔﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺧ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺭﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻓ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻁﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻐ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺣﺎﻧﻣ ﻕﺋﺍﺭﻁﻭ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺎﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﻣﻧﻻﺍ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻐ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻔﻳ ﻅ ﻭ ﻡﻬﻓ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﺧ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺻ ﺧ ﺕﺎﺑﻠ ﻁﺗ ﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ . ﻙﺍﺭﺩ ﺇ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻁﺑﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺩ ﺇ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺑ ﺭ EMIS ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻣﺗﻌ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺩ . :ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ Targets : ﻲﺣﺎ ﻧ ﻣ Approaches

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11 ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧﻷﺍﻭ ﻱﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻣ ﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺏﻠﻁﻳﺳ ، ﺏﻳﺟﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻙﻧﻣ ﻋ ﻥ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﻷﺍ ﺔﻳﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻛ ﻔﺗﻠﻟ ﻝﺻﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﺑ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺣ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﻔ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻲﻧﺎ ﺛ ﻟﺍﻭ . ﺗﻘﻧ ﻙﻳﻠﻋ ﺡﺭ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻭ ﻙ ﺗ ﺎﺑﺎﺟﺇ ﻙﺋ ﻼﻣﺯ ﻊﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺳﻧﻣ . ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻝﻣﻌﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺤ وﺘﻔﻤ تاءا رــﻗ ﺓءﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺯﻣﻟ ﻙ ﻧ ﻛﻣﻳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻉﻼﻁﻻ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺍﺭﻭﺷﻧﻣﻟﺍ : • ﻲﺋﺎﻣ ﻧﻹﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻣﻷﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ 2009 ﻝﻳﻟﺩ ، ﻲﻓ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺔﻳﻣﻧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ . : ﻙﺭ ﻭﻳ ﻭﻳ ﻧ ﻷﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻲﺋﺎﻣ ﻧﻹﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻣ . ﻲﻓ ﺭﻓﻭﺗﻣ : www.undp.org/eo/handbook • ﺔﻣ ﻅﻧﻣ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻠﻟ ﺓ ﺩ ﺣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻣﻷﺍ ﻠ ﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﻭ ﻡ ﺔﻓﺎﻘ ﺛﻟﺍﻭ 2006 ، ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ . ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺗﻛﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻌﺷ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺱﻳﺭﺎﺑ ، : ﻭﻛﺳﻧ ﻭ ﻳ ، 2006 . : ﻲﻓ ﺭﻓ ﻭﺗﻣ unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001447/144783e.pdf

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12 ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ 1 ﻡ ﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻐﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻫﺎﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺳﻷﺍ : 1.1 ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻫﺎﻔﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻫﺎ ﻔﻣ ﺩﻭ ﻌﺗ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻭ ،ﺓﺩ ﻭ ﺟﻭﻣ ﺎﻳﺑﺳﻧ ﺔﻁﻳﺳﺑ ﺕﺎﻔ ﻳ ﺭ ﻌﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻥﻣ ﻥﺎ ﻳﺣﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻧﻣﺿ ﺗﻣ ﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺩ ﺩﺣﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﻛ ﻭﻟ ، ﻱﺭﻭﺭ ﺿﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻭﺧ ﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺑﻗ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺏ ﻧ ﺍﻭﺟﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ . ﺎﻬﻁﺑﺍ ﻭ ﺭﻭ ﻡﻳﻫﺎﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻭ ﺢﻳﺿﻭﺗ ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ﻟ ﺩﺭﺳﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺣﻠﻁﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻥﻭ ﺎ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻣﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺩﺎﺻﺗ ﻗﻻﺍ OECD ﺔ ﻌﺑ ﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ 2002 ﻥﺎﻓ ": ﻲﻫ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺗ ﺓﺭﻣﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻡ ﻅ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺩ ﻳﻭﺯ ﺗﻟ ﺓﺩﺩ ﺣﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻠﻟ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺭﻣ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﻁﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻯﺩ ﻣ ﻥﻋ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻻﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺩﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺻﺻﺧﻣﻟﺍ : ﺔﺣ ﻔ ﺻ" 27 . ﺏ ﻳﺗﻛ ﺭﻳﺷﻳ ﻭﻛ ﺳﻧﻭﻳﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟ 2006 ﻥﺃ " ﻡﺗ ﺗ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻙ ﺋ ﻟﻭﺃ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻳ ﻥ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻱﺭ ﻳﺩ ﻣ ﺔﻁ ﺷ ﻧ ﻷﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻋ ﺱﺎﻳ ﻗ : ﻡﺗ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ • ﺩﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻑﻳﻛﻭ . ﺎ ﻬﻣﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺍ • ،ﺎﻫﺯ ﺎﺟﻧﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻁﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ • ﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣ ﺗ ." ﺎﻬﻟ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﺗ ﻲﻁﻐ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ـ ﺔ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﺃ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ــ ﺔ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻋﺍﻭﻣ ﺕءﺎﺟ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻔﻧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻣ ﺩﻛﺄﺗ ﻠ ﻟ ــ ﻁﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥ ً ﻼﻌﻓ ﻡﺗ ﻓ ـ ﻋﻭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻲ ـ ﺍﺫ ﻫ . ﺩﺩﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺩ ﻭ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﻳ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﺎﺿﻳﺍ ﺷﺅﻣ ــ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﻳﻭ ﻧﺳ ﻟﺍ ــ . ﺔ ﻥﺇ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻﻣ ﺔﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻠﻟ ـ ﺔ ﻲﻫ ﺕﺍءﺎﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ـ ﺔ ﺕ ﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ـ ﺔ ﻕ ﺋ ﺎﺛﻭﻟﺍﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻳﻠﺧﺍ ﺩ ـ ﺔ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺛﻌﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ـ ﺭﺿﺎﺣ ﻣ ﻭﺃ ،ﺕ ﺎ ﺕ ﺎ ﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﻻﺍ . ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ﺕﺎﺣﻠﻁﺻﻣ ﺩ ﺭﺳﻣﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻭ ﺎ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻅﻧ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﺻﺗﻗ ﻻ ﺍ 2002 ﺱﺎ ﻳﻗ" ﻭﻫ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ : ﺔﺳﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻭﺃ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻭﺃ ﻉﻭﺭﺷﻣﻟ ﻲﻋﻭﺿﻭﻣ ﻲ ﺟ ﻬﻧﻣ ﺩﻳ ﻗ ﻭﺃ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﻠﻣﻛﺗﺳﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ، ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ . ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺫ ﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻭﻫ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻥﻣ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠﺻﻟﺍ ﺭﺛﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻌﻔ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓءﺎﻔﻛﻭ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫ ﻷﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻓﻭﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﻭ . ﺔﻣﺍﺩ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻗ ﻭﺛﻭ ﻣ ﺓ ﺩ ﺎﻔﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﻭﺭﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺝﺎﻣﺩﺇ ﺢﻳ ﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻣ ،ﺓﺩ ﻳ ﻔﻣ ﻭ ﻥﻳﺣ ﻧ ﺎﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺩﻳﻔﺗﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻ ﻲﻓ ءﺍﻭﺳ ﺩﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺣﻔﺻ" 21 . ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻭﻛﺳﻧ ﻭﻳ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺗﻛﻟ ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ،ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ 2006 ﻕﻳﺭﻁ ﻥﻋ ، ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﺧﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﻣﻭﻘﻳ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﺑ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺟﺭ ﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻬﺟﻟﺍ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺓ ﺭﺎﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﺎﻣﻧﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺣﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻ ﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ،ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻟ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻲﻫ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻠﻟ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ،ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻻﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺑﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻭ ،ﻥﻳﻳ ﺭﺎﺷﺗﺳ ﻭ ﺕﺍءﺎﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺯﻛﺭﻳ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗ ﺑ " ﺔﻣﺍﺩ ﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺻ : ﺔﺣﻔ 52 .

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13 ﺔ ﺷ ﻗﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﺭﺍﻭﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻘﺑ ﺎ ﺳ ﻝﻭﺣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻥﺃ ﺢﺿ ﺗﻳ ،ﻡﻳﻫﺎﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻧﺑ ﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻠ ﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﻳ ﻰ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺽ ﻌﺑﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺿﻌﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺗ ﺭﻓﻭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻲﻟﺎﺛﻣ ﺓﺭﻭﺻ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺎﻗﺎﻔﺧﻹ ﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺣﺎﺟﻧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭ ﻳﻭﻁ ﺗ ﺔﻁﺧ . ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻊﻣ ﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻛﺭﺗ ﺯ ﻥﺍ ﺎﻣ ﺎﻋﻭﻧ ﻑﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻳﺳ ﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻝ ﺋ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ، ﻲﻔﻓ ﻥﻳﺣ ﻥﺃ ﻌﻣ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ـ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺳﻳﺋ ﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻊﺑ ﺗﺗ ﺔﻟﺩﻷﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺎﺑ ﻕﻳ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻭﺣ ﻧ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ، ﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺗﻠ ﻟ ﻊﺳﻭ ﺃ ﺓﺭﻅﻧ ﺫﺧﺄﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﻼﺧﺩ ﺕ ﺫﻔﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺓ ، ﻝﻣﺷﺗ ﻑﻭﺭﻅ . ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﻭﺭﺩ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻝ ﺷ ﻔﻟﺍﻭ ﺡﺎﺟﻧﻟﺍ 1.2 ﻁ ﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺣﺎ ﻧﻣ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺗ ﺹﺧﻠ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻁ ﺧ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﻁ ﺗ ﻊﺳﺍﻭ ﻕﺎﻁ ﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺎﻛﻓﻷﺍ ﻲﺣﺎﻧ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻭ ﻬﻔﻣ ﻙﻟﺫﻛﻭ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﻭ ﺔﻧﻣﺎﻛﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ . ﻲﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁ ﺓﺭﺗﻓ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻧ ﻳﺗﺳﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ، ﺕﻠﻘﺗ ﺳﺍ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺓ ﺭﻣﻌﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺑ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻋ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻧ ﻘﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺑ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻟ ﺕﺎﻌﻗﻭﺗ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﻛﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬ ﺑ ﺔﻁﺑﺗﺭ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻛ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺄ ﻕﺣﻻ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻲﻓﻭ . ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ، ﺩﻘﺗ ﻧ ﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻰ ﺣﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻌﻟ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ءﻼﻳﺇ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﻫﻻﺍ ﻟ ﻲﻓﺎﻛﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﻘ ﻠ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺋﺷ ﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﺑﻘ ﻌﻠﻟﻭ ءﺎ ﻧﺛﺃ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ . ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺭﻛﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﻬﻧﻟﺍ ، ﻡﺗﻬﺗ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻲ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻕﻳﻗﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺍﺯ ﺗ ﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌ ﺔﻋﻭﺿ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ، ﻙﻟﺫﻛ ﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺩ ﺟ . ﻕﺎ ﻔﻧﻻﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺕﺎﻳﻧ ﻳﻌﺳ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻧﻧ ﺎ ﻣﺛﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻓ ، ﻝﻘﺗﻧﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻁﻳ ﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻗﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻩﺎﺟﺗﺎﺑ ،ﺓﺩ ﻳ ﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﺕ ﺯﻛﺭﻭ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟ ﻊ ﻳ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻠ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﻫﻻ ﺍ ﺑ . ﺔﺑﺎ ﻗ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺎ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺭﻬﻅﻳ ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ 1 ، ﻓ ﺭﻳﻐﺗ ﺩﻘ ﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻊﻳﺭﺎﺷﻣﻠ ﻥﻳﻧ ﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻫﻻﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺍﺩ ﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺑ ﻲ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺎﻗﺭﻟﺎ ﻝﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﺭ ﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺎ ﻔ ﻧ ﺇ ﻡﺗ ،؟ﻑﺎﻛ ﻭﺣﻧ ﻡﺛ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻝﺎﻘ ﺗﻧﻻ ﺍ ﻝﻫ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﺎﻧ ﻘ ﻘ ﺣ ﺍﺭﺧﺅﻣﻭ ، ؟ﺎﻧﻠﺧﺩ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﻥﺎﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺢﺑ ﺻﺍ ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﺭﺛﻷ ﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻷﺍ ﺭﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺍ ﻊﺳ ﻟ ﺩﺗ ﻠ ﺍ ﻝﺧ ﻩﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﺑ ﺎﻧ ﻣﻗ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣ ﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳﺩ ﻳ ﻔ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻛﻛ ﻭ ،؟ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺯ ﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻣ ﺔﺑﺭﺟﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟ ﻪ ﻣﻠﻌﺗ . ؟ﺎﻧﺗﻁﺧ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻥﻣ بﺎﺘﻛ : ردﺼﻤﻟا IPDET ، 2007 جذ وﻤﻨ ، 1 . ﻕﻳﻗ ﺩ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻟﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ءﺍﺩﻻﺍ ﺭﺛﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺯﻳ ﻛ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻳﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﻗﺩﻣ ﻛ ﻡ ﻳﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﺙﺣﺎﺑﻛ ﻡ ﻳﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺳﻳﻣ ﻛ ﻡ

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14 ﻲﻧ ﺑ ﺩﻘﻟ ﺭﺧﺍﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻧ ﻳ ﻌ ﺳﺗ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﺋ ﺍﻭﺃﻭ 2000 ﺕ ﺍﺭ ﻳﻳﻐﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ، ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻲﻋﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﺟﺗ ﻊﻣ ﺎﺿﻳﺃ . ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻙ ﺭ ﺗﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻭ ﺭﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎ ﻣﺗﻫﺎﻛ ﻲﺋﺎﻣﻧﺇ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺢﺑﺻﺃ ،ﻲﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﺇ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻭ ﺭﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻘﺑﺎﺳ ً ﺎﺑ ﻠﻁﺗﻣ ﻓ ﺔﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺹﺭﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻠﻟ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑ ﻣ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻭﻳﺩ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻠﻘﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻳﻘ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑ ﻣﻭ . ﻊ ﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﺑﺭﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻫﺎﻔ ﻣ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ،ءﺎﻧﺛ ﻷ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻗ ﺭﻳ ﻐﺗ ﺕ ﻥ ﻳ ﺗﻘ ﻳﺭ ﻁﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻣ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﻰ . ﻰﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺙﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ، ﺗﻧ ﻣ ﺓﺭﻭﺻﺑ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﺭﻁ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺻﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻕﺋ ﺎﻘﺣ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗﻟ ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ﺔﻣﻅ ﻳﻧ ﺎﺛﻟ ﺍﻭ . ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﻲ ﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ، ً ﺎﻬﺟﻭ ﻣ ﺑ ﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ . ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺎ ﺩ ﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟ ﻰﻠﻋ ،ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻊﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻳ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓ ﺩ ﻬﺗ ﺳﻣ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻌﺳﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟ ﻯﺩﺻﺗ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻧﻟﺍ ،ﻕﺎﻁ ﻥﻳ ﺭ ﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺩﻳ ﻔﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻳﻌ ﺻ ﻰﻠ ﻋﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺏﻼﻁﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ . ﺣﺑ ﺻﺃ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺕ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲ ﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭ ﺗ ﺳﻻ ﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻳﺳﺎ ﺳﺃﻭ ً ﺎﻣﺎﻫ ً ﺎﻧ ﻭ ﻛ ﻣ ﻟ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ . ،ﺹ ﻭﺻ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻪﺟ ﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﻗﻭﺗﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻋ ﺎﺳﺗ ﺙﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺎﻘﺣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺎﻳﺷﻣﺗ ﺓﺭﻳﻐﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺋ ﻭ . ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎ ﻬﻌﻣﺟ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺢﺿﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺃﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟ ﺩﺩﻌﺗ ﻣ ﺓ ﻁ ﺳ ﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﺟ ﺎﺣﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺔﻳﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺎﻬﺗﻣ ﺟﺭﺗ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳ ﻭ ، ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻰﺷ ﺎﻣﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺎﻫﺭﻳ ﻭﻁ ﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﺟ ﺎ ﺗ ﻧ ﺍ ﻡﺗﻳ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻝﻭﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﺹ ﺧ ﻠﻳﻭ 1 ﻲﺣﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺭ ﻳﻳﻐ ﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻁﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ . ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻬ ﻓ ﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗ ﻝودﺠ 1 . ﻲﻓ ﺭ ﻳ ﻐﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻟ ﻻﺩﺑ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁ ﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﺣﺎ ﻧﻣ ﻟ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻋ ﺓﺭﻅﻧ ﻧﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﺟ ﻬ ﻁ ﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔ ﻟ ﺍ ﻁ ﻳ ﻁﺧﺗ ﻠﻟ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻠ ﻟ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ 1960 - 1970 ﺕ ﺎﻳﻧ ﻳﻌﺑﺳﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻧﻳﺗﺳﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻱﺩﻳﻠﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻁ ﺩﻣ ﺗ ﻌ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻳ ﻛ ﺭﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﺍﺯﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻔﻧﻟﺍ ﻭ 1980 - 1990 ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻧﻳﻌﺳﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻧ ﻳﻧﺎﻣﺛﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺯ ﻲﺳ ﻉﻭﺭﺷﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻔﻳ ﻅﻭ ﻡﻬ ﻓ ﺭﻭﻁﺗ ﻝﻛ ﺷ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ 1 ﻥﻣ 2000 ﻲ ﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭ ﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑ ﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻣ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺍﺩ ﻻ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺑ ﻕﻠ ﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻳ ﺳﻳ ﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ 1.3 :ﺞﺋﺎﺘﻨ ﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺪﻤﺘﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻭ ﻢﻴﻴﻘﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻫﺃ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗﻭ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺟﺗ ﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﻳ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺑﻛ ﺩﺣ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻊﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﻳﻐﺗﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻔﻳ ﻛﻠﻟ ﺩﺋ ﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻔ ﺭﺍﺩﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ . ﻡﺎﻌ ﺫﻧﻣ ﻲ ﺿ ﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻧ ﻳ ﻧ ﺎﻣﺛ ﺫﺧﺃ ﻡﺗ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻡﻭ ﻬ ﻔﻣ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻳﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺩﻘﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺎ ﺳﺄﻛ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏ ﺭﻟﺎﺑ . ﺓﺩﻳﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﺏ ﻧ ﺍﻭﺟ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺓﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻲ ﻧ ﺎﻌﻣﻭ ، ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻻﺇ ﺕ ﺎﻣﻭﻛ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺍ ﺭﻵﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻱﻭﻗ ﻕ ﻓ ﺍﻭﺗ ﻥﻣ ﻑﻟ ﺄﺗﺗ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻟ ﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﻳ ﻡﺎﻣﺃ ﺔ ﺱﺎﻧ ﻟﺍ . ﺎﻬﻘﻳ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺽﺭﻌﺑ ﻡﻭ ﻘ ﺗ ﻥﺍ ﻭ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﻠﻘﺗﻧ ﺍ ،ﺓﺩ ﻳ ﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺝﺫﻭﻣ ﻧ ﺕﺣﺗ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻣﺩ ﻘﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﺎ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﻣﺩ ﻳ ﻭ ، ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺞﻬﻧ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻰﻟﻭﺃ ﺓﻭﻁﺧ ﻛ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺙﻳﺣ ،

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15 ﻕﻠﻁﻧﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﻼ ﺧﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻡﺛ ﻥﻣﻭ ،ﻪﻘ ﻳ ﻘ ﺣ ﺗ ﺩﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻌ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﻘﻳ ﺑﻁﺗ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻕﻳﻘﺣ ﺗﻟ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟ ﺍ ﺑ ﺔﻳﻘﻁ ﻧﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺔﻘﻳﺭ ﻁ 2 . ﻥﺇ ﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺗﻌﻣﻟ ﻣ ﺩ ﺱﺳﺅﻳ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻟ ،ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻱﺩﺅ ﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﺭﺎﺛ ﻵ ﺍﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻠﻟ ﺎﻫﺭﻭ ﺩﺑ ﻱﺩﺅ ﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻁﺑ ﺗﺭ ﺗﺳﻭ ، ﻝﻛ ﻊﻣ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺱﺎ ﻳﻗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑﻳ ﻭ . ﺔﻠﺳﻠﺳﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ 2 ﺔﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺟﺫﻭﻣﻧ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﺔﻠﺳﻠﺳ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ . ﻝﻛﺷ 2 ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠﺳﻭ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ . ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻲﻋﺎﻣﺗﺟﻻﺍ ﻝﺧﺩ ﺗ ﻠ ﻟ ﺝﺎ ﺗﻧﻹ ﺍ ﺝﺫﻭﻣ ﻧ ﻰﻣ ﺳﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻩﻼ ﻋﺃ ﺙﺍﺩﺣﻷﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﺩﻧ ﺗﺳﺗ ﻝ ﻳﻭﺣ ﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻟﺇ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗ ﺯﻭﺎ ﺟﺗﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺑﺭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻻﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ . ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﻕﻳﺭ ﻁ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﻰ ﺔﺛﻼﺛﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺍ .ﺭﺎﺛﻵ ﺍﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ :ﺎﻣﻫ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻳ ﻣﻛﺗ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻛ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎ ﺛﻵﺍﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻼﻛﺷﺗ ﻥ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﺎﻌ ﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺗ ﻔﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﻝﻛ ﻝﺻﺗﻳﻭ ، ﺔﻳﻧﻣ ﺯ 2 ﻯﺩﺣﺇ ﻲﻘﻁ ﻧ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣ ﻭﻫ ،ﺔﺻ ﺎ ﺧﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﻭ ﺩ ﺃ LFA ﺓﺭﺍ ﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻭ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻠ ﻟ ﻊﺳﺍ ﻭ ﻕﺎﻁﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺗ ﺓﺍﺩﺃ ﻭﻫﻭ ، ﺓﺩ ﻣﺗ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻧ ﻛﻟﻭ ،ﻊﻳﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻣﻌﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺍﺩﺑﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﻳ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻭ ﻪ ﻁﺧﺗ ﻠ ﻟ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﺩﻳﺍ ﺯ ﺗﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺷﺑ ﻡﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﻳ ﻲﻘﻁ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ ﻰﺣﻧﻣ ﻰﻁﻋ ﺍ ﺩﻗﻭ .ﻲﻋﺎﻁﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻳ LFA ، ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛ ﻡﺎﻣ ﺗ ﻫ ﺍ ﻝﻣ ﺎ ﻛ ﺗﻠ ﻟ ﻲﻘﻁ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣ ﻟ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻠﻟ ﻡﻳﻣ ﺻ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ .ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ LFA ﺕﺍﺭ ﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺩﺩﺣﻳ ﻻ ، - ﻰﻣ ﺳﻳ ﺎﻣ " ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﻕﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻛﻣﻳ ﺔﻳ ﻋ ﻭ ﺿ ﻭ ﻣ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ" - ﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ،ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﺱﺎﻳ ﻘﻟ ﻪ ﺿﻳﺍ ﺩﺩﺣﻳ ﻥﻳﻛ ﺭ ﺎ ﺷﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩ ﻋ ﺎ ﺳﻣ ﻟ ﺓﺍﺩ ﺃ ﻭﻬ ﻓ ،ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻭ .ﺔﻟ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻟ ﺕﺎﻣﻭ ﻠﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻ ﻣ ﺎ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﺎﻣ ﺿ ﻟ ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟ ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻘﻘﺣﺗ ﺩﻗ ﻭ . ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑ ﻣ ﻥﻳﺩﻳﻔ ﺗ ﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺭ ﺧﻣ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺓﺍ ﺩﺃ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﺩﻌﻳﻭ . ﺩﻌﻳ ﻰﺣﻧﻣ ﻲﻘﻁﻧﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ LFA ﺳﺍ ﺕﺍﻭ ﺩ ﻷﺍ ﺭﺛ ﻛﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺍ ﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺓﺩ ﻣﺗ ﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲ ﻣﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻛﺳﻠﻟ ﻡﻫءﺍﺩﺃﻭ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ Impact ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻲﻣﻳﺩﺎﻛﻷﺍ ﻝﻳﺻﺣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﺞ ﺌ ﺎ ﺘﻨﻟ ا Outcomes ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻟﺍ 20 ﻑﻟﺃ ﻡﻬ ﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻡﻠﻌﻣ 5 ﻑﻻﺁ ﺎﻫءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻡﺗ ﺔﺳﺭﺩﻣ 100 ﻟﺃ ﻑ ﻪﻌﻳﺯﻭﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻲ ﺳﺭﺩ ﻣ ﺏﺎﺗ ﻛ تﺎﺠ رﺨﻤﻟا Outputs ﺔﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧ ﺛ ﺃ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﺱﺭﺍﺩﻣﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﺔطﺸﻨ ﻻا Activities ﻥ ﻳﺑﺭﺩﻣ ﻝﻳ ﻭﻣﺗ ﻡﺯﺍﻭﻠﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺍﺩﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍ ﻭﺩﻷﺍﻭ ا تﻼﺨ د ﻤﻟ Inputs

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16 ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟ ﺍ : ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻁﺳﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺭﻳ ﺻﻘﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺏﻳ ﺭ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟ ﻁ ﺳ ﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ . ﻝﻳﻭ ﻁ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ،ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻥﺇ : - ﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟ ﻱ ﻭ ﻣ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺧ ﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺞﺗ ﻧﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣﺳﺃﺭﻟﺍ ﻊﻠﺳﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺕﺎ ﺟﺗﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻭ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﺗﺗ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗﺑ - ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺗﺣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻠﻣ ﺔﻘﻘﺣ ﺗ ﻁﺳﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺭﻳﺻﻘﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﺗ ﻠﻟ ﻝﺟﻷﺍ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻼﺧ ﻥﻳﺭ ﺷ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺩﻳ ﻔﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﺳﺎ ﺳ ﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ،ﺕ ﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ . - ﺛﻷﺍ ـ ﺭ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻟ ﺎﻋ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻰﻌ ﺳﻳ . ﻪﺑ ﺔﻣ ﻫﺎﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﻲﺋﺎﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﻝﺧﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻝﻅ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ،ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﺎ ﻓ ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺕ ﻼ ﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻫﺎﺳﺗ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﻷﺍﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﺔ ﻁ ﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛ ﻵ ﺍ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣﻋﻭ ،ﺭﺛﻷﺍﻭ ﺩﻳ ﻔﺗ ﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﻥﻳ ﺎﻫﺯﺎﺟﻧﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻥﻳﺭ ﺷ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ 3 . ً ﺎﻧ ﺎﻳ ﺣﺃ ﺩﻘ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻪﺟ ﻭﻳ ﻟ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻧﻷ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻟ ﻭﺅﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻳ ﻻ ﺭﺭﺑﻣ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻳ ﻟ ﻭﺅﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ،ﻊﻗﺍ ﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ . ﻥﺇ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻛﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻥﻋ ﻥ ﻳ ﻟ ﻭﺅﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﺋﻟ ﻭﺍ ﺔﻁﺳﺍ ﻭﺑ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﻠﻘﻳ . ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺯﻭﺎﺟﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻲﺗﺄﺗ ﺭﺎﺛ ﻵﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺹﻭﺻﺧﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﻭ ﺓﺩﻌﻟ ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗﻧ ﻛ ﻝﻣﺍﻭﻋ ﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﻣ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺱﻳﻟﻭ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﻬﻣﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﻼﺧ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻭ ، . ﺔﻁﻳﺳﺑﻟﺍ ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗﻧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺑ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﺏﻌﺻﻳ ﻥﺎﻳ ﺣ ﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺎ ﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﺗ ﻟ ﺎ ﺑ ﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻭﻛﺗ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺝﺎﺗ ﺣ ﻳ ً ﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻁﺗ ﺭﺛ ﻛ ﻷ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﻟﺎ ﺳﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌﻳ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ، ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ . 1.4 ﻟ ةدﻴدﺠ قﺌا رط و مﻴﻴﻘﺘﻟا و ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘﻤﻟا نوﺎﻌﺘﻠ ﻲﺌﺎﻤ ﻨ ﻹا : ﺕﺭﺛﺃ ﺩﻘﻟ ﺝﺫﻭﻣ ﻧ ﺕﺣﺗ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺣﺭﺗ ﻘ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺣﻼﺻﻹﺍ ﺓﺩﻳﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲ ﺿ ﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻧﻳﻌﺳﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻲﻓ .ﻲﺋﺎﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺎﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻕﺋﺍﺭﻁﻭ ﺭ ﻳ ﻛﻔﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﺭﺩ ﺍﻭﺑ ﺕﺭﻬﻅ ﺭ ﻳﺛﺄ ﺗﻠﻟ ﻲﻋﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﺑﻠﺳﻟﺍ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻊﻳﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯﻟ ،ﺕ ﺍﺩ ﻋﺎ ﻲﻓ ﺹﺎـﺧ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺑ ﻭ ،ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺟﻣ ﺎﻣ ﻣ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻼﻳﻘﺛ ﺎﺋﺑﻋ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺕﺩ ﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔ ﺋ ﺯﺟﺗ 3 ﻲﻓ و ﺔﻨ و ﻵ ا ،ة رﻴﺨﻷا ﺔﺼ ﺎﺨ و ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤ و ظ ﻨﻤ مﻤ ﻷا ،ةد ﺤ ﺘﻤﻟ ا دﻘ ﻓ ﺢﺒﺼأ زﻴ ﻛ ر ﺘ ﻟ ا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺌﺎﺘ ﻨﻟ ا ةد ﺤ رﺜ ﻛأ موﻬﻔﻤ ما دﺨ ﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﻟا ر ﻴﻴﻐ ﺘ ﻲﻓ ةﺎﻴﺤ سﺎﻨ ﻟ ا ." ﺎ ﻤ ﻨﻴﺒ و زﻛ رﺘ ةد ﻤﺘ ﻌﻤﻟ ا ةرادﻹا ءا دﻷا ﻲﻠﺨ ا دﻟ ا ﺞﺌ ﺎﺘ ﻨﻟ ا و ، نﺈﻓ ﻰﺤﻨﻤﻟ ا دﻴدﺠ ﻟ ا ﺔﻤ و ظ ﻨﻤﻟ ﻤﻷ ا م ،ةد ﺤ ﺘ ﻤﻟا وﻫ و ﺎﻤ ﻰﻤﺴﻴ ةرادﺈﺒ ﺞﺌﺎﺘ ﻨ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺘﻟ ا MfDR ، مﺘﻬﻴ يذﻟا و ﺎﺒ ﻝا وﺤأ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺘﻟ نﺎﻛ ﺴﻟ ا . ذﺨا ﻊﻤ اذ ﻫ ﻲﻓ ،رﺎﺒ ﺘﻋ ﻻا دﻘ ﻓ ﺤﺒ ﺼ أ ت ةرادﻹا ﺞﺌﺎﺘ ﻨﻟ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺘﻟ ا نﻋ ر ﻴﺒﻌ ﺘ بﻟ ﺎطﻤﻟا ةد ﻴ ا ز ﺘ ﻤﻟا ر و ﻬﻤﺠ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻟءﺎﺴﻤﻟﺎﺒ ﺔﻤﺎﻌﻟ ا مﺎﻤ أ نﻴﻨط ا و ﻤ ﻟ ا ﻝﻛ ﻲﻓ نﻤ مﻟ ﺎﻌ ﻟ ا ﻝود ﺔﻤدﻘﺘﻤﻟ ا ﺔﻴ ﻤﺎﻨ ﻟ ا و ﻝوﺤ ﻛ ﺔﻴ ﻔﻴ ما دﺨﺘﺴا ،ت اد ﻋ ﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﺎﻤ و ﻲﻫ ،تﻘﻘﺤﺘ ﻲﺘﻟ ا ﺞﺌ ﺎﺘ ﻨ ﻟ ا ىدﻤ و ﺔﺒ ﺴﺎﻨﻤ ﻩذ ﻫ ﺞﺌ ﺎﺘ ﻨ ﻟ ا ﻲﻓ " ثاد ﺤإ ت ا ر ﻴﻴﻐ ﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﺠﻤ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺘﻟ ا ﺔﻴ رﺸﺒﻟا " . ةرادﻹا ﻰﺤﻨﻤ زﻛ ر دﻗ و ﺞﺌﺎﺘ ﻨﻟ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺘﻟ ا MfDR دﻴا ز ﺘﻤ ﻝﻛ ﺸﺒ نﻤ رﺜ ﻛأ ةرادﻹا ةد ﻤﺘ ﻌﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺌﺎﺘ ﻨﻟ ا ﺔﻤادﺘﺴﻻا نﻤ دﻴ ز ﻤ ءﺎطﻋإ ﻝﻼﺨ نﻤ مﺎﻤ ﺘ ﻫ ﻻا ﻟ ﺔﻴ ﻤﻨﺘ تا رد ﻘﻟا ﺔﻴ ﻨط و ﻟ ا UNDP ، 2009 . ﺎﻤﻛ ﻪﻨ ا ﻲطﻌ ﻴ مﺎﻤ ﺘ ﻫ ا صﺎﺨ فادﻫﻸ ﻟ ﺔﻴ ﺌﺎﻤﻨ ﻹا ﺔﻴﻔﻟﻸﻟ ﻲﺘﻟ ا نﻤ ﻲﻌ ﻴﺒط ﻟ ا نأ رﻓ و ﺘ رﺎطإ ﺎﻤﻟ بوﻠطﻤ وﻫ نﻤ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺘﻟ ا ﻝﺜﻤ ضﺎﻔﺨ ﻨا ﻝدﻌ ﻤ تﺎﻴﻓ و ﻝﺎﻔط ﻷ ا وأ ﺔﺴ رد ﻤﻠﻟ روﻀﺤﻟا ةد ﺎﻴ ز . ﻲﻓ رﺎطإ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺘﻟ ا ﺞﺌ ﺎﺘ ﻨﻟ ةرادﻹا ﻰﺤﻨﻤ MfDR ، نﺎﻓ ﻰﻨﻌ ﻤ ﺞﺌﺎﺘ ﻨﻟ ا وﻛ ﻴ ﺔﻗدﺒ دد ﺤ دﻗ ن .

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17 ﺔﻳﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻛﻭ ، ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻌﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻕﻳﺳ ﻧ ﺗ ﺩﻭ ﺟﻭ ﻡﺩﻌﻟ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧ ﺔ ﻳ ﻘﻠ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻰ ﻠﻌﻓ ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﻥﺃ ﺗ ﺏﻳﺟﺗﺳ ﺕﺎﺛﻌﺑ ﻝﺛ ﻣ ﺔﻘﺳ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑ ﻠ ﻁﺗ ﻣﻟ ﻕﺭﻓ/ ﺭ ﻳ ﺭﺎﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻌﺑﺭﻟﺍ . ﺔﺑﺎﻗﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﻛﻭ ﻥﻣ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛ ﺩﺩﻌﻟ ﻭ ﺔﺟﻟ ﺎ ﻌﻣ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻳﺎﺿ ﻗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﺋﺯﺟﺗ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺣ ﻧ ﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻳ ﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺭﺎﻣﻣ ﺩﻘﻓ ، ﻯﺭﺟﺃ ء ﺎ ﻛﺭﺷ ﺔﻳﻣﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺩﻘﻋ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﻳﻓﺭ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠﺳ ﺭﺑﻋ 2008-2002 ﻭﺣ ً ﺍﺭﺍ ﻟ ﺔﻣءﺍﻭﻣ ﻕ ﻳ ﺳﻧﺗﻭ ﺳﺭﺎﻣﻣ ﺕﺎ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺕﺍﺩﻋ ﺎﺳ ، ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺔﻟﺄﺳ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﺩﺣﻭﻣ ﺕﺣﺗ . ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﻕﻠ ﻗ ﺭﺩ ﺻﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻭﻛ ﺣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻁﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻌﻟ ﺱﻳﺭﺎﺑ ﻥﻼ ﻋﺇ ﺄﺷﻧﺃ 2005 ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻌﻔ ﺑ ﻕ ﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻧﻭﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﻣﺧ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺉﺩﺎﺑ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺻ ، ﺔﺣ ﻔ 44 ﺩﻭ ﻌﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ : ﺍﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻊﻧﺻ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣ ﺗ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻛﻳﺭﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﺣ ﻧ ﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﻘﻓﺍ ﻭ : ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺭ ﻡﻅﻧ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺎ ﺑ ﻭ ،ﺔﻳ ﻧ ﻁ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻕﻳ ﺛﻭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﺻﺻﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﺑﺭ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ . ﺔﻟﺎﻌﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺔ ﻟﺩ ﺎﺑﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ : ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻠ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺭﺑﻛﺃ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻛﻳﺭﺷﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﺣﻧﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﻘﻓﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻟء ﺎ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍﺩﺎﻣﺗ ﻋ ﺍ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺟﻳﺗ ﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﺍ ﺔﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅ ﻧ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻓﺎ ﻔﺷﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ . ﻲﻓ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﺣﻧﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﺕﻘﻓﺍﻭ ،ﻲﻧ ﺎ ﺛﻟ ﺍ ﺃﺩ ﺑﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺣﺗ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻘﻠ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣ ،ﺔﻟﺩﺎﺑﺗ ﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻁﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﺍ ﺏﻠ ﻁﺗﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺭﻣﻷﺍ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﺃ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺯﺭﺑﺗ ﻥﻭ ﺎ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻳﺩ ﺟﻟﺍ ﻕﺋﺍﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻁﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﺷ ﻗﺎﻧﻣ ﻲﺋ ﺎ ﻣﻧﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺗ ﺗ ﻊﻳﺭﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑ ﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻘ ﻳﻘ ﺣ FTI 4 – ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺋ ﺷﻧﺃ 2002 ﺔﻳﻣ ﻟﺎﻋ ﺔ ﻛﺍﺭﺷ ﺎﻬﻔﺻ ﻭﺑ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟ ﺗﺇ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﻟ ﺕﻻ ﺎﻛﻭﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺣﻧﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻣ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ 1 ﺻ ، ﺔﺣﻔ 41 . - ﺭﻳﺷ ﺗ ﻥﺄ ﺑ ﻊﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺡﻭﺿ ﻭ ﺑ ﺔﻳﻋﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻟ ﺗﻠ ﺔﻳﺑﺭ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔﺻ ﺻﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺍﻭﻣ ﻷﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻣﺿﺗﺗ ﻟ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻊﺿﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠ ﺔﻟﺍﺩ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻳ . ﺹﻧﺗ ﻲﺋﺍﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻣﻟ ﻊ ﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑﻣﻟ ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟﻭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺉ ﺩ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﺟﻛ ﻥﻣ ء ﺔﻳﻋﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺍ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ، ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺎﻣﻷﺍ 2006 ﺔﻘﻳ ﺛ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ، ﺞﺗﻧ ﺗ ﺳ ،ﺕ ﻻﺎ ﺟﻣ ﺔﻌﺑﺭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﺣﻧﺎ ﻣﻠﻟ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ" ﻊﺑ ﺗﺗ ﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ،ﺔﻌ ﺑ ﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﺭﺣﻣﻟﺍ ." ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍﻭ 4 . ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻊﻳﺭ ﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺩﺎﺑﻣ ﻥﻋ ﻝﻳﺻﺎ ﻔﺗ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ

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18 ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧﻷﺍﻭ ﻱﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻣ ﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ 1 . فﻴﻛ ترﺜأ ﻨﻤ تﺎﻴﺠﻬ رﻴﻴﻐﺘ ﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻟا و طﻴطﺨ ﺘ ﻹا ةراد ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻟﺎﺤﻟا رﻴﻛﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ مﻴ ﻴﻘ ﺘﻟا و ﺔﻌﺒ ﺎ ﺘ ﻤﻟا ﻟ ﺔطﺨ يوﺒ رﺘﻟا عﺎطﻘﻟا ؟كدﻠﺒ ﻲﻓ 2 . ﻝﻫ دﻘﺘ ﻌﺘ نأ ﺔطﺨ عﺎ طﻘﻟا يوﺒ رﺘﻟا ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻟا ﺒ كد ﻠﺒ مﺘ ماد ﺨﺘﺴ ﺎﺒ ﺎﻫداد ﻋ إ رﺎطإ ةرادﻹا ةدﻤﺘﻌﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ؟ﺞ ﺌﺎﺘ ﻨ ﻟا اذ إ ﺔﺒﺎ ﺠﻹ ا تﻨﺎﻛ ،مﻌ ﻨ فﻴﻛ ح رﺘ ﻘﺘ مﻴ ﻤﺼﺘ ﺘﻟا و ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘﻤﻟا مﻴﻴ ﻘ ثﻴ ﺤﺒ س ﻛﻌﻴ رﺎطإ ةرادﻹا ةدﻤﺘﻌﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ؟ﺞﺌﺎ ﺘﻨﻟا 3 يأ . ﺎﻤﻤ ﻲﻠﻴ ﺔﻠﺜﻤأ ﻰﻠﻋ تﻼﺨد ﻤﻟا ﺔطﺸﻨﻷا و تﺎﺠ رﺨﻤﻟ ا و ؟ﺞ ﺌﺎﺘﻨﻟا و ﻊﻀ ﺔﻤ ﻼﻋ ﻲﺘ ﻟا ﺔﻴﻠﺨﻟا ﻲﻓ نﻤ ﻀﺘﺘ ﺔﺒﺎﺠﻹا ﺤﻴﺤﺼ ﻟا ﺔ ﻝﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣ ﺃ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﻧ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﺩﺎﺷﺭﻻﺍ ،ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ،ﺏ ﻳﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯ ،ﺓﺩ ﻳ ﺩﺟ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻣ ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺟ ﺗﻻﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗ ،ﺕ ﺍ ﺭ ﻊ ﻣﺗﺟﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺩﺎﺻﺗ ﻗﻻﺍ ﻑﻭﺭﻅﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ ﻝﺍﻭﻣﻷﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ،

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19 ﺍ ﻝﺻﻔﻟ 2 ﻁﺭﺷ . ﺎ ﻥ ﻳﺳ ﺎﺳﺃ ﺎ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ءﺍﺭﻭ ﻥ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺝﺎ ﺗﺣﻳ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻧﺑ ﺋ ﻪ ﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧﻌﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻰﻟ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳ ﻷ ﺍ ، ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺗ ﺩﻌ ،ﺎﻣ ﺩﺣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﺍ ﻁﻭ ﺭﺷ ﻟ ﻡﺳ ﺗﻳ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻟ ﻭ ﻣﺷﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﻳ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻅﻓ ﺎﺣ .ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺻﻭﺻﺧﻟﺍ 2.1 ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻌ ﻝ : ﻥﺇ ﺔﻳﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣ ﺑﺭ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗ ﻝﻛﺷﺗ ﺏﺳﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻗ ﻭﺛﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻟ ﻪﻧﻋ ﻰﻧﻏ ﻻ ﺎﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﻭ. ﻡ ﻌﻳ ﺩ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭ ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﻡﻫ ﻷﺍ ﺭﺩﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟ ﻟﺍ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﻭ ﺩﺑ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﺳ ﻝﺎ ّ ﻌﻓ . ﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻝﻭﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﻬﺳﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻥﺃ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻣﺗﺳﻣ ﺔ ﻠﻛﺷﻣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻝﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺯﻳﻬﺟﺗﻭ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ءﺎﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺟﻟ ﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻲ . ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺝﻼﻋ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺟﺭﺣ ﻥﻳ ﺗﻟﺄﺳﻣ ﻥﻳﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺩ ﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻭﺩ ﻟﺍ : ﻰﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﻝﺻﺗ ﺗ ﻝﺎﺟﻣﺑ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ، ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﺍﺯﺗ ﻻ ﺓﺩﻳﻘ ﻣ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻲﻓ ،ﻱﻭﻧﺳ ﻟﺍ ﻲﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻭ ﻝﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻑ ﻳ ﻟ ﺎﻛﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻪﻳﻓ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺑﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ، ﺕﺍءﺍﺩﺍﻭ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻡﺗ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﻰﺗﺣ ﻭﺃ .ﻪﻳﻓ ﺔﻟ ﻭﻣﺷﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺎﺑ ﻟ ﺎ ﻏ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺕ ﺎﻧ ﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻻ ﻪﻧﺎ ﻓ ﺎﻬﻧﻳ ﺯﺧﺗ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻭ ﻕﺳﺗﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺩﺣﻳ ﻊﺿﻭﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫﻭ . ﻲﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻊﻣ ﻕﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻘﻳﻘ ﺣ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍﻭ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﻳﺳ ﻻﻭ ﺔ ﻣﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻟ ﺎﻬ ﻳﻟﺇ ﺔﺟ ﺎ ﺣ ﺑ ﻥﺣ ﻧ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻘ ﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺕﻼﻗﺎﻧ ﻣﺑ ،ﺩ ﺭﺍﻭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺑ ﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﻧﺗ ﺑ . ﺓﺩﻭﺟ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗ ﻧ ﺎﻣﺃ ﺔﻳ ﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺿﻘﻟﺍ ﻓ ﻲﻧ ﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﺗ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎﺻ ﺣﻹﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻛﺷﻣ ﺎﻣﻭﻣ ﻋ ﻲﻫ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺃﺩ ﺑﺗ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻟ ﺩﺗ ﻣﺗ ﺩﻗ ﺎﻬﻠﻳﻠ ﺣﺗﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺟﻟﺎﻌ ﻣ ، ﻥﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻝﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﺟﻭ ﻡﺩ ﻌﻟ ﺓﺭﺷﺎ ﺑﻣ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻲﻫ ﻲﻔﻛ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻥﻳﻔ ﻅ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻠﻫﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻓﺎﺿ ﻹﺎﺑ ﻑﻭﺭ ﻅ ﻝﻣﻌ ﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺿﺍﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻠﻅ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺕﺍﺩﺣﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ . ﻥﺇ ﺔ ﻗ ﻭﺛﻭ ﻣ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎﺻ ﺣﺇ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﺓﺩﻋﺎ ﻗ ﺏﺎﻳ ﻏ ﺭﺭﺿﻟ ﺍ ﻎﻟﺎﺑ ﺭﻣﺃ ﻭﻫ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻪﻧﻷ ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻣﻳﻠﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﻌﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ ﻳ ﻭﻔ ﺻ ﺭﻛ ﻌ ءﺎﻛ ﺭﺷﻭ ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔﻘﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺗﻟﺍ . ﺔﻳﻣﻧ ﺭﻅﻧﻭ ً ﺍ ،ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺓﺭﻭﻛﺫﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﻸﻟ ﻥﺎﻓ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺎﻧﻭﻛﻣ ﻬﺟﻭﻣ ً ﺎ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗﻟ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ . ﺩﻗ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﺕﺩﻛﺃ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺫﻔﻧ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻠﻟ ﻲﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺩﻬﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﻯﻭﺗﺣﻣ ﻁﻁ ﺧ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ 2009 ﻥﺃ ﻣ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻥﻭ ﺛﻼﺛﻭ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﻝﺻﺃ ﻥ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻠﻟ ﺔﻁ ﺧ ﻥﻭ ﻌﺑﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺔﺗﺳ ﺕﻧ ﻣﺿﺗ ﻧﻭ ﻛﻣ ً ﺎ ﻕﻠ ﻌﺗﻳ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣ ﺗﺑ ﺎﻅ ﻧ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺍ ﻡ ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺔﻳ ﻧ ﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ ﻟ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻟ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ 1 .ﺎﻳ ﺩﻭ ﺑﻣﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻟﻭﺫﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﻬﺟﻠﻟ

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20 ﻊﺑﺭﻣ 1 ﻡﺎﻅﻧ . ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩﺇ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﺎﻳﺩﻭﺑ ﻣ ﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺎﺑﺷﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ 1995 ، ﻭ ﻌﺑ ـ ﺏﺭ ﺣﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﻘﻋ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺯﻳﺟﻭ ﺓﺭﺗ ﻓ ﺩ ﻣﺩ ﻟﺍﻭ ـ ﻓ ﺭﺎ ــ ﻲ ،ﺎﻳ ﺩ ﻭﺑﻣ ﻛ ﺕﺃﺩﺑ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﺷﻧ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﺑ ﻭ ﻟ ﻥﻣ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻁ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻝﺑﻗ ،ﻑﻳﺳﻳﻧﻭﻳﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻭﻛﺳﻧﻭ ﻳﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ء ﺎ ﻛﺭﺷ SIDA / ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻧﺗ ﻠﻟ ﺔــﻳﺩﻳﻭﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎـﻛﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺧﺁﻭ ﻓ ﺭ ﺎﻣ ﺛﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ، ـ ﻧﺑ ﻲ ـ ﻘﻟﺍ ءﺎ ــ ﺧﺗﻠﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺩ ـ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺩ ﺇﻭ ﻁﻳﻁ . ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻋ ﻡﺎ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻡﺗ ،ﺭﺧﺍ ﻝ ﺎ ﺳﺭﺇ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻥﻳﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻠﻟ ﻲﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺩﻬﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻕ ﺎ ﺣﺗﻟﻼﻟ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭ ﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺑﺑ ﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻟ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﻠﻟ ﺎ ﻳ ﺟ ﻭ ﻟﻭﻧﻛﺗﻠ ﻟ ﻱﻭ ﻳﺳ ﻵﺍ ﺩﻬﻌﻣﻠ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻟ ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗﻧ ﻭ . ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺫﻧﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻋ 2001 ﻥﺎﻓ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺋﺍﺩ ﺕﺣﺑﺻ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﻗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺡﺎﺟ ﻧ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺑ ﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ EMIS ، ﻭ ﺩﻗ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻳ ﺟ ﻳ ﺭ ﺩ ﺗ ﺕﻧ ﺳ ﺣﺗ ﺕﺍﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺕﺑ ﻌﻟ ً ﺍ ﻳﺳﻳﺋ ﺭ ً ﺎ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧ ﺍ ﻡﻋﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺑﺭ . ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ،ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﻅﻧ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﻯﺭﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﺕﻣﺎﻗﺃ ،ﺓﺭﻳﺧ ﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻧ ﻭﻵﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ ﺕﺣﺑﺻﺃ ﻙﻠﺗﻣ ﺗ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﺣﺇ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﺓﺩﻋﺎ ﻗ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﺷ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺎﺻ ﻭ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻑ ﻟﺄﺗﺗﻭ ، ﻊﺑﺭﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻋﺍﻭﻗ ﺕﺎﻣﻭ ﻠ ﻌﻣ ﺔﻘﻓﺍﻭﺗ ﻣ : ﺓﺩﻋﺎﻗ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﺍ ﺩ ﻹ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ EMIS ، ﻭ ﺓﺩﻋﺎﻗ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺑﻟﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩ ﺇ HRMIS ﻭ ، ﺓﺩﻋﺎﻗ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ FMIS ﻭ ، ﺓﺩﻋﺎﻗ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎﺳﻣﻠﻟ AMIS . ﺃ ﺔ ﻳ ﺩﻭﺑ ﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺭﺟﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑﺗ ﺎ ﻬﻠﺣ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻅ ﻧ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻣ ﺟﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻲﻓ ﻰﺗﺣ ،ﺡﺎ ﺟﻧﺑ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻁﻳﺭ ﺷ ،ﺽ ﻔﺧﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻡﻏﺎﻧﺗ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗﻭ ﺩ ﻭ ﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻣﺯﺗﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻭ ﻛ ﺣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻘ ﻳ ﻘﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﻋﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻟﺍ . ﺔ ﺣﻧﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝ ﺻ ﺍﻭﺗﻣ 2 . 2 ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻁﺧﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻧﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠ ﻳ ﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺃ ﺭﻣ ﺎﻣ ﺎ ﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺭﺧﺁ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻪﻟﺎﻣﻫﺇ ﻁ ﺭﺷﻛ ﻕﺑﺳﻣ ﻟ ﻁ ﺳﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺢﺟﺎﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﻠ . ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ AOP ﻲﻫ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺕﺍﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺓﺩﻌﻟ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺗ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﻳﺷ ﻳ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻝﻣﻌﻟ ﻬﻘﻳﻘﺣ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎ ﻭ ﺔﻧﻳﻌﻣ ﺔﻧﺳ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺗ ﻥﺈﻓ ، ﻰ ﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻲﻓ . ﺎﻬﺑ ﻊﻠﻁﺿﻳﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﻝﻳﺻﻔ ﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﺩﺩﺣ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐ ﺷ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺗ ﺗﺳ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹ ﻪﻧﻋ ﻰﻧﻏ ﻻ ﺱﺎﺳﺄﻛ ﻡﺩﺧ ﻥﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻁﺳﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ . ﻕﺣﻻ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻥﺍ ﻊ ﺟﺭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻳﻓ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻪ ﻪﻠﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺱﺎﻳﻗ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹﺍ ﺱﺎﻳﻗﻭ . ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻭ ﻲ ﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺩﻌﻳ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻳﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺍﺭﺻﻧﻋ . ﻲ ﺟﻳﺗ ﺍﺭ ﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻳ ﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ،ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﻝﻛ ﺷﺑ ﺓﺩﺋﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﻕﻘ ﺣﺗﺗ ﻰﺗﺣﻭ ﺎ ﻘ ﻳﺛﻭ ﺎﻁ ﺎﺑ ﺗﺭﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺎﻳﺣﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓ ،ﻑﺳﻸﻟ . ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻧ ﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻝﺻﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻳﺗ ﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻻ ﺎﺣ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳ ﻐ ﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻳﺃ ﻥﻭ ﺩ ﺔ . ﺔﺣﺎﺗﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﺳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﺇ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﻠﻘﺗ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛ ﺩﺣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭﻁﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ةدﺌﺎ ﻓ ﺔطﺨﻟا ﺔﻴﻠ ﻴ ﻐﺸﺘﻟا ﺔﻴ و ﻨ ﺴﻟا ذإ نأ ﻝﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﺔﻳﻟﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ . ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺡﺎﺟﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺩﺩ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ

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21 ﺑﻛ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻫﺃ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﺎﻓ ،ﻡﺛ ﻥﻣﻭ ﺓﺭﻳ ﻡﺎﺟﺳﻧﻻ ﺍ ﻭ ﻙﺳﺎﻣﺗﻠﻟ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﺍ . ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑﻭ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻠﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻳﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﺎﻬ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻧﺗﺳﺗ ﻲﻟ ﺎﺛ ﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻲﺟ ﻳﺗ ﺍﺭ ﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻁﻳ ﻁ ﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻰﺣﻧﻣ ﻲ ﻧﺑﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧ ﻋﻭ ،ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﺔﺟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻌﻳ ﺭ ﺳ ﺭﻬﻅﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺯﻳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﻧﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ . ﺷﺗ ـ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺏﻧﺟﺗ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻭ ﻧﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻳﺩﻳ ﻠﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔﻣﺋﺎ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻭ ﻧﺑ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺭﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﻳﻐﺻﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩ ﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺗ ﺍﻭ ﻭ ﺩﺑ ﻝ ﻙﻟ ﺫ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺎﻣﻭ ﺭﻔﺳﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺯ ﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻬﻳﻓ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﺎ ﻊ ﻳ ﻣﺟﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺳﺎ ﺳ ﻷﺍ ً ﺍﺩﺎﻣ ﺗ ﻋ ﺍ . ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺍﺩ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍﻭ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺽﺭﻌﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺯﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻑ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻛﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳﺻﻔ . ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻓﺩﻫ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻝ ﻛﻟﻭ ،ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻝﻛ ﻝﺧﺍﺩ ﻁﺎ ﺷ ﻧ ﻝﻛﻟ ﻥﺍ ﻪﺟﻭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺎ ﻳﻧﻣ ﺿ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻛﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﻻ ﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﻭ ﻝﻌﺟﻳ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺟﻣﺍﺭﺑ ﻳ ﺔ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺻﺎ ﺧ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺫ ﺎﺟ ﺩﻭﺟﻭ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺑﻭﻌ ﺻ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻟﺎﺧﺩﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬ 5 . ﻭ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﻻ ﺽﺭﻌﻟ ﺓﺩﺭ ﻔﻣ ﺓﺩﺣﺍ ﻟﺍ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐ ﺷ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻓ ﻝﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﺎﻳﺩ ﻭﺑﻣﻛ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻳ ﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺳ ﺔﻁﻳﺳ ﺑ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻳﻠﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔﺻﻣ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺔﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻠﻟ ﻲﻘﻁﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺡ ﺭﺷﺗ ﺓﺭﻳﻐﺻ ﺔﻣﺩﻘﻣ ﺏ ﻭﺗﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﺹﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ﺽﻌﺑﻭ ،ﺔﻳ ﺭ ﻳﺿﺣ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺩ ﺟ ﺹﺧﻠﻣ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ،ﺔﻠﻣﺗ ﺣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﻭﺟ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺃ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗ ً ﺎ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺎ ﻳﺑﻣ ﺍﺯ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﺓ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ءﺍ ﺯﺟﻻ ﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺩﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻻﺩﺑ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﻛ ﺫ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻟﻭﻁﻣ ﻕﺋ ﺎﺛﻭ ﺑ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﻟﻭﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﻟﺎ ،ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺔﻟ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻭ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﻘﺗ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﺩﺭﺳ ﻝﻭ ﺣ . ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻓﻭﻔ ﺻﻣ ،ﺕ ﻻﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﻣﺟ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺍ ءﺯ ﺟ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺔﻓﻭﻔﺻﻣ ﻲﺳ ﺎﺳﻷ . ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻁﺳﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﻭﻔﺻﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺔ ﻣﺟﺳﻧﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﻭ ،ﻝﺟﻷﺍ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﻰﺣﻧﻣ ﻲﻧ ﺑﺗ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻪﻧﺎﻓ ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻕﻳ ﻕﺎﺳﺗﻻ ﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻫ ﻊﻣ . ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺣﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺕﺎﻓﻭ ﻔﺻﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻭﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﺎﻓ ،ﺎ ﺿ ﻳ ﺃ ﻑﻠﺗﺧﺗ ﻝﻣﻌ ﻥﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻧ ﺩﻻﺍ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻳ ﺔﻓﻭﻔﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺝﺭﺩﻳﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﻭﻔﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻛ ﻲﻓ ، ﺝﺫﻭ ﻣﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺢﺿﻭ ﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻓ ﻭﻔﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓ 2 ﺕ ﺎ ﻘﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑﻭ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ . ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﻅ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔﺻﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻔﻳ ﺭﻌ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻥﺍ ﺽﺍﺭﺗ ﻓﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ،ﺕ ﺍﺭﺍ ﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻲ ﻟ ﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻕ ﻓ ﺍﻭﺗﺗ ﻭ ﻲﻣ ﻳﻅ ﻧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻑ ﻳﻧﺻ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻔﻳ ﺭ ﻌﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺔ ﻁ ﺳﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺟﻳ ﺗﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﺣﺭﺗﻘﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﺳ ﺃ . ﻝﺟﻷﺍ 5 ﻉﻼﻁﻼ ﻟ :ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺟ ﻣ ﺎ ﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺯﻳ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺧﺩﻹ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻣﻌ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺎ ﺷ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔﺛ ﻳ ﺩ ﺣ ﻭ ﺔﺣﺿ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻳ ﻛ ﻥﻭﺟ John M. kim ed ﺔﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺯﻳ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺕﺑ ﺎ ﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺩ ﻧﺑﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ، ﻳ ﻣ ﻟﺎﻌ ﻟﺍ ﺱﻭ ﺭﺩﻟ ﺍﻭ ، ﺔﻳ ﺟ ﻣ ﺎ ﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺭ ﻭﻛ ،ﺔﻳﺭﻭﻛ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻟﺎﺣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ، ، ﻲ ﻟﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﻙﻧﺑﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻣ ﺎ ﻌ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻟﺎﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩ ﻬﻌﻣ www.worldbank.org/publicsector/pe/bookprogrambudget.pdf

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22 ﺔﻳﻠﻳ ﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ 6 ﺔﻧﺯﺍﻭ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻓ ﻭﻔﺻ ﻣﻭ ﻝﻣ ﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻁ ﻁ ﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺎ ﺳ ﻷ ﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻌﺟﺭ ﻣ ﺕﻳ ﻗﻭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﻣﺭ ﻁﺎ ﺷ ﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺍ ﺯ ﻳ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻛﻟ ﺔﺑ ﻭﻠ ﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻋﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺻﻣ ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭ ﺷ ﻊﺑ ﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻭﻷ ﺍ ﻊﺑ ﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲ ﻧ ﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻊﺑ ﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﺙ ﻟﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻊﺑ ﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻊﺑﺍﺭ ﻟﺍ ﻙ ﻧﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺩﺎﺣ ﺗ ﻻ ﺍ ﻲ ﺑ ﻭﺭﻭﻷﺍ ﺎﻫﺭ ﻳ ﻏ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ 1 ................................. : ................................. : ﻲﻋ ﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻯﺩ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺳ ﻭ ﺗﻣ ﺔ ﻁﺧﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍﺩ ﻫﺃ ......... ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍﺩ ﻫﻷﺍ ......... ... : ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭ ﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ ﻲﻋﺭﻓ ﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ 1 ... : ﻲﻋﺭﻓ ﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ 2 ... : ﺦﻟﺍ . ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭ ﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ 2 ... : ﻲﻋﺭﻓ ﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ 1 .... : ﺦﻟﺍ . 6 ﻟﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻳ ﻐﺷﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟ ﻭﻫ ﺡﺭﺗ ﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﻭﻣﻧﻟﺍ ﺱﻳ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛ ﺁﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳ ﻠﺳﻟ

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23 ﻟﺍ ﺢﻳﺿﻭﺗ ﻝﻭﺩﺟ 2 : . ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ : ﺎﻬﻟ ﻁ ﻁﺧﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻰ ﻧﺑﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ . ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻁﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺇ ﻥ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺭﺍ ﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺄﻛ ﻝﻭ ﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬ ﻧﻋ ﻕﺛ ﺑﻧ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺔ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻓ ﺭ ﺑ ﻌﻳﻭ ، ﻁﺎﺷﻧﻟﺍ ﺱ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔ ﻁ ﺑﺍ ﺭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣﻟ ﻰﻁﻌ ُ ﻳ ﺭﺻ ﺗﺧ ﻣ ﻥﺍﻭﻧﻋ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ً ﺍﺩﺩﺣﻣ ً ﺎﺟﺭ ﺧﻣ ﺞﺗ ﻧﺗ ﻟ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻯﺭ ﺧﺃ ﻉﺍﻭ ﻧ ﺃﻭ ﻝﻳ ﻭ ﻣ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺛ ﻣ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺷﺣ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻟﻼﺧ . ﺯﻳﻣ ﺗﺗﻭ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺎﻬ ﻧﺄﺑ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﺟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺱ ﻛﻌﺗﻭ ﺔﻗﺩ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻭ ، ﺝﺍﺭﺩ ﺇ ﺩﻳ ﻔﻳ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻣ ﺯ ﺕﺍﺭﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﻝﻣﻋﻭ ﺔﻳﻌﻗﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻧﺯﺍﻭﻣ ﻝﻣﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩ ﻋﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ 7 . : ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ / ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﻳﺳ ﻭﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟ ﺭﺧﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ / ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﺩ ﺣﺗ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻝﻛﻟ ﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻲﻋ ﺭ ﻓ ﺞ ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻌﺑﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ - ﻝﺟﻷﺍ ﺔﻁﺳ ﻭﺗﻣ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺎﻬ ﻧ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛﻟ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻌﻗ ﻭﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫﻛﻭ ﺩﺩﺣﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻛﻟ ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺍ ﺔﻓﺎ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﺷﻧﻟ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻸﻟ ﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻍﺎﺻﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻡﻬ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ . ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﺑ ﺎ ﻬﻌﻳﻣﺟ SMART ﺎﻣﻛ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ ﺙﻟﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻳﻟﺇ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻹﺍ ؛ ﺩﺩﺣﻣ Specific ﺱﺎﻳ ﻘﻠﻟ ﻝﺑﺎﻗ ، Measurable ﻪﻘﻳ ﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ، Attainable ﺔﻠﺻ ﻭﺫ ، Relevant ً ﺎ ﻳﻧﻣ ﺯ ﺭﻁﺅﻣ ، Time bound . ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺔﻣ ﻳﻗ ﻲﻌ ﺟﺭﻣﻟ ﺍ : ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﻝﻳﻬ ﺳ ﺗ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺎﻐﻟ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻑﻳ ﺿ ﺗ ،ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺎ ﻬﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻘﺑ ﺎ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻠﻟ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺔﻣﻳﻗ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺱﺎﻳﻘﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻡﺗ ﺔﻧﺳ ﺭﺧﺁ ﻭﺃ . : ﻲﻧ ﻣﺯﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ . ً ﺎﻳ ﻌﺑ ﺭ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﻋ ﻭﻳﺷ ﺭﺛﻛﻷﺍ ﻥﻛﻟ ، ً ﺎﻳﺭ ﻬﺷ ﻲﻧ ﻣﺯﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁ ﻹ ﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ : ﺔﻳﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻘﺳﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺭﻛﺫﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ / ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ،ﻲﻋﺭ ﻓ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻝﻛ ﻟ ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺭﻛﺫ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﻷ ﺍ / ﺕﺍﺩﺣﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺷﻧ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻋ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺔﻟﻭﺅ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﻷﺍ ﻥﻣﺿ ﻁﺎﺷﻧﻟ . : ﻁﺎﺷﻧﻟﺍ ﺯﻣﺭ ﺯ ﻳ ﻣﺭﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺗﻘﻳ ﺭﻁ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻝﻛ ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ ؛ ﺩﻌﺗ ﻭ ﺏﻧﺎﺟ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﻷﺍ ﺯﻭﻣﺭ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺣ ﺑ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻧ ﺗﻣ ﺕﺎﻔﻳ ﻧﺻﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﺔ ﻧ ﺯﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻭ ﺽﺭﻌﺑ ﺢﻣ ﺳﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻷ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻫﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﻳﻣ ﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻰﻧ ﺩﺃ ﺩﺣﻛﻭ .ﺦﻟ ﺍ... ،ﺕ ﺎﻘﻔ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻉﻭ ﻧ ﺏﺳ ﺣﺑ ،ﻲﻋ ﺭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ، ﺞ ﻣﺎﻧﺭ ﺑﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺣﺑ ،ﺔ .ﺔﻳﺭﺎﺟ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣ ﺱﺃﺭ ﺕﺎﻘ ﻔ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻉﻭ ﻧﻭ ﻲﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺯﻣﺭ ﺏ ﺳﺣﺑ ﺩﺩﺣﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﺯﻭﻣﺭﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻯﺭ ﺧﺃ ﺯﻭﻣﺭ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻥﻛﻟ ﻟ ﺭﻳﺷﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ . ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺻﻣ ﻭﺃ ﻕﺎﻔ ﻧ ﻹﺍ ﺽﺭﻐ 7 ﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻬﺟﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍءﺎﻧﺑ ﺭﺛ ﻛﺃ ﺃﺯ ﺟﺗ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﻣﺋﺍ ﺩ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺔﻳ ﻋ ﺭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧ ﻷﺍ . ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺔﻠﺻ ﻔ ﻣ ﺔﻳﻋ ﺭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻣﺋ ﺎ ﻗ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻻ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏﺭ ﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺭ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺓﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ﺕﻼ ﻳﺻﻔ ﺗ ﺑ ﺔﻠﻘﺛﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻻ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺍ ﺭ ﺟﻹﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻟ . ﺔﻳﻟﻭ ﺅﺳﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺟﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺕﻼﻳﺻﻔ ﺗﻭ ﺕﺎﻌﻳﺭﻔﺗ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺏﺎﻫﺫﻟﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻲﻧﻌﻳ ﻻ ﺍﺫﻫ . ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﺳﺭ ﺗ ﻻ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟ ﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠﺻﻔﻧﻣ ﺝﺫﺎﻣﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻛﺫﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟ ﻳ ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧ ﻷﺍ ﻊﻳ ﺭ ﻔ ﺗ ﻥﻛﻟ .ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺣﻭﻟ ً ﺍﺩﻳﻔﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻻ ﻯﺭﺧﺍ . ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻠﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻳ ﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺗ ﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺞﻣﺩﻟ ﻰﻠﻋﺃ

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24 ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻧﺍﺯﻳ : ﺔﺑ ﻭﻠﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣ ﺟﻹﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻠﻁ ﻲﻁﻐﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺯﻳ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﻝﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺃﺭ ﻲﻟﺎﻣ ﺟﻹﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻘﺳ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺟﺗ ﻥﺎﺑ ﺳ ﺣﻟﺎﺑ ﺫﺧﺄﺗ ﻭ ، ﺓ ﺭﺭﻛﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﺎﺟﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘ ﻔﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺯ ﻳ . ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺯ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻌﺑ ءﺩ ﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺩﻧﻋ : ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺻﻣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ،ﻝﻭ ﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺟﺭﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺻ ﻣ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻫ ﻷ ً ﺍﺭﻅﻧ ﻻ ﻥﺃ ﻡﻬ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻠﻁ ﺭﺻﺗ ﻘ ﻳ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺍﺯﻳ ً ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻟﻭ ، ﺔ ﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﻓﻭ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﺟ ﻹﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻝﻛ ﻥﻣ ﺿﺗﺗ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟ ﻥﻭ ﻳﺋﺎﻣﻧ ﻹﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭ ﺷﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﻓﻭﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﺃ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻲ ﻧﺛﺗ ﺳﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ .ﺔﻧﺯﺍ ﻭﻣﻠﻟ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﺔﺋﻳ ﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻫﺭﻳ ﻓﻭ ﺗ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔﺻﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺏﻟﺎﻗ ﻥﺇ ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺯﻳﻣﻠﻟ ﻱ ﺫ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻱﺭ ﺎﻳﻌﻣ ﺏﻟﺎﻗ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻧﻫ ﺎﻬ ﺿﺭﻋ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺏ ﻳﺗﺭ ﺗ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺎﻧﻭﻛ ﻣ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ . ﺩﻠﺑ ﻝﻛ ﺔﻳﺻﻭﺻﺧ ﻟ ﻪﺗﻣءﺍﻭﻣ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻭﺃ/ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻋﺭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺞ ﻣﺍﺭﺑﻠﻟ ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧ ﻷﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻣﺍﻭﻋ ،ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ / ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﻕﻘﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺻﻣ ، ﺓﺭﻁﺎﺧ . ﺦﻟﺍ... ، ﻡﻗ ﺭ ﻕﺣﻠﻣ ﻲﻓ 1 ﺧﻟ ً ﺎ ﻳ ﻘﻳ ﻘﺣ ً ﻻﺎ ﺛﻣ ﺩﺟﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﻭﻔﺻﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﺔﻁ ﺔﻳﻧﺍ ﺯﻳ . ﺎﻳ ﺩﻭﺑﻣ ﻛﻟ

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25 ﻲﺗﺍﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃ 1 . ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﻯﺩﻣ ﺎﻣ EMIS ﺔﻠﺻ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕ ﺎﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺛﻳﺩﺣﻭ ﺔ ﻗ ﻭﺛﻭ ﻣﻭ ﻳ ؟ﻙﺩﻠﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻟ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻡ 2 . ﺔﻁﺧ ﻙﺩ ﻠﺑ ﻡﺟﺭﺗﻳ ﻝﻫ ﺎﻣ ،ﻡﻌﻧ ﺔﺑﺎﺟﻹ ﺍ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ؟ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧﺳ ﺔﻳ ﺋﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ؟ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻛ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ

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26 ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ 2 ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧﻟ ﻲ ﻣ ﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗ . ﻡﺳﻘﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﺎﺛ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻙﺩﻭﺯﻳﺳ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟ ﻲﻣ ﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ﺔ ﺣ ﻣﻠﺑ ﻲﻧ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗ ﺣﻣ . ﺎﻬﺗﺍﻭﺩﺃﻭ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﺣﺍﺭﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺔﻟﻻﺩﺑ ،ﻡﻳ ﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺻﺎ ﻧ ﻋ ﺎﻅﻧﻟ ﻲ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺎﺷﺭﻹﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺉﺩﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡ ﺔﻌ ﻗﻭ ﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ،ﻲ ﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ءﺎﻬﺗﻧﻻﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻥﺃ ﻊﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻳ : ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍﺭﺩﺎﻗ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﺭﺻﺎ ﻧ ﻋ ﻡﻬﻓ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ . . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﻲﻣ ﻳﻅﻧ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟ ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺉﺩ ﺎﺑﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻥﺃ ﻝﻳﻗ ﺩﻘﻟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺝﺎﺗﺣﻳ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﻧﺑﻳ ﻝ ﻛﺎﻳﻬﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟ . ﻕﺳﺎﻧﺗﻣ ﻭ ﻲﻠﻛ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻠﻣﺎﻛﺗ ﻭ ﺎﻬﺟﺎﻣﺩ ﺇ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺏﻠﻁﺗ ﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ،ﺓﺩﻭ ﺟﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺩﺟﻭ ﻳ ﻥﻛ ﻟ .ﺭﺧﺁ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺩﻠﺑ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻠ ﻘﻧ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﻱﺭ ﺎﻳﻌﻣ ﺝﺫﻭ ﻣ ﻧ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﻻ ﺈﻓ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ . ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬ ﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻬﻳﺟﻭ ﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺉﺩﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺩ ﺩ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻝ ﻣﺍﻭﻌ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺏﻛﺭﻣ ﺞﻳﺯﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﺗ ﻭ . ﺩﻠﺑﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺻﺎﺧ ﺩﻌﺗ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻊﺑ ﺗﺗ ﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ : ﻝﺛﻣ ﻲﻓﺎﻘ ﺛﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻲ ﻧ ﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣ ﺗﺟﻣﻠﻟ ﻡ ﻳ ﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻲﻋﻭﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳ ﻣﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺩ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺃﻭ ﺔ ﻣ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺑﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻙﺎﻧﻫﻭ ﺔﻣﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻗﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻣﺍﻭﻋ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺓﺭﻳﺛ ﻛ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﻙﻠﺗ . ﺕﺭﻛﺫ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ . ﻥ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻥﻳ ﻠﺻﻓ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺃﺯﺟﺗﻳ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻝﺻﻔﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺭ ﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﻠﺣﻳ ﻠﻳﻠ ﺣﺗﻭ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ : ﻲﻫﻭ ﺎﻬ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺗﻛ ﻭ ﺭﺷﻧﻭ . ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﺎﻣﻋﺃﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍﻭ ﻲﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ ﺹﺣﻔﺗ ﻳ ﻲﻣ ﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛ ﻳﻬ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺭﻭﺩ ً ﺎﻧﻣﺿﺗﻣ ،ﻡ ﻳﻳ ﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ . ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳﻣ ﺗ ﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗ ﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻧﻣ ﺿﺗﻣ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗ ﻟ ﺍ

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27 ﻲﺗﺍﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻣ ﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣﺑ ﻡﻭﻘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺡﺭ ﺗﻘﻧ . ﺭﻳﻛ ﻔﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳ ﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺏﻳﺟﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻙﻧﻣ ﺏﻠ ﻁﻳ ﺳ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻲﻓ . ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺳﻧﻣ ﻭ ﻙﺋ ﻼﻣﺯ ﻊﻣ ﺎﻬﺗﺷ ﻗﺎﻧ ﻣﻭ ﻙﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺟﺇ ﺔﺣ ﺭﺗ ﻘﻣ ﺕ ﺍ ءﺍﺭﻗ . ﺓءﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺯﻣﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺷ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻉ ﻭ ﺟﺭﻟﺍ ﻙ ﻧ ﻛﻣﻳ Kusek J.Z. and Rist R.C 2004 Ten Steps to a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System. Washington DC: The World Bank. Available at: www.oecd.org Mackay K. 2007 How to Build a ME System to Support Better Government. Washington: The World Bank Independent Evaluation Group. Available at: www.worldbank.org/ieg

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28 ﺔـ ﻣﺩـﻘـ ﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﻟ ﻲﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺵﻗﺎﻧ ﻳﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻧﻫ ﻝﻭﻘﻳ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣﺛ . ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻡﺩﺧﺗﺳﻳ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ،ﺽ ﻌﺑﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺿﻌ ﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﺑ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻟﻵﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻟﻵﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ . ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﺔﻳﻌﺑﺭ ﻭﺃ ﺭﻭﻬﺷ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﻝﻛ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﺔﻳ ﺭﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺫﺷﺗ ﻝﻛﺷﺗ ﻝﻣﻋ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﺑﺣ ﺎﺻﻳ ﺎﻣﻭ ﺎﻬﻓﺍﺩﻫﺃﻭ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ،ﺔﻳﻘﻳﻘ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ . ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺯﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍﻭ . ﺔﻳﺭ ﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻠﻟ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﺍ ﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳﻭ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﺎ ﻘﺗ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎﻘﺣﻻ ﺔﻘ ﻳﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﺑ ﺔ ﺟﺗﺎﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠ ﻪﺟﺗﺍ ﺎ ﻣﻠﻛ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭﺣ ﻧ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﻬﺟﺗﺍ ﺎ ﻣﻠﻛ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ . ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺷﺎ ﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔ ﻳ ﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻁﺑﺭ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺔ ﻳ ﺍﺩ ﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺫﻧ ﻣ ﺎﻫﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ،ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻭ ﻘﺗ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﺎ ﻣﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻁﺳﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺎﺑ . ﺭﺛ ﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ً ﺎﻧ ﻣﺿﺗﻣ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺎﻬﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺑﻳ ﻭ ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ 3 ﻲﻓ ﺕﺷﻗﻭ ﻧ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﻊﻣ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺻ ﺎﻧﻌﻟﺍ ﻩﺎﻧﺩ ﺃ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺍ . ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ 3 ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻟﺁﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺳﻠ ﺳ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟ ﺍ . م ﻴﻴﻘ ﺘﻟا و ﺔ ﻌﺒﺎﺘﻤﻟا تﺎ ﻴﻟ آ ﺞﺌ ﺎﺘﻨﻟ ا ﺔ ﻠ ﺴﻠﺴ ﻲﻓ ىوﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﺭـﺛﻷﺍ ﺞ ـﺋﺎـﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺧﻣﻟﺍ ـ ﺟﺭ ـ ﺕﺎ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻁﺎ ﺷﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻱﻭﻧﺳ ﻟﺍ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺭﻭ ﺩ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ءﺍﺩﻸﻟ

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29 ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ 1 . ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ : ﻝﻛﺷ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻠﺻﺗ ﻣ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺭﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﺗ ﺔﻳﻧﻓ ﺭﻅﻧ ﺔﻬﺟﻭ ﻥﻣ 4 : ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ . ﻠﺣﺗ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳ . ﺎﻬﻣﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺍﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺭﺷﻧ . . ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻉﻭ ﻧ ﺩﺩ ﺣﺗ ﻭ ﻪﺟﻭﺗ ﻲﻬﻓ : ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺎﻬﻧﻋ ﻰﻧﻏ ﻻ ﺔﻳﻌﺟﺭﻣ ﻁﺎﻘﻧ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣ ﻊﻣﺟﺗﺳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﺣﻣﻛ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺗ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺩﺻﻹ ﻷﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻭ ﻡﺎﻛﺣ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍﻭ . ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ءﺎﻧﺛﺃ ﻝﻛﺷ 4 ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣ ﻋ . 1.1 ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺯﻠﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻊﻣﺟﻟ ﺔﻠ ﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻕﺭﻁ ﺙﻼﺛ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧ ﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ،ﺃﺩﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺙﻳﺣ ﻥﻣ ،ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﻲﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﻊﻣﺟﻟﺍ ﻡﻬ ﺳﻔﻧﺄ ﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻡﻬﻧ ﻛ ﻣﻳ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺽﺍﺭﻏ ﻷ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﺎ ﻣﻌﺗﺳﺍ ﻡﻬﻧﻛ ﻣﻳﻭ ،ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺎﺛﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺧﻵﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺕﻌﻣﺟ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺎﻣﻛ . ﺭﻳﺭﺎ ﻘ ﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ءﺍﺭﺟﻹ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﻥﺎﺟﻟ ﻑﻳﻠ ﻛﺗ ﻡﻬﻧﻛ ﻣﻳﻭ ﻝﺎﻌﻓ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﺔ ﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺭﻳﺭﺎ ﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺇﻭ ﻝﻳﻠ ﺣﺗ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎ ﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧ ﺗﺳﺍﻭ ﺭﺷﻧ ﻝﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ

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30 ﻠﻟ ﻲﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﻊﻣﺟﻟ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﻓﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﻳ ﻁﺑ ﺗﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣﺟﺑ ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻁﺭ ﺧﻧﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧﻳﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﻹﺍ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﺃ . ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻬﺑ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻥﺍ ﺔﻳﺩﻳﻠ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ءﺎﺻﺣ ﻹﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭ ﻲﻫ ﻟﺍ ﻪﻳﻓ ﻙﺷ ﻻ ﺎﻣﻣﻭ ،ﺱﺭﺍﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺗﺟﻣ ﻥﻋ ﺔﺛﻳﺩﺣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻅﻔﺣ ﻥﻋ ﺱﻳﺋﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻭﻫ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻌﻣﺟ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻫﺃ ﻝﻘﺗ ﻻ ﻯﺭﺧ ﺃ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ﻥﻛﻟ ،ﻡﻫﻷﺍ ﻱﺯ ﺍﻭ : ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﺃ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺟﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻑﻳﻟﺎﻛﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ، ﻥ ﻳﻔ ﻅﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺅ ﺷ ﻡﺳﻗ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻊﻣ ﻭ ، ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻗ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻊﻣﺟﺗ ﺕﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﺣﺗﻣﻻﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺍﺭ ﺎ ﺑﺗﺧ ﻻﺍ ﻡﺳﻗ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻊﻣﺟﺗ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺻﺣﺗ ﻥﻋ .ﺭﻣﻷﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻬﺑ ﺔ ﻔﻠﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﻛ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺳ ﺳﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﻊﻣﺟ ُ ﻳ ﺔﻳﻣﻭﻛﺣ ﺔﻳﻠ ﺣﻣ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩ ﺇ ﺕﻼﺟﺳ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﺯﻛﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﻑﺳﻸﻟ ﻥﻛ ﻟ ،ﺕ ﺎﻧ ﺎﺣ ﺗﻣ ﻻﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺗ ﺍ ﻭ ﺭﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺑ ﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘ ﻔ ﻧ ﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻥﺎ ﻛﺳﻟﺍ ﺹﺋ ﺎﺻﺧﻭ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍﻭ ﻊﻣﺟﺗ ﺎﻣﺩ ﻧ ﻋ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﻭﻼﻋﻭ . ﺔﻣﻅﺗ ﻧﻣ ﺔﻘ ﻳﺭ ﻁﺑ ﺎ ﻬﻌﻣﺟ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻻ ً ﺎﺑﻟ ﺎ ﻏ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺔﻘﻔﺗ ﻣ ﺭﻳﻏﻭ ﺔﻟﻭﻬ ﺳﺑ ﺎ ﻬﻣﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻳﻌﺗ ﻻ ﻝﺎﻛﺷﺄﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﻳﺯﺧﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﺯﻳﻬ ﺟ ﺗ ﻰﻘﺑﻳ . ﺎﻬ ﺿﻌﺑ ﻊﻣ ﺭﻣﻷﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻝﺍﺯ ﺎﻣﻭ ،ﻝﻭﺩ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻠﻛﺷﻣ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻝﻬﺳﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﺷﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﺗﻣ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺑ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻌﻳ ﺑ ﻡﺎ ﻳﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﺎﻫﺩﺣﻭ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻻﺇ ﺔﻳﺳ ﺎﺳﺃ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ .ﺔﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻭﺗ ،ﺔﻘﻳﻘﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ . ﻝﻋﺎ ﻓ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻐﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﻓﺎﻛ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﺣﺻ ﻥﻋ ً ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻓ ﺎﻫﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻻﺇ ،ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕ ﺎ ﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﺿﻔﺧﻧﻣ ﺔﻳﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﺔﻣﻳﻗ ﻡﺳﻘ 3 ﻥﻣ ﻥﻛﻣﺗ ﻧ ﻟ . ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣﻟ ﻕﻣﻋﺃ ﻡﻬﻓ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳﻌﺗﺳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺔﻳﻋ ﻭ ﻧ ﺕ ﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺝﺎ ﺗﺣﻧ ﺎﻧﻧﺈﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﺭ ﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﻭ ﺭﺑﻋ ﺏﺑﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﻝ ﻳ ﻠﺣﺗ - ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﻗ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻠﻗ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻑﺳﻸﻟ ﻥﻛﻟ ﻭ .ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺎﻬﺳﻔﻧﺑ ﺎﻬﻳﺩﻟ ﺎﻬ ﺿﻌﺑ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺙﺩﺣﻳ ﺎ ّ ﻣﻋ ﺙﺣﺑ ﺓﺩﺣﻭ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻓ . ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻛ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔﺣﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺋﺎ ﺳ ﻭﻟﺍﻭ ٍ ﻑﺎﻛ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺎﻬﻳﻔ ﻅﻭﻣ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﺩﻌ ُ ﻳ ﺙﺣﺑﻟﺍ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭ ﻡﺎﻬ ﻣ ﻥﻣ ً ﺍءﺯﺟ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻟﻭ ،ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﻊﻗﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻭﺃ ﻯﺭ ﺧﺃ ﻡﺎ ﻬﻣﺑ ﻥﻳﻠ ﻘﺛﻣ . ﻝﻣﻌ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻉﻭ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻬﺑ ﻡﺎ ﻳﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻬﺗﺭﺩﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﻘﺛﺍ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻡﻬﻧﺃ ،ﺔﻘﻳﻘﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻊﻣ ﺟ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﺔ ﻅ ﺣﻼﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﻓﺭﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺷ ﺗ ﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺳ ﺍﻭﺑ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻟﺫ ﺑ ﺓﺭﻳﺧ ﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ . ﻑ ﻭ ﻔﺻﻟﺍﻭ ﺱﺭﺍﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳﺷﺗ ﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻋ ﻡ ﻳ ﻅﻧﺗﻟ ﺔﺳﻭﻣﻠﻣ ً ﺍﺩﻭ ﻬ ﺟ ﻝﻭ ﺩ ﺓﺩﻋ ﺕ ﺱﻳ ﻳﺎﻘﻣ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻋﻭﺿﻭﻣ ﺕﺎ ﻛﺣﻣ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺭﻓﺍﻭ ﺗﻳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠﺑ ﺎ ﻘﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻅﺣﻼﻣﻠﻟ ﺓﺩﺣ ﻭ ﻣ ﺕﺍﻭ ﺩ ﺃ ﻝﺎﺧﺩﺇ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻲﻟﺎﺗ ﻟﺎﺑﻭ ،ﺔﻧﺭ ﺎﻘﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻠ ﺑﺎﻗﻭ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﺿﻭﻣ ﺭﺛﻛ ﺃ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺣﺑﺻ ﺃ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭﻁﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﺑﻭ . ﺕ ﺎﻣﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﻹ ﻋ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺽﺍﺭﻏ ﻷ ﺓﺩﺋﺎﻓ ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻥﻛﻟ ﺔﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ . ﺔ ﻠﻐﺗﺳﻣ ﺭﻳ ﻏ ﺓﺭﻳﺑ ﻛ ﺔﺟﺭﺩ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﻟﺍﺯ ﺎﻣ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﺷﺗﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﺃ ﻻﺇ ً ﺎﻳ ﻟﺎﺣ ﻝﻭ ﺎ ﺣﺗ ﻝﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ً ﺍﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣﻛ ،ﻙﻟﺫﺑ ً ﺎﻳ ﻣﺎﻧﺗ ﻣ ً ﺎﻳﻋﻭ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ﺭﻳﺭﺎ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻝﺿﻓﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺽﺍﺭﻏ ﻷ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ 8 . ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ،ﻪﺳﻔﻧ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕﻘﺣ ءﺎﺿﻋﺃ ﻥﺃ ﻯ ﺭﺧﺄﺑ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﺑ ﻕﻳﺭﻓ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭ ﻠ ﻣﻌﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺕﺎﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻁﻳﺳ ﺑ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻧﻘ ﺗ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺎﺑ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺯﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻭ ﻡﻬﻟ ﺢ ﻳﺗﻳ ﺳ ﺍﺫ ﻫﻭ . ﺕﺎﻧﻳﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺑ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺣﻭ ﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻼﺑﺎﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻓﺃ ﺓﺭﻛﻓ ﻥﻳ ﻭﻛﺗ ﺙﺩﺣﻳ ﺎﻣﻋ ﻝﺿ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ .ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﻹﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻠﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﻳ ﺳﻔﺗ ﻡﻳﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻬ ﻧﻳﻌ ﻳﻭ ﺔﻣﺩﻘ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﺗﺍﺫ 8 ﺕﺎ ﻬﺟﻭﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠ ﻣﺎﻛ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣﻟ ﻟﺍ : ﺭﻅ ﻧﺃ ﺔﺳﺭﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑ ﺍﺭﺷﻹ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﺛﻳﺩ ﺣ “Reforming school supervision for quality Improvement” l materials/schoolsupervision.htm - velopment/training/training de - www.iiep.unesco.org/capacity

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31 ﺏﺳ ﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻥ ﻭ ﺭﺧﻵ ﺍ ﺎﻫﺫﻔﻧ ﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹ ،ﺔﻳﺛﺣﺑﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﺗ ﺍﺭﺩﻗ ﺯﺯﻌﺗﺳ ﻁ ﻭ ﺭﺷﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻭ . ﺔ ﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺍﻭ ﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﻁﺑﺿ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻌﺟﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻡﻬﻧ ﻣ ﺏﻠﻁﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺹﻭ ﺻﺧﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﺙﺣﺑ ﻟﺍ ، ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥ ﻣ ﺿﺗﻳﻭ . ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻕﺋﺍ ﺭﻁﻭ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ﺙﺣﺑﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﺏﺑﺳﻭ ،ﺔﻳﺭﺎﻳﻌﻣﻭ ،ﺔﻳﻔﺻﻭ : ﻡﻳ ﻭﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻉﺍ ﻭﻧﺃ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺩﺟﻭ ﻳ - ﺭﺛﺃ ﺔ ﺟﻳﺗﻧ – ﺔﻳﻔﺻﻭ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ ﺙﺣﺑﺗ ﺔﻠﺋﺳ ﻷ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ " ؟ﻡﻛ ،ﻰﺗ ﻣ ،ﻥﻳﺃ ،ﻥﻣ" ﻥﻋﻭ " ؟ﺍﺫﺎ ﻣ" ﻥﻋ ﻲﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻑﺻﻭﻭ ﻡﻬﻓ . ﺎ ﻬﺗﺎ ﻧﻭﻛ ﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ – ﺔﻳ ﺭﺎﻳﻌ ﻣ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ " ﻝﻭﺣ ﻧﺭﺎﻘ ﻣ "؟ﺍﺫﺎﻣ ً ﺔ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﻭ ﻛﻣ ﻡﻅ ﻌﻣ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺗ "؟ﻥ ﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺍﺫ ﺎﻣ" ﻊﻣ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻘﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻧﻘﻔ ﻧﺃ ﻝﻫ " ﻝﺛﻣ ﺎﻬﺣﺭ ﻁﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺋﺳ ﻷﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺭ ﺎﻳﻌ ﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺎﺻ ﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻩ ﺎ ﻧ ﻁﻁﺧ ." ؟ﺎﻧﻓﺍﺩ ﻫﺃ ﺎﻧﻘﻘﺣ ﻝﻫ" ﻭﺃ ؟ ﺔﻧﺯ ﺍﻭﻣﻟﺎﺑ – ﺏﺑﺳ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ - ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗﻧ . ﻝﺧﺩﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺔﻳﻘ ﻁﻧﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺎﺑ ، ﺎﻬﺗﺎ ﻧﻭﻛ ﻣ ﺩﺣﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺭﺎﺛﺁ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻝﻭﺎﺣﺗ ﺍ ﺫ ﻛﻫﻭ ؟ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻭﻛﻣ ﺩﺣﺃ ﻪﺛ ﺩﺣﺃ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻉ ﻭﻧﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ءﺍ ﺭﻭ ﻲﺳ ﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻝﺍﺅﺳﻟﺍ ﺏﺑﺳ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃ ﻥﺈﻓ - ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻡﺗﻬﺗ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻛ ﺎﻬ ﻘﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻡﺗ ﺩﻗ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺩﻭﺻﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﻧ ﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ . ﻱ ﺭ ﻳﻭﻁﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺩﺗﻠﻟ ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ 2 .ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁ ﻗ ﺕﺎﻧﻭﻛ ﻣ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻣﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳ ﻷ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻛﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺙﺣﺑﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻕﺭﻁ ﺭﻳﺷﺗ ﺙﻳﺣ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻠﻟ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺭ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺩﺩﺣ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺙﺣﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬ ﻟ ً ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ﺎﻬﻣﺍﺩ ﻲﻁ ﻐﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻣ ﺙﺣﺑﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁ ـ ً ﺎﻌ ﺳﺍﻭ ﻯﺩ ﺩﺗ ﻣﻳ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭﻼﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻗﻷﺍ / ـ ﻳﻣﺳﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ً ﺎﻣ ﻳﻅﻧﺗ ﻝ ـ ﺔ / ﺭﺛﻛﻷﺍ . ً ﺎ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗ ﺭﻳــﺷﺗ ﺔﻣﺋﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﻊ ﺑ ﺭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻧﻳﺑ ﻣﻟﺍ 3 ﻛﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻟﺯﺎ ﻧﺗ ﺏﻳ ﺗﺭﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻻ ﺭﺛ :ﺔﻔ ﻠﻛ ﺭﺛ ﻛﺃﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭ ﺭﺛ ﻛ ﻷ ﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻔﻠ ﻛ ﻝﻗﺃ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟ ﺍ .ﺩﻳ ﺟ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﺑ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﺹﺭﻓ ﻥﻳﺳﺣﺗ ﻑﺩﻬﻟ ﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﺭﻳ ﻭﻁ ﺗ ّ ﻭﻛ ﻣ ﺔﻣ ﺩ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ – . ﺝ ﺭﺧﻣﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭﻣ ﻲﻔ ﺻﻭ ﻝﺍﺅﺳ ؟ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻟ ﺍﻭﻌﺿﺧ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺎﻣ – ﻝﺍﺅ ﺳ ؟ ً ﺎﻘﺑﺳﻣ ﻪﻟ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺔﻣ ﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠ ﻌﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩ ﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎ ﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻡ ﻬ ﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻝﻫ . ﺝ ﺭﺧﻣﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭﻣ ﻱﺭﺎﻳﻌ ﻣ – ﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻡﻫﺎﺳ ﻝﻫ ﻝﺍﺅﺳ ؟ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳ ﺻﺣﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻭﺻ ﻘﻣﻭ ﺔﻅﻭ ﺣﻠﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣﺩﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥﻳ .ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭﻣ ﻱﺭﺎﻳﻌ ﻣ – ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﺃ ﻝﻫ ﻥﻭﻣ ﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﻬﺳﺭﺩ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻠﻁ ﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻝﺿﻓﺃ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎ ﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺍﻭﺑﺭﺩﺗ ﻡ ﻬ ﺳﺭﺩ ﻥﻭﻣ ﻠﻌﻣ ﺏﺑ ﺳ ﻝﺍﺅﺳ ؟ﺔﻣ ﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻟ ﺍﻭﻌﺿﺧﻳ ﻡﻟ - ﺭﻣ ﺔ ﺟﻳﺗﻧ ﺭﺛﺄﺑ ﻁﺑﺗ .

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32 ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 3 ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻕﺭ ﻁ . 9 ﻟﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﺎ ﻣﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﻡﻬ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﻛﺗ ﻝﻳﻠ ﻘ ﺗ . ﺔﻧﻛﻣﻣ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﻛﺗ ﻝﻗﺄﺑ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻕﻘﺣﺗ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟﻟ ﻕﺭﻁ ﺋﺳ ﺃ ﻁﺑﺭ ﻧ ﺎﻧﻋﺩ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﺭﻅ ﻧﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺟ ﻕﺭﻁﺑ ﻩﻼ ﻋﺃ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠ 4 ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 4 ﺙﺣﺑﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁ / ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻕﺭﻁﺑ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃ ﻁﺑﺭ . 9 ﺏ ﻳﺗﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺟ ﻕﺭ ﻁﻭ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺋﺳ ﺃ ﻥﻋ ً ﻼﺻﻔﻣ ً ﺎﺣﺭﺷ ﺩﺟﺗﺳ IPDET ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ 5 ﺓﺩﺣ ﻭﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻭﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ 6 ،ﺔ ﻳﻔﺻﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺙﺣ ﺑﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻣﺎﺻﺗ ﺏﺑﺳ ﻭ ، ﺔﻳ ﺭ ﺎﻳ ﻌﻣﻭ – : ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣ ﺔﺟﻳ ﺗ ﻧ l www.worldbank.org/ieg/ipdet/modules.htm – .ﻥ ﻳﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺭ ﻓﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﺛ ﺩﺎﺣﻣ ﻟﺍ – .ﻲﻠﺣﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺑ ﺎ ﻘﻣ – . ﻯﺭﺧ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺕﺎ ﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺟﺳﻠﻟ ﺕﺎﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ – . ﺔﺳﻳ ﺋ ﺭ ﺔﻳ ﺻﺧﺷ ﺕﻼﺑﺎﻘﻣ – . ﺔﻅﺣﻼ ﻣ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ – .ﺯﻳ ﻛ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﺕﻼﺑﺎﻘﻣ – ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑ ﻣ ﺔﻅﺣﻼﻣ – ﺔﻳﺣﺳﻣ ﺔ ﻧﻳﻋ – ﺓﺩﺣﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺭﻣﻟ ﺢﺳﻣ – ﺢﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ءﺍﺭﺑﺧ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ – .ﻊﻣﺗ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺢﺳﻣ – ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺑ ﺭﺟﺗﻟﺍ :ﺭﺩﺻﻣ ﻟﺍ IPDET Handbook: Module 4 Building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system p.199. ﺎﻣ ؟ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻟ ﺍﻭﻌ ﺿ ﺧ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺩ ﻋ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺟﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌ ﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺻﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻫﺭ ﻳ ﻏ . ﻉ ﻭ ﺭﺷﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭﺎﻘﺗ ؟ﻪ ﻟ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺎﻣ ﻛ ﺔﻣ ﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟ ﺭﻭﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺍﻭﺑﺭﺩﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺩ ﻋ ﻥﺎﻛ ﻝﻫ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺻﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻫﺭ ﻳ ﻏﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺟﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌ ﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺎﻘﺗ . ﻉ ﻭ ﺭﺷﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ؟ﺩﻭﺻﻘﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻅﺣﻼﻣﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳ ﺻﺣﺗ ﻊﻓﺭ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣ ﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﺭﻳ ﻭﻁ ﺗ ﻡﻫﺎﺳ ﻝﻫ . ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﺗ ﻣﻠﻟ ﻝﻳ ﺻﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑﺗ ﺧﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ . ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺹﺋ ﺎﺻﺧﻭ ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﻝﻳ ﺻﺣﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔ ﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻌ ﺿ ﺧ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠ ﻌﻣ ﻱﺩﻳ ﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡ ﻬﻣﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗ ﺍﻭ ﻘ ﻠ ﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩ ﺃ ﺩﻌ ُ ﻳ ﻝﻫ ﻝﺿ ﻓﺃ ﺔﻣ ﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗ ؟ﺔ ﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻟ ﺍﻭﻌﺿﺧﻳ ﻡﻟ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻱﺩﻳﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻬﻣﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﺍﻭﻘ ﻠﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺟﺗ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻥﻣﺿﺗﺗ ﺔﻳﺣﺳﻣ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ : ﻲ ﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺟﺗ ﻪﺑﺷ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﺔﻁﺑﺎﺿ .

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33 ﺏﺭﺎﺟﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺣﻭﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺓﺭﻭﻁ ﺗﻣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻊﻣ ﺟ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﻻ ﻪﺟ ﻭﺗ ﺓﺭﻳﺧﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻬﻅ ﻛﻟ . ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻣﻳﻳﻘ ﺗ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﻹ ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺭﺎﺟﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺩﺧﺗﺳﺗ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻣﺋ ﺍﺩ ﻱ ﺭ ﻭﺭ ﺿﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻻ ﺩﻗ ﻥ ﺕﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻁﺳﺑﺃ ﻕﺭﻁ ﺭﻓﻭﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻥﺎﻳﺣﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓ . ﺔ ﻔﻠﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺎﺑ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺔﻘﻳﺭﻁ ﺔ ﺑ ﺭﺟﺗ ﻡﻳﻣﻌﺗ ﺑ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ : ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻌﻧﺎ ﺻﻟ ﺕﺎﺑﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻛ ﺔ ﺟﺭﺩ ﺑ ﻊﺗﻣﺗﺗ . ﺱﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺣﻣ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ " ﻰﻋ ﺩ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ " ﻊﻳ ﺭ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻭﻫ ﺏﻭ ﻠ ﺳﺃ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻔﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺍ ﺭﺎﻛﻓﺃ ﺩﻟﻭﻳﻭ ً ﺍ ﺹﺎ ﺧ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ، ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺓﺩﻳﻔ ﻣ ﺫﻐﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ءﺍ ﺭﻵﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻔﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻣﺩﻘﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻭ ﻭ ﻥ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻌ ﻧﺎﺻ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺣﻟ ﺔﺑﺎ ﺟﺗﺳﺍ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ . ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻠﻟ ﻥﺇ ﻧ ﻱﺃ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺓﺩﻭﺩ ﺣﻣ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﻲﺋﺎﻧﺑﻟﺍ ﻪﺑﺷ ﻡﻅﺗﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰ ﺣﻧﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻓ ﻭﺭﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﻳﺭﺳﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻣﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ . ﻯﺭ ﺧﻷﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁﺑ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﻪﻳﻁﻐ ﺗ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻝ ﺎ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺙﻳﺣ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻐﺻﺃ ﺎﻬ ﻧﻛﻟﻭ ،ﺙ ﺣﺑﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻥﻣ ﻊﻣﺟﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﺔﻌﻳﺭﺳﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁ ﺑ ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻝﺎﺛ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻ ﻣ ﺓﺩﻋ ﺟﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ . ﺔﻳﻗﺍﺩ ﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﺗ ﺍﺫﻛﻫﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﺙ ﻳ ﻠ ﺛﺗﺑ ﺡﺎﻣﺳﻠﻟ ﺓﺭﻳﻐﺻ ﺕﺎﻧﻳ ﻌﻟ ﺕﺎﺣﻭﺳﻣﻭ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻊﻣ ﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻠ ﻟ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻧ ﺗﻣ ﺭﺩﺎﺻﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔ ﻌﻳﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺟﻬﻧﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﺩﺗﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﻛ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﺓﺭﺎﺗﺧﻣ ﺙﺣﺑ ﻥﻳﻣﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺹ ﺎﺧﺷﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺕﻼﺑﺎ ﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻭ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻅﺣﻼﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺯ ﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺕﺎﺷﻗﺎ ﻧ ﻣ ﻭ ﻗﺭﻁ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺏﻠﻁﺗﻳ ،ﺙﺣﺑﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻑﻳﻁ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺧﻵﺍ ﻑﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺎ ، ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﻘ ﻌﺗ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻬﻓﺩ ﻫ ﺓ ﺩ ﻳﻔ ﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏﻭ ،ﺩﻭ ﺻﻘﻣ ﺭﻳ ﻏﻭ ﺩﻭﺻﻘﻣﺩﻣﻷ ﺍ ﻝﻳﻭ ﻁ ﺎﻫﺭ ﺛ ﺃﻭ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻠ ﻟ ﻡ ﻅﺗﻧﻣﻟ ﺍ .ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻝﻅ ﻲﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻲﺟﺫ ﻭ ﻣﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻣﺎﺗ ﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗ ﺃ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ . ﺎﻬ ﺗﺎﻧ ﻭ ﻛﻣ ﺩﺣﺃ ﻭﺃ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻪﻧﻛ ﻟ ،ﺔﻔﻠﺗ ﺧﻣ ﺙﺣﺑ ﺕﺎ ﻳﺟﻬﻧ ﻣ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﻳ ﻥ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﻡﺗ ﺗ ،ﺓﺭﻭﺻ ﻰﻘﻧﺃ ﻲﻓﻭ . ﻲ ﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺟﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻪﺑﺷ ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻧ ﻳ ﺎ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡ ﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻳﺑ ﻛﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺣﻭ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﻝﺧﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻭ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﺔﻁﺑﺎ ﺿ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣ ﺟﻣﺑ ﻥﻭﺭﺷﺎ ﺑ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻳ ﻔﺗﺳ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻑﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺑ ﻊﺗﻣﺗﻳ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺍﺫ ﻛﻫﻭ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺝﺎﺗ ﺣ ﻳﻭ ﺔﻌ ﻔﺗﺭ ﻣ ﻪﻔﻳﻟ ﺎﻛﺗ ﻥﻛﻟ ،ﻲﻠﺧﺍ ﺩ ﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺩﺻﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻋ ﺔﺟﺭﺩ . ﻝ ﻳﻭﻁ ﺹ ﻲﻟ ﻭﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻙ ﻧﺑﻠ ﻟ ً ﺎﻘﻓﻭ 13 ، 2009 ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﻩﺭﺭﺑﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻪﻟ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻥﺈ ﻓ ، ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓ ﺩ ﺋﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺋ ﺍ ﻭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋﻭ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻕﻳﺑﻁﺗ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺇ ﻭﺃ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺍﺭﻣﺗﺳﻻﺎ ﺑ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺗﻣ ﺎﻫﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ءﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﺔﻔ ﻠﻛ ﻕﻭﻔ ﺗ ﺄﻁﺧ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺏﻧﺟﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺢﻳ ﺣﺻ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺎﺑ ﻩﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑ ﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺗﻧ ﺗ ـ ﻟﺍ ﺞ ـ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻯ ﺭﺧﻷﺍ ﻥﻳﺣ ﻧ ﺎﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺛﺣ ﺑﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻌﻣﺎﺟ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺕﺎﻣﻅﻧﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻫﺭﻳ ﻏﻭ ﻣﻳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﺎ ﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﻌﺳﺍﻭ ﻯﺩﻣ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ءﺍﺭﺛ ﺇ ﻭ ﻡﻋ ﺩﻟ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺓﺩﻳ ﻔﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛ ﺡﻭﺳﻣ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ . ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺹﻭ ﺻﺧﻟﺍ ﻪﺟ ﻭ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ،ﺔﻳ ﻭ ﺑ ﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺃ ﺔﻳﻌﺑﺗﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺑ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﺳﻷﺍ ﺡﻭﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﻗ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺭﻓﻭﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺔﻧﻳﻋ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻳﻭﻁ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺎﻬﺟﺎﺗﺣﻧ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ،ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﻧﻳﺑ ﺦﻟ ﺍ.. ،ﺔ ﺣﺻ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ،ﺭﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﺩﻋ ﺎﺳﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺧﻷﺍ ــ ﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻯﺭ ـ ﻡﻬﻓ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗ ﺕﺎ ﻟ ﻝﺿﻓﺃ ﻠ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻌ ﻉﻭ ﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺏﺑﺳ - ، ﻡ ﻠﻌﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻝﻳﺻﺣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺣﻣ ،ﺱﺭﺍﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺏﺭﺳﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﺃ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧ ﺎﻫﺭﻳ ﻏﻭ ﻭ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ . ﻡﺩﺧﺗﺳﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺗﻧ ﺟﺭﻷﺍ ،ﻲﻠﻳﺷﺗ ، ﻝ ﻳﺯﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ : ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﻳﺗﻼﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻛﻳﺭ ﻣﺃ ﻝﻭﺩ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧﺑ ﺔﻳﺭﺳﻷﺍ ﺡ ﻭ ﺳ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻘﻠﻌﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺑﻭ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗﻟ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﺔﻧﻳ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ، ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗ ﻣ ﺎﻬﺳﻔﻧ ﺔﻣ ﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ﻯ ﺭﺧﺃ ﻝﻭﺩ ﻝﻋﺎﻓ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻣﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ .

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34 ﺭﺻﺣﻧﻳ ءﺯ ﺟ ﺔﻠﻛﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺟﺑ ﻲﻧﻌﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺟ ﻕﻳﺛ ﻭ ﺗ ﺯﻛﺭﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﺩﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻠﻗ ﻥﺃ ﻡﻅﺗﻧ ﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺍﺭﻭﺷ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻕ ﺋ ﺎﺛﻭﻟﺍﻭ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻙﺋﻟﻭﺃ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻟﻭﻬ ﺳﺑ ﺎ ﻬﻣﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﻌﺑ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺳﻸﻟ . ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺽﺍﺭﻏﻷ ﺔﻳﺋﺎﺻﺣ ﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻳ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﻼﻳ ﻬ ﺳﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﻑ . ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﻧ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ، ﺓﺭﺧﺄﺗﻣ ﺔﻳﻭﻟﻭﺃ ﻌﻳ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ءﺍﺭﺟﺈﺑ ﻑﻳﻠ ﻛﺗﻟﺍ ﺩ ّ ﺍﺩﻳ ﻔ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺿﻘﻟ ً ﺎﻘﻣﻋ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺕﻼ ﻳ ﻠ ﺣﺗ ءﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﺏﻭ ﻠ ﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔﺟﺎﺣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ّ ﻳﻘ ﺕﺎﻅﺣﻟ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭ ﺑﻭ ﻠ ﻁﻣ ﺭﺛﻷﺍﻭ ءﺍ ﺩﻸﻟ ﻥ ﻭ ﻳﺟﺭﺎﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻣ ﺔ ﺟﺭﺣ ﺕﺳﻳﺭﻭ ﻙﻳﺳﻭﻛ ـﻟ ً ﺎﻘ ﻓ ﻭ . ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻣ Kusek Rist 2004 ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ، ﺏﻠﻁﺗﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﺗﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻥﻋ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﺷﻛﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﺔﻳ ﺩﺎﻳ ﺗ ﻋ ﻻ ﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺭﺳﺗ : ﻝﺎﺛ ﻣ .ﻕﻣﻋﺃ ً ﺎﺛ ﺣﺑ ﺙﺎﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻳﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻰﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻊﻗ ﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗ ﻊﺳﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻋ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺍ ﺩ ﻳ ﻣ ﺔﺑﺭ ﺟﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻊﺳ ﻭﺗﻠﻟ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺫﺧﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧ ﻋ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﻔ ﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ،ﻝﺛ ﻣﻟﺎﺑﻭ . ﻱﻭﻧ ﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻳﻭ ﻁ ﺓﺭﺗﻓ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻑ ﺷﻛﻠﻟ ﻭﺃ ،ﺎﻬﺑ .ﺔﺣﺿﺍﻭ ﺭﻳ ﻏ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺳ ﻷ ﺍﻭ ﻥﺳ ﺣﺗ ﻥﻭ ﺩ ﺑ ﺭﻬﻅﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧ ﻋ ، ً ﺍﺭﻳ ﺧﺃﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻠﺛﺎ ﻣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎ ﻧﻳﺎ ﺑﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﺭﻬﻅ ﺗ ﺱﻔﻧ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺟﺗ ﺍ . ﺏﺎﺑﺳﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻑ ﺷﻛﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ءﺍ ﺭ ﺟﺇ ﻱﺭ ﻭﺭﺿﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳﺳ ،ﺔﻧ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺗﻣ ﻝﺎﺣ ﻝﻛ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺔﻳﻔﻳﻛ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺹﻘﻧﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺹﻘﻧ ﺔﻳﻧﻓﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺳ ﻷ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺟ ﺈ ﺑ ﻑﻳﻠﻛﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻛ ً ﺎﺑ ﺎﺑ ﺳﺃ ﺩﻌﺗ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺭﺟﺇﻭ ﺙﺣﺑ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ء ﺩﻘﻓ ﺓﺭﻁ ﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻳﻐﺗ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻛ ﻟ . ﻥﻳ ﻳﺋ ﺎﻣﻧﻹﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻳ ﺫﺧﺄﺗ ً ﺎﻳ ﺟﻳﺭ ﺩ ﺗ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺙﺩﺣﺗ ﺕﺍ ﺭ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻗﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﻘﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻳﻔﻳﻛﻭ ﺎﻫﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻁﺑﺿ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ ﺍ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟ 5 . ﻊﺒ ر ﻤ 5 ﺴا ردﻟا ضﻌﺒ ءا رﺠﺈﺒ فﻴﻠﻛﺘﻟا . .ادﻨﻏ وأ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻀﺎ ﻴ ر ﻟ ا و ﺔﻴ ﺒ رﺘﻟ ا ةرازو ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﺼﺎﺨﻟا تﺎ ﻡﺎﻋ ﺫﻧ ﻣ 1999 ، ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺕﺫﻔﻧ 35 ﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﻁﻏ ﺔﻘﻳ ﻘ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺭﻌﻣ ﺓﺩﻋﺎﻗ ﺎ ﻬﺗﺎﺟﺭﺧ ﻣ ﺕﺩﺟﻭ ﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻋﺭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﻛ .ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﻭ ﺭﺎﻣﺛﺗﺳﻻﺎ ﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻟﺩﺃ ﻝ ﻳ ﻛﺷﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻣﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﺎﻣ ﻛ .ﺎﻬﺗﺍﺭﺎﻳﺧﻭ ﻟ ً ﺎﺑ ﻭﻠ ﻁﻣ ﻥﺎ ﻛ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻠﻟ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻧﻔ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ً ﺍءﺯﺟ ﺕﺎ ﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺩﻌﺗ ﻭ . ﺔﻳﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻰﺗﺣ 2001 ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻟﻭﻣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﻛﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺱﻳﺋﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﻟﻭﻣ ، ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺎﻣ ﻧ ﻡﻋﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻥﻳ ﺣﻧ ﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺉﺩﺎﺑ ﻣ ﻊﻣ ً ﺎﻣﺎﺟﺳﻧ ﺍﻭ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺫﻧ ﻣ ﻭ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﻭ ﺎ ﻬﻠﻳﻭﻣﺗ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻋﺩﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺩﻧﺻﻭ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺩﻧ ﻏ ﻭ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻵﺍ . ﺔﻧﺯ ﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻪﺟ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻧ ﺎﻬﺗﺭﺍﺩﺇﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺗﺎﺟﺎﻳ ﺗﺣﺍ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺩﻧﻏﻭ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻣﻭﻛ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﺟﺷﺗ ﻭﻫ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ . ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻠﻟ ﺎﻣﺃ ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻬﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻌ ﺟﺭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻭﺭ ﺷﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻫﺎﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﻣ ءﺎﺿﻋﺃ ﻙﺍ ﺭﺷﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻡﺛ . ﺎﻬﻌﻳ ﻣ ﺟ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻟ ﺔ ﺑ ﺳﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ . ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ﺎﻛﻭ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻥ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺩ ﺔﻳﺳﻓﺎﻧﺗ ﺕﺍءﺎﻁﻋ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺎﺷ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺩﻗﺎﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻡﻭ ﻘﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻥﻳﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻓﻷ ﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ، ﻡﻫﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﺑ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺭﻳﺩﺗ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟ ﺔﻳﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ . ﺓﺩﻭﺟﻟﺍ ﻁﺑﺿ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺏﻌﻠﺗﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ،ﺕﻭ ﻟﻭﺑ ﺃ : ﺭﺩﺻﻣ ﻟﺍ 2009 ﺹ ، 58

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35 2 . 1 ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇﻭ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﺭﻳﺳﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻑ ﻳ ﻧﺻ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻠﺑﺭ ﻏ ﻭ ﻡﻳﻅﻧ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻳ . ً ﺎﻌﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻭ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﺎﺷﺗﻛﻻ ﺕﻌﻣﺟ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻌ ﻷﺍ . ﺎﻬﻟ ﻲﻧﺎﻌﻣ ءﺎ ﻁﻋﺇ ﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻁﺎﻣﻧ ﺩﻋﺎﺳﻳ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺽﺭﻋ . ﺔﺑﻭﺗ ﻛﻣ ﺔﻘ ﻳﺛ ﻭ ﻝﻛﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻳ ﻠ ﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﺩﻗ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺭﻛﺫ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺭﻳﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ﺏﻠﻁﻳ ﻉﺍ ﻭﻧﺃ .ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺎﻅﺣﻟ ﺩﻧﻋ ﺭﻳﺭﺎ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻑﺻﺗ ﺔﻳ ﺭﻭ ﺩ ﺭﻳ ﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﻳﻌﺑ ﺭ ً ﺎﺑﻟ ﺎ ﻏ ﺔﻧﺳ ﻟ ﺍ ء ﺎﻧﺛﺃ ً ﺎﻳﺭ ﻭ ﺩ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺩﻌﺗ ً ﺎ ﺭﺑﻋ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻧ ﻳ ﺗﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺭﺷﻹﺍ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﻟ ﻷﺍ ،ﺭ ﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ .ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺳﻗ ﻲﻫ ،ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻠﻟ ﻲﻠﺧﺍﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﻼﻟ ﻭ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﺱﻛﻌﺗ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻗ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻣﺯﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺗﻔﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺛﺃ ﺕﺫﻔﻧ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻁ ﺎ ﺷﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﻕﻘﺣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﻛ ، ﻭ ﺱﺎﺳﺄﻛ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺛ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ، ً ﻻﻭﺃ ﻡﺳﻘﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻠﺧﺍ ﺩ ﺔﻳﺭ ﻭ ﺩ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﻡﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟ ﻝﻛﻛ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﺟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﺃ ، ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ . ﺎﻬﻟ ﺩﺩ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻅ ﻓﺎﺣﻣﻠﻟ ﻪﻠﻣﻋ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍﺩﺎﻣﺗﻋﺍ ﻡﺳﻗ ﻝﻛ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺗﻟ ﺎﻫﺭﻓﻭﻳ ﻥ ﻭ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﺙﻌﺑ ﺗ ﻻ ﻲﻛﻟ ﻥﻛ ﻣﺃ ﺎﻣ ﺔﻁ ﻳﺳﺑ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ . ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﺑ ﻥﻭ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ . ﻲﻘ ﻳﻘ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﻬ ﻠﻣﻌﺑ ﻡﻬﻣﺎﻳ ﻗ ﻥﻣ ً ﻻﺩﺑ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺈﺑ ﻝﺎﻐﺷﻧﻻﺍ ﻡﻬ ﺑﻧ ﺟﺗﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭ ﻣﻟ ﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻠﻟ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔ ﺻﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺓﺩﻣﻋﻷﺍ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻑﻳﺿﺃ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻝﻭﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﺽﺭﻌﻳ . ﺯﺎﺟ ﻧ ﻹﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺽﺍﺭﻏ ﻷ ﺔ ﺑﻭﻠﻁﻣ ﻟﺍ 3 ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟ ﺔﻁﺳﺑﻣ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔﺻﻣ ﺩﻗﻭ ، : ﻥﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺟﺑ ﺢﻣﺳﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺔﻓﻭﻔﺻ ﻣﻟ ﺓﺩﻣﻋﺃ ﺔﺛﻼ ﺛ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻡﺗ - . ﺕﺎﻁﺎﺷ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻪﻳﻓ ﺫﻔﻧﺗ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ - . ﺎﻬ ﻳﻠﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﻳﺳ ﻭﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ - ﻼﻣ ﺕﺎﻅﺣ ﻣ ﺔﻠﻣﺗﺣ . ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﺭﻳ ﺧ ﻷ ﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻧﻌ ﻣﺑ ،ﺔﻳ ﻣ ﻛ ﺍ ﺭﺗ ﺔﻳﻌﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻁﻐﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛ ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻲﻁﻐﻳ ﺳ ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﺎ ﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ً ﻼﻳ ﺻ ﻔ ﺗ ﺭﺛ ﻛﺃ ﺭﻓﻭﻳ ﺳﻭ . ءﺍ ﺩﻸﻟ ﻯﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹ ﺱﺎﺳﺃ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘ ﺗ ﻥﻭﻛﺗﻳ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺗﻣ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔ ﺻﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻠﻟ ﻲﺟ ﺫﻭﻣ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿ ﻹﺎﺑ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ،ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺎﻬﺗﺋ ﺑﻌ ﺗ : ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻭ ﺗﺣﻳ ﺔﻳﺎﻬ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺹﺧﻠﻣ - ﻟ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ءﺍ ﺩﻸ .ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻁﻐﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕﻘﺣ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ - ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺓﺭﺎﺑﻋ ﻑﺻﺗ ﻭ ؛ﺎﻬﺗﻬ ﺟ ﺍﻭﻣ ﺕﻣﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻘﻳﻌﻣﻟﺍ - . ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺢﻳﺣﺻﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﻹ ﺔﻘﻳ ﻗﺩ ﺕﺎﺣﺍﺭﺗﻗﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺩ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻲﻧﻌﻳ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﺳﻗ ﺃ ﺔﻁﺳﺍ ﻭﺑ ﺏﻛﺭﺗﻭ ﻝﻠ ﺣﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ءﺍ ﺩﻷ ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﺃ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺇ ﺔﻧﺟﻟ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺎ ﻬﻌﻓﺭ ﻡ ﺗﻳﻟ 2 ﺹ ﺧ ﻠﻣﺑ ﺔﺑﻭﺣﺻﻣ ﺭ ﺛ ﻛﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱ ﺫ ﻳﻔ ﻧﺗ 3 - 4 ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﻟ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺎﺟﻧﻹ ﺍ ﻡﻫﺃ ﺯﺭﺑﻳ ﺕﺎﺣﻔ ﺻ . ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ

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ﻝﻭﺩﺟ 3 ﻘﺗ ﺔﻓﻭﻔﺻﻣ . ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎ ﻝﻣ ﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﺔ ﻁ ﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻁﺎ ﺷﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺕﻳﻗﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻟ ﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎﺷ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧﺗ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ 1 ﻣ ﻝﻭ ﺻ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﺎﻬ ﻳﻠﻋ 2 ﺕ ﺎ ﻅﺣﻼﻣ 3 ﺭ ﻊﺑ 1 ﺭ ﻊﺑ 2 ﺭ ﻊﺑ 3 ﺭ ﻊﺑ 4 ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑ 1 ........... : ﻲﻋﺭﻓ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑ 1 ..... : ﻯﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺳﻭ ﺗ ﻣ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫ ﺃ ........... ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧﺳ ﻑﺍﺩﻫ ﺃ .......... ......... ﺱ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ 1 ......... ﻲﻋﺭﻓ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ 1 ......... ﻲﻋﺭﻓ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ 2 .......... ﻟﺍ ........ ﺦ ﺱ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ 2 .......... ﻲﻋﺭﻓ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ 1 ﺦﻟﺍ ... 1 ﻡﻳﻘﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺫﻔﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻁ ﻐﻳ ﻲﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﺳﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ، ﻭ ؛ﺃﺩﺑ ﻳ ﻡﻟ ﺭﻔﺻ : ً ﻼﺛ ﻣ ،ﻩﺯﻳ ﻣ ﺭ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺹﺧﻠﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻣ ﻋ ﻥ ﻛﻣﻳ 1 ؛ﻲﻧﻣﺯﻟﺍ ﻝﻭ ﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺭﺧﺄﺗ ﻣ 2 ؛ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ً ﻼﻳﻠﻗ ﺭﺧﺄﺗ ﻣ 3 ؛ﺩﺩ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻗﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ 4 ؛ﻝﻭﺩﺟ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﺩﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﻣ 5 . ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻰ ﻬ ﺗﻧﺍ 2 ﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻌ ﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺟﻳﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻪﻳ ﻓ ﺕﺯﺟﻧﺃ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺭﻳ ﺭﻘﺗ ﻡﺩﻘﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻧ ﻌﻳ ﻭ . ﻕﺑﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻱﺯﺍﻭﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺄﺑﻌ ُ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﻓ . ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬ ﻳ ﻁ ﻐ ﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻣﺯﻟ ﺔﻌ ﻗﻭﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺟﻳﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻡﺗ :ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ﻱﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻩﺯﺎﺟﻧﺇ ﻡﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺢﻳ ﺿﻭﺗ ﻡﺗﻳﻟ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻷﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺎﺑ ﻊﺑﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺋﺑﻌﺗﺑ ﻡﻗ ،ﺩﺍﺩﻋﻷﺎﺑ 50 ﻥﻳ ﺑ ، ﺔﻳ ﺩﺩ ﻋ ﻻ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻛ ﺷﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﻋ ﺭ ﱢ ﺑ ُ ﻋ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺣﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ . ﺔﻳ ﻔ ﺻ ﺔﻓﺭﻏ ﻻﺍ ﻡﺗ :ﻝﺎﺛ ﻣ ﻩﺯﺎﺟﻧﺇ ﻡﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺭﺻﺗ ﺧﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺷﺑ .ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺳﻣ ﻥﻣ ءﺎﻬﺗﻧ 3 ﻟﺍ ﺩﻭ ﻣ ﻋ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﻳ ﺕﺎ ﻅﺣﻼﻣ ﺡﺎﺟﻧﺑ ﺎﻣ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻝﺷﻓ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﺩ ﺃ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺎ ﺑﺳﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﻳﺑﻟ ﻝﺎ ﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ،ﺔﻳ ﻋﺭﻓ ﺕﺎﻁﺎ ﺷﻧ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺩ ﺩﺣ ﻣ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣ ﻲﻁﻌﻳ ﻟ ،ﻡﻭﺯﻠﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣ ﻭﺃ ﻌﻣ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻧ ﻛﻣﻣ ﺕﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗ ،ﻝ ﺟﺅﻣ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﺃﺩ ﺑﻳ ﺳ ﻰﺗ ﻣﻭ ؛ﻪ ﻠﻳﺟﺄ ﺗ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻥﺎﻛ .ﺓ ﺩﺩﺣﻣﻭ ﺓﺭ ﻳﺻﻗ ﺎﻬﻌﻳ ﻣﺟ ﺕﻻﺎﺣﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻘﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ .ﺔﻠ ﺻ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣ ﺔﻳ ﺃ ﻭﺃ ،ﻥﻳ

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37 ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻱ ﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻕﻳﻘﺣ ﺗﻟ ﺫﻔ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟ ﻧ ﻺﻟ ً ﺎﻣﻅﺗ ﻧﻣ ً ﺎ ﻣﻳﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳ ﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺽﺭﻌﻳ ﺍﻭ ً ﻻﻭﻣﺷ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺽ ﺭﺗﻔ ﻳﻭ . ﺔﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻭ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎ ﻘﺗ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﻣﺎﻅ ﺗ ﻧ ءﺍ ﺩﻷ ، ﺔ ﻳﺭ ﻭﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻥﺭﺎﻘﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ . ﺎﻬﻳﻠ ﻋ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻪ ﻧ ﻛﻟﻭ ءﺍ ﺩﻷ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﻡﻅﺗﻧ ﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩ ﻫﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﻯ ﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺳﻭﺗ ﻣ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻭ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ، ﺩﻌﻳ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ءﺯ ﺟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺭﻅ ﻧﺍ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻻﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘ ﺗ ﻥﻣ 3 . ﺭﺧﺁ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﻕﺭﻓ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﻳ ﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ،ﻲﻠﺧﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﻼﻟ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻡﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺗ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﺕﺎﻋﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺛﺃ ﻥﻳ ﻳﺋ ﺎﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻠﻟ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﺔﻳﺫﻐﺗ ءﺎﻁﻋﻹ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ، ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﺔﻳﻔﻳ ﻛ ﻝﻭ ﺣ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻔﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎﺳﻳﺋ ﺭ ً ﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﺏﻌﻠﺗ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﺎ ﻘﺗ .ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻥ ﻳ ﺳﺣﺗﻟ ﺱﺎﺳﺄﻛ ﻪﺳﻔﻧ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻣﻌ ﺗ ﺎﻣﻧﻳﺑ ، ﻪﺗﻔﻠﻛﻭ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﺃ ﻟ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻝﻭﺩ ﺓﺩﻌﻟ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﺎ ﻧﺛﺗ ﺳﺍ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺔﻣﺧﺿ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺕ ﺎ ﺣﻔﺻﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﻳ ﺋ 100 ﻭﺃ 200 ﺩﻳﺩﺷﻟﺍ ﺯﻳﻛ ﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻘﺑﻳﻭ . ﺔﺣﻔﺻ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻠﻟ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺍ ﺩﻷ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﺎﻣﻛ . ﺔ ﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟ ٍ ﻑﺎﻛ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺔﻳﺭﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﻝﺑ ﺎ ﻘ ﻣ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺎ ﺻﺣﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺔﻳﻣﻛ ﺽﺭﻌﺗ ، ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺔﻳ ﻔﺻﻭ ﻲﻘﺑﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻗ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﺟﺎ ﺗﻧﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻳﻠﻗ ﺩﺩﻋﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﻳﻠ 6 ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻑﻳﻛ ﻥﻋ ﺭﺎﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﻗﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛﻟﺍ ﻁﻐﺿﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ .ﺩﻳ ﺟﻟﺍ ﻑﻌﺿﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻬﻟ ﺭﻳﺳﻔ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ءﺯ ﺟ ﻭﻫ ﺭﻳ ﻓ ﺍ ﺓ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻠ ﻟ ﻡﻅ ﻧﻣ ﺽﺭ ﻋ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻷ ﺏﺎﻫ ﺫ ﻠﻟ ً ﺎﻳ ﻓﺎﻛ ً ﺎﺗﻗ ﻭ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﻻ ﺔﻁ ﺎﺳﺑﺑ . ﺕﻌﻣﺟ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺻﺣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻭﻌ ﺻ ﻝﺛ ﻣ ،ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗﻋ ﻻﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻌﺑ ﺫﺧﺅﺗ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺳﺃ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ﻥﻛﻟ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺎ ﺛ ﺭﺩﺎﺻﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﺗﻟ ﺔ ﺟ ﺎﺣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺔ ﻳ ﺋ ﺎ ﺻﺣﻹﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺳ ﻔ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻋ ﺎﺳﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺯﻳﺯﻌ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻫ ﺃ ﺭ ﺛ ﻛﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺎ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺩﻌﺗﻭ .ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻳﻠ ﺣﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺙﺣﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻣ ﺏﻌﺻﻳ . ﺕ ﺍ ﺭﺎﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﻭﻁﺗ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎ ﺑﻧﺎ ﺟ ﻊﺿﻭﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟ ﺎ ﻏ ﺏﺑﺳﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﻟﻭ ،ﺔﻋﺭ ﺳﺑ ﺎﻬﻘﻳ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎ ﻘﺗ / ﺩﻣﻷ ﺍ ﻑﺻ ﺗﻧﻣ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺩﻣﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﺗﻧﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻪﻬﺑﺎ ﺷﻣ ﻟ ﻭ ً ﺎﻘﻣﻋ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺎﻬﻧ ﻛﻟﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ً ﺎﺑﺎﻬﺳﺇ ﻥﻋ ﺙﻳﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺟﻬﻧﻣﻟﺍ ، ﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻠﻟ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺹﺣﻔﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻑﺩﻬﺗ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺽ ﺭ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﻳﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻠﻟ ﺓ ﺭﻭﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺑﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﺔﺟﺎﺣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺫﺇ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗﻭ . ﻕﻘﺣﻳﺳ ﺩﻳﺩﺟﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣﻳﻓﻭ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﺫﻔﻧﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻕﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺩﻣﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﺗ ﻧ ﻣ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺭﻅﻧﺗ ﺩﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻧ ﻣﺯﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺿ ﺔﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﺋﺎ ﺗﻧ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﺩ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ، ﻝﻳﻠ ﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﺟﻭﺑ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺑﻏﺭ . ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟ ﻡ ﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟ ﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﺇ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﺗﺣ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﻭ ﺭﺿﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺟﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﻹﺍ ﺎﻣﻫﺩ ﻳﻘ ﻌﺗﻭ ﺎﻣﻬﺗ ﻳﻣ ﻫﺃ ءﻭﺿ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺗﻳ ً ﺎﻧ ﺎﻳﺣ ﺃ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ،ﺔﻳﻋ ﻭﺿﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻰﻠﻋﺃ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿ ﻝﺟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ﺗﺳﺍ ﻝﺎﻣﻛ ﺑﺗﺳﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺎﻬ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻰﺗﺣﻭ ﺩﻣﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﺗﻧﻣ ﺕﺎﻌ ﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻣ ﺫﻔﻧﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣ ﻳﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﺑ ﺎﻬﻟﺍﺩ ﻥﻳﻣﻳﻘﻣ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻭﺃ ﻥﻳﻳ ﺟﺭﺎﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻳﻭ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﺻﺻﺧﺗ ﻣﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻁﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻕﻳﺭﻓ ﺎﻬﺟ ﺭﺎﺧ ﻲﻓ . . ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﻘ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ً ﻻﺩﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻪﻧﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﻧ ﺻ ﻳ ﻥ ﻳ ﺗﺭ ﻳﺧﻷﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺗﻟ ﺎﺣﻟ ﺍ ، ﺔﻳﻧﻳ ﻭﻛ ﺗ ﺕﺎﻣﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﺩﻣﻷ ﺍ ﻑﺻﺗﻧ ﻣ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺩﻌ ُ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺎ ﻣﻬﻧﺃ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻧﻌﻳﻭ ﻓ ﻡ ﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﺗ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﺍﺭﻓﻭﻳ ﻁﺧﻟ ﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﺎﺛﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲ ، ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻭﺭﻳﺩ ﻣ ﻁﺭﺧ ﻧ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑﻭ ﻲﻛﺭﺎﺷ ﺗ ﺏﻭﻠﺳﺄﺑ ﺫﻔ ﻧ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻙﻟ ﺫﻟ ً ﺎﻓﻼﺧ ﻭﺃ ،ﻲﻠﺧﺍﺩ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺔ ﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﺑ ﻥﻳﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ .

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38 ﻊﺒ رﻤ 6 مﻴﻴﻘﺘ رﻴ رﻘﺘ / ةدﻴﺠﻟا ﺔﻌﺠ ا رﻤﻟا صﺌﺎﺼﺨ . : ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺩﻳ ﺟﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻝﺎﻛﺷ ﻷﺍﻭ ﻕﺋﺎﻘﺣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺽﺭﻋ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧ ﻠﻟ ً ﺍﺭ ﻳﺳ ﻔﺗ ﻡﺩﻘﻳ ﻋ ﻭﻫ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﻣ ﻠ ﻳ ﺏﻳﻛﺭﺗﻭ ﻊﻳ ﻣﺟﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺝﺭﺧﺗﺳﻳ ﻭﻫﻭ .ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬ ﻗ ﺎ ﻘﺗﺷﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻠ ﻟ ﻰﻧ ﻌﻣ ءﺎﻁﻋﺇ ﺔ ﺕﺍﺭﺎ ﺑﻌ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻕﺋ ﺎﻘﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻘ ﺗ ﺷ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺭ ﻵﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﺣﻳ ﻭ ،ﻕﺋ ﺎ ﺛﻭﻟﺍﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻥﻋ ﻡﺎﻛ ﺣﺍ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺕﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻥﻣ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ . ﺔﻳ ﻠﺑ ﻘﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺎﻣﻋﻸﻟ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗ ﺡﺭﻁ ُ ﺗ ، ﺕ ﺎﺟﺎﺗ ﻧﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻭ .ﺕﺎ ﺟﺎ ﺗﻧ ﺗﺳ ﺍ ﺭﻳ ﻭ ﻁ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺷﻳ ﺭﻳﺳﻔ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻪ ﻳﻧﻌ ﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻣ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﻑﺩﻬﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻬ ﺟﻟﺍ - ﺎﻬ ﺗﺎ ﻘﻳﺑﻁ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺔﺳ ﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻌﻣﺟ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻟ ﺩ ﻸﻟ ﻰﻧ ﻌﻣ ﻲﻁﻌﻳ ﻓ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻧ ﺗ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳ ﻠ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ . ﺔﻠ ﻋﺎ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺎﺗﻧﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﺹﻼﺧ ﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻡﻛ ﺣ ﻭﻫ ﺝﺎ ﺗﻧﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻲﻘ ﻁ ﻧ ﻣ . ﺓﺩﺩ ﺣﻣ ﻑﻭﺭﻅﺑ ﺔﻘ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻣ ﻕﺋﺎﻘﺣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳ ﻘ ﻳ ﺭﺑﻣﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻊﻳ ﻣﺟﺗﻭ ﺏﻳﻛﺭﺗ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻲ ﻧﺑﻣ ﺕﺳ ﻳﻟ ﺕﺎ ﺟﺎﺗﻧ ﺗ ﺳ ﻻﺍ ً ﺍﺩ ﺑﺃ ﺔﺣﻳ ﺣﺻ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺗﻧﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﺩﻌ ﺗ .ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫ ﻬﻟ ﻰﻧ ﻌﻣ ﻲﻁ ﻌﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﻳ ﺳﻔ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻝﺑ ،ﺞ ﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺔﻳ ﻗﺍﺩﺻﻣ ﺕﺍﺫﻭ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﺎﻧﻣ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﺎﻫﺭﻳﺭﺑﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳﻭ ﻝ ﻳ ﻟﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺗﻧﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺏﺟﻳﻭ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺹﻳ ﺧﻠﺗ ﻟ ﺏﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍﻭ 1 ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻧ ﺭ ﺎﻘ ﻣ ﻟ ﺔﻔ ﻠ ﺗ ﺧﻣ ً ﺎﻗﺭﻁ ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﻥﻳﻌﺑ ﺫﺧ ﺄﺗ ﺕﺎﺟﺎ ﻳﺗﺣﻻ ﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ،ﺔ ﻳﻧ ﻁﻭ ﺭﻳﻳ ﺎ ﻌ ﻣ ،ﺔ ﻧﺭﺎ ﻘ ﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ،ﺞﻣ ﺎ ﻧﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺄ ﺑ ﺔﻧ ﺭ ﺎﻘﻣ ،ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ؛ﺔ ﻘﺑﺎ ﺳ ﻟﺍ 2 ؛ﺎﻬ ﻁﺎ ﻘ ﺳﺇ ﺏﺟﻳﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫ ﻫ ﺩﻣ ﺗﻌ ﺗ ﻻ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺍﺫ ﺎﻣ ﻟ ﻥﻳﺑﺗﻭ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻠ ﻟ ﺔﻠ ﻳ ﺩ ﺑ ﺕﺍ ﺭﻳﺳﻔ ﺗ ﺩﻟﻭ ﺗ 3 ؛ﺝ ﺎﺗﻧﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻘ ﺳﺗ ﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻭﺃ ﺎﻬ ﺑ ﻲﺻﻭﺗ ﻝﺎﻣﻋﻷ ﺓﺩ ﻋﺎ ﻗ ﻝﻛﺷﺗ 4 ﻉﺎﺿﻭﻷﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺓﺭﺻ ﺗ ﻘ ﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺹﺎﺧﺷﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻧﻣﺯﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺗﻔ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻗﺎ ﻳﺳ ﻟﺍﻭ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻬ ﻳﻓ ﻕﺑ ﻁﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍﻭ ﺻﻭﺗ ﻡﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻣﺩ ﺧ ﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﺗ ﻝﺎﻣﻋﻷ ﺔﻟ ﺩ ﻷﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔﻳﻧﺑ ﻣ ﺕﺎﺣﺭ ﺗﻘﻣ ﻲﻫ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻣ ﺗﻌ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟ ﻳﻭ ، ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺯﻭﺎﺟﺗﺗ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣ ﺏﻠﻁﺗﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺩ ﺣﻣ ﺭﺻﻧﻋ ﻭﻫ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻛ ﺷ ﺗ ﻥﺈ ﻓ ﻙﻟ ﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺗﻧ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺎﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺳ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻟ ﺎﻌﻔ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺋﺍﺩ ﺑﻠﻟ ﻥﻳ ﺯﻭﺗ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻝﻣ ﺗﺷ ﻳﻭ .ﺕﺎﺟﺎ ﺗﻧﺗ ﺳﻻ ﺍ ﻝﻳﻛﺷﺗﻟ ﻱﺭﻭ ﺭ ﺿ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻣ ﺏﻠﻁﺗﻳﻭ ﻊﺳ ﻭ ﺃ ﻕﺎﻳ .ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻣﻳ ﻅﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﺻ ﺎ ﺧﺑ ﻭ ﺔﻘ ﻳﻣﻋ ﺔﻳ ﻗﺎﻳﺳ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺎﺟﺗﺳ ﻻ ﺭﻭ ﻁﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻬﺳﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬ ﻧﺎﺷ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻘ ﻳ ﺭﻁ ﺑ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻍﺎﺻﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲ ﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﻭ ﺎﻣ ﻛ ، ﺔ ﻳ ﻘﻳ ﻘﺣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟ ﻳ ﻟ ً ﺎﻣﻬﻓ ﺱﻛﻌﺗ ﻭ ﺍ ﺔﻔ ﻠ ﻛ .ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗﻣﻠ ﻟ ﺔﻠﻣﺗﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﻳﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻅﻧﺗ ﻟ ﺱﻭﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻹ ﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻔ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺟﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻣﺷﺗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻔﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺱﻭﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺩ ﻰﺗ ﺣﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻳﺳﻭ ﺓﺭ ﺩﺎﺑﻣﺩﺩ ﺣ ﻣ ﻑﺭﻅ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺑﺳ ﺗ ﻛﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩ ﻳ ﺱﻭﺭﺩﻟ ﺍ ﺯﺭﺑﺗ ،ﻥﺎﻳ ﺣﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺛ ﻛ ﻲﻓ .ﺔﻠ ﺛ ﺎﻣﻣ ﺕﺎ ﻗﺎﻳﺳ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩ ﻳﻔ ﻣﻭ ﻕ ﻳﺑﻁ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﺑﺎﻗ ﻲﻫ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺭﻁ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﻹ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻑﻌﺿﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﻭﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺏﻧﺍﻭ ﺟ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻔﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻣ ﺻ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ءﺍ ﺩ ﻷﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺭﺛ ﺅ . ﺭﺛﻷﺍﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﺩﺻﻣﻟﺍ : UNDP ، 2009 ، ﺹ 179 - 180 .

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39 ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ /ﺔﻳﺋ ﺎ ﻬﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻠﻟ ءﺍﺭﻭﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺩﻭﻌﺗﻭ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻝ ﻳﺑﻗ ﻡﻅﻧﺗ ﺔﻳﻣﺎﺗ ﺧ ﺔ ﻌ ﻳﺑﻁ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭﻘﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺔ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﻬﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻯﺩﻣﻭ ﺭﺛﻷﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﻬﻧﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺎﻬﺗﻳ ﺎﻏ ﻥﺇ . ﺎ ﻬﻌﻳﻣ ﺟ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﻅﻧ ﻲ ﻘﻠﺗﻟ ﺎﻬ ﻁﺎﺑﺗﺭﺍ ﺗ ﻣﺍﺩ ﺗﺳﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺗءﺎﻔ ﻛﻭ ﺎﻬﺗﻳﻠﻋﺎﻓﻭ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻕﻳﻘﺣ ﺗ ءﺍﺭﻭ ﺔ ﻧ ﻣﺎﻛﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﻷﺍ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻟ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ،ﺎﻬ . ﺔﻣﺩﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺩﻟ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻺﻟﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻟ ﺱﻭ ﺭﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻘﺗ ﺷﺍﻭ ﺎﻫﺭ ﻳ ﻏ ﻡﺎﻋ ﺕﺩﺩﺣ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺉﺩ ﺎﺑﻣﺑ ﺔﻠﺻﺗﻣ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﺎﻌﻣ 1991 ﺔﻛﺑﺷ ﻥﻋ OECD/DAC ﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﻲﺋﺎ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ - 7 ﺭ ﻳﻳﺎ ﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﻰﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺢﻳ ﺿﻭ ﺗ ﻑﺩ ﻬﺑ ﺎﻬﺿﺭﻋ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ . . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺔ ﺣﺭﺗﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 7 ﺭ ﻳ ﻳﺎﻌﻣ . ﺔﻧﻭﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗ ﺔﻳﺋﺎﻣ ﻧﻹﺍ DAC . ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏﻭ ﻲﻣﺎ ﺗ ﺧ ﻊﺑ ﺎﻁ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﻬﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻠ ﻟ ﺑ ﺔﻧﺎﻌﺗ ﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ءﺍ ﺭﺑﺧ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﺿﻭﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯ ﻟ ﻥﻳﻳ ﺟﺭﺎﺧ ، ﺕﺍﺫ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ﺔﻁﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺔﻌﻳﺑ ﻁ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻊﻣﺟﺗ ﻥﻳ ﻠ ﺛ ﻣﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﺭﺎﺧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻠﺧﺍﺩﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ . ﺩﻛﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺔ ﻣﻅﻧﻣﻠﻟ ﻡﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﺎﻛﻣﺇ ﺭﻓﻭﺗ ﻲﻣ ﺎﺗ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻛﺭﺎ ﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﺎﻣﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺳ ﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ/ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻥﻳ ﻠﻣﺎﻌﻠﻟ .ﺔﺑﻭﻌﺻ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺎﻫﺫ ﻳ ﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻧﺎﻳﺣ ﺃﻭ ﻝﻭ ﻁ ﺃ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺝﺎﺗ ﺣ ﺗ ﺩﻗ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ، ﻝﻭﺎ ﻧ ﺗﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﺃ ﺔﻳﻣ ﺎﺗﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻳﺑﻁﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻳﺋﺎﻬﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺷﺗ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺻ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍﻭ ﺔﻣﺍﺩ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺱ ﻭ ﺭﺩ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺟﺭﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻔﻧ ﺎﻣﺃ ، ﺯ ﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺣﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ . ﺕﺫﻔﻧ ﺩﻗ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺫﻔﻧﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺝﺎ ﺗﺣﻳ :ﺔﻠﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ،ﺔﻓﺩ ﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﻟﻭﻷ ً ﺎﺑﺳﺎ ﻧﻣ ﺔﻧ ﻭﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﺩﻌ ُ ﻳ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻱﺃ ﻰﻟ ﺇ . ﻥﻳﻟﻭﻣ ﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻣﺩ ﺧﻠﻟ ﻥﻳﻘﻠﺗﻣﻟﺍ : ﺔﻳﻟﺎ ﻌﻔﻟﺍ . ﻪﻓﺍﺩ ﻫﻷ ﺔﻧ ﻭﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻕﻘﺣ ﻳ ﻪﺑ ﻱﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻠﻟ ﺱﺎﻳﻗ ءﺎﻔﻛﻟ ﺍ : ﺓ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺱﻳﻘﺗ - ﺔﻳ ﻣﻛﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻋﻭﻧ - ﻥﺄﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻬﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻱﺩﺎﺻ ﺗ ﻗ ﺍ ﺢﻠﻁﺻﻣ ﻭﻫ .ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻬ ﺗﻗﻼﻋﻭ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﺗ ﺍ ﺏﻠ ﻁﺗﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻭ .ﺔﺑ ﻭﻏﺭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔ ﻠ ﻛ ﺗ ﻝﻗﻷﺍ ﺔﻧ ﻛﻣ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧ ﻭﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺍ ﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻪﻧ ﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻕﻘﺣﺗﻠﻟ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ،ﺎﻬ ﺳ ﻔ ﻧ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻕﻘﺣ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﺣﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺋﺍﺩ ﺑﻟﺍ ﺔﻧ ﺭﺎﻘ ﻣ .ﺄﻔﻛﻷﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻣﻌﻟ : ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺩﻭ ﺻﻘﻣ ،ﺭﺷﺎ ﺑﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ،ﻱﻭ ﻣ ﻧﺗ ﻝﻣﻋ ﻥﻋ ﺔﺟﺗ ﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻠ ﺳ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺎﺟﻳ ﻹﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻳﻐﺗﻟﺍ ، ﺔ ﻳﺋﻳ ﺑﻟ ﺍﻭ ، ﺔﻳ ﺩ ﺎﺻﺗ ﻗ ﻻﺍﻭ ، ﺔﻳ ﻋﺎﻣﺗ ﺟﻻﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﺟﺗ ﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻣﺗﺷﻳ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻭ . ﺩﻭﺻﻘﻣ ﺩﻭﺻ ﻘ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻬ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺹﺣﻔﺗ ﻟﺍ . ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺔﻳ ﻭﻣﻧ ﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻭ ﻝﻣﺗﺷﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳﻭ ﺓﺩ ﻭ ﺻ ﻘ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻭ ﺓ ﻁ ﻭ ﺭﺷﻭ ﻱﺭﺎﺟﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎ ﺑﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﻻﺩﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﻳﻐﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ،ﺔﻳﺟﺭﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺍﻭﻌﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻳﺑﻠﺳ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺎﺟﻳﻹﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ .ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ : ﺔﻣﺍﺩﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﺎﻘﻳﺇ ﺩﻌ ﺑ ﺭﻣﺗﺳﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺢﺟﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻌﻣ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺋﺍ ﻭ ﻔﻟ ﺍ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣ ﻳﻓ ﺱﺎﻳﻘﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻬﺗ ﻟ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ . ﻥﻳﺣﻧﺎﻣ ﻟﺍ .ﺔ ﻳ ﻟ ﺎﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺋﻳ ﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻣﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ﺍ ﻊﻳﺭﺎﺷﻣﻠ ﻊﻗﻭﻣ : ﺭﺩﺻﻣﻟﺍ OECD www.oecd.org .ﺦﻳ ﺭﺎﺗ ﻥﻭﺩﺑ ﻝﺎﺛ ﻣ ﺔﻳ ﻋﻭﻧ ﻭﺫ ﻲﺳ ﺎﺳﺃ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌ ﺗ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﺹﺭﻓ ﻥﻳﺳﺣﺗ" ﻭﻫ ﺔﻁﺧﻠ ﻟ ﻡﺎﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ،ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻪﺳ ﺎ ﻳ ﻗ ﻡﺗ ﻳﻟ ،" ﺓﺩ ﻳﺟ ،ﺔﻳ ﺳ ﺎﺳﺃ ﺕﺎﻳﺎﻔﻛﻟ ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻥﺎﻘﺗﺇﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻣ ٍ ﻑﺎﻛ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻕﺣﺗﻠ ﻳ ﺎﻣﺩ ﻧ ﻋ ﻁﻘ ﻓ ﺭﻬﻅﻳ ﺳ ﺔﻣﺩ ﺧ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻗ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺏﻳﺭ ﺩ ﺗﻟ ﻱﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑ ﻟ ﺭﺛ ﻷﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ .ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻧ ﺳ ﻊﺿﺑ ﺩﻌ ﺑ ﻁﻘﻓ ﻥﻭﻛ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺔﻟ ﺎ ﺣﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫ ﻫ .ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﺩﺟ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ

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40 1.3 رﻴ رﺎﻘﺘﻟا مادﺨﺘﺴا و رﺸﻨ ﺍﺩ ﻋﺇ ﻥﺇ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﺔﻳﺎﻬ ﻧ ﺭﺷﻧ ﺩﻌﺑﻓ ﺎﻫ ﺩﻛﺄﺗ ﻧ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺎﺗﻧﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ . ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻌﻔ ﺑ ﺕﻣﺩﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﺩﻗ ﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺛﺃ ﻡﻳ ﻅﻌﺗ ﺔﺟﺗﺎﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻧﻋ ﻪ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﻲﻓ ﻻﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻉ ﺍ ﻭﻧﺃ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﻪﺳﻔ ﻧ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ ؛ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﻷﺍﻭ ﺱﺎﺳﺄﻛ ﻝﻣ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗﻟ ، ﻭ ﻡ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻣﺍﺩ ﺗﺳﺍﻭ ﻊ ﻳ ﺟﺷﺗ ﻟ ﺙﻟﺎﺛﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻳﻓﺎﻔﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿﻟ ﻲﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲ ﺳﺳﺅ 10 ﺔﻳﻣﻫﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﺳﻔﻧ ﺔ ﺟﺭﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺙﻟﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻟ ﻥﻳ ﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﻷ ﻕﺭﻁﺗﻟﺍ ﻕﺑ ﺳ ﺩﻗﻭ . .ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺡﺭ ﺷ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺝﺎﺗﺣﻳ ﺩﻗﻭ ﻡﻭ ﻬﻔﻣ ﺭﻳﺷﻳ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺳﺳ ﺅ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺏﺳﺗ ﻛ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﺳ ﺳﺅ ﺓﺭﻳﻐﺗﻣ ﺔﺋ ﻳﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺭ ﻭﻁﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺭ ﺿﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺭﻌ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻘ ﻧﺗﻭ ﻡﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻲﻧﺑﻣ ﻭﻫ ﻭ . ﺕﺍﺩ ﺣﻭ ﻲﻔﻅ ﻭ ﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻝﺻﺍﻭﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﺛﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻋﺎ ﻔ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻧ ﻌ ﻳ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ﻱﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺱﻛﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ، ﺓ ﺭﺑﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻑﻌﺿ ﺔﻁﻘ ﻧ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟ ﺎ ﻏ ﺔﻣ ﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻔﻠ ﺗ ﺧﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﺗﺳ ﻣﻭ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﺔﻳ . ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺙﺩﺣﻳ ﻻ ﻲﺳﺳ ﺅ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻅﺗﻧﺎ ﺑ ﻪﻟ ﻁﻁﺧﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ً ﺎﻳ ﺋﺎ ﻘﻠﺗ ﻥﻳﺳﺣﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺟ ﺡﻭ ﺭ ﺎﻬﻳ ﺩ ﻟﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺛﺣ ﺑ ﺔﻳﻠﻘﻋ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺢﺑ ﺻﺗ ﻙﻟﺫﺑ ﻭ ﺔﻓ ﺎﻘﺛ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻘ ﻳﻘﺣ ﺭ ّ ﻳﻐ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍ ﻡﻠ ﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﻅﻧ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﺑﺭ ﻐﺗﺳﻣ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ .ﺭﻣﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﻣﻟ ﻲﺳﺳﺅ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺱﻳﺋﺭ ﻥ ﱢ ﻭﻛﻣ ﻪﻧﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ . ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﻳ ﻠﺟ ﺢﺑﺻﻳ ،ﻡ ﻳﻳ ﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺩﻟﻭﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﺛﻼﺛﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻱﺭ ﻳﺩ ﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻲﻌﻧﺎ ﺻ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺭﺻﺗ ﻘ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﻻ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﺭﺷﻧ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻰﻠﻋﻷ ﺍ ﺎﻣﻧﺇ ﻭ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺏﺎﺳﻧ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ،ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ً ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃﻭ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺯ ﻭﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗ ﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺑﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﺭﻅﻧﺃ ﻝﻛﻛ ﻲﻧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻥ ﻳ ﻳﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ 8 . ﻊﺑﺭﻣ 8 ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺓ ﺭ ﻅﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ . . ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺷﻧ ﻝﺟﺃ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗ ﻧ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﺷﻧﻠﻟ ﺔﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ﺱﺎﺳﺄﻛ ﻝﻣﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﺭﺎﺑﻛﻭ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺍ ﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻭﻌ ﻧﺎﺻ ﺔ ﻳ ﻓﺎﻔﺷ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺎﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺎﻣﺿﻟ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻲﻧ ﺩ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺗﺟ ﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻥ ﻳﻳﻭﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻠ ﻌ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻣﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻳﺯﻟ ﻲﺳﺳ ﺅ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻝﻣﺷ ﻳ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻔ ﻅﻭﻣ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣ ﻝﻳﺩ ﻌ ﺗ ﻪﻬ ﻳﺟﻭﺗﻭ ﻁﻳ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻭﺫ ﺧﺗ ﻣ ،ﻥﻭﻁﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻐﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘ ﺗ ﻥﻭﺫﻔ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﺯﻛ ﺭﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺩﺎﻳﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻠﻟ ﺭ ﺷ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺎﺑ ﺭﻣﻷ ﺍ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ،ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ﺱﺎﺳﺄ ﻛ ﺎﻬﻣﺍﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻓ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻣ ﺗ ﺟﺍ ً ﺍﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻓﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻝﺻﺍﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺈ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺩ ﺎﻳ ﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺔﻔﻠ ﺗ ﺧ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺷﻧﻟﺍ ﺓﺯﻬﺟﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ً ﺎ ﻳ ﺯﻛ ﺭﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ءﺎﻘﻠﻟﺍ ﺎ ﻳ ﺍﺯﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ، ﻝ ﻋ ﺎ ﻔ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻪﺟﻭ ﻟ ً ﺎﻬﺟﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺹﺎﺧﺷﻷﺍ ﺢﻣ ﺳﻳ ﻡﻳ ﺩﻘﺗﺑ ﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻠﻛﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺣ ﻟ ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑ ﻣ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻐﺗ ﻲﻠﻣﻋ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻭ ﺡﻭ ﺭ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗ . ﻥﻭ ﺎﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻘ ﺛﻭ ﻕﻳﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻟﺫ ﻊﻣ ﻙ ﺱﻳﻠﻓ ﻛ ﺔﻓﺎ ﻰﺗﺣﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﺎ ﺗﻧﻹ ﺍﻭ ﺓﺩﺋﺎ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺱﻔﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﺩﻗ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻌﻳﺿ ﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻭ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻳﺭ ﻁﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﺭﻳ ﺛﻛﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻋﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﻼﻟ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺑ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ . ﺎﻬ 10 ﻡﻳ ﻠ ـﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ Organizational Learning

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41 ﺎﻬﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻕﺋ ﺎﺛﻭ ﺔﻳﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺭﻳ ﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻳﺯﻭﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﺎﻛﻣﺑ ً ﺍﺭﻛﺑ ﻣ ﻣﺗﺟﻻ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭﻛﺭﺎ ﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻣﺗﻳ ﻰﺗﺣ ﻉﺎ ﺎﻬﺗءﺍﺭﻗ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﻘﺑﺳﻣ ﺭﺍﺩﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻳﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣﻛ . ﻡﺭ ﺗﺣﻳ ﻻ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﺓﺩﺩﻌ ﺗ ﻣ ﺏﺎﺑﺳ ﻷﻭ ﻪﻧﻛﻟﻭ ، ﺢ ﺿﺍﻭ ﺏﻠﻁﺗ ﻣ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻫ ﺃ ﺭﺛﻛ ﺃ ﻰﺗﺣ ﻥﻛﺗ ﻡﻟ ﻥﺇ ﻭ ﺓﺍﻭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺩﻗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﻘﺗ ﺔ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﺎﻬﺑ ، ً ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻻ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﻳ ﻛﺄﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺑﻠﻁﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ 11 : ﻔﺑ ﺡﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻗﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻪﻳﻠﻋ ﻕﻔﺗﻣ ﻝﺎﻣﻋﺃ ﻝﻭﺩﺟ /ﺓﺩ ﻧﺟ ﺃ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ءﺎﻧﺑ ،ﺔﻳ ﻟﺎﻌ . ﺔ ﻧ ﻣﻳﻫ ﻻ ﻪ ﺋ ﺍﺭﺁ ﻥﻋ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻌ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻓﺎﻛ ﺔﺻ ﺭﻓ ﻙﺭﺎﺷ ﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺢﻧ ﻣ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺭ ﺛ ﻛﻸﻟ ﺓﺭﺛﺭ ﺛ . ﺕ ﺎﺟﺎﺗﻧ ﺗﺳﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﻭﺻ ﻭ ﻠﻟ ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎ ﺿ ﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺢﻳ ﺿﻭ ﺗ ﺕﻼﻛﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺣ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻗﻭ . ﻭ ؛ ً ﺎﻳ ﺩ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﻼﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﺣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻧﺗ ﺳﻼ ﻟ ﺔﻘﻳ ﻗ ﺩ ﺕﻼﺟﺳ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺏﺟﻳ . ﺎﻫﺫﺎ ﺧﺗﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﻳﻟﺇ ﻝﻭﺻ ﻭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺗ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻣﺗﺟﻻ ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ 12 ﻕﺎﻁﻧ ﻊﻳﺳﻭﺗ ﻭﻫ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻅﻧ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻣﺗﻫ ﻼ ﻟ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻣ ﺭﻭﻁﺗ ﺓﺭﻳﺧﻷﺍ ﺔﻧﻭﻵ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺙﺩﺣ ﻋﺩﻣﻟﺍ ـ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﺭﻭﺿ ﺣ ﻟ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ 13 ﻲﻔﻓ . ﺕﺣﺑﺻﺃ ، ﻥ ﻳﻳ ﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺭﺎﺑﻛﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺻﺗﻘﻣ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺟﻻﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﻧ ﺎﻛ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﺔﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﻣﺷﺗﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﻥﻳﻠ ﺛ ﻣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﻌﺳﺍ ﻭ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻡﺿﺗﻟ ﺔﺣﻭ ﺗ ﻔﻣ ﻥﻵ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻷﺍ ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻯﺭﺧ ﻫ . ﻲ ﻧ ﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﻭﻁﺧ ﺩﻌ ُ ﻳ ﻪﻳﻓ ﻙﺷﻻ ﺎﻣﻣ ﺍﺫ ﺔ ﻳ ﻛ ﻠﻣﺑ ﺭﻭﻌﺷﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻣ ﻧﺗﻭ ﺔﻳﻓﺎﻔﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﻳ ﺯﻌﺗﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﻩﺎﺟﺗ ﺎﺑ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭ .ﺎﻫﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗﻭ ﺎﻬﻳﻟ ﺇ ﻝﻭﺻ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺗ ﻧ ﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺗﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺕﻣﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻠﻟ ﻥ ﻳ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟ ﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﺣﺑﺻﺃ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺔﻳﺎ ﻐﻠﻟ ﺓﺩﻬﺟﻣ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺭﻣﺗﺳﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳﺯﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﺑ ﺔﻗﻭ ﺑ ﺳﻣ ﺕ ﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓﻭ ،ﻡﺎ ﻳ ﺃ ﺔﻌﺑﺭﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺓﺩﻣﻟ ﻕﺣﻠﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺍﺩ ﻧﻏﻭ ﻷ ﻲﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧ ﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ 3 ﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ . ﻝﻐﺷ ﺭﻳﺿﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺭﻳﺿﺣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺑ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻗ ﻭ . ﺔﻠﻳﻠﻗ ﺭﻭﻬ ﺷ ﻟ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺭﻣﺗﺳ ﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺕﺎﺋﻣ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﺻ ﻳﻟ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﻳ ﺩ ﻭﺑﻣ ﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ﻑﻟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺕﻻ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺕ ﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ .ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﻠﺟﻣ ﻉﺎﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻪﺟﻣﺩ ﻡﺗ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺔﻠﻛﺷﻣ ﺭﻬﻅﺗﻭ ﺎﻬﺗ ﺭﺍﺩ ﺇ ﺏﻌﺻﺗ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ً ﺎﻌﺑ ﺗ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﺑ ﻥﺍ ﺯﺗﻻﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻊﺳﺍﻭ ﻯﺩ ﻣ ﺓﻭﻋﺩ ﺔﻳﻟ ﻭ ﻣﺷﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﻳ ﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ . ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﺕ ﺎﺟﺎﺗﻧ ﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﻭﺻ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻌ ﻔ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺳ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻱﺩﺅ ﻳ ﻪﻧﻛﻟ ﻭ ﺩﻳ ﺟ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﺇ ﺍﺫ ﻫ . ﻝﻣﻋ ﺕﺎﻋﻭ ﻣﺟﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﺷ ﻗ ﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻅﻧﺗ ﻭ ،ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﻠﺟﻟﺍ ﺿﻓﻷﺍ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿﻟﺍ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻯﺭﺧ ﺍ ﺓﺭﻣ ﻭﻫ ﻭ ،ﺕ ﺎﻳﺻ ﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ . ﺔﺟ ﺗﻧﻣ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻝ ﺎﻣﻋﻷ ﻝ 11 ﺹ ﻲﺑﻭﺭ ﻭﻷﺍ ﺩﺎﺣﺗﻻﺍ ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟﻭ ﺗ ﺉﺩ ﺎﺑ ﻣ 111 . 12 : ﺭﻅﻧ ﺍ ﻥﺍ ﺩﻠ ﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﻊﻳ ﺭﺳ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ Leonie van der Koelen and Rebekka van Roemburg Reviewing the education reviews A report on the experiences of thematic experts working in Dutch embassies in 10 partner countries December 2007 and Nathalie Holvoet and Liesbeth Inberg Monitoring and evaluation at the sector level: Experiences from Joint Sector Reviews in the education sectors of Burkina Faso Mali and Niger June 2009 available at www.ua.ac.be/download.aspxc.IOBn77760ct71671e212944 13 ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺕﺩ ﺎﺗ ﻋ ﺍ ﺍﺩ ﻧ ﻏ ﻭ ﺃ . ﺔﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳﺗﻌ ﺟ ﺍ ﺭ ﻣ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﻕ ﻳﺑﻣ ﺯ ﻭ ﻣ ﻭ ﻭﺳﺎﻓﺎﻧﻳﻛ ﺭ ﻭ ﺑ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻠ ﻳﻠﻗ ﻝﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ .ﺓﺩﺣﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﻣ ﺎﻫﺩﻧﻋ ﻥﻵﺍ ﻥ ﻛﻟﻭ ﻥﺎﺗﻌ ﺟ ﺍ ﺭ ﻣ ﺎﻬ ﺑ ﻥﻭ

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42 ﺔ ﻠﻛﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺏﻠﻐﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺓﺩﺣﺍﻭ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭﻁ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻲﻫ ﻭ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺔﻌﺋﺎ ﺷ ﺔﺳﺭﺎﻣﻣ ﺕﺣﺑﺻﺃ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ءﺍﺭﺑﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺭﻳﻐﺻ ﻭ ﻥﻳﻳ ﺋ ﺎ ﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷ ﻟﺍ ﺱ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻥﻳ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺈﺑ ً ﺎﺻﺧﻠ ﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺛ ﻭ ﻭﺃ ﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎﺟﺎﺗﻧ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﻳﺷ ﺗ ﻪﺑﺎ ﺷﻣ ﻉﻭ ﻧ . ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﺔﻗﺩ ﺎ ﺻﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻘ ﻓﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻡﺛ ﻥ ﻭﺃ ،ﻉ ﺎﻣﺗ ﺟ ﻻ ﺍ ء ﺎﻧﺛﺃ ﺎﻬ ﻳﻠﻋ ﺔﻁ ﻳﺳﺑ ﺕﻼﻳ ﺩ ﻌﺗ ءﺍﺭﺟ ﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻡﺛ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ، ً ﺎﻘﺑ ﺳﻣ ﺔﻘﻳﺛ ﻭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛ ﻣ ﺓﺩﻭﺳﻣ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳ . ﻩﺩﻌﺑ ﻭﺃ ﻉﺎ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻻ ﺍ ءﺎﻧ ﺛﺃ ﺎﻬ ﺗﻏﺎ ﻳ ﺻ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ،ﺔ ﻌﺑﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻳ ﻅﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﻳ ﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﺽﻐﺑ ﻭ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻓ ﻠﺧﺗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﺕﻟﺍﺯ ﺎﻣ ﻕ ﺎﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻥ ﺎﻣ ﻬﻟ ﻕﺭ ﻁﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻡﻟ ﻥﺍﺭ ﺧﺁ ؛ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﺟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺔ ﺋ ﺑﻌ ﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﻳ ﻘ ﻠﻟ ﻕﻳ ﺭﻓ ﻑﻳﻠ ﻐﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻓ ، ﺕﻻ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌ ﻣ ﻲﻔ ﻡﺧﺿ ﻥﻭﻛ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻋ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻭﻫ ﻉﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﻼﻟ ﺩﻳ ﺣﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻳ ﻡﻟ ﻥﺇ ﻭ ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻡﺋﻼ ﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻟﻭ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻓ ﺔﻐ ﻠﺑ ﺏﻭﺗ ﻛﻣﻭ ﻲﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ . ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻁﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺗﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺔﺟ ﺎﺣﻟﺍﻭ ﻥ ﻳﻳﻭ ﻧﺳ ﻥﻳﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺙﺩﺣﻳ ﺑﻠ ﻟ ءﺎﻘ ﻊﻣ ﻝﺻﺍ ﻭ ﺗ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻧﻗ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ . ﻯ ﺭﺧﺃ ﻝ ﺻ ﺍﻭﺗ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺳﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺎﻣﻫﺭ ﺎﻬﻅﺇ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻥﺎ ﻳﺩ ﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺔﻳﺟ ﻳ ﺗ ﺍﺭﺗﺳﻹ ﺎﻣ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻝ ﺻ ﺍﻭﺗ ﻝﻳﻭ ﻁ ﻥﻣﺯ ﺫﻧ ﻣﻭ ﺔﻘﻳ ﻘ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ . ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻡﻅ ﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﻭﻘﻔﻣ ﺕﻟﺍﺯ ﻡﺗ ﻝﻣﺎﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﺻﺍ ﻭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻳ ﺎﺿﻗ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻭﻟﻭﺃ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻳﻣﻧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ، ﻷﺍ ﻥﻛﻟ ﺭﻭﻣ ﺭ ﻳ ﻐﺗﺗ ﺕﺃﺩﺑ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺢﺑﺻﺃﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻓﺎﻔﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻊﻓﺭ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎ ﻳ ﻣ ﺎﻧﺗﻣ ً ﺎﻳ ﻋﻭ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻊﻣ ﺏﻧﺟ ﻰﻟﺇ ً ﺎ ﺑﻧﺟ ﺭﻳﺳﻳ . ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺑ ﺗﻭ ﻝ ﺻﺍﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ 1.4 ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻌ ـ ﻝﻣ ﺔ ﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻥﻭ ﺩ ﺑ ﺎﻬﻠﻳ ﻠﺣﺗﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺟﻟ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻠ ﻟ ً ﺎﻳﺳﺎ ﺳﺃ ً ﺎﻧ ﻭﻛﻣ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﺩﻌﻳ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻧﺍ ﻲﻧﻌﻳ ﺍﺫﻫ . ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺇ ﺭﻅﻧ ﺔﻬﺟﻭ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣﻳﻘﻋ ﺔﺳﺭﺎﻣﻣ ﻪ ﻧ ﻛﻟﻭ ،ﺔﻳ ﺛ ﺣﺑ ﺭﻅﻧ ﺔﻬ ﺟﻭ ﻥﻣ ﻰﻧﻌﻣ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻌﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻬﺗﻧ ﻳ ﻻ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳﻓ ﻳﺻ ﻭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺩﻧﻋ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺩﻭﻘ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻥﻛﻟ ،ﺕﺎ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕ ﺎﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ، ً ﺍﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻅﺣﻟﺍ ءﻭﺳﻟ ﻷﺍ ﺙﺎﺣﺑ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻯﺩ ﻣ ﻥﻋ ﻑﺷ ﻛﻠﻟ ﺕ ﻳ ﺭﺟﺃ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺻ ﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻠﻗ ﺙﺩﺣﺗ ﻻ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻳﺧﻷ ﺍ ﺓﻭﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺃ ﻑﻭﺭﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻧﻛﻟ . . ﺔﻔﻳﻌ ﺿ ﺔﻁ ﻘ ﻧ ﻲﻫ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏﻭ ﻲﺋﺎ ﻘ ﻠﺗ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻡﺩﻋ ءﺍﺭﻭ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺳ ﺃ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺇ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺭﺍ ﻭﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺟﺭ ﺗ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻰﻟ ، ﺎﻬ ﺿﻌﺑ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﻟﻭﺃ ﻊﻣ ﻕﺎﺳﺗ ﻻﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻋﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻔﻳﻌ ﺿﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻧﺯﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺹﻘﻧ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺢﺿﺍﻭ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺑﺧ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺓﺩﻘﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻗ ﻼﻌﻟﺎﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭﺗﻭ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﺃ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻛﻟ ،ﺦﻟ ﺍ ... ،ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺍﺭﻘﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻌﻧﺎ ﺻﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺧﻠﻟ ﻡ ﻬ ﻧﻳﺯ ﻭﺗ ﺩﻧ ﻋﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻭﻌ ﻧﺎﺻ . ﺕﺍﺭ ﺔﺣﻭ ﺭ ﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ً ﺎﻣ ﺎﻣﺗ ﻥﻭﻔﻠﺗ ﺧﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻡﻬﻳﺩﻟ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳﻭ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﻡﻬﻳ ﺩ ﻟ ﺔﻁﺎﺳﺑﺑ ﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻌﻧﺎ ﺻ ﻥﻷ ،ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺑﺧ ﻲﻋ ﺎﻣﺗ ﺟ ﻻﺍ ﻝﺑ ﻘﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺗﻬﻣ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻊﻧ ﺎﺻ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻝﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳ ﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ . ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧ ﻣ ﺕﻼﻳ ﺿ ﻔ ﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻡﻳﻗ ﻟ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻧﻌﻳ ﻻ ﺍﺫ ﻫ . ﺔﻟﺍﺩ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻗ ﻭﺣﻧ ﻪﻬﺟﻭ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻋﺎ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻗ ﻭﺣ ﻧ ﻪﻬﺟﻭﺗ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻭﺃ ،ﺓﺩ ﺩ ﺣﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺧ .ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺎ ﻬ ﺗ ﺍ ﺭﺭﺑ ﻣ ﻭﺃ ﻪﺗ ﺍﺭﺭﺑﻣ ﺔﻁ ﺎﺳﺑﺑ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ً ﺎﻳ ﻘﻁ ﻧﻣ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺭﻳﺧﻷﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻭﺃ / ﻩﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺓﺭﻭﺻﻟﺍ ﻭﺩﺑ ﺗ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﻘ ﻌ ﺗ ﺭﺛ ﻛ ﺃ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻟ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺧﺁ ﻥﻳﻠﻣﺎﻌ ؛ ﺍ ﻁﺑ ﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻭﻫ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺑ ﺳﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣ ﻛ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻌﺻ ً ﺎﻣﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺔ ﺣ ﺿﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺑ ﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﺿ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺑﺑﺳﻟ . ﺩﺎﻌﺑ ﻷﺍ ﺓﺩﺩﻌﺗ ﻣ ﻲﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺭﺳ ﺗ ﻠﻟ ﺓﺩﻳﺩﻋ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺳﺃ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﺩﻗ ،ﻝﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺎﻌﻣ ﻝﻣﻌﺗ ﺧﺗ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺕﻻﺩﻌﻣ ﻑﻠ ﺗ ﺭﺧ ﺁ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻑﺻ ﻥﻣ ﺏﺭﺳﺗﻟﺍ ، ﺩﻘﻓ ﺎﻬﺳﻔﻧ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﻟﺎﺑﻭ ﺇ ﺙﺣﺑ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻱ ﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﺷﺃ ﻰﻟ ﻝﻳﺻﺣﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺃ

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43 ﻩﺫﻫﻭ ، ﺔﻠﺧﺍﺩ ﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻠﻋﺎ ﻔ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩ ﺩ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩ ﻳ ﺩﻌﻠﻟ ﺔﺟ ﻳ ﺗ ﻧ ﻭﻫ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻲ ﻧ ﺩﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺩ ﺕﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺩﻗ ﺔﻬﺟﺍﻭﻣﻟ ﺔ ﺣﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳﺧﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗ ﻧﻛ . ءﺍ ﻭﺳ ﺩﺣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺎﻬﺟﺭ ﺎﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺍﺩ ﺔﻠﻛﺷﻣ ﺎﻣ ﻊﺳ ﺍﻭ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﻝﻭﺻ ﺣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻛﺄﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻋ ﺵﻣﺎﻫ ﻪﻳﻓ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺎﺟ ﻳ ﺇ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﺔﺑﻌﺻ ﺭﺍﺭﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻝﻌﺟﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ءﺯﺟ ﻲﻫ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩ ﺇ ﻥﻷ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺣﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻌﻧﺎ ﺻ ﻯﺩ ﻟ ﺓ ﺭﻭﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺟ ﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻭﻫ ﻲﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ . ﻡﻬ ﺗﺭ ﻁﻳﺳ ﺕﺣﺗ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻭﻫﻭ ً ﺎﻋ ﺎﺳﺗ ﺍ ﺭﺛﻛﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺭ ﺛﺅﻳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺩﺩﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺍﺭﻘﻟ ﻰﻠﻋﺃ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣ ﺽ ﻳﻭﻔ ﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺯﻓﺍﻭﺣﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺏﺗﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔ ﻠﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ ﺎﻳ ﺎ ﺿ ﻘﺑ ﻝﺻﺗﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﻰﻧﺩﺃ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍ ﺩ ﺇ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟ ﺕﺎﻳﺣﻼﺻﻟﺍ .ﺎﻫﺭﻳﻏﻭ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺍﻭﻧﻭﻛ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺑﺧ ﻟ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺑ ﻲﻋ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧ ﺻ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺣﻣﻭ ﺕﻼﻛﺷﻣ ﻩﺫﻫ ، ﻟ ﻧﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻣﻋﻷ ﺹﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻋﺄﺑ ﻊﺗﻣﺗﺗ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺻ ﻭ ﺗ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺍﻭﻧﻛﻣﺗﻳ . ﺔﺑﺳﺎ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺳ ﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺉ ﺩ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ : ﻲﺗ ﻵ ﺍ ﺓﺩﻳ ﻔﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺻ ﻭ ﺗ ﻡﻳ ﺩﻘﺗ ﻟ 1 . ﺗ ﻘ ـ ﻠ ﻳ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻝ ﺎ ﻬﻌﺿﻭ ﻡﺗ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻠﻳﻭ ﻁ ﺔﻣ ﺋﺎﻘﺑ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﺗﺄﺗ ﺎﻣﺑﺭ . ﻝﺟﻌﺗﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺷﺑ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻋ ﺎﻓ ﻭﺃ ﻯﻭﺩ ﺟ ﻪﻟ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺭﻣﻷﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺕﺑ ﺛ ﺩﻗﻭ ، ﺕ ﺎﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻳﻠﻗ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻝﺿﻓﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻓ . ﺔﺳﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ 2 . ﻌﺟ ـ ﻝ ﻛ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺎ ﻳﺻﻭﺗ ﺕﺎ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻕﺩﺃ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺻ ﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ " ﺔﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺛﺃ ﺔ ﻳ ﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻣﻠ ﻌﻣ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﻥﻳ ﺳ ﺣﺗ" ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻣﺎﻌ ﺔﻳﺎﻐﻠﻟ ﺔ ﺿ ﻣﺎﻏ ﺔ ﻳ ﻘﻳﻘﺣ ﺓﺩﺋﺎ ﻓ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻻﻭ ﻟ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺎﺻ . ﻡﺗﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻭ ؟ﻑ ﻳﻛ ـﺑ ﺭﻳ ﻛﻔﺗﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻣﺋﺍﺩ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻌﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬﻧﺄ ﺷ ﻥﻣ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﺣﺭﺗﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﺟ ﻳﺗ ﺍﺭ ﺗﺳ ﻻﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻹﺍ . ﺔ ﻌﻗ ﻭﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ 3 . ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻟﺩﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﻧﺑﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺑ ﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺻ ﻭ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺎﻧﺎﻳﺣﺃ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻝﻣﺗﺷﺗ ﻻ ﺕ ﺎﺟﺎﺗﻧ ﺗﺳﻻ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺢﺿ ﺍﻭ ﻲﺑﻳ ﺭﺟﺗ ﻝﻳﻟﺩﺑ ﺔﻁﺑﺗﺭ ﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻝﻗﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻭﺃ ،ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻧ ﻣﺿﺗﻣﻟﺍ ، ﻭ ﺓﺭ ﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺩﺣﻳ ﺍﺫ ﻫ . ﻪﺣﺍﺭﺗﻗ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺎﻣ ﻕﺩﺻ ﻥﻣ 4 . ﻥﺃ ﻛﺗ ﻥﻭ ﺔﻳﻘﻳﻘﺣ ﺕﺎﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻡﻏﺭﻟﺎﺑ ،ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ً ﻼﺛﺎﻣﻣ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺕﺎﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﺩﻘ ﺗ ﻪﻧﺃ ﻻﺇ ﻊﻧﺻ ﻭﺣﻧ ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺓﻭﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻌﺑ ﺫﺧﺄ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺕﺎﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻏ ﺎﻳﺻ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺑﺧﻟ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ،ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ً ﺎﻌﺑﺗ . ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻝﻣﻌﻳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩ ﺩ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﻟﻭﺃﻭ ،ﻲﻣﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﺍﺭﻗﺇ ﻡﺗ . ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ،

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44 5 . ﻡﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﺔﻠﺻ ﻪﻟﻭ ً ﺎﻧﻛﻣﻣ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﺔﻔ ﻠ ﺗ ﺧ ﻣ ﻝﺋﺍﺩﺑ ً ﺎﻣﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺩﻳ ﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻓ ،ﻕﺑﺳ ﺎﻣﻳ ﻓ ﺕﻳ ﺩﺑ ﺃ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻅﺣﻼﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ً ﺎﻳ ﺷﻣﺗ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺗﺧ ﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺧ ﻟ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺟ ﻟﺎﻌﻣﻟ ﻥﻳﻌﻣ ﺩﺣﺗ ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋ ﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻌ ﺑ ﺑﺳﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺎﻣﺛﻳﺣﻭ ، ، ً ﺎ ﺭﺩ ﺟﺗ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻣ ﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺳﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻹﺍ .ﺎﻬﻋﺎ ﺑﺗ ﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ 6 . ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻠﻟ ﻲﻘﻁﻧﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺡﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻠﻟ ﺕﺎﻳﺑ ﻠﺳﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺑﺎ ﺟﻳﻹﺍ ﺽﺭ ﻌﻟ ﻥﻳﺯ ﻫﺎﺟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺑﺧ ﻥﻭﻛ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺎ ﺳﻷﺍ ﺢﻳﺿﻭﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻭ ، ﺎ ﻬﻧﻭ ﺣﺭﺗﻘﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳ ﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳﺧﻭ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻘﻁﻧ ﻡﻳﻘﻟﺍ ﻭ ،ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺕ ﺎﻳﺻ ﻭﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻧﻣ ﺎ ﻛﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻻ ﺭﻣ ﻷﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺢﺿﺍ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ . ﻡﻬ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺍﺭ ﺗ ﻗ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﻘ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ً ﻼﻬﺳ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻪﻧ ﺃ ﻰﺗ ﺣﻭ ﻱ ﺫ ﻳﻔ ﻧﺗ ﺹﺧﻠﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻪﺑ ﻡﺎﻳ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻛﺗ ﺎﻧﻫﻭ ، ﺕﺎﻋﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﺃ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻧﻭﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻭﺻﻭﻠﻟ ﺢﻳ ﺿﻭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺯﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺻﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺷ ﻗﺎﻧﻣﻟ ﻲﻟﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎ ﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﺇ . ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﻟ ﺎﻫﺫﻳﻔ ﻧ ﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍءﺍ ﺭﺟﻹﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﺎﻔﺗ ﺍ ﻰﻟ

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45 ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺎﻳﻬﻟ ﺍ ءﺎﺷﻧﺇ . ﻲﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺫﻳﻔ ﻧ ﺗﻟ ﺔﺣﺎﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍﻭ ﺎﻫﺯ ﺎ ﺟﻧ ﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺋ ﺎ ﻅ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺡﺭ ﺷ ﻡﺗ ﺩﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺉ ﺩ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳ ﻲﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ .ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻟ ﻼ ﻲﻣﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻠﻟ ﻪ ﻳ ﺟ ﻭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳﺩ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺔﻣﺯ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﻪ ﺟﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﺑ ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧﺗ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻛﺎﻳ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺭ ﺎ ﺑﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻊﺿﻭﻳ ﻥﺍ ﻱﺭﻭﺭﺿﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻝﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻧﻛﻣﻳ ﺎﻬﻳﺩﻟ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﻭ ﻣﻧﻟﺍ ﻊﺑ ﺗﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺝ ﺫ ﻭﻣ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺔﺑﻛﺍﻭﻣ ﺎﻬ ﻓ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏﺭﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋﻭ ، ﻪﻧﺃ ﻝﺩﺟ ﻙﺎﻧﻬ ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺢﺿﻭﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻛ ﻙﺭﺗﺷ ﻣ ﻁﻣ ﻧ ﺩﻳ ﺩ ﺣﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ 4 . ﻩﺎﻧ ﺩ ﺃ 14 ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ 2 ﺔ ﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﻡﻳﻅ ﻧ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﺎ ﺛﻣ . ﺍ : ﺭﺩﺻﻣﻟ IIEP – ، ﻭﻛﺳﻧﻭﻳﻟﺍ 2009 14 ﻝﻛﺷﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺎﺷﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻅﺣﻼﺗﺳ 2 ﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺿﻭ ﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻰﻟﻭ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓ ﻊ . ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﻹ ._._._._._._._._._._._._._._._ _._._._._._._._._._._._._._._._._._._._._ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﺔﻛﺭﺗ ﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻬﻳ ﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﺢ ﻟ ﺎ ﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺣﺻﺃ ﻥﻭﻳﻭﻣﻧ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻧ ﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺗ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﻬﻣ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻅ ﻧ ﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣ ﻼﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲ ﺟ ﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻁ ﻳ ﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻟ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻔﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻧ ﻥﻳﻳﻧﻔﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻘﺳﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻣ ﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻋﻭ ﻣﺟﻣ ﻲ ﺟ ﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﺭﻓ

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46 ﺕﺎﻘﺑﻁ ﺙﻼﺛﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﻲﻣ ﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣ ﻅﻧﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻫ 2.1 ﺩﺎﻣﺗﻋﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ؛ﺕ ﺎﻣﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻘ ﺑ ﻁ ﺙﻼﺛ ﺳﻣ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻭ ﻲﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗ ﻯﻭﺗ ﻘﻳﺳﻧﺗ ﻲﻧﻓ ﻲ ﻊﻧﺻ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻭ ﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ . ﺕﺎﺳ ﻲﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺑ ﻁﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻰﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻘﺑﻁﻟﺍ ﻸﻟ ﺭﻳﺷﺗﻭ ﺽﺭﺗﻔﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﺻﺎ ﺧ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﺑ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﺳﻗ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻟﻭﺅ ﺳﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﺎﻘﺑ ﺳﻣ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻐ ﺷ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ، ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿ ﻡﻬﻳ ﻠ ﻋ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧﺗ ﺯﺎﺟ ﻧ ﻻ ﺔﻳﺭﻭ ﺩ ﺎﻧ ﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺞﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻟ ﺁ ﻑﺍ ﺭﺷﻹﺍ ﻡﻅﺗﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻱﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇﻭ ﻉﺍﻭﻧﺃ ﻪﺑﻠﻁﺗﺗ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻕﺗﺎﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﻘﺗ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ،ﺔﻌﻁﺎﻘﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺃ .ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻳﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻟﻭﺅﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻳ ﻠﺧﺍﺩ ﺕﺎﻋﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﻡﻳﻅﻧﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍﻭ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺣﻳﺣﺻﺗ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎ ﺟﺳﻧﻻﺍ . ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﺕﺎﻋ ﻭ ﻣﺟﻣ ﺙﺍﺩﺣﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺕﻻ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻣﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻳﻐﺻ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻝﺎ ﻣﻋﻷ ﻑﺍ ﺭﺷﻹﺍ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺩ ﻣ ﺎﻬﺳﺃﺭﺗﻳ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺭﻓ ﻥﻣ ﻥ ﻭ ﻛ ﺗﺗﻭ ﻕﻳ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺎﺗ ﺧﻣ ﻲﻧﻓ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻝﺛﻣﻣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻝﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓﻭ ، ﻕﻓﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺍﺩ ﻧﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﺣﻧﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ 2 . ﻲﻧﻔ ﻟ ﺍ ﻕﻳﺳﻧﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﺭﻳﺷﺗ ﺔﻳﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺑ ﻁ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻳﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻟ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻣﺳﻣ ﺕﺣﺗ ﺫﺧﺄﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻧ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﺳﻧ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳﻣ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ . ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﻳ ﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺅﺳ ﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺓ ﺩ ﻭﺟ ﻭﻣ ﺽﺍﺭﻏﻷ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﺍﺭﺷﻹﺍ ﻲﻟﻭﻣ ﺷ ﻝ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻕ ﻳ ﺳﻧﺗﻭ ﺭﺧﺁ ﻰﻧﻌﻣﺑﻭ ، ﺏ ﺳﺣﺑ ﻲﻋﺎﻣﺟﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻭ ﺎ ﺷ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻔﻧﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺳﻗ ﻷﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻕ ﻳ ﺳ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺑﺗ ﻥﺎﻣﺿ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﺎﻔﺣ ﻠﻟ ﺎﻫﺫﺧﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﻲﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻣﻠﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻭ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻻﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ.ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻊﻳ ﻓﺭ ﻑﻅﻭﻣ ﺎﻬﺳﺃ ﺭﻳﻭ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﻷﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻧﺟﻠ : ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ﻯ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻷ ﺍ ﻡﻭ ﻘ ﺗ . ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ﺔﻳﻓﺎ ﻛ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺣ ﻼﺻ ﻙﻠﺗﻣ ﻳ ﻡﺋﺍﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻣﺿﻟ ﻲﻌﺑﺭ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺑ ﻝﻗﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺔﺟ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺕﻋ ﺩ ﺎ ﻣﻠﻛ ﻊﻣﺗﺟ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟ ﺔﻣ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺎ ﻣﻷﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﺑ ﻥﺃ . ﻰﻧ ﻌﻣ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﺔﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻪﻳﺟﻭﺗﻟ ﺔﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻭﺍ ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻧ ﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻪﻳ ﺟ ﻭﺗﺑ ﺔ ﺛ ﻟﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﺑﻁﻟﺍ ﻁﺑﺗﺭﺗ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻁ ﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭ ﺎﺷﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺭﺷ ﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺑﻛ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺿﻌ ﺑ ﺭﻳﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺳﺃ ﺭ ﻳ ﻭ ،ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺧﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻳﻠ ﺛ ﻣﻣﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻯ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻁ ﺑ ﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﺑ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﻭ ﻘﺗ ﻲﻟ ﺎﺗ ﻟﺎﺑﻭ ،ﻲﻧﺩﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻳﻠ ﺛ ﻣﻣﻭ ﻡﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺹﺧﻠﺗﺗ ﻭ . ﻥﻳ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁ ﺗ ءﺎﻛﺭ ﺷﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳﺯ ﻭ ﻠﻟ ﺓﺭﻭﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧﺗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺔﻣﺳﺎﺣ ﺕﺎﻅﺣﻟ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺎ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻉﻭﺭﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﻭ، ﺓﻭﻋﺩ ﻡﺗ ﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻟ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺗ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭ ﺎ ﺗﺭﻛﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻬﻣﺑ ﻡﻭﻘ . ﺔﻧ ﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗﻟ

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47 ،ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟ ﺎﻫﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑ ﻳ ﺗ ﺭ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺙﻼﺛﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﺑﻁﻟﺍ ﻊﺑﺗﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏﺭ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻘ ﺑ ﻁﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻁﻠ ﺗﺧ ﺗﻭ ﺓﺩﻘ ﻌﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻅﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺎﻳﻫ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ً ﺎﻳﺋ ﺯ ﺟ ﺔ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﺿ ﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ. ﺔﺳﺎ ﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻪﻳﺟﻭ ﺗﻭ ﻲﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﺳﻧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻹﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣﻭ ﺔﺻﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎ ﺟﻠﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻟ ﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺕﺍءﺎﻁﻌﻟﺍ ﺦﻟ ﺍ.. ، . ﻝﻋ ﺎ ﻓ ﺭﻳ ﻏ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺭ ﻭ ﺩﻳ ﻘﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻎﻟﺎﺑ ﻪﺗ ﻣﺭﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻝﻌﺟﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺍ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ﺍﺫﻫﻭ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣﻭ ﻥﺎﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻕﺭﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻳ ﻘﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻎﻟ ﺎﺑ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻯﺩ ﻟ . ً ﺎﻔﻳ ﻌ ﺿ ﺭﻭﺿﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻓ ﺕﻌﻣﺗﺟ ﺍ ﻥﺇﻭ ﻊﻣﺗ ﺟ ﺗ ﺎﻣﻠﻗ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻁﺭﺷ ﻥﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺹ ﺧ ﻠﺗﻳ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺡﺎﺟﻧﻟﺍ . ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻻﺍ ﻭ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎﻣﺩ ﻗ ﻲ ﺿﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻺﻟ ﺎﻬﺗﻳ ﻠﺑﺎ ﻗ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻣ ﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺎﺳﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻅﻓﺎﺣﻣﻟﺍ 2.2 ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩﺇ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻫ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻲ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻠ ﻟ ﻲﻧ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻉﺍﺭ ﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻅﻓﺎﺣﻣ ﻟﺎﺑ ً ﻼﻣﺎﻋ ﻭ ، ﻝ ﺛ ﻣﺗﺗ ﻬﻣﺎﻬﻣ ﺎ ﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﻭ ﻪﻳﺟﻭﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻥ ﻣﺿﺗﺗ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﺩ ﺣﺗ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ،ﻡ ﺎﻅﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺧﺍﺩ ﻱﺭﺟﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔ :ﺔﻳﻟﺎﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻡﻳﻅﻧﺗﻭ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧﺗ ﻑﻠﺗﺧﻣ . ﺔﻳ ﻘﻳﺳﻧ ﺗ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﺑ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺗﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﺑ ﻭ ﻠﻁﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺭﺿﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩ ﻷ ﺍﻭ ﻪﻳﺟ ﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ . ﻡﻬﻳﻟﺇ ﺔﻠﻛﻭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻬﻣ ﺩﻳ ﻭﺯﺗ ﺏﺳﺣﺑ ﺹﺎﺧ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻠﻋﺎ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻑﻠﺗﺧﻣ . ﺔﺟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻣﺿ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ . ﻥﻳ ﻠﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺱﻔﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣ . ﺔﻔﻠﺗ ﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﺟﻠﻟ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺭﻹ ً ﺍﺩﻳﻬﻣﺗ ﺔﻠ ﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣﻭ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﺷ ﺭﻳ ﺭﺎ ﻘﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻊﻳ ﻣﺟﺗ ﻳﻭ ﻧﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻅﻧﺗ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ .ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳ ﻑﺻﻧﻟﺍ ﻭﺍ ﺔ . ﺔﺟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺕﻋﺩ ﺎﻣﻠﻛ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻳﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ . ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟ ﻭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻧﺟ ﻠﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺎﻳﻠ ﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻟ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭ ﺎ ﺗﺭﻛﺳﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻬﻣ ﺑ ﻡﺎﻳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩ ﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻠﻟ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻡﺳﻗ ﺙﺍﺩﺣﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﻌﻓﺩ ﺕﺎﺑﺟﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﺃ ﻥﺇ ﺭﺻﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺽﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﻳ .ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻗﺭ 9 ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻑ ﻭ ﺭ ﻅﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﻛﻓ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺎﺑ ﻪ ّ ﺟﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧ ﺕﻧ ﺑﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺍﺩﻧ ﻏﻭ ﺃ ﻝﺛ ﻣ ﻲﻧﺩ ﺗ ﻣ ﻝﺧﺩ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻟﻭ ﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬ ﺗﺣﺗ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ . ﺓﺭﻳﺧ ﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺓﺩﻳﺟ ً ﺎﻁﺍﻭ ﺷﺃ ﻪﻳﻓ ﺕﻌﻁﻗﻭ

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48 ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 9 : ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻗ ﺍﺩﻧﻏﻭ ﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺑ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻗ ﺙﺍﺩ ﺣﺗﺳﺍ ﻡﺗ 1999 ﻡﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﺔﻳﺩﻧ ﻏﻭ ﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﻥﻋ ﻝﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺳ ﻗ ﻥﺇ . ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭ ﻝﻳﻭﺣﺗ ،ﺍ ﺩﻧﻏﻭ ﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﻹ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﻛ ﻡﻭﻘﻳ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻥﻳ ﻔ ﻅﻭﻣ ﺔﺗﺳ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﻳ ﻭ . ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺛﻼ ﺛ ﻭﺃ ﻥﻳﻧﺛﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﺑ ﻡﻬﻧ ﻣ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﻷﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﻝﻭ ﺣ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺟﺑ ً ﺎﻳﺭ ﻬﺷ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻭﻔﻅﻭ ﻣ ﻡﻭ ﻘﻳ ، ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻝ ﻛﻟﻭ . ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﺃ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺔﺑﺎﺗﻛ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﺏﻠﻁﻳ ﺔﻳﺭﺎﺗﺭﻛﺳ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻥﺇ ﻝ ﻣ ﻌﻟﺎﺑ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺻﺧﺷ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻳﺭ ﺎﺗﺭﻛﺳ ﺔﻠ ﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺕﻻ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﻝﻬﺳﻟﺍ ﻲ ﻭ ،ﺔﺑﻭﻠﻁﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻠﻟ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ ﺽﺭﻌﺗ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔ ﺻﻣ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻺﻟ ﺔﻳﻌﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ . ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺔ ﻣﺩ ﺧ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺓﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻝﻛﻟ ﻱﺭﻬﺷ ﺹﺧﻠﻣ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺈﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻭﻔﻅ ﻭ ﻣ ﻡﻭ ﻘﻳ ،ﺕ ﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺟ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﻡﺗ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻊﻣ ﺟ ُ ـﺗ ﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ءﺍﺩﺃ ﻝﻳ ﻠﺣﺗ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﺗ . ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﺗ ﻣ ﻱﺭﻬﺷ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﺇ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎﻘﺣ ﻻ ﺕﺎﺻﺧﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗﻭ ﺓﺯ ﺟﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻑﺩ ﻬﺑ ﺃﺩﺑﻳ ﻡﻟ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗﻭ ﺔ ﻠﺟﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗﻭ ﺔﻳﻠﺣﺭﻣ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﺎﻬﻟﻭ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺫﻳﻔ ﻧ ﺗ ، ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺯﻳﻣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ َ ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ءﻭﺿﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻳ ﻠ ﺣﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻠﺳﻳﻭ . ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ، ﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺩ ﻺﻟ ﻪﻧﻣ ﺦﺳ ﻧ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺇ ﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻳﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻺﻟ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺕﺎﺻﺧﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﺎ ﻣﻛﺇ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺏ ﺳﺣﺑﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻉﺎ ﻔﺗﺭ ﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﺩﻟ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺎﺑ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﺔﺻ ﺎ ﺧ ﻡﺋ ﺍﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻷﺍ ﻑﺭ ﺻﺗﻳ ﺭﻳ .ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻠﻟ ﺩﺩﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻋﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﺧﺄ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧ ﺔﺣﻧﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋﻳﻬﻠﻟ ﻁﺎﺑﺗﺭ ﻻ ﺍ ﻁﺎﺑﺿ ﻊﻣ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﻔﻅﻭ ﻣ ﻝﺻﺍ ﻭﺗﻳ ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ، ﻥﻭ ﻣﻭﻘ ﻳ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻧﺍﺩﻳﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺯ ﺑ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻭ ﻠﺛﻣﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻡﻬ ﺑﺣﺎﺻ ﻳ ﻲﻌ ﺑﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺳﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻯﺭﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﺔﺣﻧﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟﺍﻭ ﻯﺭ ﺧﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻭ ، ﻥ ﻳ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺯ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻭﻔ ﻅﻭﻣ ﻲﻘﺗﻠﻳ ﺔﺻﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺯﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻟ ﺢﻳﺗ ﺗ ﻭ ،ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺑﻭﻠﻁﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟﻭ ﻡﻬﻌﻣ ﺕﻼﺑﺎﻘﻣ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﺈﺑ ﻥﻭﻣﻭﻘﻳﻭ ﻥﻣ ﻕﻘﺣﺗﻠﻟ ﻯﺩﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻌﻗﺍﻭ . ﺔﻧﺳ ﻠﻟ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺍ ﺩ 2.3 ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭ ﻣ ﻼﻟ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻭﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﺑ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛ ﻛ ﺃ ﺎﻬ ﻧﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻁﻳﺳﺑ ﻙﻳ ﺭ ﺷﻛ ً ﺎﻧ ﺎﻳﺣ ﺃ ﺔﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻝﻣﺎﻌ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ، ﺙﻳﺣﻭ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻛﺭ ﺎﺷﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﻷﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣﺑﺭ ﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻥﻣ ءﺯ ﺟ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻳ ﻱﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﺱ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻌ ،ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺑﺗ ﻋﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻼﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑﻭ ﺕﺎﻘ ﺑ ﻁ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻘﺑ ﻁ ﻝﻛﺷﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﺄ ﺑ ﺭﺍﺭﻗﻹﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻥﻣ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ءﺯ ﺟ ﻲﻓ ﻝ ﻣﻌﺗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ . ﻱﺯﻛﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺙ ﻳﺛﺣ ﻥﻭ ﺎ ﻌﺗﺑ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻪ ﺑ ﻌﻠﺗ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌﻳ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺟﺭﺩ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺎﻬ ﻳﻟﺇ ﻝﺻﻭﺗ ﻟﺍ ، ﺎﻬﻳﺩ ﻟ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ﻝﻘﻧﻭ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻ ﻲﻓ ﺽﻳ ﻭﻔﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺟ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳﻣ

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49 ﻰﻠﻋ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎ ﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧ ﻝﻛﺎﻳﻫ ﻝﻳ ﻛﺷﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻪﻧ ﺈﻓ ﺔﻳﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻁﻠﺳﻠﻟ ﺱﻭﻣﻠﻣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻡﺟ ﺳﻧﺗ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻱ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ . ﻱﺯﻛﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗ ﺕﺎﻳﺎ ﻐﻟ ﻥﺎ ﺟﻟﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻠﻟ ﺹﺎﺧ ﺱﻠﺟﻣ ﺙﺍﺩﺣﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﺑﻣﺍﺯ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺳﺳﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﺗﺣﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺭ ﻳﺩﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻟﺎﻗﻷﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ ﺃ ، ﺱﺭﺍﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻓ ﻝ ﺎ ﺳﺭﺈﺑ ﺔﺑﻟﺎﻁﻣ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﻟﺎﺟ ﻣ ﻡﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺗ ﺙﻳﺣ ،ﺔﻳﺭ ﻳﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﻠ ﺟﻣﻟ ﺔﻳﻌﺑﺭﻭ ﺔﻳﺭ ﻬﺷ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﺭﻳﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﻊﻣ ﺟﺗ ﺎﻫﺭﻭﺩﺑ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻅ ﻓ ﺎﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺗﺎ ﻛﻣﻟ ﻪﻟﺎﺳﺭﺇﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﺷ ﻲﻌ ﺑﺭ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹ ﺔﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﻔﺳ ﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻟﻵﺍ ﺱﻔﻧﺑ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳ .ﻲﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻠﻟ ﺎ ﻬﻠﺳﺭﺗﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺭﻳﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﻰﻠﻋﻷﺍ ﺩﻗﻭ ، ﺔﻳﻔﻳﻛ ﻟ ﺕ ﺎﻬﻳﺟ ﻭ ﺗ ﻡﻳ ﺩﻘﺗﺑ ﺎﻬﺗﻣﺭﺑ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﺳﺑﺗ ﻡﺗ ﺫﺎﻣﻧ ﺩﺎﺟﻳﺇ ﻭ ﺔ ﻔﻠﺗﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻣ ﺝ ،ﺔﻳﻣﺎﺗﺧﻟﺍ ﻕﺋ ﺎﺛﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﺩﻘﺗ ﻟ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻯﻭﺎﻛ ﺷ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﻥﺇﻭ ﻝﺿﻓﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻝﻣﻌﻳ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻭﺩ ﺑ ﻳ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺿﺍﻭﺗﻣ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻐﺗ ﻥﻭﻘ ﻠﺗﻳ ﻝﺑﺎ ﻘ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﻬ ﻧﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻬﺟﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﻬﺗﺳﺗ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺄﺑ ﺎﻳ ﻧﺩﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻳﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩ ﻬﻌﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺭﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺩﺣﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺡﺎﺿﻳﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬ ﻧﻳﻌ ﻲﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻠﻟ ﻭﻛﺳﻧﻭ ﻳﻟﺍ 2006 . ﻼﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺷ ﺎﻬﻳ ﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺍﺯ ﺎﻣ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻙﻠ ﺗ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﺩ ﺣﺗ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ﻯﺭﺧ ﻷ ﺍ ﻝﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺭﺩ ﻟ ﻰﻘﺑ ﻳ ﻪ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻝﻛﻭ ،ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻣ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﻥﻋ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﻌﺑ ﺓ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺔﺟ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻝﺻﺍ ﻭ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺣﻭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻘﺑﺗ ﻊﺑ ﻁ ﻟﺎﺑ . ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺗ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺑ ﻠﻁﻳ ﻭﺃ ﻥﻭ ﻘﻠ ﺗﻳ ﻡﻬﻧ ﺃ ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺎﻳ ﺯﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻝﺋﺎﺳ ﻭ ﺭﺑﻏ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻉﺍﻭﻧ ﺃ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺟﻳ ﺎﻣﻋ ﺔﻟﻭﻘ ﻌﻣ ﺓﺭﻛﻓ ﻡﻬﻟ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺇ . ﺎ ﻳﻧﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻱ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣ ﻥﻋ ً ﺎﻣ ﺎﻣﺗ ﺓﺩﻳﻌ ﺑ ﻲﻫ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﺩ ﻳ ﻠﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻘﻳﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺭﻳﺿ ﺣﺗﻭ ،ﺔﻳ ﻧ ﻁ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻡﺟ ﺳﻧﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻬ ﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻ ﺗ ﻪﻟﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻱﺫﻐﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻬﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﻠﻁﺗﻳ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻥﺇ . ﻡﺎﻅﺗ ﻧﺎﺑ ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ءﺍ ﺩﺃ . ﺎ ﻳ ﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺎ ﻳﻧﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻅﺗﻧ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﺳﺭ ﺇﻭ ﻱ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩ 2.4 ﻥﻳﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻌﻣ ﻰﻘﻠﺗ ﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎﻳﻟﺎﺣ ﺔﻣﺋﺎ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﻳ ﺗﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺓﺯ ﺭﺎﺑﻟﺍ ﺭﻫﺎﻅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺕﺎﻧﻭ ﻡﻋﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻋﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻰ ﺣ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺍﺯﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﺍﺫ ﻫﻭ . ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﺱﻳﺭﺎﺑ ﻥﻼﻋ ﺇ ﻲﻓ ء ﺎ ﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻪﻣﺩﻗ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ 2005 ، ﺭﻭﻁﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﻕﻣ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺎ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻣﺑﺭ ﻭ . ﺔﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻡﻳﻅﻧﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺔﻳﻔﻳﻛﻭ ﺃ ﻡﻬﻧ ﺄﺑ ﺎﻣ ﺔﻁ ﺧﺑ ﻥﻭ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻑ ﺭ ﻌﻳﻭ ﺭﺛﺅﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺛﺄﺗﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻅ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺹ ﺎﺧﺷﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺩﺍﺭﻓﺃ ﻱ ﺳﺍﻭ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ . ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻭﺃ/ ﻭ ﺕﺎ ﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺎﺑ ﻲﺑﻠﺳ ﻭﺃ ﻲﺑﺎﺟﻳﺇ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﻊ ،ﻥﻳﻳﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﻻﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺭ ﺛﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻌﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻲﻁ ﻐﻳﻭ ﺩ ﻘ ﻌﻣﻭ ﻡﺧ ﺿ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻕﺑﻁﻧﻳ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻭ ﻭ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻥﺇ . ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﻳﺩ ﻋ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻪﻳﺩﻟﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻉﺍﻭﻧﺃ ﻡﺩﻘﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻡﻬ ﻛﺍﺭﺷﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻥﻳﺫﻟﺍ ﺹﺎﺧﺷﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻣﺋﺎﻗ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﺔﻁﺎﺳﺑ ﺑ ﻭﻫ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺩﻧﻋ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻱﺩ ﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺙﻳﺣ ، ﺔﻣﺋﺎﻗ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺔ ﻣﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﺯ ﻳ ﺎﻣﻣ ﺓﺃ ﺯﺟﻣﻭ ﺓﺭﺛﻌ ﺑﻣ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍ ﺯﻭ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ . ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﻘ ﻌﺗ

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50 ﻊﻣﻭ : ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﺗﻟﺍ ﺙﻼ ﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿ ﻥﻳ ﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻳﻧﺻﺗ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺕﻻﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ﻲﻔﻓ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺔﻳﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣﻭ ﺔﺣ ﻧﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﺗﻭ ﻥ ﻳﻳﺋﺎﻣﻧﻹﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ . ﺔﻘ ﻳﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻁ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ،ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ : ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﺑ ﺭﺛﺅﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺛﺄ ﺗ ﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻯﺭﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ،ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ . ﺎﻫﺭ ﻳ ﻏﻭ ﺔﺣﺻﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻋﺎ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺅﺷﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯ ﻭ ،ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻲ ﻧ ﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﻠﺛﻣﻣ ﻡﻬﻧﻣ ﻭ : o . ﺔﻳﺩ ﺎﺻﺗﻗﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﺎﻣ ﺗ ﺟﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻧﻳ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ o . ءﺎﺑ ﻵ ﺍﻭ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻌﻣﺟﻭ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺎﻘﻧ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻬ ﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﻌﻣﺟ o . ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻼﻋﺃ ﺕﺎﺋﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺋﺎ ﻗ ﻥﺇ ﻥﻣ ءﺎﺿﻋ ﺃﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻳﺳ ﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻯ ﺭﺧﺃ ﺕﺎﺋﻓ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻥﻛﻣﻳﻭ ﺔ ﻠﻣﺎﺷ ﺕﺳ ﻳ ﻟ ﻩ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﻷﺍ ﻥﺇ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ . ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺏ ﺳﺣﺑ ﺙﺣﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺗﺟ ﻣ ﻥﻋ ﻭ ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻳ ﻠﺛﻣ ﻣﻭ ﻥﺎﻣﻟﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ،ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ . ﻯ ﺭﺧﻷ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻥﻣ ﻑﻠ ﺗﺧﺗ ﻡﻬ ﻣﻳﻅﻧ ﺗ ﺔﻘﻳﺭﻁ ﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻔ ﻟ ﺔﻳﺑﺳﻧﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻁ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻅﻧﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺽﻌﺑﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻣﺗﺷ ﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻭ ، ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺭﻳﻐﺻ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﻲﻓﻭ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﻊﻣﺗﺟ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻅﻧ ﻣ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻯﺭﺧﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﻳﺎ ﺑﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺱﻔﻧ ﻕﺑﻁﻧﺗﻭ . ً ﺍ ﺭ ﺛﻌﺑﻣ ً ﺃﺯﺟﻣ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﻳ ﺣ . ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻬﻣ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻌ ﻣﺟﻭ ﻲﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﺭﺎﺷﻳﺳ ﻥﻣ ﻳﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺧﺗ ﺗ ﻭ ﺎﻬ ﻳﺩﻟ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﺣﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻟ ﻭﺩ ﻝﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﺗﺄﺗﻳ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻣﺿﺗﺗ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻟ ﺁ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻧﺗﻣ ﺕﺎﺋﻓ ﻙﺍﺭﺷﺇ ﻥﻛﻣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ . ﻪﺗﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻯﺩﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﻔﻳﻛﻭ ﻝ ـ ﺻﺍ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭ ﻝﻗﺃ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻭ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﺳﺭ ﻥﺎ ﺟﻟ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﻭ ﺭﺗﻛﻟﻹﺍ ﻭـﻳﺩﻳﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻣﺗﺅ ﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻻ ﺍﻭ ـﻳﻣﺳﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺎﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺗﺅﻣﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺵﺭﻭﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻧﻁ ﻭﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻣ . ﺎﻫﺭﻳ ﻏﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻁﻳﺳﺑ ﺔﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﺎﺑ ﺗﺗ ﺩﻗ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋﻓ ﻑﻠﺗﺧ ﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣﻛ . ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻧ ﺻ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺛ ءﺍ ﺭﻵﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕ ﻓ ﺍﻭﺗﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕ ﺍﺭﻭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻲ ﻧ ﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺳﺳﺅﻣ ﻡﻬﻳ ﻓ ﺎﻣ ﺑ ﻥﻳﻳ ﺋ ﺎﻣﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ء ﺎ ﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻭ ﺔﺑﻏﺭ ﺭﺛﻛ ﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿﻟ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺔﻛ ﺭﺗﺷﻣ ﻥﺎ ﺟﻟ ﻝﻳ ﻛ ﺷﺗ ﺑ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭ ﻛ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅ ﻌﻣ ﺕﻣﺎ ﻗ . ﻥﻳﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻓ ﻑﻠﺗ ﺧ ﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ً ﺎﻁﺎ ﺷﻧﻭ ﺔﻣﺋﺍﺩ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺕ ﺎ ﻋ ﻭ ﻣﺟ ﻣ ﺙﺍﺩﺣﺗ ﺳ ﺎﺑ ﺕﻣﺎﻗ ﺕﻻﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﻭﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﺗ ﻧ ﻻ ﺍ ﺫ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺓﻭﻼﻋ .ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﻣ ﻷ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﻋﺎﻔﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻬﺗﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻠﻟ ﺕﻣﺎﻗ ،ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ ﻙﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻼﻘﺗﺳ ﺎ ﺑ ﻉﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﻻﺎ ﺑ ﻡﻬ ﻟ ﺢﻣ ﺳﺗ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬ ﺑ ﺔﺻﺎ ﺧ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺕﺎﻋ ﻭ ﻣﺟﻣ ءﺎﺷﻧﺈﺑ ﺎﻬﺳ ﻔ ﻧ ﺑ ﺔﺣ ﻧﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻻﻭ .ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺭﺍﻭﺣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻙﺭﺗﺷﻣ ﻱﺃﺭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﺎﻔ ﺗ ﻻ ﺍﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺣﻧﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻡﻏ ﺎﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻬ ﺳ ﺗ ﻑﺩ ﻬﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺕﺎﻋ ﻭ ﻣﺟﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣ ﻛ ﺔﻟﻭﻬﺳﺑ ﺎﻣﺋﺍﺩ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻲﻓ ،ﺎﻬﻟ ﻲﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﺎﻣﻛ ً ﺎﻌﻳ ﻣﺟ ﻡﻠ ﻌﺗ ﻻ ﻥﻳ ﺣﻧ ﺎﻣ ﺎﻣﻣ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻲﻓ ً ﺎﻳ ﻘﻳ ﻘﺣ ً ﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﻐ ﺗ ﻊﻧﺻﺗ ﺎﻬﻧ ﺈ ﻓ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻝ ﻣﻌﺗ ﺎﻣﺩ ﻧ ﻋ ﺕ ﺎ ﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ . ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﺋﺎ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻌﻳ

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51 ﺱﻠﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺧﺩﻟ ﻯﺭ ﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻡﻫ ﻷﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻭ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺯﻭ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺔﺣﺿﺍﻭ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺳ ﻷ ﻭ ﻣﺿ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺿﺣ ﺗﺑ ﺔﻔ ّ ﻠﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣﻭ ﻥ ﺎ ﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺎﺿﻋﺄﻛ ﺭﺍﺭﻣﺗﺳ ﺎﺑ ﻡﻬ .ﻝﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻌﺻ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟ ﺎ ﻏ ﺔﻠﻋﺎ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﺗ ﻛﺭ ﺎ ﺷﻣﻭ ﻡﻬﻣﺎﻣﺗﻫﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺻﺣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻟﻭ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺎ ﻘﻧﻭ ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ، ﻲ ﻧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻅﻧﻣ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻯ ﺭﺧﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺋﻔﻠﻟ ﺔ ﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻣﺃ ﻳﻧﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺎﺷﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻻ ﺍ ﺎ ﻫ ﺭﻬﺷﺃﻭ ﻡﻬﺗ ﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻭ ﻡﻬ ﻣﻼ ﻋﻹ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﻟﺁ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﻓ ﺔ . ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋﻓ ﻊﻳﻣﺟ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻭ ﻠﺛﻣ ﻣ ﺎﻫﺭ ﺿﺣﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺍﺭﻣﺗﺅﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ ﻝﻣ ﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﻲﺗﺍﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻑﻁﺗﻘ ﻣ ﻩﺎﻧ ﺩ ﺃ ﻊﺑﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ " ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟ ﻳﺗﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﺇ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺔﻳﺑﺭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺑﻟﺍ ﺩ ﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍﻭ 2008 - 2020 " ء ﺯﺟﻟﺍ، ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﻳ ﺗﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻑ ﻁ ﺗﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺽﺭﻌ ﻳ ،ﺎﻳﻧﺎﺗﻳ ﺭﻭﻣ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﻬ ﻣﺟ ،ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﻭ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ،ﺱﻣﺎﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟ ﻳﺗﺍﺭ ﺗ ﺳﺇ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ﺗ . ﻲﻓ ﻪﺷﺎﻘﻧ ﻡﺗ ﺎﻣ ﻊﻣ ﻡﺟﺳ ﻧ ﺗ ﺕﺎﺑﻳﺗﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺩﻘﺗﻌﺗ ﻝﻫ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ 2 ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺑﻳﺗﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺷﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍﻭ 2008 - 2020 ﺔﻳﺭﻭ ﻬﻣ ﺟ ، .ﺎﻳﻧﺎﺗﻳﺭﻭﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺯﻭ ﺎﻬﺳﺃﺭﺗﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟ ﻭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﺔ ﻌﺑ ﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠ ﻣﻌﻟ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻕ ﻳ ﺳ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳﺳ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔ ﻧﺗﺑ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎ ﺳﻗ ﻷﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻑﻠ ﺗﺧﻣ ﻥﻣ ءﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻣ ﺎﻬﺗﻳﻭﺿ ﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺿ ﺗﻭ ﻪﻣ ﺎﻘﻣ ﻡﻭ ﻘ ﻳ ﻥﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺩﺇ ﻡﻭﻘﺗ . ﻥﻳ ﺭ ﺎﺗﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺑﺧﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻡﺿﺗﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ، ﺎ ﻬﺗﺎﻧﻭﻛ ﻣ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭ ﺎ ﺗﺭﻛﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺑ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺔﻣﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟ ﺎﻬ ﺗﺍﺭﺩﻗ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻬﻳ ﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ، ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ءﺯ ﺟ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻧﺯ ﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﺳ ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁ ﺧﻠﻟ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺿ ﺣﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔ ﻟﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﺭ ﻓ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﺳ ﺔ ﻳ ﺍﺩ ﺑ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻬﻳ ﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺭﺷﺇ ﺕﺣﺗ ﺔﻳﻬﻳ ﺟﻭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ، ﺎ ﻣﻟﺎﺣ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻕﻳﺭ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺢﺑ ﺻﻳﻭ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻣ ﺿﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻊﻳﻣﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻭ ﻕﻳ ﺳﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ ﻟﻭ . ً ﺎ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗ ﺭﺛ ﻛ ﺃ ﺢﺑ ﺻ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺢﺟﺭﻷ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻌﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻌﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻔﻟﺃ ﺔ ﻘ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﻟ ﺎﺳﻷ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ءﺎ ﻧ ﺑ ﺕﻼﺧﺍﺩﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻬﻳ ﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﺯ ﻛﺭﺗﺳﻓ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺕﺍﺭﻭ ﺩﺑ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻱﺭﻭﺩ ﻝﻛ ﺷﺑ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ .ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﻷ ﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻑﻠ ﺗ ﺧﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻣ ﺕﺎ ﻋﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺟﻭ ﻲﻓ . ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍ ﻭ ﺩ ﺃ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﺳﻗﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﺱﻔ ﻧ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﻌﺑﺭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﺔﻳﻬﻳ ﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟ ﻠﻟ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺳﺭﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ . ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟ ﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﺎﺗﺭﻛﺳ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻡﻫ ﺩ ﻭ ﺯﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﻳﺳﺑﻟﺍ ﻘﺗﺳ . ﻡﺯﻟ ﺎﻣ ﺛﻳﺣ ﺔﻳﺣﻳﺣﺻﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﻹﺎ ﺑ ﺏ ﻳ ﺳﻧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻘﻳﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻝﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺹﺣﻔﺗﻭ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹﺍ ــ ﻳﺭ ﺎﺗﺭ ﻛﺳ ﻡﻭ ـ ﺔ ﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺈﺑ ﺔﻳﻟ ﺎﻣ ﺔﻧﺳ ﻝﻛ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺧﻷﺍ ﻊﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟ ﻭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍﺩﺎﻣﺗﻋﺍ ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﺗ ﻣ ﻱ ﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ـ ﻹﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻫﺭﻳﻏﻭ ﺔﻳﻌﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﺭ ﺭــ ﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ـﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳﺳﻭ ، ﻯ ﺭﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺏﻠﻁﺗ ﺩﻗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺎﺿ

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52 ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐ ﺷ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻡ ﺗﻳﺳ ،ﻪﺳﻔﻧ ﺕﻗﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ . ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻱ ﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺎﻘﻠﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻘﻳﺛﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﻛﺳﻠﻟ ﺎ ﻬﻟﺎﺳ ﺭﺇﻭ ﺔﻳﻬﻳﺟﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺭﺷﺇ ﺕﺣﺗ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﻬﻧﻳ ﻣﺿﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﺎﺗ ﻲﻟﻭﺩ ﻟﺍ ، ً ﺎﻣﺯﻻ ﻥﺎ ﻛ ﺎﻣﺛ ﻳ ﺣﻭ ﻲﻧ ﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺭﻭﺎﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ . ﻪﻳﻓ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻔﻛﻳ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻣﺗﺟﺍ ﻡﻳﻅﻧﺗ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳ ﻭ . ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺎﻫ ءﺯﺟ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳﺳ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺟﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻭﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ءﺎﻘﺑ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩ . ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺔﺋﺭﺎﻁﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻕ ﻘ ﺣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹﺍ ءﺎﻘﻠﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺢﻳ ﺗﻳ ﺳ . ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﺓﻭﻋﺩ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ءﺎﻘ ﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻅﻧ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣ ﺔﻧﺳ ﻝﻛ ﺔﻳﺎﻬ ﻧ ﻊﻣ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻳ ﺳﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﻻﺍﻭ ﺭﻭﺻ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﻭﻷ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﺟﻧﻼﻟ ﻙﺭﺗﺷﻣﻭ ﺩﺣﻭﻣ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺔﺻﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﻱ ﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺍﻭ ﻑﺍ ﺩ ﻫﻸﻟ ﻝﻭﺻ ﻭ ﻠﻟ ﺎﻬ ﻠﻣﻋ ﺏﺟﻳ ءﺎﺷﻧﺇ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ.ﺔﻳﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﻹﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺗﻣﺩﻗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺎﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ ﻕﻳﺳﻧﺗﻭ ﺭﻳ ﺿ ﺣ ﺗ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺧ ﺄ ﺗ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺑ ﻭ ﻕﻁﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻣ ﻑﺍ ﺭﺷﺇ ﺕﺣﺗ ﺔﻳﻘ ﻁﺎﻧﻣ ﺔﻳﻬ ﻳ ﺟ ﻭ ﺗ ﻥﺎﺟﻟ ﻊﺿﻭ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳﻓ ، ً ﺎﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﺢﺑﺻﺗﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟ ﻭﺅﺳﻣ ﺽﻭﻔﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺩﺭﺟﻣﺑ . ﺔﻘﻁﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟ ﻬﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﺕﺎﻳﻟﺎﻌﻓ ﻥﻋ ﻥﻼﻋ ﻹ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻭ . ﺔﻘﻁ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻣﻅﺗ . ً ﺍﺭﻭ ﻓ ﺔﻳﺳﺳ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻟ ﺓﺩﻭﺩﺣﻣ

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53 ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ 3 ﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﺔ ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭ ﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺕﺣﺑ ﺻﺃ KPIs ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﻳﺳﺎﺳ ﺃ ً ﺎﻧﻭﻛﻣ ﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﺑ ﺔﻁ ﺑﺗ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅ ﻣ ﺱﻛﻌﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬ ﻧﻳﻣ ﺿﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻭ . ﺎﻬﺳ ﺎ ﻳ ﻗ ﺔﻳﻔﻳﻛ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺕﺎﺣﺍﺭﺗﻗﺍ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺎﻬ ﻘﻳﻘﺣ ﺗ ﻥﻳ ﻌﺗﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ . ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻕﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﻻﺍ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺝﺎﺗﺣﺗ ﺭﺍﻭﺣ ﻑﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺗ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺩﻳﻌﺑﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻁﺳﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺢﻳﺿﻭﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺵﻗﺎﻧ ﻳ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﻔ 1 . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﺑ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻫ ﺎ ﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ ﺽﺭﻌﻳ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﻔ 2 ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋ ﻻ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻣﻅ ﻧﺃ ﺭﻳﻭﻁ ﺗ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺎﻫﺫﺧﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺔﻳﻋ ﺎﻁﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍﻭ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭ . ﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺟﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠﺻﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ، ﺩﺩﺣﻳ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﻔ 3 ﺎﻬﺑ ﺕﻣﺯﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﺭﻁﻷﺎ ﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﺑﺭ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﻳ ﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻳ ﻳ ﺎ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ . ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻳ 3 ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑﺗﻋﻼ ﻟ ﻡﻬﻔ ﺑ ﻙﺩ ﻳﻭﺯﺗﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺎﻬﺑ ﺫﺧﻷﺍ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﻲﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﺑ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗ ﺣﻣ ﺅﻣ ﺑ ﺔﻁ ﺑﺗ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻫ ﺎ ﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧﻌﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ . . ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻘ ﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﺎ ﻳﺳﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋﻻ ﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻣﻛﺇ ﺩﻌﺑ 3 ، : ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍﺭﺩﺎﻗ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻙﻧﻣ ﻊﻗ ﻭﺗ ﻳ . ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻓ ﻑﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺯﻳﻳﻣﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ " ﺭ ﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ " ﺢﻠ ﻁﺻﻣ ﻡﻬﻓ . ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﺎ ﻳﺳﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑﺗﻋ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻫ ﺃ ﻊﻣ ﻱ ﺯﺍ ﻭﺗﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺔﻳﺳﻳ ﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅ ﻣ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻷ ﺩﻗﺎﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ .

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54 ﻲﺗﺍﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻣ ﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ ﻁﻳﺳ ،ﻡﺳ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻠ . ﻲ ﺗ ﺍﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺄﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺎﻐ ﻟ ﺔﻠﺋﺳ ﺃ ﻥﻋ ﺏﻳﺟﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻙﻧﻣ ﺏ . ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺳ ﻧﻣ ﻭ ﻙءﻼﻣﺯ ﻊﻣ ﻙ ﺗ ﺎﺑﺎﺟﺇ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﻙﻳﻠﻋ ﺡﺭ ﺗﻘﻧ ﺔﺣ ﺭﺗ ﻘﻣ ﺕ ﺍ ءﺍﺭﻗ For further reading you can consult the following publication: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark 2006 Monitoring and indicators of the education sector. Technical Note. Copenhagen: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of vforum.um.dk/ www.danidade Denmark available at: - SIDA 2004a Monitoring for education results. A study on results-orientation and the role of indicators. SIDA: Stockholm. -

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55 ﻟﺍ ﻝﺻﻔ 1 .ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻣ ﻅ ﻧﻷ ﺔﻳﻣﻳ ﻫﺎﻔﻣﻟﺍ ﺭ ﺻﺎﻧﻌﻟﺍ . ﺔﻣﺩﻘﻣ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺕﻣﺩﻗ ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺎﻌﺑﻷﺍ ﺱﺎﻳ ﻘ ﻟ ﺓﺍﺩ ﺄ ﻛ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ،ﺔﻳﻠﺧﺍﺩ ﻟﺍ ﺓ ء ﺎﻔﻛﻟﺍ ،ﺔﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺟﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻪﺿﺍﺭ ﻌﺗﺳﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ ﺔﻠﺣﺭﻣ ءﺎﻧﺛﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻟ ﺔﻣﺩﺧﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣﻠﻟ ﻥﺇ .ﺔ ﺛ ﻟﺎﺛﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺹ ﻳ ﺧﺷﺗ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ً ﺎﻳﺑ ﺳﻧ ﺔﻔﻠ ﺗ ﺧﻣ ﺔﻔ ﻳﻅ ﻭ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﻲﻐﺑ ﻧﻳﻭ ، ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﻗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻳﻠﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻲﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺱﺎﻳﻗ 1.1 ؟ ؟؟ﺭﺷ ﺅ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣ ﺇ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ،ﻡ ﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﻻ ﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺳﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻠﺣﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺋﺎﺻﺣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑ ﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍ ﻧ ﻥﺃ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺩﺣ ﺎﻬﻧﺄﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻳ ﺭ ﻌﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ . ﺡﻭﺿ ﻭ ﺑ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣ ﻭﺃ " ﺕﺍ ﺭﺎﺻﺗ ﺧﺍ" ﻭﺃ " ﺕﺍﺭﺻﺗﺧﻣ" ﻝﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻊﻗﺍ ﻭ ﻟ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻣ ﺿ " ﻝﺋﺍﺩﺑ" ، ﻡﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﺑﺎﺳﺗﺣﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﻭ ﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ . ﺏﺳﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﻻ ﺩﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺋ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﻧﻟﺍ ﻝﺛ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺋﺎﺻﺣﺇ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺃ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻘ ﻠﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻗﺭ ﻷ ﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻡ ﺎﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻝﺎﺛ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺑ ﺗﻌﺗ ﻻ ﻕﻳﺿ ﻟﺍ ﺎ ﻫ ﺎﻧﻌﻣﺑ ﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﺎﻣﻳﺳ ﻻ ،ﻱﻭﺑﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻁ ﺧ ﻲﻓ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺭﺑﻌﻳ ﺔـﻘﻠﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎـﻗ ﺭﻷ ﺎ ﺑ ، ﺞ ﺋﺎ ﺗﻧ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻋﺃ : ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ءﺎﻧ ﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺍ ﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ،ﻡﻬ ﺑ ﻳ ﺭ ﺩ ﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻩ ﻭ ﻰﻣﺳﺗ ﺔﻟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ .ﻕﻳﺿﻟﺍ ﻰﻧﻌﻣ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻛ ﺗ ﻡﻟ ﻥﺇﻭ ﻰﺗﺣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻘﻠﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻗﺭ ﻷ ﺍ ﺢﺑ ﺻﺗ ﻰﺗ ﺣﻭ ،ﺩﺭﺟ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻝ ﺯ ﻌﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻠﻛﺷﺑ ً ﺎ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻧ ﻝ ﻳ ﻠﻘﻟﺍ ﺎﻧﺭﺑﺧﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻳ ﺍﺩ ﺑﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻛﺄ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺳ ﺕﺎﻅﺣﻼﻣﺑ ﺎﻬﺗﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﺏﺟﻳﻓ ﻰﻧﻌﻣ ﺕﺍﺫ ،ﺔﻳﻠﺑﻘﺗﺳﻣ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻣﺯ ﻝﺳﻼ ﺳ ﺎﻅﺣ ﻼﻣﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺕ . ﺔﻠﺻﺣﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻣﺩ ﺧ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣﺑ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺱﻔﻧ ﺑ ﻡﻳﻟﺎﻗﺃ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﻭﺃ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﻝﻭﺩ 1.2 ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺽﺭﻐﻟﺍ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺩﺧﺗﺳﺗ ،ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺭﻛﺫ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻫ ﻭﺃ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺱﺎﻳ ﻘ ﻟ ﺕ ﺎﻬ ﻳ ﻠﻋ ﻕﻠﻁﻳ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﺔﻟ ﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺎ ﻬﺗﻳ ﺍﺩ ﺑ ﻊﻣ ﻭﺃ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻓ ﻝ ﻳﺑﻗ ﻡﺋ ﺎﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﺻﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻊﺋﺎﺷﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ،ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ ﻪﻘﻳ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻱ ﻭ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧ ﻊﻣ ﻊ ﻗ ﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭﻟﺍﻭ ﺱﺎ ﺳﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ . ﻝﺟ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺳﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭﻛ ﺳﻧﻭﻳ ﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺗﻛ ﻲﻓ ءﺎـﺟ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟ ﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺔـﻁﺧﻠﻟ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉ ﺎ ـﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺭـ ﻳﻭ ﻁﺗﻟ ﺔـﻳﻧ ﻁ 2006 ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟ ﻥﺈﻓ ، ﺔﻳﻟ ﺎﺗﻟﺍ ﺽﺍﺭﻏﻷﺍ : . ﺎﻬﻳﻠ ﻋ ﻡﻛﺣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻋﻭﺿ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷ ﺍ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻡﺗ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣ ﺱﺎ ﻳﻘ ﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻌﻗﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻠﻟ ﺱﺎﺳ ﻷ ﺍ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ﺩﻭﺯ ﻉ ﻭ ﺭﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺓ ﺩ ﺎﻔﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺱ ﻭ ﺭﺩ ﻟﺎﺑ . ﻯﺭﺧ ﺃ ﻝﺎﻣﻋﻷ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻣﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﻻ ُ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻔ ﺷﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ـ . ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻸ ﻟ ﺔﻳﻛﻠ

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56 ﺭﺍ ﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺎﺻ ﻡﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﻳ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ،ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟ ﻝﺧﺩﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ – ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺢﻧ ﺎﻣﻟﺍﻭ - ﺕﻼﻳﺩ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﻭﺣﻟ ﺓﺍﺩ ﺄ ﻛ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ SIDA2004a . 1.3 ﺭــﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻉﺍ ﻭﻧﺃ ﺕﺍ ، ﺔﻋ ﻭ ﻧﺗﻣ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻓ ﺕﺣﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﺎﺛﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣ ﻭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻟ ﺕﻣﺩﻗ ﻕﺭﻁ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ،ﻝﻳ ﻭﻣﺗ ﻟﺍ ،ﺓﺩ ﻭ ﺟﻟﺍ ،ﺔﻳﻠﺧﺍﺩ ﻟ ﺍ ﺓءﺎﻔ ﻛﻟﺍ ،ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﻳ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺑ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﺔﺋﻓ ﻥﻣﺿ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬ ﺑﺎﺗ ﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻭﻛﺳﻧ ﻭ ﻳ ﻟﺍ ﺯﻳﻣ ﺗ . ﺕﺎﺋﻓ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﺗﻟ ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩ ﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻠﻟ ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ 2006 : ﻥﻳ ﺑ ، . ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ . ﺔﻳ ﻋ ﻭﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ . ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﺏﺳﺣﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺓﺭﺷ ﺎ ﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺞﺗ ﺎﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑ ﻣ ﻅﺣﻼﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻐﺗﻟ ﺎﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻡﺩ ﺧ ﺗ ﺳ ﺗ : ﻳﺑ ﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﺞ ﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ" ﻲﻫ ﺔﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﻧ ﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ : ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ 250 ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻑﺭﺷﻣ ﻥﻳﺫﻟﺍ ﻙ ﺋ ﻟﻭﺃ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺔﻁ ﺎﺳﺑﺑ ﻭﻫ ﺭ ﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﺋﺎﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺎﻫﺩﻧﻋ ،"ﻥﻳ ﺗﻧ ﺳ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ .ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺓ ﺭ ﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻠ ﻳﻛﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻡ ﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺗ: ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻥﻭﻛ ﺔ ﻅ ﺣﻼﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﺑﺎﻗ ﺭﻳ ﻏ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻭﺃ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺑ ﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻘ ﺗ ﻭﺃ ،ﺓﺎﻳﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ﻥ ﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ : ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺕﺍﻭ ﺩ ﺃ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ . ﺔﻳ ﺳﻳﺋ ﺭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻊﻣ ﺟ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻱ ﻭ ﺿﻧﺗ ﺎﻬﻧ ﻷ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺔﻔﻠﻛﻣ ﻑﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﻳﻗ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻲﺿﺭ ﺡﻭﺳﻣ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ءﻼﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺃ ﺭ ﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻠﻳﻛﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻛ ﺔ ﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻔﻧﻟﺍ ﻊﺑﺗ ﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻋ ﻥﻳﺿﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺩﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻣﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﻣ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﺎﺣﻭ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺏ ﺎﺳﺗﺣﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳﻭ ،ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ . ﻥﻳ ﻣﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﻣﻠﻟ ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻝﺻﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻛﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻻﺩ ﻌﻣ ،ﺍ ﻭﺑ ﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ،ﺕ ﺍءﺎﻘﻠﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ" ﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﺗ : ﻣﻧﻟﺍ ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﺇ ﻭ " . ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻲﻧ ﺎﺑﻣﻟ ﺍ ،ﺢﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ : ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ،ﺕ ﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ . ﺕﻻﺩﻌﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺋ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺳﻧﻟﺍ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﻥﻣ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺱﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﺇ ﺱﻳﻳ ﺎﻘﻣ ﻲﻫ ﻻ ﻰﺣﻧ ﻣ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﻡﺯﻠﻳ ﺩﻗ ﺦﻟﺍ ... ،ﺕ ﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ءﺎ ﻧ ﺑ ،ﻩﺎﺟﺗﻻﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﺔ ﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺷﺗ ﺩﻗ .ﻲﺋﺎﺻﺣﺇ ،ﻡ ﻫﺎﺿﺭﻭ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻛﺍﺭﺩ ﺇ ،ﻥﻳﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷ ﻣ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ . ﺦﻟﺍ... ،ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧ ﺻ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﻘ ﻟﺍ " ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﻥﻣ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻋﻭ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﻳﻘﺗ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ " ﺎﻣ ءﻲﺷ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ،ﺎﻣ ءﻲﺷ ﻯﺩﻣ ،ﺎﻣ ءﻲﺷ UNDP 2009 P.63 ﺎﺣ ﻭﺳﻣ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻻ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻐﻓ ﺱﺎﻳﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻌﺻ ﻲﺣ ﺍﻭﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣﺑ ﻭ . ﺙﺣﺑ ﻭﺃ ﺕ . ﻲ ﺣﺍﻭﻧﻟﺍ ﻙﺗﻟ ﺔﻳﻣﻛ ﺱ ﻳﻳﺎ ﻘﻣ ﻕﺎﻘ ﺗ ﺷﺍ ﻡﺛ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﺏ ﺳﺣﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻣﺃ ــ ﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺔﻬﺟﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻰﺣﻧ ﻣ ﺕﺣﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻓ ﺎ ــ ﺋﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠﺳﻟ ﺔ ﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬ ﻌﻳﻣﺟﺗ ﻥ ﻛﻣﻳﻓ ﺞ ـ ﺞ / ﻝﺧﺩﻣ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ – ﺕﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣ - ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ - ﻲﺑﻭﺭ ﻭﻷﺍ ﺩﺎﺣﺗ ﻻﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﺁ 2002 ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻬ ﻅﻳ ﺎﻣﻛ ، 10 . ﻝﻳ ﻛﻭ ﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻟﺍ : Proxy Indicator

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57 ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 10 . . ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺳﻠﺳﻟ ﺔ ﺑﺳﻧ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺋﻓ ﺧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺕﻼ : ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﻷﺍ / ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺱﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺔﻳﻣ ﻳ ﻅﻧﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻣﻭﻛ ﺣﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﻓﻭﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ . ﻥﻳ ﺣﻧﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ : ﺔﻳ ﻧﺍﺯﻳ . ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﺻﺻ ﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺱﻳﻘ ﺗ : ﻟﺍ ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻳﺭﻭﻔ ﻭ ﺔ ﻟﺍ . ﺔﻣﺩﺧﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺫﺧﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻳﺑﺍﺩ ﺗ ﻠ ﻟ ﺔﺳﻭﻣﻠﻣ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ . ﻡﻬ ﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﻁﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ،ﺎﻫء ﺎﻧﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺍﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ : ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥ ﻳ ﺩ ﻳ ﻔﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻣ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷ ﺔ ﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻝﺟﻷﺍ ﺔ ﻁ ﺳﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺛ ﻵ ﺍ ﺱﻳﻘﺗ : . ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ : ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳﻣ ، ﻲ ﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﻟﺎﻁﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ،ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺻﺣﺗ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﻟﺍ . ﻲﺋﺍ ﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﻪﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﺗ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ءﺯ ﺟﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﻳ ﻳﻐﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺩﻳ ﻌﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻯ ﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺱﻳﻘﺗ : . ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ : ،ﺔﻳﺋﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ﺩﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻭﻣ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ﺩﻌﻣ ﺔﺋﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺎﻛﺳﻠﻟ ﻲﻣﻠ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺻ ﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﻣﻌﻟﺍ 60-25 ،ﺔﻧﺳ ﻲﻣﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺻﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧﻛ ﺭﻭﺟﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧ . ﺔﻳ ﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ،ﺃﺩﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﻥﻣ KPIs ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﺽﺍﺭ ﻏ ﻷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﺑ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺭﺎﺛﺁﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ،ﺕ ﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣ ،ﺕ ﻼﺧﺩ ﻣ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﺔﻠﺳﻠﺳﺑ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺞ ﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺗ ﻳ ﻱ ﺫ ﻟﺍﻭ . ﺭﺎﺛﺁﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭ ﺧﻣ ،ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺢﻳ ﺿﻭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺎﻣﻛﻭ 2 ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻛﺭﺗﺳ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻥﺈﻓ ، ﻲﻓ ، ﺞ ﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﺗ ﻥﻳﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺛﻛ ﺃ ﺯﻛﺭﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻌﻳﺑ ﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ .ﺭﺎﺛﻵﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺟﺫ ﻭﻣ ﻧ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟ ﺔﻘﺑ ﺎ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺛﻣﻷﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺕ ﻼ ﺧﺍﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻪ ﺗﻳﻣﺳﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻲﺗﺄﺗ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗﻌ ﻳﺳ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺎﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻑﻳﻧﺻﺗ ﻥﺇ . ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺟﺫ ﻭﻣﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﻧ ﻣﺿﺗ ﺍﺫ ﺇ : ﻝﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻌﻓ .ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺭﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺻﺣ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺎﻫﺩﻧﻋ ،ﻡﺎﻫ ﻑﺩﻫ ﻭﻫ ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟ ﻹ ﺍ ﻲﻣﻭ ﻥﺃ ﺭ ﺎﺑﺗﻋ ﺍ ً ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺿﺗﺗ ﺩﻗﻭ . ﻝﺧﺩﻣ ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻥﻣ ً ﻻﺩ ﺑ "ﺝﺭﺧﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ" ﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻟﺍ . ﻑﺩ ﻫ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻬﺷ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﺎﻫﺩ ﻧ ﻋﻭ ﻥﻭﺩﺑ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ﺝﺭ ﺧﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻭﻫ ﺓﺩﺎﻬﺷﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻣﺣ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺻ ﺣ . ﻝﺧﺩﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻁﺎﺳ ﺑﺑ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻻﻭ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻔﻓ ،ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﻬﺗﺎ ﻣﺎﻣﺗﻫﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭ ﻧﻳ ﺎﺑﺗ ﻳ ﻥﻳ ﻔﻠﺗ ﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺭﺛ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻩﺎﺑﺗ ﻧﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻣ ﻁﺧ ﻱﺫﻔﻧ ـ ﺧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳ ﻭﺣﺗﺑ ً ﺎﻣﺎﻣ ﺗﻫﺍ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺔﻳ ﻋﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻭﻛﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ـ ﺕﺎﺟ ﺭﺧﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﻼ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣ ﺓءﺎ ﻔ ﻛﺑ ﺙﺩﺣﻳ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺎﻣﻳﻓﻭ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﻫﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻌﻧﺎ ﺻ ﻯﺩﻟ . ﺭﺎﺛ ﻵ ﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻰﺣﻧﻣ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺭﻳﻛﻔﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭ ﻳﺑﻛ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﻁﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻩﺎ ﺟﺗﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭ ﻳ ﻐﺗﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻡﺟﺳﻧﻳ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻊﻣ ً ﺎﻣﺎﺟﺳﻧ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺩ ﻳ ﻔ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻳ ﻐ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﻫﻻ ﺍ ﺕﺯﻛﺭ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻊﻳ ﻣﺟﻠﻟ EFA ﺔﻳﻔ ﻟﻸﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺋﺎﻣﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃﻭ MDGs ﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧ ﺍ ﻝﺻﻔ 3 .

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58 ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ 2 . ﺕ ﺍ ﺭــﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳﺗﺧﻻ ﺔﻳﻧﻓ ﺭﻳ ﻳﺎﻌﻣ ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ءﺍ ﺩﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳﺗ ﺧﺍ ﻥﺇ KPIs ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻣ ﺻﺗﻟ ﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻭﻫ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺳ ﺎﻳﺳﻭ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻓ ؛ ﺎﻬﻧﺇ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﺔﻠﺻﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﻓ ﺭﻳ ﻳ ﺎ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺏﻳﺟﺗﺳﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣ ﺻﺗ ﻥﻷ ﺔﻳﻧﻓ ﺑ ﺔﻗﺩ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺑﺛ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻕﺩﺻﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺋﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣ ، ً ﺎﻳﺳﺎﻳ ﺳ ً ﺍﺩﻬﺟ ً ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﺎﻬﻧﺈﻓ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻏ ﺭﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﻕﻔ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻳﻭ ﻟﻭﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻳ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻟﻭﻬﺳﺑ ﺎ ﻬﻠﺑﻘﺗ ﻥﻛﻣ ﻳ ﺔﻧﻳﻌﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﺃﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ . ﻥﻳ ﻳﺋ ﺎﻣ ﻧﻹﺍ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻣﻭﻛ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺵﺎﻘﻧ ﻊﺿﻭﻣ ﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﻕ ﻓ ﺍﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻪﻧﻷ ﻡﻫﺭﻳ ﻏ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛ ﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺳﻳ ﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳ 2.1 ﺕﺍ ﺭـ ﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﺩ ﺻﻭ ﺔﻠ ﺻ ﻡ ﺟﺳﻧﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻭ ،ﻕﺩﺻﻟ ﺍ ﻪﺳﺎﻳ ﻗ ﺽﺭﺗﻔﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺱﺎﻳ ﻗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﻗ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻭﻫ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﻻ ﺭﺎﻳ ﻌﻣ ﻡﻫﺃ ﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺢﻳﺿﻭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺎ ﻣﻛﻭ . ﺔﻠﺻﻟﺍﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻊﻣ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ،ﺔﻌﺑ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻷﻭ. ﺕﺎﻳﺟ ﻳﺗﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﻻﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻱﻭ ﺗﺣﺗ ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳﺗﺧ ﺍ ﻲﻌ ﻳﺑﻁﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣﻓ ﺕﻗ ﻭ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡ ﻛﻟﺍﻭ ﻉﻭ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻟﻻﺩ ﺑ ﺎﻬﻧ ﻋ ﺭﺑﻌﻳﻭ ً ﺎﻣ ﺎﻣﺗ ﺔﻳﻣﻛ ﺔ ﻌﻳﺑﻁ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﺃ ﺭﺛﻛﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻥﻣ World Bank . ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻊﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻳ ﺃ ﺩﻫ ﻑﺍ ﺕﺭ ﺎﻣﺳ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﺑ ﺔﻏﺎﺻ ﻣ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ "SMART" ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ ﺢﺿﻭﻳ ﺎﻣﻛ 5 ﻰ ﻧ ﻌﻣﺑ ، : ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ / ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ Specific ؟ ﺞ ﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻭﺣﻧ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻻﺍ ﺱﺎﻳﻘ ﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻛ ﺔﻘﻳﺭ ﻁﺑ ﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻫ : ﺱﺎﻳﻘﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﺑﺎﻗ / Measurable ﻭ ﺕﺎﺑ ﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺻ ﺎ ﺧﺑ ﻊﺗ ﻣ ﺗ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻫ : ﺩﻌﻳ ﺳﺎﻳﻘ ﻣ ً ﺎ ﺣﺿ ﺍﻭ ً ﺎ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻠﻟ ؟ ﻠﻟ ﻝﺑﺎﻗ ﻕﻘ ﺣﺗ / Attainable ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﺯﺎﺟ ﻧ ﻻﺍ ﻝﻳﺛ ﻣ ﺗﻟ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻌﺳﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻫ : ﺔﻳﻌﻗﺍﻭ ؟ ﺔﻠﺻ ﺕﺍﺫ / Relevance ؟ﺎﻬﻘﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻱﻭ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻠ ﺻ ﻭﺫ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻫ : ﻣ ﺩﺩﺣ ﻥﻣﺯﺑ / Time-bound ﺩﻬﺟﻭ ﺔﻔ ﻠﻛﺗ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻟ ﺓﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻫ : ﻥ ﻳ ﻟ ﻭﺑﻘﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺯﺑ ﺩﺩﺣﻣﻭ ؟ ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ 5. ﻣ : ﻝﺎﺛ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ / ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻲﻧﺑﺗ ﻑﻳﻛ ﺕﺭﺎﻣﺳ ﻪﻧ ﺄ ﺑ ﻑ ﺻﺗﻳ SMART ؟ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺩﻘﻟ ﻊﻳ ﻣ ﺟ ﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﻝﺎﺛﻣ EFA ﻥﻳﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺢﺿﻭ ﻳ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ 11.

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59 ﺕﺍﺭــﺷﺅﻣ 1 ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺩﺗ ﺍﻭﺑﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻥﻳﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻼﻁﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﺍ . ﺓﺩﺎﻬﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﻭ ﻠ ﺻﺣﻭ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﺟ ً ﺎﺑﻳ ﺭ 2 ؟ﻡﻛ ﺔﻳﻣﻛ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺟﻳﺭﺧﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﺍ 5 ﻰﻟﺇ ﻑﻻﺁ 14 . ﻑﻟ ﺃ 3 ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﺭﻳﻳ ﻐﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﻭﻧ ﺎﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﻋﻭﻧ ﻉ ،ﺹ ،ﺱ ﻕﻁﺎ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﻣﺩ ﺎﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﺧﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﺩﺗﻣ ﺭﺳﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻥ ﻳ ﺟﻳ ﺭﺧﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﻳﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﺩ ّ ﺣﻭﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺎﺣ ﺗ ﻣﻻﺍ ﺍﻭ ﺯﺎﺗ ﺟﺍ 40 ،ﺙ ﺎﻧﺇ 60 ﻥﻣ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﺍ ﺭﻭﻛﺫ 5 ﻰﻟﺇ ﻑﻻﺁ 14 . ﻑﻟ ﺃ 4 ﺔﻳﻧ ﻣ ﺯ ﺓﺩﻣ ﻥﻣﺯ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻉ ،ﺹ ،ﺱ ﻕﻁﺎ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﻣﺩ ﺎﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﺧﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﺩﺗﻣ ﺭﺳﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻥ ﻳ ﺟﻳ ﺭﺧﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﻳﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﺩ ّ ﺣﻭﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺎﺣ ﺗ ﻣﻻﺍ ﺍﻭ ﺯﺎﺗ ﺟﺍ 40 ،ﺙ ﺎﻧﺇ 60 ﻥﻣ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﺍ ﺭﻭﻛﺫ 5 ﻰﻟﺇ ﻑﻻﺁ 14 ﻝﻛ ﻑﻟﺃ . ﻉ ﻭ ﺭ ﺷﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺭﺑﻟﺍ ،ﺔ ﻁﺧﻟﺍ ءﺩﺑ ﺫﻧ ﻣ ﺔﻧﺳ ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 11 . ﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ . ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺔﻳﺎﻐﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻝﻭﻠ ﺣ ﺑ ﻊﻳ ﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻋ 2015 ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ ﻲ ﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻝ ﻭﺑﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺩ ﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯﻟﺍ ﻲﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ 85 ﻲﻓ 2010 ﻰﻟﺇ 100 ﻲﻓ 2015 . ﻝ ﻭﺑﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺕﻻﺩ ﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﺯﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﺋﺍﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ 80 ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻋ 2010 ﻰﻟﺇ 100 ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻋ 2015 . ﻕ ﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭ ﻕﺎﺣ ﺗ ﻟﻻﺎ ﺑ ﺅﺑﻧ ﺗﻠﻟ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﻘ ﺳﺇ ﻝﻣﻋ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﻅ ﻧﺍ ﺔﺳﻣﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺍﺩ ﺎﻣ ﺗﻋﺍ ﻩﺎﺟﺗﻻﺍ ﻟﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕﺑﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣ ﺗ ﻭ ، ﺔﻟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﻹ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺭﻬﺷﻟﺍ 12 .

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60 ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 12. ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟ ﺔﻣ ﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﺳﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣﻟ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﻌﻣ ﻝﺩ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻳﺯ ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺎﺑ 80 84 88 92 96 100 ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﻝ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ : ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟﻼﻟ ﺩﺟﻭ ﻳ ﻑﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﺱﻔﻧﺑ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﺩﻗ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣﻭ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺷﺅ ﻣ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻳﺣﻭ ﺍ ، ﻲ ﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹ ﻭ ،ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻭ ،ﻱﺭﻫﺎﻅ ﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻭﺑﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻭ ﺱﻧﺟﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺣﺑ ﻲﻓﺎ ﺻ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺑﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻣﻓ ﺔﻘﻁﻧﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺣﺑﻭ ﻑﺻﻟﺍ ﺏ ﺳﺣﺑﻭ ـ ﻛﻣﺑ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥ ــ ﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﻥﺎ ــ ﺕﺍﺭ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻰﻧﻌﻣ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻣﺇ ــ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹ ﺍ ﺎﻬ ﺗﻌﻳﺑ ﻁ ﺏﺑﺳﺑ ﺎ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﻳﺷﺗ ﺎﻬﻧ ﻷ ﻭﺃ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟﻼﻟ ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟ ﻹ ﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻝ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ﺩﻭ ﺟﻭ ﺔ ﻠ ﻛﺷﻣ ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﺣﺇ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ . ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺗﺟ ﻟﺎﻌﻣ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﻥﺈﻓ ،ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑ ﺻ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺑﻛ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺔ ﻠﻛﺷﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻧﺎﻌﺗ ﺏﺳﺎﻧﻣ ﺃ ﻝﻭ ﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﻠﻟ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺑﻘﻟﺍ ﻝ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺳ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺑﻛ ﻝﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ ﺔﺑﺳ ﻧ ﻑ ﺻ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻳ ﻘﺣﺗﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺭ . ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﺎﻬﻗ ﺎ ﺳ ﺗ ﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺗﺎﺑﺛ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗ 2.2 ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻳ ﻛﺄﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺗ ﺩﻘﻟ 1 ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ EMIS ﺔﺟﺎﺣ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻳﺣﻭ .ﻪﻧﻣ ﺎﻬﻗﺎﻘ ﺗ ﺷﺍ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻡﻅﻌﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺭﺎﺑﺗ ﻋ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺳﺗ ﺣﻻ ﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻓ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹ ً ﺎﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳ ﺓﺭﻣ ﺎﻬﻠﻗﺃ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺕﻗﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗ ﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﻥ ﻥﺃﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ،ﺏ ﺳﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻟ ﺎﻗﻷﺍﻭ ﻕ ﻁ ﺎﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺍﻭﻧﺳ ﺓﺩﻋ ﺭﺑﻋ ﺕﺎ ﻧ ﺭﺎﻘﻣﻟﺍ ءﺍﺭﺟﻹ ﻝ ﺎ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺢﻳ ﺗﻳﺳ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺎﻬﻧﻳﺑ ﻩﺎﺟﺗ ﻻﺍ ﺔﺳﺍﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﻣﺯ ﻝﺳﻼﺳ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻣﻣ ، ﺳﺣ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧ ﻻ ﺓﻭﻘﺑ ﻊﻓﺩﻟﺍ ﻪﻧﺄﺷ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﺑﺎ ﻩﺫ ّ ﻔﻧ ﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻅ ﺗﻧﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﻳ ﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺓﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻡﺳﻗ ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣ EMIS . ﻥﺇ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻲﻫ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺑ ﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻟﻭﻬ ﺳﺑ ﺎﻬﺑﺎ ﺳﺗﺣﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺷﻗﻭ ﻧ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ 1 ﺍ ﻥﻣ . ﺔ ﻳﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭﺗ : ﺱﺎ ﻳﻘﺑ ﺔ ﻳ ﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﺕﻻ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ،ﺔﻳﺭﻫﺎﻅﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻝﻭ ﺑﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ﺔ ﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ . ﻝﺎﻘﺗ ﻧﻻ ﺍ ﺕﻻ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ،ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ .ﻝﺎﻣ ﻛ ﻹ ﺍ ﺕﻻ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ،ﺭﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ،ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺑﻋ ﻕﻓﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ّ ﺩﻌﻣ ﺔﻳ ﻠﺧﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺓءﺎﻔﻛﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ،ﺏﻟﺎﻁ ﻡ ّ ﻠﻌﻣ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻣ ّ ﻠﻌﻣﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺋ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧﻟﺍ ﻝﻫﺅﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻳ ﻠﺻﺎﺣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﺱﺭﺍﺩ ﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻧﻘﺗ ﻳ ﻥﻳ ﺫ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺎ ﻬﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻸﻟ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺋ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﻟﺍ ،ﻲﻧﻬ ﻣ ﻝﻫﺅﻣ ﻭﺃ / ﻭ ﻲﻣﻳﺩﺎﻛﺃ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﺎﻔﻛﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻫﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ . ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻹﺍ ، ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻲﻣﻭﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺗ ﺎ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺋ ﻣ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﻛ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻭﺋ ﻣ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﻛ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧ ﻹﺍ ،ﻲﻣﻭﻛ ﺣ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻭﺋ ﻣ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﻛ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ . ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﺭ ﺎﺟﻟﺍ ﻲﻣ ﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﻕﺎ ﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺋ ﻣ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﻛ ﺕﺎﻣ ّ ﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ / ﻥﻳ ﻣ ّ ﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻭ ﺟ ﺃ ،ﻡ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ

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61 2.3 ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﺔﻔﻠﻛ ﺗ ﻻﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻌﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﺔﻔ ﻠﻛﺗ ﺫﺧﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﺑ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺭﺎﺑﺗ ﻋ ﺔﻳﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ KPIs ﻧﺃ ﻭﻫ ﺔﻘﻳ ﻘ ﺣ ﺙﺩ ﺣﻳ ﺎﻣ . ﻪ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﺩﻗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻪ ﺗ ﻔﻠﻛﺗ ﺫﺧﺃ ﻥﻭﺩﺑ ﺭ ﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎ ﻳﺗ ﺧ ﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺭﺎﺑﺗﻋ ﻻﺍ ﻥﻳﻌﺑ ﺔﻳﺭﻫﻭ ﺟ ، ﻲﻧﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻲ ﻧ ﻬﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣﺩﻘﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻠ ﻟﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﺩﻘﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫﻛﻭ ." ﻥﻳﺟﻳ ﺭﺧﻟﺍ ﻑﻳﻅ ﻭ ﺗ ﺯﻳﺯ ﻌﺗ" ﻪﻟ ﻁﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺝ ﺭﺧﻣ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑ ﻭﺃ ﻲﻧ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻲﻧﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﺑ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻝﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺑﻳﺳ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺍﻭﺟﺭﺧ ﺗ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻠﻟ " ﻲﻔ ﻳﻅ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻊﺿﻭﻟﺍ" ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﺑ ﻲﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ، ﺔﻣﻅﻧﺃ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻳﺣﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺗ ﺎ ﻣﻠﻗ ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺩﺎﻣﺗﻋﻻﺍ ﻱﺭ ﻭﺭﺿﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣﻓ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻭ ﺳ ﻝﻭﺧ ﺩ ﻝﻭﺣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻭـﺳ ﺩـﺻﺭﻣ ﻝﻼـﺧ ﻥـ ﻣ ً ﻼﺛﻣ ﺫﻔﻧﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺣﻭﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲـﻓ ﻊﻣﺟﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻧ ﺎﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺳ ﺅ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭ ﺎﻣ ﻕﺑﻁ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻲﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣ ﻭﺃ ﻲ ﻧ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻲ ﻧ ﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺍﺩﻣ ﺕﺎﺣﻭﺳﻣ " ﻭﺃ "ﻊﺑﺗﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ " ﻰﻣﺳﻳ ﻰﺿﺭ ." ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺣﺻﺃ ﻥﺇ ﻡﺎ ﻳﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻠﻁﺗﻳ ﻪ ﻧ ﻛﻟﻭ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺎﻣ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺟﺭ ﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺓءﺎﻔﻛﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻫ ﺭﺎﻳﻌﻣ ﻭﻫ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺳ ﻝﻭﺧﺩ ً ﻼﺛﻣ ﺩ ـ ﻳﻌﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻯﺩـﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺝﺭﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺭﻳﺻﻘﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻥـﻣ ﻝـﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻩﺭﺍﺭﻛﺗ ﺏﺟﻳﻭ ﺹﺎﺧ ﺢﺳﻣﺑ ﺕﺍﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺙﻼﺛ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺃ ﻙﺷ ﻻﻭ ، ﺍﻭ ﻥ ﻳ ﺟ ﻳ ﺭﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻊﻣ ﻝﺻﺍ ﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﺎﻔﺣ ﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻟ . ﺩﻳ ﺟ ﻝﻳ ﻭﻣ ﺗ ﺏﻠﻁﺗ ﻳﻭ ﺎﻣﺋ ﺍﺩ ً ﻼﻬﺳ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻡﻬ ﺗﺎﺑ ﺎ ﺟﺗﺳﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻧﺍ ﺭﻛﺫ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺭﻳﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ﻱﺭﻭﺭ ﺿ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻕﺗﺷﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻟ ﻭﻷﺍ ءﺎﻁﻋ ﺇ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ ﺔﻳﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻣﺟ ﺎﻣﺃ ،ﻯﺭ ﺧ ﻷﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺑ ﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﻁﻘﻓ ﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻳﻓ . ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧ 2.4 ﺓﺎﻛﺎﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺫ ﻭﻣﻧ ﺑ ﻁﺑﺭ ﻟ ﺍ 15 ﺝﺫﻭﻣ ﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭ ﺎ ﻳﺗﺧ ﺍ ﻥﺇ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﻟ ﻩﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺎ ﻛﺎﺣ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺩﻗ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺔﻳﺎﻐﻠﻟ ﻊﻧﻘﻣ ﻭ ، َ ﺕﺩﻫ ﺎﺷ ﺩﻘ ﻟ ﺔ ﺳ ﻣﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻑﻳﻛ ﻲﻫ ﺏﻟﺎﻐﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺎﻛ ﺎ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﺎﻣﻧ ﻥﺃ ﺅﺑﻧﺗﻠﻟ ﺕﺎﻁﺎﻘ ﺳﺇ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺎﺣﻭ ،ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﻕﻓﺩﺗﻭ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻘ ﻠﻌﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺎﺑ ﺩﺣﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻔﻠﻛﺗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﺗ ﺣﻻﺍ ﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻣﻠﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺓ ،ﺩ ﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻼﻳﻬﺳ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺭﺷﺑﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﺈﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻣ ﻳﻗ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﺗ ﻭ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺏﺎﺳﺣ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ . ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻁﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻥﺃﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ،ﻪﺳ ﻔ ﻧ ﺝﺫﻭ ﻣﻧﻟﺍ ﺭﺑﻋ ﺔ ﺑﻭﺳ ﺣﻣ ﻥﻛﺗ ﻡﻟ ﺍﺫﺇ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﻗﺎﻘﺗ ﺷﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻑﻠ ﺗﺧﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻙﺳﺎﻣﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺯﺯﻌﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺓﺎﻛ ﺎ ﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﻭﻣﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻝﻭﺑﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﺎﻬ ﺿﻌﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣ ﻳ ﻝﻌﻔﻟ ﺎﺑ ﻭ ،ﺔﺳ ﻳ ﺋ ﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟ ﺕ ﺎ ﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎﻳﺑ ﻕﺎﻘﺗﺷﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ . ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﻭ ﻱﺭﻫﺎﻅﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺱﻔﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺔﻘﺛﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳﻓ ﺓ ﺎ ﻛﺎﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﻭ ﻣ ﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻻﺍ ﻭ ﻥﺎﻛﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻕﺎ ﺣﺗﻟ ﺎﻬﻠﻌﺟﻳ ﺎﻣﻣ . ً ﺎﻗﺎ ﺳ ﺗﺍ ﺭﺛ ﻛ ﺃ ﻲﻟﺎﺗ ﻟﺎﺑ 15 ﺓﺎﻛ ﺎﺣﻣ ﻟﺍ Simulation

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62 2.5 ﺭ ﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺟﻳﺗﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﺍ ﺔﻗ ﺭﻭ ﻊﻣ ﻁﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﺟ ﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻣ ﻅﻧﺄﺑ ﺎﻬﻗﺎﺳﺗ ﻻ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧ ﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓ ، ﺭﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺟ ﻳﺗﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣﺩﺧ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻭﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺿﺗﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺎﻘﻓ ﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﺇ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ،ﺔﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﻭ ﻔﺻﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺕ ﺍ ﻭﻧﺳ ﺓﺩﻌﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺱﺎ ﻳﻘﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﺑﺎ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣﻭ ﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻭ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﺳﻗ ﻁﺭ ﺗﺷ ﻳﻭ .ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻻﺍ ﺱﺎ ﻳﻗ ً ﺎﻌ ﻳﻣﺟ ﺎﻬﻟﻼ ﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺙﻳ ﺣﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺡﻼ ﺻﻹﺍ ﺩﻭ ﻬﺟ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﻗ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻘ ﻠﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔ ﻧﻭﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺣﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺙﻳﺣﻭ . ﻙﻟﺫ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﻡﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺭﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻟﻭﺫﺑﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺔﻘ ﻠﻌﺗﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ً ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻬ ﻓ ﺭﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺟﻳ ﺗﺍﺭﺗ ﺳﺍ ﺔﻗﺭﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺎﻧ ﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧﻳ ،ﺃﺩﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﻥﻣ . ﺭﻘﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺟ ﻳﺗﺍﺭ ﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗ ﻙ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﺭﻘ ﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟ ﻳﺗﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲ ﻣﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺕﺎﻳﺎﻐﻟ ﺔﻳﺳﻳ ﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﺗ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ . ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﺃ 2.6 ﻟﺍ : ﺔﻳ ﻣﻫﻷﺍ ﺎﻐﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻣﻬ ﻧ ﻛﻟﻭ ﺎﻣ ﻬﺳﺎﻳﻗ ﺏﻌﺻﻳ ﻥﻻﺎﺟﻣ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ﺔﻣ ﻛﻭﺣﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﺔﻟﻭﻬﺳﺑ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔ ﻌﻗ ﻭﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺎ ﻬﺗﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻥﻳﺳﺣﺗ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻯ ﺭﺧﻷ ﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻓ ، ﺔﻳﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺎﺑ ﻱﻭﻧ ﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋ ﻭ ﻧ ﻱﻭﻧ ﺎﺛﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ . ﺎ ﻬﻣﻳﻳﻘﺗ ً ﺍﺩﺟ ﺏ ﻌ ﺻﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣﺟﻣ ﺩﻳﺩﺣ ﺗ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﻪﻧﺃ ﻡﺳﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺽﺭﻋ ﺩﻘﻓ ، ، ﻥﻣﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺩﻛﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻧ ﺍﻭ ﺟ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺱﺎﻳﻘ ﻟ ﺔﻘﻳﺭ ﻁ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﺣﻭ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﻘ ﻌﺗ ﺭﺛ ﻛ ﺃ ﻭﻫ ﻙﻟﺫﺑ ﻡﺎﻳ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ " ﺏﻧ ﺍﻭ ﺟ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻥﺃ ﻑﻳﻛ ﺵﻗﻭﻧ ﺩﻘ ﻓ ﻲﻟ ﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑﻭ ،ﺎﻬﻔ ﻳﺭﻌﺗ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ً ﺍﺩﺎﻣﺗ ﻋ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ " ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻪﻳﻧﻌ ﺗ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻱﺭﻭﺭ ﺿﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻛ ﻟﻭ ﺎﻬﺳﺎﻳﻗ ً ﺎ ﻳﺋﺍ ﺭﺟﺍ . ﻫ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻌﺑﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﺑﻳ ﺭ ﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻙﻟ ﺕﻣﺩﻗ ﺩﻘﻟ ءﺍ ﺭﻭ ﺔ ﻧ ﻣ ﺎ ﻛﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻔﻠﺗﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﻧ ﺍ ﻭ ﺟﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻁ ﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻬ ﺗﻼﻫﺅ ﻣﻭ ﻠﻟ ﻲﻧﻌﺗ "ﺓﺩﻭﺟﻟﺍ" ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ . ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﺎﻣﺃ ،ﻡﻬﺗﻼ ﻫﺅ ﻣ ﺱﺎﻳﻗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻓ ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻳﻓ " ﺔﺑﻠ ﻁﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺗ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣ" ﻲﻧﻌﺗ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇﻭ ،ﻡﻬ ﻓ ﺭﺎﻌﻣﻭ ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻣ ﺱﺎ ﻳﻗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟ " ﻲﻧﻌﺗ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﺱﺎﻳﻗ ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ . ﺦﻟﺍ.. ﺏﻟﺎﻁ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺔﻳﺳﺭﺩ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺏ ﺗ ﻛﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺱﺎﻳﻗ ﻲﻧﻌﻳ ﻙﻟﺫﻓ " ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﻲﻧﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻲﻧﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺎﺷ ﺭﻹﺍ ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﻡﻋﺩ ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧ ﻋ ، ﺎﻣﻛ ﻭ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﺗ " ﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺏﻛﺭ " . ﺕﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧ ﻌﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ﻥﻳﻠﻣﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔﻟ ﺎﻣﺯﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﺻﺍﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻭ ﺔ ﺳﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳ ﻗ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻣﻫﻷ ﺍ ﺔ ﻐﻟﺎﺑ ﺩﺎﻌﺑﺃ ﺭﺑﺗﻌﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻣﺗﺟ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺳ ﺭﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﺭﺛﻛﺃﻭ ﻥﻛﻟ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﺱﻳﻳﺎﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺎﺑ ﺱﺎﻳﻘﻠﻟ ﺔﺑﻭﻌﺻ ﺏ ﻧ ﺍﻭﺟ ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻑﺎﺷﺗﻛﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ،ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺓﺭﻣ ﺔﻌﻳﺑﻁﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ . ﺔﻳﺛ ﺣ ﺑﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ءﺎﻧﺑﻭ ﺙﺎﺣﺑ ﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺡﻭ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺍﺩﺗ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ،ﺹ ﺧﻠﻣﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺏﻧ ﺎﺟﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻲﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﺏﻧ ﺎﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﺋ ﺯﺟ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺑ ﻝﻗﻷﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻲﻋﻭﻧﻟﺍ ﺿﻭﻠﻟ ﺢﺿ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻬ ﻓ ﺩﻭﺟﻭ ﻥﺇ ،ﻪﺳﺎﻳ ﻗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺑ ﺢﺿ ﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﻑﻳﺭﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻊ ﻥﻫ ﺍﺭ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺅ ﺷﻟ . ﻪﻧﻭﺅﺷﺑ ﻥﻳﻣ ﺗ ﻬﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﻕﺑﺎﺳ ﺏﻠﻁﺗﻣ ﻭﻫ ﻲ ﻣﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ

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63 ﻕ ﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﺔﻣﻛﻭﺣﻟﺎﺑ 16 ، ﺔﻣ ﻛﻭﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻅ ﻧﺃ ﺔﻳﻭﻘ ﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬﺗ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ ﻊﻣ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣﻛﻭﺣ ﻠ ﻟ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗﻟﻭ ،ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍﻭ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳﻳﻐﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻡ ﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩ ﻹ ﻲﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳﻳﻐ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁ ﺗﻟ ﺔﺑﺣﺎﺻﻣﻟﺍ . ﺔﻣ ﻅﻧ ﻷﺍﻭ ﻥ ﻳ ﻧ ﺍﻭﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺩﻭ ﺯﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﻲ ﻣﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗﻭ ﺔ ﻣﻛﻭﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺳﺣﺗ ﻠﻟ ﺱﺎ ﻳﻘﻣ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ﻥﻛﻟ ﺕﺍﺭ ـﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ . ﺔﻠﻬﺳﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻣﻬﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻲﻫ ﺎﻧﻫ ﺎ ﻬﻣﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ " ﺔﻠﻳﻛ ﻭﻟﺍ" ﺔﻌﻳﺑﻁﻟﺍ 17 ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ . ﺭ ـﻓﺍﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ـﻳﻭﻣ ﺗ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭﺗ ﺔـﻳﻟ ﺎ ﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻰـﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ ﺔ ـﻣﻛﻭﺣﻟﺍ ﺔـﻳ ﻠﻋﺎ ﻓ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﺗﺳﺗ ﺔﺻﺣ ،ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺏ ﺗ ﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﺻﺣ ﻪﺗﺎ ﻣﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺍﻭ ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺯﺍ ﻭﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺻﺣﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻠﻟ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﻭﻗ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻔﻅﻭ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭ ﻹﺍ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣ ، ،ﺔﻳ ﻭﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﺎﻔﻧ . ﺔ ﻣﻛﻭﺣ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻧﺍﻭﺟ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺱ ﻛﻌﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﺈ ﻓ ﻪﺑ ﺏﻭﻏﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺻﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﺑ ﺕﻧﺭﻭﻗ ﺎﻣ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻕﺎﻘﺗﺷﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ، ﻯ ﺭﺧﺃ ﺔﻳﺣﺎﻧ ﻥﻣ " ﺔ ﻣﻛﻭﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ " ﻕﻳﻗﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻧﻳﻌ ﻣ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻥﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ . ﻱﺭﺍﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻑ ﻌ ﺿﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﻭﻘﻟﺍ ﺏﻧﺍﻭ ﺟ ﻝﻠﺣﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻱﺭﺍﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻱﺭﻭﺭ ﺿﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻳﻠﺣﺗﻟ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺕﺎﺣﻭ ﺳ ﻣ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻝ ﺎﻣﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻣﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﻝﺻﺗ ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﻧ ﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇ ﺎﻣ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﺳ ﺎﺳﺣﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﺿﻘﻟﺍ ً ﺎﻳﺋ ﺯ ﺟ ﻝﻗﻷ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﺗ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺭﻳﺧﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻋﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﺇ ،ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺗ ﺑ ﻥﻳ ﺣﺎﺗ ﺭ ﻣ ﺍﻭ ﻧ ﺎ ﻛ ﺍﺫﺇ . ﺩ ﺎ ﺳﻔﻟﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺎﺑ ﺩﻳﺍﺯﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﻫﻻﺎﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡ ﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺗ ﺿﺭ ﺕﺎﺣﻭﺳﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﻌﻣﺟ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻰ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﻊﺑﺗ ﺗ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺃ ﻥ ﻳ ﻣﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻲﻓ ً ﻼﺛﻣ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ،ﺎﻬﻟ ﻥﻳﺣ ﺎ ﺗﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧﻟﺍ ﻲﻣﺩﺧﺗﺳ ﻣ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ . ﻥﻳ ﻣﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﻣﻠﻟ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻝﺻﻳ 2.7 ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻧﺑﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﺩﻧﻋ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ KPIs ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻁﺑﺿ ﻡﻬ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻓ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﺃ ﺩﺣﺃ ،ﺭﺷ ﺅ ﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺭ ﺷﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺏﺭﺎﻘﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺩﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﺃ ﺩﻘ ﺗ ﻌ ﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎ ﻏ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﺔﻣﺳﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﻭ ﺭﺿﻟﺍ ﺏﻧ ﺍﻭ ﺟﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﺢﻣﺳ ﻳ ﻻﻭ ً ﺎﺑﻌ ﺻ ﺭﻳ ﺳ ﻔ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻌﺟﻳ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻌﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻭﻫ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻟ ﻝﺎﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺢﻳ ﺗﻳ ﻻ ﻪﻧﺃﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ .ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﺑﺳ ﻧ ﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺏﻭﻠ ﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﺡﻭﺿ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﻓﻭﺗ ﻊﺿﻳﺳ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﺩﻳﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳﺗ ﺧﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻁﺑ ﺿﻟ ﻯﺭﺧﻷﺍ ﺏﺎﺑﺳﻷﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ . ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻌﻗﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻱﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺭﻛﺗﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺳﺗﺣﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻁ ﻭﻟﺍ ءﺎﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﺏﺗ ﺎﻛﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺩ ﻭﻳﻗ . ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺟﻟ ﺓﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻣ ﺹﻳﺻﺧ ﺗ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻭ ﻣ ﻡﻏﺭﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﻓ ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻥﺄﺷﺑ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻥ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻑﻠﺗﺧ ﻣ ﺔﻳﻁﻐﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻣﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻝﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺩﺩﻋ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻥﺯﺍ ﻭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺧﻠﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍﻭ ﻕ ﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺩﻭﺟ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻛﻭﺣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻘ ﺗ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﻭﺭ ﺿﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻓ ،ء ﻲﺷ ﻝﻛ ﻝﺑﻗﻭ . ﺔﻣ ﺱﻧﺟﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻳﺑﻛﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻳﺎﺑﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﺛ ﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻋ ﻭ ﻣ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻲﻋﺎﻣﺗﺟﻻﺍ ﻱﺩ ﺎ ﺻ ﺗﻗﻻﺍ ﻊﺿﻭﻟﺍ ،ﻡﻳﻟﺎﻗﻷﺍ ، ﺽﺭﻌﻟ ﺔﺟﺎﺣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺎﻣﺑﺭ . ﺭﻘﻔﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻧﺛﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺱﻧﺟﻠﻟ ﺔﺳﺎﺳﺣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﺣﺗ ءﺍ ﺭﺟﺇ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﺔﻠﺻﻔ ﻣ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ . ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺕﺎﻧﻳﺎﺑﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻭﺗ ﻠﻟ ﻝﻳﻠ 16 ﺔﻣﻛﻭﺣﻟﺍ Governance 17 ﺔﻠ ﻳﻛﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ Proxy Indicators

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64 ﻝﺻﻔﻟﺍ .3 ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳﺗﺧﻻ ﺔﻳ ﺳﺎ ﻳﺳ ﺭﻳﻳﺎﻌﻣ ﺍﺩ ﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳﺗ ﺧﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺩﻗ ﻥﻳﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻷ ً ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻲﺳ ﺎﻳﺳ ﻥﺄﺷ ﻭﻫ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟ ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ء ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧﺍ ﺩﻧﻋ . ﺔﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺎ ﻬﻌﻗﻭﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧ ﻋ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺵ ﺎ ﻘﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﻁﺑﺭﻟ ﻥﻭ ﻌﻠﻁﺗﻳ ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ KPIs ﺎﻣﺑﺭﻓ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺏﻧﺍﻭﺟﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻕﺎﻔﺗﻻﺍ ﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ،ﺔﻳﻣ ﻫﺃ ﺭ ﺛ ﻛﻷﺍ ﻝﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑ : ﻱ ﻭ ﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻊ ﺳﻭﺗﻟﺍ ﺯﻛﺭﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﻝﻫ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﺑ ؟ﻲﻟ ﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻡﺃ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕ ﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ؛ ﺭﺧﺁ ﻰﻧﻌﻣ ﻝﻫ ؟ﻻ ﻡﺃ ﺭﻣﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ً ﺍﺯﻛﺗﺭﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲ ﻐﺑﻧﻳ ﻝﻫ ﻭﺃ ﻕﻁﺎﻧﻣﻟ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻝﻫ ؟ﺙﺎﻧ ﻹﺍﻭ ﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺫ ﻠﻟ ﺔﺻﺎ ﺧ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣ ﻊﺿﻭ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻁﻘﻓ ﻡﺎ ﻣﺗﻫ ﻻ ﺍ ﻡﺃ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﺭﻳﺩﻣ ﺔﻧﻣﺎﻛﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻳﺩﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺎﻌﺑ ﻷﺍ ﺢﺿﻭﺗ ﺔﻠﺋﺳﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ؟ﻲ ﻧﻁ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻁﺳﻭﺗ ﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧﺍ ءﺍﺭﻭ KPIs . ﺎ ﻬﺗﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳ ﻣﻭ ء ﺎ ﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺣﺎ ﻧ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣﻭ ﻛ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻡﺎﻣ ﺗ ﻫﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻓﻼﺗ ﺧﻻ ﺍ ﺯﻭ ﺭ ﺑ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﺳ ﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﻭ ﺣ ﻱﺩ ﺅﻳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑ ﻟﺎﻏ ﻭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺓﺩﺣ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﺗ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏﻭ ،ﻯﺭﺧﺃ ﺔﻳﺣﺎ ﻧ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﻳﺋ ﺎﻣﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺝﺍﺭﻓ ﻹ ﺍ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺍﺫﺇ ﺭﺗ ﺕﺎﻌﻓﺩ ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ. ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻁﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺔﻧﺯﺍﻭﻣ ﻡﻋﺩ ﺕﺎﻳﻗﺎﻔﺗﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ً ﺎﻘﺑ ﺳ ﻣ ﺎﻬﻳ ﻠ ﻋ ﻕﻔﺗﻣ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍﺩﻣﺗﻌﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﺩﺷﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﻲ ﺑﻭﺭ ﻭﻷ ﺍ ﺩﺎﺣﺗ ﻻﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺩﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻋﺩﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔﻟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ ﻕﺑﻁﻧﺗ ، ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻕﻔﺗﻣ ﺔﻳﻧﻣﺯ ﺕﺍﺭﺗ ﻓ ﻥﻣﺿ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﺕﺎﻌﻓﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺝﺍﺭﻓ ﻹ ﺍ ﻝﻭﺻﻭﻟﺍ ﻁﺭﺷ ﺑ ﺔﻧﺳ ﻭﺃ ﺭﻬﺷﺃ ﺔﺗﺳ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ . ﺎﻬﻳﻠ ﻋ ﻕ ﻔﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳﻣﻠﻟ 3.1 ﺔﻳ ﻟ ﻭﺅﺳ ﻣ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺯ ﻭﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺗ ﻳﺣﻼﺻﻭ ﻑ ﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗﻟ ﻥﺇ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﺿ ﻲﻫ ﺎﻫﺭﻛﺫ ﺗ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻔﻅ ﻭ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻐﺑﻧﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻳﻳﺎ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻫ ﺃ ﺩﺣﺃ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺣ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺓ ﺭﺎﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻟﻭﺅﺳ ﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﺭ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ، ﻩﺫﻫ ﻕﺑﻁ ﻧ ﺗ ﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺔﻟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺑ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺣ ﻲﻔﻓ ،ﻕﺎ ﺣ ﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﺓﺭﻳﺑ ﻛ ﺔﺟﺭﺩ ﺏﻠﻁﻟﺍﻭ ﺽﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﻥﻣ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﻲﻓﺎﺻ ﻟﺍ ﻕ ﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿﻭ ﻝﻗﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻛﻟ ، ﻹﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﺍﺯﻟ ﺭ ﻌﻟﺍ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﻠﺳﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﻁﺗ ﺳﺗ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌﺗﻠﻟ ﻡ ﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺽ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻣ ﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺍﺩ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻕﺎﺣ ﺗ ﻟﻻﺎ ﺑ ﻝﺎﻔﻁﻸﻟ ﺢﻣﺳﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﻭﻧﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﻕﻓﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﺍﺯﻟﻹﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺎﻣ ﻲ ﻣﻳﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ " ﺭ ﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﻳ ؛ ﺍﻭﺩﺟﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﺟ ﻳ ﺭﺧﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ﺝ ﺭﺧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺛﻛ ﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺭﻬﺷﺃ ﺔﺗﺳ ﺩﻌﺑ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺔﺻﺭﻓ " ﺯ ﻛﺍﺭﻣ ﻲﺟﻳﺭﺧ ﻑﻳﻅ ﻭ ﺗ ﺑ ﻕ ﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻝﺿﻓﺃ ﺏﻳﺭﺩﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻧﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻲ ﻧ ﻬﻣﻟﺍ ، ﺩﻛﺄﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻭﻌ ﺻ ﻥﻛﻟ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﻘﻘﺣﺗ ﺩﻗ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﻘ ﻓﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺟ ﻳ ﺭﺧﻟﺍ ﺏﻳ ﺭﺩﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻣﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻥﻭﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻳ ﻡﻬ ﻧﺇ . ﺭﺑ ﻛﺃ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﺎﻌﻣﻟ ﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺏ ﺳﺣﺑ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺔ ﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗ ﺗ ﺩﺋ ﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﻱﺩ ﺎﺻﺗﻗﻻ ﺍ ﻑﺭﻅﻠﻟ ً ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺳ ﺎﻬﺑﻠﻁ ، ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝ ﺎﺛﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﺑﺳ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺳ ﻝﻭﺧﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺑﻭﻌﺻ ﺔﻳﻣﺍﺯﻟﻹﺍ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺎﻣ ﻭﺟﻳ ﺭ ﺧ ﺏﺎﺑﺷ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺟﻳ ﻝﻅ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﺻﺗﻗ ﻻ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺯﻷﺍ ﺔﻧ ﻫﺍﺭﻟﺍ . ﻲﻣﻳﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﺃ ﻲﻧ ﺩ ﺗ ﺏﺑ ﺳﺑ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﺔ ﺑﻭﻌ ﺻﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻛ ﻟﻭ ﺔﻧﻳ ﻌﻣ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﺟﺭ ﺎ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻳ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ؛ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﻥﺳ ﺣﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻓ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻙﻠﺗﻣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻭﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺳ ﺅ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳﻘ ﺣﺗﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ" ﻝﺛﻣ ﻪﻳﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺳﻧ ﺓﺭﻁﻳﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟ ﺔﻳﻧﻬﻣﻟﺍ ."ﻱﻭ ﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺎﻣ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ

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65 3.2 ﺔﻳﻟﻭﺩﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻁ ﻷﺎﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺑﺭ ﺕﺑ ﺳﺗﻛﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺔﺻ ﺎﺧ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻫﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺙﻳﺣ ﻡﻟ ﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﻥﻳ ﻳﺋ ﺎﻣﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ء ﺎ ﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺕﻣﺯﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻕﻳﻘﺣ ﺗﺑ - ﺕﻧﺎﻛ ﺍﺫ ﺇﻭ ،ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺔ ﻳﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﻳﻔ ﻟﻸﻟ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻣﻁﺗ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺢ ﺭﻳﻳﺎﻌﻣﻟ ﺹﺎﺧ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﻫﺍ ءﻼﻳﺇ ﺎ ﻬﻳﻠﻌﻓ ﻊ ﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻊ ﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑ ﻣ 18 . ﺗﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻭ ﻊﻳﻣ ﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﺎﻬ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻲﻓ 2000 ﻯ ﺩ ﺗﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩ ﻭﻠﺛﻣ ﻣ ﻊﻣﺗ ﺟ ﺍ ، ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺯ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺭﺎﻛﺍﺩ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻠﻟ ﻲﻣﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﺟ ﻲﺳﺎﺳ ﺃ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗﺑ ﺭ ﺷﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺕﺍﻭﻧﺳ ﺓﺭﻳﺧ ﻷﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻠﻳﺎﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺗ ﺎﻣﻭﺟ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻗﻭ ، ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻭﻠﺛﻣﻣ ﻕﻔﺗﺍ ﻭ ﺭﺎﻛﺍﺩ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﺔﺗﺳ ﺩﺎﻣﺗﻋﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ 18 ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺕﻳﻣﺳ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻌ ﻲﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻊ ﻳ ﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﺭﺎﻛﺍﺩ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺄﺑ ﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﺗ ﺛﻣ ﻣ ﻡﺯﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ، ﺑ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻭﻠ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ . ﻊﺑﺭﻣ 13 ﺔﺗﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻛﺍ ﺩ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ . ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻠ ﻟ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻑ ﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ I ﻝﺎﻔﻁﻷ ﺍ ﺢﻟ ﺎﺻ ﻟ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻭ ﺓﺭﻛﺑﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﻔﻁﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺭﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﺗﻠﻣﺎﺷﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺎﻋﺭﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺳ ﺣ ﺗﻭ ﻊﻳﺳﻭﺗ . ً ﺎﻧﺎﻣﺭ ﺣ ﻭ ً ﺎﺷ ﻳﻣﻬ ﺗ ﺭﺛ ﻛﻷﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 1 : ﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﻡﺎﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣ ﺑ ﺓﺭﻛ ﺑ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻟ ﻭ ﻔ ﻁﻟ .ﺔﻳ ﻌﻣﺗ ﺟﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭ ﺑﻟﺍﻭ ﺹ ﺎﺧﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 2 : ﺓﺭﻛ ﺑ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻟ ﻭ ﻔ ﻁﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑ ﻉﺍﻭﻧﺃ ﺽﻌﺑ ﺑ ﺍﻭ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﺫ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑﺻ ﻠﻟ ﺩﺩﺟ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﻠ ﺧ ﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ .ﺔﻣﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍ II ﻥﻛﻣﺗﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ،ﻲ ﻧﺎﺟ ﻣﻭ ﻲﻣ ﺍﺯﻟﺇ ﺩﻳﺟ ﻲﺋﺍﺩﺗﺑﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ ﺗﺑ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟ ﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ ﻊﻳﻣﺟ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻝﺎﻣﻛﺇ ﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻭﻠﺣﺑ 2015 . ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﻑﻭﺭﻅ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭﺷ ﻳﻌ ﻳ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺙﺎﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻳﻛ ﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 3 : . ﻲﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻ ﺍ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑﺻ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻼﻟ ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 4 : .ﻲﺋ ﺍﺩﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑﺻ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 5 : ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ . ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 6 : . ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓ ﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 7 : ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻡﺎﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﺃ .ﻲﻟ ﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻲﻣﻭﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ﺞﺗﺎ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻛ ﺏ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻛ .ﻲﻟ ﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻲﻣﻭﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺞﺗﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﺻ ﺣ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 8 : ﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕ / ﻥﻳﻠ ﻫ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ / ﻥﻳﻣﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ .ﺱﻳ ﺭﺩﺗﻟﺎ ﺑ ﻡﻬ ﻟ ﺹﺧﺭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 9 : ﻡ ﻠ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﺓ/ ﺏﻟﺎﻁ ﻠﻟ ﺓ/ . 18 ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻳﺻﺎ ﻔﺗﻟﺍ ﺽﺍﺭﻌﺗﺳ ﺍ ﻡﺗ .

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66 ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 10 : . ﻑﻭﻔﺻ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺇ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 11 : . ﻑﻭﻔﺻﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺎﻘﺑ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 12 : . ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻡﺎ ﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﻲﻓﺎﺻ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻛ ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 13 : ﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻠ ﻌﻣ /ﻲﻣﻠ ﻌ ﻣ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ .ﺔﺑ ﻭﻠ ﻁﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻳ ﺩﺎﻛﻷﺍ ﺕﻼﻫﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻠﺗﻣﻳ ﻥﻳﺫ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 14 : .ﺓءﺎﻔﻛﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﺎﻌﻣ III ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿ ﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺟ ﺎﺣ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻠ ﺗ ـ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻟ ﻡﻠ ﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻌﻓﺎﻳﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺎﺑﻛﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻉﺎﻔﺗﻧﻻﺍ ﺹﺭﻓ ﻲﻓ ﺅﻓﺎﻛ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺭﺑ ﺔﻳﺗﺎ ﻳﺣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺎﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑﻭ ﺔﻣﺋﻼﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ . ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 15 : ﺋﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﺋﺍ ﺭ ﻘ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﺔﻳ ﺭﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺔ 24-15 .ﺔﻧ ﺳ iv ﺔﺑﺳﻧﺑ ﺭﺎﺑﻛ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﺃ ﻭﺣ ﻣ ﺕﺎ ﻳﻭﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺳ ﺣ ﺗ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ 15 ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻭﻠﺣﺑ 2015 ﺢﻟ ﺎﺻ ﻟ ﺎﻣﻳﺳ ﻻﻭ . ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﺭﺎﺑ ﻛﻠﻟ ﺭﻣﺗ ﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺹﺭﻓ ﺅﻓﺎﻛﺗ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗﻭ ﺙﺎﻧﻹﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 16 : ﺭﻣﻋ ﻥﻣ ﻥﺎﻛﺳﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻷﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧ ﺭﺎ ﺑﻛﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌ ﺗ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ 15 .ﺭﺛﻛﺄﻓ v ﻟﺍ ﺓﺍﻭﺎﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗﻭ ﻱﻭﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺩﺗﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﺳﻧﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺕﻭ ﺎﻔﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻪﺟﻭﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﺿ ﻘ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﻬﻧﻳﺑ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻝﻭﻠﺣﺑ 2015 ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺻﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺎﻣ ﺿ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻳﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺙﺎﻧ ﻺ ﻟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺓﺍﻭ ﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺩﻗ ﺭﻭﻛﺫ : ﺓﺩﻳﺟﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻭﺫ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﻷ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍﻭ ، ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 17 : ﻣ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻷﺍ ﻭﺣ – . ﻥﻳﺳﻧﺟ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺅﻓﺎﻛ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ vi ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗﻧ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﻔﺗ ﻥﺎ ﻣﺿﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﻋﻭ ﻧﻟ ﺍ ﺏﻧﺍﻭﺟ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻥﻳﺳﺣ ﺗ ﺱﺎﻳﻘ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﺑﺎﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻑﺭﺗﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻟ ﺏ ﺎﺳﺣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﺑﺎﺗ ﻛﻟﺍﻭ ﺓءﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺟﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺻ ﺎ ﺧ ﻭ ،ﻥﻳ ﺳ ﺭﺍﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻳﻣﺟ : ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳﻷ ﺍ ﺓﺎﻳ ﺣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻣﻭ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ 18 : ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻟ ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁ ﻑﺻﻠﻟ ﻝﻗﻷﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺍﻭ ﻠﺻﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ 4 ﻥﻭﻧﻘ ﺗﻳ ﻱﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﻲﺋ ﺍ ﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ .ﺎﻳﻧﻁﻭ ﺓﺩ ﺩﺣ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺳ ﺎﺳﻷ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻣﻳ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺎﻔﻛﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺗ ﻊ ﻳ ﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻪﻧﻣ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻩﻼﻋ ﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺋﺎﻗ ﻟ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻗ ﻁﻁ ﺧ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ـﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟ ﻙﻟﺫﻛﻭ 18 ﻋﺃ ﺓﺭﻭﻛﺫﻣﻟﺍ ،ﻩ ﻼ ﺭﺎﻛﺍﺩ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺄﺑ ً ﺎﻳ ﻟﻭ ﺩ ﺕﻣﺯﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻷﻭ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ ﻊﺑ ﺗﺗ ﺳ ﺎﻣ ً ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻟ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻣﻟ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣ . ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ : ﺔﻴ ﻔﻟ ﻸﻟ ﺔﻴﺌﺎ ﻤﻨ ﻹا فادﻫﻷا مﺎﻋ نﻤ ﻝوﻠﻴأ رﻬﺸ ﻲﻓ دﻘ ُ ﻋ يذ ﻟا ﺔﻴﻔ ﻟ ﻷا ﺔﻤﻗ رﻤﺘ ؤ ﻤ ﻲﻓ 2000 ﺿﻋﻷﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕ ﻧﺑﺗ ، ﻡﻣﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ءﺎ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺎ ﻣﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﻪﻓﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻔﻟﻷﺍ ﻥﻼﻋﺇ ﺓﺩﺣﺗﻣﻟﺍ MDGs ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺙﻳﺣ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻧﺎ ﻣﺛﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﻧﺛ ﺍ

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67 ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﻘﻓﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻓ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟ ﺔ ﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻣﺃ ، ﻡ ﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺎ ﺑ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻬ ﻣﺍﺯﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ءﺯ ﺟﻛ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻳﻔﻟﻸﻟ ﺔﻳﺋﺎﻣﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻑﺍﺩ ﻫﻷﺍ ﺓﺭﻅﻧ ﻲﻘﻠﻧ ﺎﻧ ﻭﻋﺩ . ﺔﻳﻔ ﻟﻸﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷ ً ﺎﻳﻧ ﻁ ﻭ ﻭ ً ﺎﻳ ﻟﻭ ﺩ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﺱﺎﻳﻘﻟ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﻳﺗ ﺧﺍ ﻡﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﻭﺣﻧ ﻡﺩﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﺟ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﻳﻔﻟ ﻸﻟ ﺔﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ 14 . ﻝﻭﺩﺟ 14 ﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ،ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺎ ﺑ ﺔﻠﺻﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻔ ﻟ ﻸﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺋﺎﻣﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ. ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﻟ ﻑﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﻑ ﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻫ 2 . ﻲﺋﺍﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﻌﺗ ﻕﻳ ﻘﺣﺗ ﻝﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺫ ﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﻭﺳ ،ﻥﺎﻛﻣ ﺔﻠﺣﺭﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻣﺗﺇ ﻥﻣ ﺙﺎﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ﻝ ﻭ ﻠﺣﺑ ﻲ ﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ 2015 . ﺔﻠﺣﺭﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧ . ﻲ ﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧ ﺔ ﺑ ﻠﻁﻟ ﻑﺻﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭ ﻘ ﺣﺗﻠﻳ ﻥﻳ ﺫﻟﺍ ﻭﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺧﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﻟﺍ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﻥﻭ ﻠﺻﻳﻭ ﻝ ءﺎ ﻘﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻲ ﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ 19 . ﺭﻭﻛﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﺙﺎﻧﻹﺍ ﻯﺩﻟ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺍﺭ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻡﻫﺭ ﺎ ﻣﻋﺃ ﺡﻭﺍﺭﺗﺗ ﻥﻳﺫ ﻟﺍ 15 ﻭ 24 . ﺔﻧﺳ ﻑﺩ ﻫ 3 ﻥﻳﺳﻧﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺓﺍﻭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗ . ﺓﺃﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻛﻣﺗﻭ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺕﻭ ﺎﻔﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﺿﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﺳﻧﺟﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﻠ ﺣ ﺑ ﻱ ﻭ ﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﻡﺎﻋ 2005 ﻊ ﻳ ﻣﺟ ﻟﻭ ، ﺩﻋ ﻭﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣ ﻡﺎﻋ ﺯﻭﺎﺟ ﺗﻳ ﻻ 2015 . ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺙﺎﻧﻹﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ . ﻲﻟﺎﻌﻟ ﺍ ﻡ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻱ ﻭ ﻧﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻭﻛﺫﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﺎﻣﻠﻌﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺙﺎﻧ ﻹ ﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ﻥﺳ 24-15 . ﺔﻧﺳ ﻣ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﻳ ﺳ ﺭﻅﻧ ﺔﻬﺟﻭ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺑ ﺗﻋﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﺳ ﻣﺧ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﻝﻭﺩﺟﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﺣ ﺩﻘﻟ ﺕ ﺍ ﺭﺷﺅ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ KPIs ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺔﻳﺑﺭ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻣﻟ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﺄ ﺑ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻬ ﻟ ﺭﺎﺷﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻋﻭ ، ﻉﺎﻁ ﻗ ﻁﻁﺧﻟ ﻲﺳ ﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺕﺎ ﻣﺩﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺎﺑ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺩ ﻳ ﻔ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﺗ ﺳ ﺗ ً ﻻﻭﺃ ﺎﻬ ﻧﺃ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ، . ً ﺎﻳ ﻋﺎﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳ ﻠﻋ ﻕﻔﺗﻣ ﺱﻳﻳﺎﻘﻣ ﺎﻬ ﻧﺃ ً ﺎ ﻳﻧﺎ ﺛﻭ ،ﺔﺑ ﻠﻁﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻳﻘﺣ ﺗ ﺑ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓﻭ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﻌﺗ ﻕ ﺩﺟﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻥﻣ ﺏﺭﺗ ﻘ ﺗ ﻲﻓﺎﺻﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﺣ ﺗ ﻟﻻﺍ ﺔﺑﺳ ﻧ ﻟ ً ﺎﻓﺍﺩ ﻫﺃ 100 ﻡ ﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺧﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﻠﻣﻛﻳﻭ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑﺻ ﻟﺎﺑ ﻥﻭﻘﺣﺗﻠﻳ ﻥﻳ ﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﺑ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓﻭ ، ﺑﻟﺍ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣﺑ ﻪﺳﺎﻳ ﻗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺳﻧﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻧﺈﻓ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﺝﻭﻔ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻠ ﺣ ﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺏﺳﺣ ُ ﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ءﺎﻘ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺍ 2 ﻲﻟ ﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻝﻭﺑ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣ ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻰﻣﺳ ﻳ ﻭ ﻡﺎ ﻣﺗﻹﺍ ﻝﺩﻌﻣ ﻥﺈﻓ ،ﺔﻳﺋﺎﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﺔﻣﺋﻼ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ ﻭ. ﺔﺑﺳﻧ ﺱﺎﻳﻘ ﻟ ﻲﺑ ﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻛ ً ﺎﻳ ﻟﺎﺣ ﻡﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ُ ﻳ ﻲﺋﺍﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺧﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﻠﻟ ﺔﺑﻠﻁ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻠ ﺻﻳ ﻥﻳﺫﻟﺍ ﻷﺍ ﻑﺻﻟﺍ . ﻲ ﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺧ 19 ﺩﺪﻋ ﻲﻟ ﺎﻤﺟ ﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻣﻮﺴﻘﻣ ، ﺔﻨ ﻴﻌﻣ ﺔﻨ ﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺪ ﺘﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺮﻴﺧﻷﺍ ﺔﻨ ﺴﻟ ﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺍ ﻮ ﺟﺮﺨﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺡﺎﺠﻨﺑ ﺍ ﻮ ﻠﻤ ﻛﺃ ﻦﻳﺬﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺒ ﻠﻄﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻲﻟﺎﻤﺟ ﺇ ﻦﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷﺍ ﺪﻌ ﻣ ﻡﺍ ﺪﺨ ﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻪﻟ ﺐﻳ ﺮﻘﺗ ﺏﺎﺴﺣ ﻢﺘﻳ ، ﻦﻴ ﺠﻳ ﺮ ﺨﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻝﻮﺣ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﺎﻬﻳﺪﻟ ﺪﺟﻮﻳ ﻻ ﻲﺘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻭﺪﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ. ﻊﻤﺘ ﺠ ﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴ ﻤﺳﺮ ﻟ ﺍ ﺝﺮ ﺨ ﺘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻟﺎﻤﺟﺇ : ﻲﺋﺍ ﺪ ﺘﺑﻻﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻤ ﺗ ﺇ ﻝ ﻝﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ ﺩﺪﻋ ﻲﻟ ﺎﻤ ﺟ ﺇ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ً ﺎﻣ ﻮﺴ ﻘ ﻣ ﺔﻴﺟ ﺫ ﻮ ﻤ ﻧ ﺔﻨﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻒﺼﻠ ﻟ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻌ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺒ ﻠﻄﻟﺍ ﺩﺪﻋ ﺺﻗ ﺎﻧ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺪﺘﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺮ ﻴﺧ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻨﺴﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺒ ﻠﻄﻟﺍ ﺩﺪﻋ ﺝﺮ ﺨ ﺘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻦﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺪﺘﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻤ ﺗ ﺇ ﺕﻻﺪ ﻌ ﻣ ﺐﺴﺤ ُ ﺗ .ﻊﻤ ﺘﺠﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻤ ﺳ ﺮ ﻟ ﺍ PCR ﺩ ﻞﻛ ﻒﻳ ﺮﻌﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﻨ ﺑ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺪ ﺘﺑﻻﺍ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣ ﺮ ﻤﻟ ﺔﻟﻭ PSC ﺓﺮﻓﻮﺘﻣ ﺮﻴ ﻏ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟ ﺍ ﺖﻧ ﺎﻛ ﺍﺫﺇ. ﻑﻮﻔ ﺼ ﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺍ ﺪﺨ ﺘ ﺳ ﺎﺑ ﻲﺋﺍ ﺪﺘﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻤ ﺗ ﺇ ﺕﻻ ﺪ ﻌ ﻣ ﺐﺴﺤ ُ ﺗ ،ﻲﺋﺍ ﺪﺘﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺣ ﺮ ﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴ ﺧﻷﺍ ﻒﺼﻠ ﻟ 5 ، 6 ﺓﺮﻴﺧﻷﺍ ﻑﻮ ﻔﺼ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺏﺮ ﻗ ﺍ ﺮﺧﺁ ﻒﺻ ﻱﺃ ﻭﺃ ، ﺔﻴ ﺑﻭ ﺭﻭ ﻷﺍ ﺔﻴ ﺿ ﻮ ﻔﻤ ﻟﺍ 2002 .

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68 ﻊﻳﺭ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑﻣ FTI ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺅﻣ ﻪﻧﻣ ﺏﻠﻁﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻣﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺻﻣ ﺑ ً ﺎﻁﻭ ﺭ ﺷﻣ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻠ ﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺓﺩﻋﺎﺳﻣ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻲﻔﻓ ، 2001 ﻝﻣﻋ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﻹ ﻲﻟﻭ ﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻙ ﻧﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣ ﻧﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻧﺟﻟ ﺕﻳﻋ ُ ﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺭﻗ ُ ﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻠﺻﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻔﻟﻸﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺋﺎﻣﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷ ﺍ ﻭﺣ ﻧ ﻡﺩﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻊﻳ ﺭﺳﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻑﺩﻬﺗ ﻥﺎ ﻳ ﺳ ﻧ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻥﻣ 2002 .ﻊﻳﺭﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑ ﻣ ﻕﻼ ﻁﺇ ﺎﻫﻼﺗ ، ﻊﻳﺭﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑ ﻣ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻﻣ ﺩﺣﺃ ﺙﻳﺣ ﻲﺳ ﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﻡﻋ ﺩﻟ ً ﺎﺻﻳ ﺻ ﺧ ﺕﻌﺿ ُ ﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻣﻌﺗﻟ ﻊﻳ ﻣ ﺟ ﻠﻟ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻣﺗ ﺇ ﻲﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ UPC ﻝﻭﻠ ﺣ ﺑ ﺙﺎﻧ ﻹ ﺍﻭ ﺭﻭﻛﺫﻠﻟ ﻡﺎ ﻋ 2015 ً ﺎﻓﻼﺧﻭ ، ﻭ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟ ﻊﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑ ﻣﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺔﻳﻔ ﻟﻸﻟ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺎﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻁﻘﻓ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ . ﺎﻬﺑ ﺔﻁﺑﺗ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺑ ﺕﺩﻬﻌﺗ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻅﺣﻭﻟ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻰﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﺭ ﻳ ﻳﺎ ﻌﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻰﻣﺳﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻡﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺗ ﻊﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑ ﻣ ﻥﺈﻓ ﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺩﺎﺷﺭﻹﺍ ﻲ ﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﻥ ﻳ ﺳﺣﺗ ﺭﻅﻧﺍ ﻊﺑﺭﻣ 15 ﻥﻣ ﺔﻘﺗﺷ ﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭ ﻳﻳﺎ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﻭ ، ﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ ،ﻊﻳﻣ ﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﺑ ﺕﺣﺟﻧ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻟ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻹﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺟﺗ ﻙ ، ﺏ ﻭﺭﺛﻧﻳﻭ ،ﺯﻳﻠﻛ ﺔﻣ ﻳﻠﺳ ﺔﻳﺑﻳ ﺭﺟﺗ ﺔﻟﺩﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﻧﺑ ﺗ ﻡﻟ ﺎﻬ ﻧﻭﻛ ﺩ ﺎﻘ ﺗﻧﻼﻟ ﺕﺿﺭﻌ ﺗ ﺩﻗ ﻊ ﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑ ﻣ ،ﻡﺩﺁﻭ 2010 . ﻊﺑ ﺭﻣ 15 ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ. ﻊﻳﺭ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺭ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣ ﺩﺧﺗﺳﻣ ﻊﻳﺭﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬﺗﺳﻣ ﺭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﺑﻣ ﻊﻳﺭﺳ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻑﺻ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻭﺑ ﻘ ﻟ ﺍ 100 ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﺙﺎﻧﻹﺍ ﻝﻭﺑﻗ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣ 100 ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﺭﻭﻛﺫﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺑﻗ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣ 100 ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺣﺗ ﻟﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﺻ ﺣ ﺔﺑ ﻠ ﻁ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌ ﺗﻟﺎ ﺑ ﻥﻳﻘﺣ ﺗﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﻣﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻲﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻﺍ ً ﺍﺭ ﺻﺣ ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ 10 ﻝﻗﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻲﻟ ﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻲﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺗﺎﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻛ ﺎﻳﻠﺣﻣ ﺓﺩﻟ ﻭﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺩ ﺍ ﺭﻳﻹﺍ 14 - 18 ﻲﻟﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﻲﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺞﺗ ﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺑ ﺳﻧ ﻛ ﺔﻳ ﺟﺭ ﺎﺧﻟ ﺍ ﺢﻧﻣﻟﺍ ---- ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺯ ﻳ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺻ ﺣ ﺢﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺭﺩﻘﻣﻟﺍ 20 ﺢﻧﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻭﺩﺑ ﺭﺩﻘﻣﻟﺍ 20 ﺋﺍﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺻ ﺣ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺯ ﻳ ﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻲ 42 - 64 ﺔ ﻳﺋﺍ ﺩﺗ ﺑﻻﺍ ﺔﺳﺭﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻣﻠ ﻌﻣﻟ ﻱﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺏﺗ ﺍﺭ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺳﻭﺗﻣ 3.5 ﻥﻣ ﻑﻋ ﺎﺿﻣ ﺩﺭﻔ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺻ ﺣ ﻥﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺗﺎ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻣﻭﻘ ﻲﻟ ﺎﻣﺟﻹﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﺋ ﻣ ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻛ ﻡ ﻠ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺽﻳ ﻭﻌﺗ ﺩﻧﺑ ﺭﻳ ﻏ ﺩﻭ ﻧﺑ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺭﺭﻛﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ .ﻲﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺭﺭﻛﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎﻔﻧﻹﺍ ﻉﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻥﻣ 33

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69 ﺕﺎﻋﺎﺳﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻡﺍﻭﺩ ﻟ ﺍ ﺱﻳﻟ ﺎﻳﻭﻧﺳ ﺓﺭﺩﻘ ﻣ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠ ﻌ ﻔﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺳ ﻳ ﺭ ﺩ ﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻟ ﻭﻣﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺋ ﺍ ﺩﺗ ﺑﻻﺍ ﺱﺭﺍﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻣﺳ ﺭﻟﺍ 850 - 1000 ﺔﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﺏﻟ ﺎﻁ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻟ ﻭﻣﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺋﺍ ﺩﺗ ﺑﻻﺍ ﺱﺭﺍﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻠ ﻌ ﻣ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺔﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟ ﺍ 40 : 1 ﻥﻳﺑ ﻥﻳﺩ ﻳ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺑ ﻠ ﻁ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺍ ﺩﺗ ﺑﻻﺍ ﺱﺭ ﺍﺩﻣﻟﺍ 10 ﻝﻗﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺋﺍﺩ ﺗ ﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻣ ﺗ ﺇ ﻝﺩ ﻌﻣ ﻲ ﻉﻭﻣﺟﻣﻟﺍ 100 ﺙﺎﻧﻹﺍ 100 ﺭﻭﻛﺫﻟﺍ 100 ﻝﺛﻣﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ/ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ/ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺙﻼﺛ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺓﺭﻭ ﻛﺫ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻟ ﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﺎﻳ ﺎ ﺿ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﺏﻧ ﺍﻭﺟ ﺞﻟ ﺎﻌﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻛﻟﻭ ﻝﺧﺍﺩﺗﺗ ﺓﺭﺎﺗﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ، ﻊﻳﻣ ﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅ ﻣ ﻭ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻝﻛﺷﺗﻭ ﺍ ﻊﻳﻣﺟ ﻲﻁﻐﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻷ ﻻﻭﻣﺷ ﺭﺛﻛﻷﺍ ﺔﻣﺋﺎﻘﻟﺍ ، ﺓ ﺭﻛﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﻔ ﻁﻟﺍ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻟﺍ ﺏﻧﺍﻭﺟﻟ ﻭﺩﺑﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺣﻣ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﺔﻳﻔﻟﻸﻟ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﻣﻧﻹ ﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺩﻌﺗﻭ ،ﺔﻳ ﻣﻷﺍ ﻭﺣﻣﻭ ﻲﺋﺍﺩ ﺗﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﺳ ﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺎﺟﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﺍﺯﻟﺇ ﺎﻬﻧﺄﻛﻭ . ﺔﻳﺋﺎﻘ ﺗ ﻧﺍ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻊ ﻳ ﺭﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺭ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﺑﻣ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺎ ﻬ ﻧﻭﻛ ﺍﺩ ﺈﺑ ﺎﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻌﻣ ﻲﺋ ﺍﺩ ﺗﺑﻻﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺎ ﻬﻠﻌﺟﻳ ﺎﻣﻣ . ً ﺎﻓﻼﺧ ﺭﺛﻛﻷﺍ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﻱﻭﺿﻧﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﺔﺻﻠﺧﺗﺳ ﺔﻳﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺣﺿﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺎﻳﺍﺯﻣ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺏﻭﻳﻌﻟﺍ ً ﺎﺿﻳﺍ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﺩﻧﻌﻓ ، ﻝﻭﺩ ﻠﻟ ﻊﻣ ﺓﺩﺩﻌﺗ ﻣ ﺱﺎﻳ ﻗ ﻡﻅﻧ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﻛﺗ ﺽﻳ ﻔﺧﺗ ﺑﻠ ﻁﺗﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻣ ﺋﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﺑﻛﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻗ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﺿﻟﺎﺑ ﺞﻟ ﺎﻌﺗ ﻻ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ،ﺔﺣﻧ ﺎ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺣﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﺿﻭﺭ ﻔﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻳﻟ ﺇ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻑﺎﻌﺿﺍ ﻪﻧﺄﺷ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻣﻣ ﻥ ﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣ . ﺎﻬﻟ ﻡﻬﺗﻳ ﻛﻠﻣ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺓﺩﺭﺍ ﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭ ﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟ ﻥﻳﺑ ُ ﺗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻥﺎ ﻧ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻕﻠﻁﻣ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻊﻳﻣﺟﻠﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺎﺟﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺍﺭﻳﺧﺃ ﻕﺎﻁﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻁﻭﺭﺷﻣ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺫﺇ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋ ﺎ ﺑ ﻊﺳﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻓ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﺎﻬﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣ ﺕﻣﺗ ﺔﻳﺳﺎ ﻳ ﺳﻭ ، ﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻧﺍ ﻰﻟ ﺇ ﺓﺭ ﺎﺷﻹﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺟﺗ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻣﺍ ﺯﻟ ﻹﺍ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺎﻣ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﺎ ﻳ ﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻲ ﻧ ﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻲ ﻧ ﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺟﻭﻳ ﻣﺳﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﺑﺳﻧﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﻲﻟﺎﺗ ﻟ ﺎ ﺑ ﻭ ﺔﺳ ﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﻻ ﺔ ﺑ ﺳ ﻧ ﻟﺎﺑ ﺭﻳﺛﻛﺑ ﺭﺑﻛﺍ ﻁﻐﺿ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﺱﺎﻳﻘﺑ ﺢ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻳ ﻭ ، ﻭﺗ ﺳ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭ ﺎ ﻳﺗﺧ ﺍ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻳﺑﻛ ﺩﺣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﺍﺯﻟﻹﺍ ﺔ ﻠﺣﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻌﺑ ﺎﻣ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌﺗ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﻓ ﻠﻟ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻟا فادﻫﻷا ﻝﺜ ﻤ وﺘ و عﺎطﻘ ا ﻲﻓ ﺔﺴ ﻴﺌ ر ﺔﺒﻘﻋ وﻫ يذﻟا و ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻗ و ﺜ و ﻤ و ت ﺎﻨﺎ ﻴﺒﻟا رﻓ ﻩذﻫ ﺔﻴﻤ ﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟا تﺎﻴ و ﺘﺴﻤﻟا .

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70 3.3 ي و ﻨﺴﻟا ءاد ﻷا ﺔﻌﺒﺎ ﺘﻤﻟ تا رﺸ ؤﻤﻟا نﺎﺸﺒ ﺔﻤﺎﻬ ﻟا رﺎﻛﻓﻷا ضﻌﺒ ،ﻊﺳﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﺑﻘﺑ ﻥﻵﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﻰﻅﺣﻳ ﻑﺍﺭﺗﻋﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻻ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻥﻋ ﻝﻘﻳ ﻻ ﺎﻣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﺎﺑ ﺏ ﻭﻳﻋ ﻭ ﺎﻳﺍﺯﻣ ﻝﻭﺣ ﻥﻳ ﺛﺣ ﺎﺑﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻔﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻧ ﺻ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺕﺎﻓﻼﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺩ ﻘﻋ ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻡﻅ ﻧﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺕ ﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻁﻁﺧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ﻥﺃ ﻭ ﺎﻣﻛ . ﺔﻣ ﺋﺎﻗ ﻝﺍﺯﺗ ﻻ ﺓﺩﻋ ﺕﺍﺩﺎﻘﺗ ﻧﺍ ،ﻻﻭﺃ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﻟ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﺩﻧﻋ ﻪﻧﺍ ﺩﻛﺅ ﻧ ﻥﺃ ﻡﻬ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺑﺭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺎﺿ ﻳﺃ ﻱﺭﻭﺭ ﺿﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻰﻘﺑﻳ ﻁﺑﺗﺭ ﻳ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁ ﺧﻟﺎﺑ AOPs ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻧ ﺍﺯﻳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺟﻣﺍﺭﺑﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻥﻋ ﻼﻳﺩ ﺑ ﺕﺳﻳﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻓ ،ﻝﻛﻛ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻻﺩ ﺑ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳ ﻐ ﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁ ﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟ ﻱﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺎ ﺛﻟﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻧﺃ ﺫﺇ ﻝ ﻣﻛﻣ ﻁﺎﺷﻧ ﻊﻗﺍﻭ . ﻝﻛ ﻛ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﻊﺳﺍﻭ ﺭﻭﻅﻧﻣ ءﺎﺷﻧﺇ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺓﺭﺩ ﺎ ﻗ ﺎﻬﻧ ﻷ ﻪﻟ ﺎﻳﻧ ﺎ ﺛ ، ﺑ ﻑﺍﺭﺗﻋﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻻ ﺄ ﻊ ﻗ ﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻘﻌﺗ ﻝﻣﺎﻛ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻥﺎ ﺑﺳ ﺣﻟﺎﺑ ﺫﺧﺄﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺎ ﻬﻧﻛﻣﻳ ﻻ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻗ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻣﻛ ﻲﻋﺎﻣﺗﺟﻻﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭ ﺔﻳﻣﻛ ﺔﻳﺋﺯﺟ ﺓﺭﻭﺻ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻁﻘ ﻓ ﺎﻬ ﻧﻛﻣﻳ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺫﺇ ، ﻰﻟﺇ ﻛ ﺩﺣ ﻥﻋﺭﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘ ،ﻪﺋﺍﺩﺃ ﻥﻋ ﻭ ﺩﻗﻭ ﻥﻭﻧ ﺎ ﻗ ﺹﻧ ﻝﺒﺒ ﻤ ﺎﻛ Campbells law 20 ﻥﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻁ ﻭ ﻐﺿﻟ ﻪﺿﺭﻋ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﻳ ﺳ ﻲﻋﺎﻣ ﺗﺟﻻﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ﻲ ﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﻲﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗﺟﻻ ﺍ ﺭ ﺷ ﺅﻣﻠﻟ ﻡﺋ ﺍﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻓ ﺍﺫ ﻟ ، ﺎﻬﺗﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣ ﻱﻭ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﺎﻣ ﺗ ﺟﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺎﺳﻓﺇﻭ ﻪﻳﻭﺷﺗﻟ ﺔﺿ ﺭﻋ ﺭ ﺛ ﻛﺃﻭ ﺩﺎﺳﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻁﻁﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻌ ﻣ ﺔﻧﻳﺑ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥ ﺭﻳﻐ ﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻳﻠﻗ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯ ﻳ ﻛﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻟﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﺳ ﺔﺑﺎﺗﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ . ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﻹ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗ ﺯﻳﺣﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻱﺩ ﺅﻳ ﻭ ً ﺎﺛ ﻟﺎﺛ ً ﺎﺑ ﻌﺻ ﻥﺎﻳﺣﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭ ﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺳ ﻔ ﺗ ﻝﺍﺯﻳ ﻻ ، ﺹﻼﺧﺗﺳﺎﺑ ﻕﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻳﻓ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﺑﻭ ﻛﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻔ ﺗ ﺭﺎﻓ ،ﺔﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺗ ﻧ ﺗ ﺳﻻﺍ ﻌﻳ ﺩﻗ ﺏﻟﺎﻁ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺔﻔ ﻠ ﺓﺩﻳﺟ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧ ﻲﻧ ﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ﻪ ً ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﻲﻧﻌﻳ ﺩﻗ ﺭﺩ ﻫ ً ﺍ ،ﺩ ﺭﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﺎﻧﻫ ﺯﺭﺑﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻘ ﻳﻘﺣ ﻯ ﺭﺧﺃ ﺓﺭ ﻣ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﻻ ﺔﺟﺎ ﺣ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﺿ ﺔﻔ ﻳﻟﻭﺗ ﻟ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ،ﻯﺯ ﻐﻣ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻧﺃﻭ ﻪ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻁﺑﺭ ﻡﺗﻳ . ﻰﻧﻌﻣ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺢﺑﺻﺗ ﻰﺗﺣ ﺔﻳﻌﺟ ﺭ ﻣ ﻁﺎﻘ ﻧ ﺑ ، ً ﺎﻌﺑ ﺍ ﺭ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺎﻬﻧﻋ ﺭﻓﺍﻭﺗﻳ ﻁﻘﻓ ﺕﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﺎﺳﻳ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻫ ﺔﻗﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﺑﻁﺗ ﺔﻳﻧﺎ ﻛﻣﺍﻭ ،ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﺵﻗﻭﻧ ﺎﻣ ﻛﻭ ً ﺎﻘﺑ ﺎﺳ ﻓ ﺈ ﻥ ﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻣ ﻛﻭﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻋﻭ ﻧﻭ ﺎﻫﺩﻳﻘ ﻌﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺕﻻﺎﺟﻣ ﺎﻬﺳﺎﻳﻗ ﺍﺩ ﺟ ﺏﻌﺻﻟﺍ ﻲﻟﺎﺗ ﻟﺎﺑﻭ ﺎﻳﻌ ﻳﺑﻁ ﺭﻳﻐ ﺗ ﺗ ﻑﻭﺳ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺎ ﻬﻣﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺻﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ً ﺎﻌﺑﺗ ﻟ ﻭﺗ ﺍ . ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻓ ً ﺎﺳﻣ ﺎ ﺧ ، ﻋﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻻ ﻝﻛﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﻳﺷ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻁﻘ ﻓ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻑﺍﺭﺗ ﺎﻫﺯ ﺭﺑﺗﻭ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﻻ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻟﻭ ﻉﺎﻔ ﺗ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺽﺎﻔﺧﻧ ﺍ ﺏﺎﺑﺳ ﺃ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺍﺭﻳﺳﻔﺗ ﻷﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻲﻓ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺎ ﻬﻧﻛﻣﻳ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺩ ﻛﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ، ﻲﻓ ﺩﻋ ﺎﺳﺗ ﻥﺃ ، ﺔﻳﻣﻛﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻭﺣﻧ ﻙﺭﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺢﻳﺣﺻﻟﺍ ﺭ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻧﻛ ﺍﺫﺇ ﺎﻣ ﺎﻧﻣﻼﻋﺇ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﻣﻳ ﻻ ﻑﺩﻬﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ّ ﻥﺃ ﺩﻛﺅ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬ ﻧﻛ ءﺎﺟ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﺗ ﻠﻟ ﺔﺟ ﻳ ﺗ ﻧ ﻡﺎﺗ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﻝﺎﺟ ﻣ ﻁﻳ ﻁ ﺧﺗ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻻ ﻙﺎﻧ ﻫ ،ﻙ ﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻫ ﺎﺳﺗ ﺩﻗ ﻯ ﺭﺧﺃ ﻝﻣﺍﻭﻋ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺎﻧﺭﺑﺧ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻻﻭ ﻥﻣ ء ﺯﺟﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺧﺩﺗ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻪﻘﺑﻁﻧ ﺡﺎﺟﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻫﺎﺳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ،ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻕﻳ ﻘﺣﺗ ﺡﺎﺟ ﻧ ﻡﺩﻋ ﻭﺃ ﺎﻧﺭﺑﺧﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬﻧﻛ ﻣﻳ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ﺍﺫ ﻟ ﻝﻭﺣ ،ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ " ﺩﺩﻋ ﻡﻛ ﻭﺃ ﺭﺍﺩﻘﻣ ﻡﻛ" ،" ﺍﺫ ﺎﻣﻟ" ﻭ "ﻑﻳﻛ" ﻝﻭ ﺣ ﺱﻳﻟ ﻥﻛﻟﻭ ﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻣﻭ ﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳ ﻓﺎﻛ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺃ ﺎ ﻬﻧﻛﻟﻭ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺭﺿ . ﺔﻳ ﻳﻣ ﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺍﺭﺩﻟﺎﺑ ﻝﻣﻛﺗﺳﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺩﺑ ﻻ ﺫﺇ 20 : Campbell D.T.1976.Campbells law .Downloaded 19 June 2009 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wilki/Campebells law.

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71 ،ﺍ ﺭﻳﺧﺃﻭ ﺟﻷﺍ ﻝﻳﻭﻁ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻬﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺍﺭﺩﺎﻧ ﺔﻳﺳﻳ ﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺩﻳﻛﺄﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺑ ﻻ ﻝ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁ ﻱﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ، ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﺛﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺫﺇ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺗﻬﻳ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻠ ﻱﺩﺎﺻﺗ ﻗ ﻻﺍ ﻭﻣﻧﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ﺩ ﻌﻣﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻁﺍﺭﻗﻭﻣﻳﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺣﺻﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﺯﻠﺗﺳﻳ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻝﺛﻣﻭ ، ﺔﻣﻛﻭﺣﻟ ﺍﻭ " ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻘﺗ ﻡﻳﻳ ﺭﺛﺍ " ﺎﻧ ﺑ ً ء ﺙﺎﺣﺑﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻫﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻳ ﻁ ﺗ ﺳ ﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺯﻭﺎﺟﺗﻳ ﻝﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻳﺑﻁ ﺑ ﺍﺫ ﻫﻭ ﺔﻳ ﻋﺎﻣﺗ ﺟﻻﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ . ﻪﻣﺩﻘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻠ ﺋﺳﺃ ﻲﺗﺍﺫﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻣ ﺄﺗﻠﻟ : 1 ﺔﺜﻼ ﺜ وأ نﻴ ﻨﺜا رﻛذ ا ؟ﺔﻴﺘﻵا ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟا فا دﻫأ زﺎﺠﻨ ا سﺎﻴﻘﻟ ﺔﺒﺴ ﺎﻨﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌ رﻟا ءا دﻷا تا رﺸ ؤ ﻤ ﺎﻤ. . ﺞﺌﺎ ﺘ ﻨ ﻟا ى وﺘﺴ ﻤﺒ نوﻛﺘ نأ ﻝﻀﻔﻴ . فد ﻫ ﻝﻛﻟ تا رﺸ ؤﻤ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟا فادﻫأ تا رﺸ ؤﻤ ﻟا مﺎ ﻋ ﻝ و ﻠﺤﺒ يوﻨﺎﺜﻟا مﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟ ا مﻴﻤ ﻌﺘ قﻴﻘﺤﺘ 2015 ﺘﻟ ا ﺔﻴﻋ و ﻨ نﻴ ﺴﺤﺘ ﻲﺌادﺘﺒﻻا مﻴﻠﻌ مﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا عﺎطﻗ ﻲﻓ ةرادﻹا و طﻴطﺨﺘﻟا تا ردﻗ زﻴ زﻌﺘ

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72 ﻝﻛﺷﻟﺍ 2 . ﻩﺎﻧﺩ ﺃ ﺭﻬﻅﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣ ﻧﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺩ ﻳﻭﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﻛﻭﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺗﺩ ﻋﺃ ﺔ ﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﺔﺟﻳﺗ ﻧ 11 ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ً ﺎﺟﻣﺎﻧﺭﺑ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻣﻭﻋﺩﻣ ﺓ ﺫ ﻔﻧﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻟﺎﻛﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﺎﻬﺳﻔﻧ 2004b . ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻛﺗ ﻲﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺳﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻠﺣﻳ ﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺭﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺩﺣ ﻱﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ . ؟ﺎﻫﺭﻳﻏ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔ ﻧﻳﻌﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗ ﺧ ﺍ ﺏﺎﺑ ﺳﺃ ﺎﻣ ﻙﺩ ﺎﻘﺗﻋﺎﺑ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻊﺟﺭﺍ، ﻙﻠﺿﻓ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻳﺎ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺕﻣﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺳ ﺎ ﻳﺳﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﺳ ﻘﻟﺍ 3 . . ﻲﺌادﺘﺒﻻا مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟا ﺔﻠﺤ ر ﻤ ﻲﻓ فوﻔﺼ ةدﻋ وأ فﺼ ﻲﻓ . ﺔﻴ ﺴ ردﻤﻟ ا بﺘﻛﻟا نﻤ عوﻨ يأ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻤ وﻛﺤﻟا قﺎﻔﻨ ﻹا . ﺔﻟ ودﻠﻟ ﺔﻤﺎ ﻌﻟ ا ﺔﻨ زا وﻤﻟا نﻤ وآ ﻲﻟﺎﻤﺠﻹا ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا ﺞﺘﺎﻨﻟا نﻤ ﺎﻤإ ، مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟا

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73 تﺎﺠﺎﺘﻨﺘﺴﻻا ﻥﻷ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻳ ﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻋﺎ ﺳﻣ ﺔ ﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻟ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻑ ﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻁﻁﺧﻟ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ، ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋﻻ ﺎﺑ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺫﺧﺄﺑ ﻭ ﺔﺣﻣﻟ ﺕﻣﺩﻗ ﺔ ﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺕﺍﺩ ﺎ ﺷﺭﻹﺍﻭ ﺉﺩ ﺎﺑﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ،ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧ ﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺱﺳﻷﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻠﻟ ﺎﻣ ﻛ ﻭ ﺕﻣﺗ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩ ﻷ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻣﺋﺎ ﻗ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋ ﻻ ﺍ ﻡﻫﺃ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣ KPIs . ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣ ﺻﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺙﻳﺣﺑ ﺎﻧﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻣﺗﺷﻳ : ﺔﻳﺗﻵﺍ ﺔﺛﻼﺛﻟﺍ ﺭﺻ : ﺔﻳ ﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺭﺻﺎﻧﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻠﻣ ﻋ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻹﺍ ﻱﺭﻭﺩ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ . . ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻲﻣﺎﺗ ﺧﻭ ﻲﻧﻳﻭﻛﺗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ . ﻲﻣ ﻳ ﻅﻧﺗ ﻝﻛﻳﻫ ،ﺔﻳ ﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺻﻧﻋ ﻱﺃ ﻥﻋ ﻝﻭﺋﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻳﺳ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺩﺣﻳ ﻣﺩ ﻡﺗ ﻳﺳ ﻑﻳﻛﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺞ . ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻁﺑﺭﻭ ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼ ﻟﺍ : ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩﻬ ﺗﺳﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺱﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻁﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻑﻟﺄﺗﺗ ﺔﺳﻳ ﺋ ﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﺑ ﺔﻣ ﺋﺎﻗ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺍﻭﻁ ﺎﻬﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣ ﺕﻣﺗ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺉﺩﺎﺑ ﻣ ﺭﺎﺑﺗ ﻋﻻ ﺎﺑ ﺫﺧﺄﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐﺑﻧ ﻳ ﻙﺗﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻥﺇ ﺔ ﻳﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ 21 : ﻲﺗﻵﺍ ﻭﺣﻧﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﺻﻳ ﺧ ﻠﺗ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻭ ، ﺍ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻﻣﻭ ﺔﻣ ﺋﺎﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻣ ﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺎﻳﻬﻟ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺯﻠﺗ ﺳﺗ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻘ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﺋﺎﻅﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣ ّ ﻥﺇ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻝﻭﺩ ﺕﺎ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋﻭ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﺎﻳﻬﻟﺍ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟ ﻟﺍ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭ ، ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻝﺛﻣﺗﻳﻭ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠ EMIS ﺕﺎﻣﺩﺧﻭ ،ﻪﺗﻳﻭ ﻘ ﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﺟﺎﺣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺎﺑﻟﺎﻏ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻭ ﺔﺑ ﺎﻗﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﺣﺗﻣﻻ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺋ ﻳ ﻫﻭ ﻲ ﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﻳﻗﺩﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﻳﻏﻭ ، ﺭﺩﺎﺻﻣ ﺭﻓﻭﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻛﺎﻳﻬﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﻧﺑﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ﻣﻭ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧﻟ ﺓﺩﻳﻔ ﻣ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ً ﺍﺩﻣﺗ ﻌ . ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻕﻠﻁﻧﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻲﻐ ﺑﻧﻳ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻼﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺭﻭﺩﻟ ﺍ ﺔ AOPs ﺩﻘﻟ ،ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﻐﺷ ﺗ ﻁﻁﺧ ﺩﻭﺟﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﺯﻛﺭ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻧ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻣ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ،ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻻﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻧﻣ ﻕﻠﻁﻧ ﺗﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠ ﻳ ﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻁﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺩﺑ ﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﺱﻳﻠ ﻓ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺗ ﺔﻳﺑﺭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔ ﺳ ﻭﻣﻠﻣ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﻻ ﻰﻧﻌﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻱ ﺯ ﻛﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻱﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻭ ﺑ ﺭ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻺﻟ ، . ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﻟﻭﻷ ﺎﻘﻓﻭ ﻡﺗﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻻ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﺗﻟﺎﺑﻭ 21 ﻕ ﺣ ﻠﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ 4 ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻣ ﻣ ﺎﺿﻳ ﺃ ﺩﺟﺗﺳ ﺔ ﻳ ﺑﻳﺭ ﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻠ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗ ﺓﺍ ﺩﻷ ﺹﺧ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻳﻳﺎ ﻌ ﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺹﺋ ﺎﺻﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻭﻛﺗ ﺗ ﺔﺣ ﺻﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻗ ﻁﻁ ﺧ ﺩﺎﻔﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻙ ﻧ ﻛﻣﻳ ،ﻡ ﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗﺑ ﻁﺑﺗﺭ ﺗ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻗ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻣ ﺻﺗ ﺩﻌﺗ ﺎﻣﺩﻧﻋ ﺭﻳﻳ ﺎﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺹﺋﺎ ﺻﺧﻟﺍ ﻩﺫ ﻫ ﻥﻣ ﺓ ESP . ﻙﺩﻠﺑ ﺑ ﺹﺎ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻠﻟ

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74 ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻱﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻻﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭﺎ ﻘﺗ ﺞﻣ ﺩ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ّ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﺭﻬﻅﺃ ﺩﻘ ﻟ ﺔﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﻝﺛﻣﻳ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻑﻟﺄﺗﺗ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫﻭ ،ﺔ ﻛﺑﺎ ﺷ ﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺓ ﺩ ﻘﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷ ﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹ ،ﺎﻬﻟ ﻁ ﻁ ﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﻷ ﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻘ ﻔ ﻧ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﺕﺣﺑ ﺻ ﺃ ﺩﻘﻓ ﻙﻟ ﺫﻟ ﺔﻓﺎﺿ ﻹﺎﺑ ،ﺔﻳﻌﺑﺭ ﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻻﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺋﺎ ﺷ ﺔ ﺳﺭﺎﻣﻣ ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧ ﺳ ﻑﺻﻧﻟﺍ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﻳﺳ ﻝﻭﺩﻟ . ﺕﺍﺩ ﻋ ﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺩﻣﺗ ﻌﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣ ﺙﻼﺛ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛﻳ ﻬ ﻛ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺻﺗ ﻥﻭ ﻛ ﺗ ﻪﻳ ﻓ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩﺇ ﻲﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻕﺳ ﻧﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻑﻟ ﺄﺗﻳ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧ ﻟ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣ ﺙﻼﺛ ﻭﺫ ﻝﻣﺎﻛﺗﻣ ﻲﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗ ﻝﻛﻳﻫ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺕﻣﺩﻗ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻥﻋ ﻝﻭ ﺅﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﻳﻐﺷﺗﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ،ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻻ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳ ﻣﻭ ، ﻕ ﻳﺳﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻝ ﻭ ﺅ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻝﻭﺅﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺫ ﻳ ﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺗ ﺄﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﺎ ﻓ ﺹﻭ ﺻﺧﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﻭ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ،ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻱﺫ ﺧ ﺗ ﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺎﺑﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺫﻔﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻘﺗﻧﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻌﻟ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﻳ ﺩﻘﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﺙﻳ ﺣﺑ ،ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻧﺻ ﻝﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻭ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗ ﺳ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺳﻗ ﺓﺩﻋﺎ ﺳﻣﺑ ﺎﻣﺑﺭ ﻭ ﻁﻳﻁﺧﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻥﺎ ﻓ . ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻕ ﻳ ﺳ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺩﻋﺎ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﺳ ﻭ ﺔﻣﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻠﺣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺑ ﻁﺑﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻣﺻﺗ ﻁﻁﺧﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻅﻧ ﻥﻳﺳﺣ ﺗﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻘﺑﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻣﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺿﻘﻟﺍ ﻱ ﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺄﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻲﻫ ﻝﻘﻧ ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﺩﻳ ﻛ ،ﻰﻠﻋﻷﺍ ﻱﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻰﻧﺩﻷﺍ ﻱﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺭ ﺎﻣﺛﺗ ﺳﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺏﻠﻏﺍ ﻲﻔﻓ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺭﻘﺗ ﻔ ﻳ ﺭﻣﻷﺍ ﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻅ ﻧﺗﻠﻟ . ﻲﺟﻬﻧﻣ ﻯﺭ ﺧﺃ ﺓﺭﺎﺑﻌ ﺑ ﻭ ﺱﻛﻋ ﻡﺗ ﻳ ﻻ ﻭﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺍ ﺯﺎﺟﻧﻹﺍ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺭﻓ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺑﺳ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻱﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﻡﺗﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻌﺑﺭﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻥﻣ ﻝﺎﺛ ﺩﻧﻋ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻥﺎ ﺟﻟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻣﺗ ﻋ ﺍ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻝﺍﺯﻳ ﻻ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﺔﺟﻳﺗﻧ ﻛﻭ، ﻱﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺭ ﺎﻘﺗ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ،ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺭ ﺑﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻭﻛﻣ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻳﺻﻔﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭﻠ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺝﺍﺭﺧﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ﺔ ﻛﺭﺗﺷﻣ ﺔﻳﺯﻛﺭﻣﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻋ ﺎ ﻣﺗ ﺟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺛ ﻣ ُ ﺗ ﺔﻳﻭﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻣ ﻪﻧﺎﻓ ﺍﺫ ﻟ ،ﺎﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﺍﺫ ﻔﻧﻣ ﺎﻬ ﻔﺻﻭ ﺑ ﺱﻳﻟﻭ ﻙﻳﺭﺷ ﻛ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﻥﺃ ﻱﺭﻭﺭﺿﻟﺍ ﺢﺿﻭﻳ ،ﺔﻳ ﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻭﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻑﻠﺗﺧﻣ ﻥﻳ ﺑ ﻁ ﺑ ﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻠﻟ ﻲ ﻣﻳﻅ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻛ ﻳﻬﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺃ ﻥ . ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻋ ﺭﻳﺭ ﺎﻘﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺎﻬ ﻧﻳﺑ ﺔﺣﺿﺍﻭ ﺕﻼﺻ ﻲﻧ ﺑﻳ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷ ﻣ ﻟ ﺔﺑﺳﺎﻧﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻟﻵﺍ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﺔﻳ ﻧﻌ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟ ﺍ ﺍ ﻡﺎﻅ ﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟ ﺔﻛ ﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟ ﺔﺑﺳ ﺎﻧﻣ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻟﺁ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﺎﺿﻳﺃ ﻱﺭ ﻭﺭﺿﻟ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟ ﺍ ﺔ ﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻯﻭﺗ ﺳﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻭ ءﺎﻛﺭﺷﻟﺍ ﺎﺻﻭﺻ ﺧﻭ ﻥﻳ ﻳﺋ ﺎﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﺩﺟﻳ ﺓﺩﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ ،ﻡﻳﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻠﻟ ﻲﻣﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ءﻻﺅ ﻫ ﻥﻭ ﻳﻧﻌﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺔﻳ ﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬ ﺳﻔﻧﺃ ﺎﺷ ﺔ ﺳﺭﺎﻣﻣ ﺕﺣﺑ ﺻﺃ ﻲ ﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﺻ ﻭﺻﺧﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺋ . ﺎﻣ ﺎﻫ ﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﻲﺋﺎﻣﻧﻹﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺎ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﻌﻠﻳ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﻅﻧﻣ ﻥﻣ ﺔﺳﻳ ﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷ ﺅﻣ ﺭﺎﻳﺗﺧﺍ ﻲﻧﻓ ﻲﺳ ﺎﻳﺳﻭ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﺣﺍﻭ ﻥﺇ ﻱﻭ ﺑﺭﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗ ﻲﻫ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟ ﺔﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺋ ﻼ ﻣ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺔﻳﻘﻁﻧﻣ ﺔﻳﺣﺎ ﻧ ﻥﻣﻭ ،ﺔﻁﺧﻠﻟ ﻱﻭﻧ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻰﻌﺳﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﺱﻛﻌﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺏﺟﻳ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁ ﻘ ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺵﺎﻘﻧﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻟ ﻭ ، ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋﻻ ﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻊﻗﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻧﺍ ﺭﻬﻅﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻥﻣ ﺩﺣﺗ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﻳﺳ ﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺔﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻌﻳﺑ ﻁﻭ ﺃ ﺔﻠ ﻛﺷﻣ ﺔﻣﺛﻭ ﻕ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﺎﻧﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻳ ﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﺳ

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75 ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻭﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣ ﻭ ﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻡﺎﻅﻧﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺩﻭ ﺩﺣﻣ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣﺑ EMIS . ﻟ ﻙﻟ ﺫﻭ ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻣ ﺋ ﻼﻣ ﺔﻧﺎﻛﻣ ءﺎﻁﻋﺇ ﺍ ﺯﻳﺯ ﻌ ﺗ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﻲﺳﺳ ﺅﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻟﺍ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻧ ﻲﻓ ﻕﻠﻘﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺻﻣ ﻥﺎﻓ ،ﺍ ﺭﻳﺧﺃﻭ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺛﻛ ﻲﻓﻭ ، ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺎﺑ ﻡﺎ ﻣﺗﻫﻻﺍ ﻑﻌﺿ ﻭﻫ ﺔﻳﻟﺎ ﺣﻟﺍ ﻲ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎﺷﻧﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﺢﺑﺻﻳ ﻲﺟﺭﺎ ﺧ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻋ ﺩ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻝﺎﻋ ﻯﻭ ﺗﺳﻣ ﺎﻬﻳﺩ ﻟ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺎﻳ ﺣﻷﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺳﺣ ﻰﻠﻋ ،ﻲﻧﻳﻭ ﻛﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻓ ﻝﺎﺣ ﺔﻳﺃ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺈ ﺎﻣ ﺎﻧﻘﻘ ﺣ ﻝﻫ ﻱﺭﺎ ﻳ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺗ ﻬﻳ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻥ ﺭﺛﻛﺃ ؟ﻪﻘﻳﻘﺣﺗﻟ ﺍﻭﺑﺻﻧ ﺍﺫ ﺎﻣﻟ ﻡﻬﻔﺑ ﻪﻣﺎﻣﺗﻫﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺕ ﺣﺟﻧ ﺍﺫ ﺎﻣﻟﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻧﻭﻛ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻝﺷ ﻓ ، ﺭﺧﻵﺍ ﺎﻬﺿﻌ ﺑ ﻙﻟﺫﻟ ﺔﺟ ﻳﺗﻧ ﻛﻭ ﻝءﺎﺿ ﺗﺗ ﺔﺻﺭﻓ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻲ ﺳﺳﺅ ﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﺎ ﻛﻣﺇ . ﻝ ﺑ ﻘﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻁﻳﻁﺧ ﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗ ﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺹﻼﺧﺗﺳﺍ ﻘﺗ ﺔﻳ ﺑﻳ ﺭﺩ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟ ﺍ ﻩﺫﻫﻭ ﺭ . ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﻷ ﻥﺯﺍﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺧﺗ ﺳﻻﺎﺑ ﻲﻋﺎ ﻣ ﺟﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎـﺷﻧﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻧﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻟ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺗﺭ ﺎﺗ ﺧﺍ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻳﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ﺎﻳﻧﻳﻓﻭﻧ ﻲﻓ . ﺎﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺭ ﻳﻳﺎﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻔ ؟ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭ ﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻳ ﺗﺧﺍ ﺕﻬﺟﻭ ﺩﻗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍﻭ : ﻝﺍﺅﺳﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺑﺎﺟﻺﻟ ﺕﺍﺩﺎﺷﺭ ﻹﺍ ﺽﻌﺑ ﻙﻟ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻝﻳﻠﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻳﺗﻵ ﺍ ﺭ ﻭ ﺎﺣﻣﻠﻟ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ i ﻫ ﺎﻬ ﻠﻳﺛﻣ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﺭﺛﺍ ﻭ ، ﺞ ﺋﺎﺗﻧﻭ ، ﺕ ﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻭ ،ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﺃ/ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﻣ ﺞﺋﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺳﻠ ﺳ ﺕﺎﻳﻭﺗﺳ ﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺩﻘﺗﻌ ﺗ ﻝ ؟ﺔﺑﺳﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺓﺭﻭﺻﺑ ii ﻝﻫ ﺩﻌﻳ ﺑﺳﺎﻧ ﻣ "ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺟ ﻣ " ﺏﺳﺣ ﺕﺍ ﺭﺷﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳﻅﻧﺗ ً ﺎ ؟ iii ﻝﻫ ﺩﻌﻳ ﻝﻳﺻﻔ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺑ ،ﺱﻧﺟﻟﺍ ﺏﺳ ﺣ ﻭ ﺑ ﺑﺳﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺕ ﺎ ﻧﺎﻳﺑﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻘ ﻁ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺣ ً ﺎ ؟ iv ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗ ﻥﻛ ﻣﻳ ﻪﻧﺍ ﺩﻘﺗ ﻌ ﺗ ﻝﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻧ ﺎ ﻳ ﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺭﻓﻭﺗ ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﻛﻟﺍ ﺙﻳ ﺣ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻟﺎﻌﻓ ﺔﻘ ﻳﺭﻁﺑ EMIS ؟ v ﻊﻣ ﻁﺑﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ،ﺯﺎﺟﻧ ﻻ ﺍ ﻑﺩﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﻁﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺏﺳﺎ ﻧ ﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑﻭ ﺭﺎﺑ ﺗ ﻋ ﻻ ﺎ ﺑ ﺔﻳﺳﺎﻳﺳﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺎﻣﺗﻫﻻﺍ ﺕﺫﺧ ُ ﺃ ﻝﻫ ؟ﺔﻳﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻰﺟﺭ ٌ ﻳ 3 ﻰﻟ ﺇ 4 ﺔ ﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘ ﻣ ﻪﻳﻓ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺕﺎﺣﻔﺻ KPIs ﺭ ﻳﻳﺎ ﻌﻣﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺔ ﻳﻧﻔﻟﺍ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﻳﺭﺩ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺩﺣﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺗﺷﻗﺎﻧ ﻣ ﺕﻣﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺳ ﺎﻳﺳ ﻟ ﺔ ﺛ ﻟﺎﺛﻟﺍ .

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76 عﺎطﻗ ﺔط ﺨﻟ ﺔﺴﻴﺌ رﻟا ءادﻷا تا رﺸ ؤﻤ مﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا . ﺎﻴﻨ ﻴﻓ وﻨ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﺠ ﻤ ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﺴﻴﺌ رﻟ ا ءادﻷا تا رﺸ ؤﻤ KPIs تﺎﻨﺎﻴ ﺒ ﻟا ردﺼﻤ ﻝوﺼ وﻟا 1 ﻲﻟ ﺎﻤﺠﻹا ﻝوﺒﻘﻟا ﻝد ﻌﻤ. GIR فﺼﻟﺎ ﺒ ﺎﺜﻴدﺤ اوﻘﺤﺘﻟا نﻴذﻟا ﻝﺎﻔط ﻷا دد ﻋ: وﺌﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ ﻝوﻷا ﻝوﺒﻘﻠﻟ ن ﻴ ﻠﻫ ؤﻤ ﻟا ﻝﺎ ﻔطﻷا نﻤ ﺔﻴ - روﻛذﻟا - ثﺎﻨﻹا - تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS - ءﺎﺼﺤ إ بﺘﻛﻤ / ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ و ﻨ NBOS 2 ﻲﻓﺎﺼﻟا ﻝوﺒﻘﻟا ﻝد ﻌﻤ . NIR ﻝوﻷا فﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ اوﻘﺤﺘﻟا نﻴذﻟا ﻝﺎﻔطﻷا دد ﻋ : نﻤ ﻝﺎﻔطﻸﻟ ﻲﻠ ﻛﻟ ا دد ﻌ ﻟ ا نﻤ ﺔﻴ وﺌ ﻤ ﺔﺒ ﺴﻨ ﻛ ﻲﻨ وﻨ ﺎﻘﻟا قﺎﺤﺘﻟﻻا نﺴ ﻲﻓ مﻫ نﻴذﻟا و ﻤﻌﻟ ا ﺔﺌﻔﻟا . ﺎﻬ ﺴﻔ ﻨ ﺔﻴ ر - روﻛذﻟا - ثﺎﻨﻹا - تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS - ءﺎﺼﺤ إ بﺘﻛﻤ / ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ و ﻨ NBOS 3 ﻲﻟﺎﻤ ﺠﻹ ا قﺎﺤﺘﻟﻻ ا ﺔﺒﺴﻨ. GER i . - ﻲﺌادﺘﺒا - يوﻨﺎﺜ ii ثﺎﻨإ. - ﻲﺌادﺘﺒا - يوﻨﺎﺜ iii روﻛذ. - ﻲﺌادﺘﺒا - يوﻨﺎﺜ iv ﻲﺌادﺘﺒا : ﻪﻴ ﻓ ﺎﻤﺒ. ﻲﻠ ﻛﻟ ا قﺎﺤﺘﻟﻻا نﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ ثﺎﻨﻹ ا قﺎﺤﺘﻟا ﻟا قﺎﺤﺘﻟا ﻲﻠ ﻛﻟ ا قﺎﺤﺘﻟﻻا نﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ روﻛذ - تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS - ءﺎﺼﺤ إ بﺘﻛﻤ / ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ و ﻨ NBOS 4 ﻲﻓﺎﺼﻟ ا قﺎﺤﺘﻟﻻ ا ﺔﺒﺴﻨ. NER - روﻛذ - ثﺎﻨإ ﺔﺒ ﺴ ﻨ ﺔ ﺒ ﻠط ﻟا فوﻔﺼﻟا ﻰﻟ إ - ﻲﺌ اد ﺘﺒ ﻻا - ي و ﻨﺎ ﺜﻟا - تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS - ءﺎﺼﺤ إ بﺘﻛﻤ / ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ و ﻨ NBOS

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77 ﻝﺎﺠ ﻤ ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﺴﻴﺌ رﻟ ا ءادﻷا تا رﺸ ؤﻤ KPIs تﺎﻨﺎﻴ ﺒ ﻟا ردﺼﻤ ﺔﻳﻋﻭﻧﻟ ﺍ 1 ﻤﻠ ﻌﻤ ﺔﺒ ﺴ ﻨ. ﺔﻴﻤﻴدﺎﻛﻷا تﻼﻫ ؤ ﻤﻟا نوﻛﻠﺘﻤﻴ نﻴذﻟا ﺔ ﻴ ﺌ ا د ﺘﺒﻻا س ر اد ﻤ ﻟ ا ﻲ ﺔﺒ و ﻠ طﻤﻟا فﺼ ﻟا قوﻓ ﺎﻤﻓ ﻊﺒﺎﺴﻟا - ﻝﺎﺠ رﻟا - ءﺎﺴﻨﻟ ا تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظ ﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS 2 ُ ﻤﻟ ا ﺔﻴ ﺌا د ﺘ ﺒ ﻻا سرادﻤﻟا ﻲﻤﻠ ﻌ ﻤ ﺔﺒ ﺴﻨ. ﻌ ـ ْ ـ رﻴﻴﺎﻌ ﻤ ﻟا بﺴﺤ سﻴ ردﺘﻠﻟ ﺎ ﻴﻨﻬ ﻤ نﻴدﻤﺘ ﺔﻴ ﻨ ﻬﻤﻟ ا تﻼﻫ ؤ ﻤﻟا نﻤ ﻰﻨ دﻷا دﺤ ﻟا مﻬ ﻴدﻟ يأ ﺔﻴﻨط وﻟا فﺼ 3 - ﻝﺎﺠ رﻟا - ءﺎﺴﻨ ﻟا تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظ ﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS 3 ﺔﺒﺴﻨ. ﺔﺒ ﻠطﻟا مﻠﻌ ﻤ : - ﻲﺌادﺘﺒا - يوﻨﺎﺜ ﺔﺒ ﺴ ﻨ ﺔ ﺒ ﻠط ﻟا بﺎﺘﻛﻟا : - ﻝوﻷا فﺼﻟا ﻲﺌ اد ﺘﺒ ا ﺎﻴﻨد - ثﻟ ﺎﺜﻟا فﺼ ﻟا - ﺒا ﺎﻴﻠﻋ ﻊﺒ ا رﻟا فﺼﻟا ﻲﺌ ا د ﺘ - ﻊﺒﺎﺴﻟا فﺼ ﻟا تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظ ﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS 4 . i ﺔﺒ ﺴﻨ ﺒﻠطﻟا ﺔ نﻴذﻟا و ﻲﺌ ا د ﺘ ﺒ ﻻا مﻴ ﻠ ﻌ ﺘ ﻟ ا نﻤ ثﻟ ﺎﺜﻟا فﺼﻟا اوﻠﺼ و نﻴذ ﻟ ا .ﻲﻨط وﻟا دﻴﻌﺼﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ةد دﺤ ﻤ ﻟ ا ﺔ ﻴ ﺴﺎ ﺴﻷا ﺔﻴ ﻤﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟ ا تﺎﻴﺎ ﻔﻛﻟا نﻤ ﺔﻤ ﺌﺎ ﻗ ن و ﻨﻘ ﺘﻴ - . ﺔﺒ ﺎ ﺘ ﻛﻟ ا و ةء ا رﻘﻟا - . بﺎﺴﺤ ﻟا - . م و ﻠﻌ ﻟا - SST ii ﺔﺒﺴﻨ ﺔ ﺒ ﻠط ﻟا نﻴذﻟا و ﻲﺌادﺘﺒﻻا مﻴ ﻠﻌ ﺘﻟ ا نﻤ سدﺎﺴﻟا فﺼ ﻟا اوﻠﺼو نﻴذﻟا ﻟا نﻤ ﺔﻤ ﺌﺎ ﻗ ن و ﻨﻘ ﺘﻴ .ﻲﻨط وﻟا دﻴﻌﺼﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ةد دﺤ ﻤ ﻟ ا ﺔ ﻴ ﺴﺎ ﺴﻷا ﺔﻴ ﻤﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟ ا تﺎﻴﺎ ﻔﻛ - . ﺔﺒ ﺎ ﺘ ﻛﻟ ا و ةء ا رﻘﻟا - . بﺎﺴﺤ ﻟا - . م و ﻠﻌ ﻟا - SST - مﻴﻠﻌﺘ ﻟا م ﻴﻴﻘﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺌاد ﺘﺒﻻا / ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ وﻨ NAPE - تﺎ ﻨﺎﺤﺘﻤ ﻻ ا سﻠﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻨ ط وﻟا /ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ وﻨ NNEP 5 ةد وﺠﻟا رﻴﻴﺎﻌ ﻤ نﻤ ﻰﻨدﻷا دﺤﻟا تﻘﻘ ﺤ ﻲﺘﻟا س رادﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻴ وﺌ ﻤﻟ ا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا. ﻔﺘﻟا شﻴ ﺘ

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78 ﻝﺎﺠ ﻤ ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﺴﻴﺌ رﻟ ا ءادﻷا تا رﺸ ؤﻤ KPIs تﺎﻨﺎﻴ ﺒ ﻟا ردﺼﻤ ﺓءﺎ ﻔ ﻛﻟ ﺍ 1 : ﻲﺌ ا د ﺘ ﺒ ﻻا مﻴ ﻠﻌ ﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ررﻛﺘﻤﻟا مﺎﻌ ﻟ ا قﺎﻔﻨﻹا. - ﻲﻟ ﺎﻤﺠﻹا ﻲﻠ ﺤﻤﻟا ﺞﺘﺎ ﻨ ﻟا نﻤ ﺔﻴ و ﺌ ﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ GDP - .ﻲﻟﺎﻤﺠﻹا ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا ﺞﺘﺎ ﻨ ﻟا نﻤ درﻔﻟا ﺔﺼ ﺤ نﻤ ﺔﻴ وﺌﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﻟا ةرا زو /ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ وﻨ MTBF 2 : يوﻨﺎﺜﻟا مﻴ ﻠﻌ ﺘﻟ ا ﻰﻠﻋ ررﻛﺘﻤﻟا مﺎﻌﻟا قﺎﻔﻨﻹ ا . - ﻟا نﻤ ﺔﻴ و ﺌ ﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ ﻲﻟ ﺎﻤﺠﻹا ﻲﻠ ﺤﻤﻟا ﺞﺘﺎ ﻨ GDP - ﻲﻟﺎﻤﺠﻹا ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻟا ﺞﺘﺎ ﻨ ﻟا نﻤ درﻔﻟا ﺔﺼ ﺤ نﻤ ﺔﻴ وﺌﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﻟا ةرا زو /ﺎﻴﻨﻴﻓ وﻨ MTBF 3 : ﻰﻠ ﻋ ررﻛﺘﻤﻟا مﺎﻌ ﻟ ا قﺎﻔﻨﻹا. أ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ررﻛﺘﻤﻟا مﺎ ﻌﻟا قﺎﻔﻨ ﻹا ﻲﻟﺎﻤ ﺠإ نﻤ ﺔﻴ و ﺌ ﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ ﻲﺌادﺘﺒ ﻻا مﻴ ﻠﻌ ﺘﻟ ا . مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟ ا ب ﻌﻟ ا مﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا و ي و ﻨﺎ ﺜﻟا مﻴ ﻠﻌ ﺘﻟ ا مﺎﻌﻟ ا قﺎﻔﻨﻹا ﻲﻟ ﺎﻤﺠإ نﻤ ﺔﻴ وﺌﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻛ ﻲﻟﺎ . مﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘ ﻟ ا ﻰﻠ ﻋ ررﻛﺘﻤﻟا ج ذﻴﻤ ﻠ ﺘ ﻝﻛﻟ ررﻛﺘﻤﻟا يوﻨﺴﻟا قﺎﻔﻨﻹا ةد ﺤ و Ug SHs : ـﻟ - ﻲﺌادﺘﺒا - ﻲﻟ ﺎ ﻋ مﻴ ﻠﻌ ﺘ و يوﻨﺎﺜ تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظ ﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS 4 فﺼﻟا بﺴﺤ ةدﺎ ﻋﻹا تﻻدﻌﻤ. ﻲﺌادﺘﺒا أ - روﻛذ - ثﺎﻨإ تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظ ﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS 5 فﺼ ﻟا ﻰﻟ إ ءﺎﻘﺒ ﻟا ﻝدﻌﻤ. جوﻓ نﻤ ﺔﻴ وﺌﻤﻟا ﺔﺒ ﺴ ﻨ ﻟ ا ﻊﺒا ر ﻟا ﺔ ﺒ ﻠط ﻟا اوﻠﺼ و نﻴذﻟا ﻲﺌادﺘﺒﻻا ﻊﺒا ر ﻟا فﺼ ﻟا - روﻛذ - ثﺎﻨإ تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا مﺎظ ﻨ / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS 6 فﺼﻟا ﻰﻟإ ءﺎﻘﺒﻟا ﻝدﻌﻤ . جوﻓ نﻤ ﺔﻴ وﺌﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا ﻊﺒ ﺎﺴﻟا ﺔﺒ ﻠ طﻟا نﻴذﻟا ﻊﺒ ﺎﺴﻟا فﺼ ﻟا اوﻠﺼ و - روﻛذ - ثﺎﻨإ ﺎظﻨ تﺎﻤ و ﻠ ﻌﻤﻟ ا م / ﺔﻴ وﺒ رﺘﻟ ا EMIS

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80 OECD. 2002. Glossary of key terms in evaluation and results-based management. Paris: OECD. OECD. 2006. Harmonizing donor practices for effective aid delivery. DAC Guidelines and Reference Series. Volume 2. Budget Support Sector Wide Approaches and Capacity Development in Public Financial Management. Paris: OECD. SIDA. 2004a. Monitoring for education results. A study on results-orientation and the role of indicators.SIDA: Stockholm. SIDA. 2004b. Results indicators. SIDA Working Paper No 5. Prepared by Martin Schmidt. SIDA:Stockholm. United Nations Development Programme. 2009. Handbook on planning monitoring and evaluating for development results. New York: UNDP. Available at:http://www.undp.org/eo/handbook. United Nations Population Fund. 2000. ‘Tool No. 2: Defining evaluation’ in Monitoring and evaluation toolkit for programme managers. New York: UNFPA. Available at: http://www.unfpa.org. United Nations Population Fund. 2001. ‘Tool No. 1: ‘Glossary of monitoring and evaluation terms’ in Monitoring and valuation toolkit for programme managers. New York. UNFPA. Available at: http://www.unfpa.org United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization.2006. National Education Sector Development Plan. A result-based handbook. Division for Policy and Educational Strategies. Paris:UNESCO. Van der Koelen L. van Roemburg R. 2007. Reviewing the education reviews A report on the experiences of thematic experts working in Dutch embassies in 10 partner countries. University ofAntwerp Available at: www.ua.ac.be/download.aspxc.IOBn77760ct71671e212944 World Bank. 2004. Monitoring and evaluation: Some tools methods and approaches. Washington DC: The World Bank Operations Evaluation Department and Evaluation Capacity Development. World Bank. 2009. Institutionalizing impact evaluation within the framework of a monitoring and evaluation system. Washington DC: The World Bank Operations Evaluation Department and Evaluation Capacity Development. World Bank/IEG n.d. International Program for Development Evaluation Training IPDET IPDET Handbook Modules 1-14. Washington DC: The World Bank

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ﻖﺤﻠﻣ 1 ﺔﻧﺯﺍ ﻮﻣﻭ ﺔﻳﻮﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺨﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺄﺒﻌﻣ ﺔﻓﻮ ﻔﺼﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﺎﺜﻣ . 2010 . ﺎﻳﺩﻮ ﺒﻤ ﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻄﻘﻟ ﻝﻭﺪﺟ 3 ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺺﻴﺼﺨﺗ : .ﻁﺎﺸﻨﻟﺍ ﺐﺋﺎﻘﺣ ﻦﻤ ﺿ ﺔﻴﻧ ﺍ ﺰﻴ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻂﻄﺨ ﻤ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺸﻧ ﻷ ﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺘﻨﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻟ ﻂﻄﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻨﻣﺰﻟﺍ ﺭﺎ ﻁﻹ ﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺆﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻘﻔﻨﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻴ ﻟﺎ ﻤﺳ ﺃﺮ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻄﻄﺨ ﻤ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻴ ﻧ ﺍﺰﻴ ﻤ ﻟﺍ 1 2 3 4 ﻉﻮﻤﺠ ﻣ ﺔﻴ ﻧ ﺍﺰﻴ ﻤ ﻟﺍ ﺔﺣﺎﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﺩ ﺭ ﺍﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻣ ﻮ ﻜ ﺤﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺪﻟﺍ ﺪﻴﻟ ﻮ ﺗ FTL ADB Belgium EC Japan UNICEF /SIDA UNESCO UNFPA USAID WB WFP SCN NGOs ﻉﻮﻤﺠﻣ / DPs/NGO s ﻲﻠﻜﻟﺍ ﻉ ﻮ ﻤﺠ ﻤﻟﺍ 450483.05 136021.11 5542.0 81782.4 62197.2 1644.0 1045.4 41691.3 21252.7 1531.2 160.0 6103.7 17084.7 52787.7 1698.8 19941.3 314461.9 3 ﺍ ﻢﻋﺩ : ﻢ ﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺑ ﺮ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻮﻟ ﺓ ﺭ ﺮ ﻜ ﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧ ﺍﺰ ﻴﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧ ﺍﺰ ﻴﻤﻟ 127621.1 8400.0 52787.67 ﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺮ ﺒﻟﺍ 1 ﻲﻤ ﺳﺮ ﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﻢ ﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﻳﻮﻄ ﺗ : P1 179096.64 81477.34 9895.54 81.60 720.00 14643.11 472.00 5566.96 1339.44 11948.98 97615.31 ﻲﻋ ﺮ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺮ ﺒﻟﺍ 1 ﻔﻄ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮ ﻣ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻊﺳﻮﺘ ﻟﺍ : ﺓ ﺮ ﻜﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻮ P1S1 ECED 11578.72 674.40 2400.49 3427.80 224.00 1139.44 3712.58 10904.32 ﺕﺎﻓ ﺪ ﻬﺘﺴﻣ ESP/ESSP : - ﻦﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷ ﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺤ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻳﺯ 5 ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺘﺠﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷ ﺍ ﺽﺎ ﻳﺭ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﻮﻨ ﺳ 20 ﻡﺎ ﻋ 2005 ﻰﻟﺇ 50 ﻡﺎ ﻋ 2010 . - ﻦﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷ ﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺤ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻳﺯ 3 - 5 ﺳ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺱ ﺭ ﺍﺪ ﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺘﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻧﺎ ﻀﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﻮﻨ 10 ﻡﺎ ﻋ 2005 ﻰﻟ ﺇ 30 ﻡﺎ ﻋ 2010 . - ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺓ ﺮ ﻜﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻮﻔ ﻄﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺗ ﺬﻴﻔ ﻨﺘ ﻟ ﺪﻣﻷﺍ ﻒﺼﺘ ﻨﻣ ﻢﻳﻮ ﻘ ﺗ 2005 / 06 : ﺔﻳﻮ ﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻓ ﺪ ﻬﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ - ﻦﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷ ﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺤ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻳﺯ 5 ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺘﺠﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷ ﺍ ﺽﺎ ﻳﺭ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﻮﻨ ﺳ 50 . - ﻕﺎ ﺤ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺩ ﺎﻳﺯ ﻦﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻝﺎﻔﻁ ﻷ ﺍ 3 - 5 ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺱ ﺭ ﺍﺪ ﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺘﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻧﺎ ﻀﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﻮﻨ ﺳ 30 . - . ﺓ ﺮ ﻜﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟ ﻮﻔ ﻄﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮ ﻣ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟ ﻱﺭ ﺍﺩ ﻹ ﺍﻭ ﻲﻨ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺐﻧﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﻴﻘﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺘﻣ ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸﻨﻟﺍ 1 ﻞﻤﻌ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺧ : ـﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎ ﻴﺳﻭ ﺔﻴﻨ ﻁ ﻮﻟﺍ ECCD ـﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎ ﻴ ﺳ ﻲﻨﺒﺗ ECCD ﻞﻤ ﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻄﺧ ﻦﻣ ءﺎ ﻬﺘ ﻧ ﻻ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻴﻨﻁﻮ ﻟ ﺍ ECCD 447.88 295.68 100.00 52.00 447.68 ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸﻨﻟﺍ 2 ﺔﻴﻤ ﻨﺗ : ﺔﻠﺣﺮ ﻣ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺪ ﻘﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺮ ﻜﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻮﻔ ﻄﻟﺍ ECE ﺐﻳ ﺭ ﺪﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻦﻣ ء ﺎ ﻬ ﺘﻧﻻﺍ ، ﺪﻠﺒﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻓ ﺮ ﻌﻤﻟ ﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺗﻭ ﺔﻟ ﻮﻔ ﻄﻟ ﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺮﺑ ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗﻭ ﻦﻣ ء ﺎ ﻬ ﺘﻧﻻﺍﻭ ، ﺓﺮ ﻜﺒ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺎ ﻳ ﺰ ﻟ ﺍ ﻞﻤ ﻋ ﺔﺷﺭ ﻭ ﺝﺭ ﺎ ﺨ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻴ ﺳﺍ ﺭ ﺪﻟ ﺍ ECCD 9020.57 464.30 1111.13 2957.00 172.00 1139.44 3176.20 8555.77 ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸﻨﻟﺍ 3 ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺘ ﻤﻟﺍ : ﻢ ﻴ ﻴ ﻘ ﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻮ ﻠﻣ ﺎﻌ ﻟﺍ ﺐﺴﺘ ﻛ ﺍ ﺓﺮ ﻜﺒ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻟ ﻮﻔ ﻄﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺣ ﺮ ﻣ ﺬﻴﻔﻨ ﺗ ﻝﺎﺠﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻓ ﺮ ﻌ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻟ ﻮﻔ ﻄﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠ ﺣ ﺮ ﻣ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺗ ﻢﻋﺪﻟﺍ ﺍﻮ ﻘﻠﺗﻭ ﺓﺮ ﻜﺒ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ECCD 1065.92 209.60 665.52 190.80 856.32 ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮ ﻟﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸﻨﻟﺍ 4 ﻝﺎﺼ ﺗﻻ ﺍ : ﺪ ﻳ ﻭ ﺰ ﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻠ ﺣ ﺮ ﻣ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺗ ﺩﺍﻮ ﻣ ﺔﻋ ﺎ ﺒ ﻁ ﺔﺻ ﺎ ﺨ ﻟ ﺍ ﺮﻜ ﺒﻤ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻟ ﻮﻔ ﻄﻟ ﺍ . ﺎﻫ ﺮﺸ ﻧﻭ ﺭﻮ ﻣ ﻷﺍ ءﺎ ﻴ ﻟ ﻭﺄ ﺑ ECCD 1044.55 328.16 180.00 536.39 1044.55

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ﻲﻋ ﺮ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺮ ﺒﻟﺍ 2 ﻲﺋﺍﺪ ﺘﺑﻻ ﺍ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠ ﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺓءﺎﻔ ﻛﻭ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻧ ﺰﻳﺰﻌ ﺗ : P1S2 PED 123536.28 43791.44 7495.05 24.00 720.00 11055.31 2975.54 52787.67 200.00 4487.27 79744.84 ﺕﺎﻓ ﺪ ﻬﺘﺴﻣ ESSP/ESP : ﻊﻴﺳﻮﺗ CFS ﻰﻟﺇ 24 ﻲﺳﺍﺭﺪ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺍﺭ ﺎ ﺒ ﺘ ﻋ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺪﻠﺑ / ﺔﻈﻓﺎ ﺤﻣ 2007 - 08 ﻰﻟﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﺼ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﺒﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺴﻧ ﺩﺎ ﻳﺩ ﺯ ﺍﻭ. 95 ﻟﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﺼ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺤﺘﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺪ ﻌﻣ ﺩﺎ ﻳﺩ ﺯ ﺍﻭ ، ﻰ 96 ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔ ﻴﺋﺍﺪ ﺘﺑﻻ ﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮ ﻤﻟﺍ ﻡ ﺎ ﻤﺗﺇ ﻝﺪ ﻌﻣ ﻝﻮ ﺻﻭﻭ ، 100 ﺢﺒﺼ ﺗ ﻞﻗﻷ ﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻭ ، 70 ﺏ ﻮ ﻠﺳﺃ ﺔﻳﺪﻠﺑ / ﺔﻈﻓﺎ ﺤﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺱ ﺭ ﺍﺪ ﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ CFS ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻝ ﻮﻠﺤﺑ 2010 . : ﺔﻳﻮ ﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻓ ﺪ ﻬﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﺼ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﺒﻘﻟﺍ ﻝﺪ ﻌﻣ 95 ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﺼ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺤﺘﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺪ ﻌﻣ ﻭ ، 96 ﺱﺩﺎ ﺴﻟﺍ ﻒﺼﻟﺍ ﻡ ﺎ ﻤﺗﺇ ﻝ ﺪ ﻌﻣﻭ ، 100 ﺔﻘ ﻳﺪﺼﻟﺍ ﺱ ﺭ ﺍﺪ ﻤﻟﺍﻭ ، ﻞﻔﻄ ﻠﻟ 70 . ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸ ﻨ ﻟ ﺍ 1 ﻢﻋﺩ ﻖﺋ ﺎ ﺛ ﻭ ﺮﻳﻮ ﻄﺗ: CFS ﻖﺋ ﺎ ﺛ ﻮ ﻟ ﺍ ﺮﺸ ﻧﻭ ﺮﻳﻮ ﻄﺗ ـﻟ ﺔﻤﻋ ﺍ ﺪﻟ ﺍ CFS ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺗ ﻭ، ﺔﻗ ﺎ ﻋ ﻹ ﺍ ﻱﻭ ﺫ ﻝﺎ ﻔﻁﻷﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻳﺮ ﺴ ﺗﻭ ، ﺔ ﻴﺗﺎ ﻴﺤ ﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺍ ﺭﺎﻬ ﻤ ﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺱﺭ ﺍ ﺪ ﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ﺩﺍﺪﻌ ﺗ ﺕﺍ ﺮ ﺒ ﺧ ﻭ ، ﺔﻄﺧ ﻭ ، ﺮﺳ ﻷﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﺤ ﺗﻭ ﺔﺳ ﺎ ﻴﺳ ﻭ ﺔﺳﺭ ﺪﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺮﻳﻮ ﻄﺗ . ﺔﻌﻤﺠ ﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ﺱﺭ ﺍ ﺪ ﻤ ﻟ ﺍ PED 4109.54 24.60 1931.00 732.00 1407.74 13.60 4084.9 4 ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸ ﻨ ﻟ ﺍ 2 ﺕﺍ ﺭ ﺪﻗ ءﺎ ﻨ ﺑ: ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻦﻴﻠﻣ ﺎﻌ ﻟﺍ / ﻦﻴﻟﻮ ﺌﺴ ﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ﺮﻳﻮ ﻄﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﺋ ﺍﺪﺘﺑ ﻻﺍ CFS ﻲﺋﺍﺪﺘﺑ ﻻﺍ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﻮﻟ ﻮﺌ ﺴﻣ ﺰﻛ ﺮﻤ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻮ ﺘﺴ ﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻢ ﻬﻌﻣﻭ ﻲﻠﺤﻤ ﻟﺍ ﻯﻮ ﺘﺴ ﻤ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺤ ﻠ ﺼ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺏﺎ ﺤﺻ ﺃ ﻑﻮ ﺳ ﻦﻴﻳﻮ ﻤ ﻨﺘﻟﺍ ء ﺎ ﻛ ﺮ ﺸ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻄ ﺸﻧ ﺃ ﺡﻮ ﺿﻮ ﺑ ﻥ ﻮ ﻤﻬﻔ ﻳ CFS ﺸﻴ ﺳﻭ ﻁﺎ ﺸ ﻨ ﺑ ﻥﻮ ﻛ ﺭ ﺎ ﺔﻴ ﻠ ﻋ ﺎ ﻓ ﺮﺜﻛ ﺃ ﻞﻜﺸﺑﻭ ﻢﻬ ﻌﻣ . ﺔﻴﻟﻮﺌﺴ ﻣﻭ PED 5722.84 338.90 764.32 24.00 720.0 0 1872.00 1587.80 16.00 179.82 240.00 6383.9 4 ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸ ﻨ ﻟ ﺍ 3 ﻑﺍﺮﺷ ﺇ / ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎ ﺘ ﻣ: ﺬﻴﻔ ﻨ ﺗ ﺰﻳﺰﻌ ﺘﻟ CFS ﺞﻣ ﺎﻧﺮﺑ CFS ﻑﻮ ﺳ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻠﺒﻟ ﺍ ﻞﻛ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻮ ﻄﻳ ﺔ ﻌ ﺑﺎ ﺘﻤ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺸﻧ ﺃ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻴﺴ ﺤ ﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻟﻮ ﺌ ﺴ ﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻣ ﺕﺎ ﻳ ﻮ ﺘ ﺴ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﻞﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻋ ﻮﻤﺠ ﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺎﺻﻮ ﺼ ﺧﻭ DTMT ﺔﻈﻓ ﺎ ﺤ ﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻲﻓ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺪﻠ ﺑ / ﻦ ﻴ ﻤﻠ ﻌﻤﻠ ﻟ ﻲﺗ ﺍﺬﻟﺍ ﻦﻴﺴ ﺤ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺱﺭ ﺍ ﺪ ﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ﻱﺮ ﻳﺪﻣ ﻭ ﺔﻴ ﻠ ﺤ ﻤﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻌﻤﺘ ﺠ ﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ . ﺔﻴ ﻟ ﻭﺆﺴ ﻣﻭ ﺔﻴ ﻧ ﻦﺴ ﺤﺑ PED 3375.34 88.20 838.07 2430.40 12.00 6.58 3287.0 5 ﻲﺴ ﻴﺋﺮﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎ ﺸ ﻨ ﻟ ﺍ 4 ﺮﺴ ﺗ : ﺔﻣﺪﺧ ﻊﻳ ﺕﺍﺰﻴ ﻬﺠﺘﻟﺍ / ﺕ ﺍ ﺩﺍﺪﻣ ﻹﺍ ﺮﻴﻓﻮ ﺗﻭ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﺮﺸ ﻧ ﻢﺘﻴ ﺳ ﺔ ﻴ ﺠ ﻴﺗﺍﺮﺘﺳ ﺍ CFS ﻑﺍﺮﻁﻷﺍ ﻊﻴ ﻤﺠ ﻟ ﻢﻋﺪﻟﺍ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﻝﻮ ﺼﺤﻟﺍﻭ ﺮﻳﻮ ﻄﺗ ﺕﺍ ﻮﻄﺧ ﻊﻴ ﻤﺠ ﻟ CFS ﻥﺎﻤ ﺿ ﻞﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﺎ ﻔﻁﻷﺍ ﻝﻮ ﺼﺣ ﺓﺭ ﻮ ﺼ ﺑﻭ ﻑﺎ ﺼﻧ ﺈﺑ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌ ﺘﻟ ﺍ . ﺔﻤﺋﺍﺩﻭ ﺔﻟ ﺎ ﻌ ﻓ ﻭ ﺔﻴ ﻤﻛ PED 110328.56 43339.65 3961.66 6020.31 52759 .67 4247.27 66588. 91 ﻲﻋ ﺮ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧ ﺮ ﺒﻟﺍ 3 ﻱﻮﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠ ﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺓءﺎﻔ ﻛﻭ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻧ ﺰﻳﺰﻌ ﺗ : P1S3 GSED 22670.70 19799.90 - - - 60.00 2161.12 - - 649.58 2870.8 0

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ﺕﺎﻓ ﺪ ﻬﺘﺴﻣ ESSP/ESP : - ﻮﻫ ﺎﻴﻧﺪ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧ ﺎ ﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮ ﻤﻠﻟ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﺼ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺤﺘﻟﻻﺍ ﻝﺪ ﻌﻣ 44 ﻮﻫ ﻡﺎ ﻤﺗﻹﺍ ﻝ ﺪ ﻌﻣﻭ 50.5 . - ﻟﻻ ﺍ ﻝﺪ ﻌﻣ ﻮﻫ ﺎ ﻴ ﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻮ ﻧﺎ ﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮ ﻤﻠﻟ ﻲﻓ ﺎ ﺼ ﻟﺍ ﻕﺎ ﺤﺘ 23 ﻮﻫ ﻝﺎ ﻘﺘﻧﻻ ﺍ ﻝ ﺪ ﻌﻣﻭ 21 . : ﺔﻳ ﻮﻨﺴ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻓﺪﻬﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ - ﺎﻴﻧ ﺪﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻮﻧﺎﺜﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻤﻠﻟ ﻲﻓﺎ ﺼﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺤﺘﻟ ﻻﺍ ﻝﺪﻌﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ 40 ﻡﺎﻤﺗﻹﺍ ﻝﺪﻌﻣﻭ 50 . - ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻮﻧﺎﺜﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻤﻠﻟ ﻲﻓﺎ ﺼﻟﺍ ﻕﺎﺤﺘﻟ ﻻﺍ ﻝﺪﻌﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ 17.5 ﻡﺎﻤﺗﻹﺍ ﻝﺪﻌﻣﻭ 23 . ﻟﺍ ﻞﺜ ﻤ ﻳ : ﺔﻈﺣﻼﻣ ﻩﻼﻋﺃ ﻝﻭﺪﺠ ﻲﻓ . ﺔﻴ ﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺸ ﻧ ﻸﻟ ﻞﻴ ﺼﻔ ﺗ ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﻭ ﻲﻨﻣﺰﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻺﻟ ﺓﺭﺎﺷﻹﺍ ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﺔﻴ ﻋ ﺮ ﻔ ﻟﺍ ﺞﻣ ﺍﺮﺒ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺞﻣﺍﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻤﻟ ﻞﻤﺷﺍ ﻝﻭﺪﺟ ﻦﻣ ﻰﻟﻭﻷ ﺍ ﺔﺤﻔﺼﻟﺍ Source : Ministry of Education Youth and Sports 2009Annual Operational plan 2010 .Phnom Penh : MOEYS.

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84 ﻖﺤﻠﻤﻟﺍ 2 ﺍ ﻢﺳﺮﻟﺍ. ﺘﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻄﻗ ﺔﻄﺧ ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻤﻟ ﻲﻤ ﻴ ﻈﻨﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻜﻴﻬﻠﻟ ﻲﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟ ﺔﻴﺑﺮ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺐﺟﻮﻤ ﺑ ﺍﺪﻨﻏ ﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻰﺤﻨﻤ .ﻊﺳﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻋﺎﻄﻘﻟﺍ ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺍ 1 ﺘﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻄ ﻘ ﻟ ﻱﺬﻴﻔ ﻨﺘ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻱﺭﺍ ﺩﻹﺍ ﻞﻜﻴﻬﻟﺍ : ﺔﻴﺑﺮ ﺐﺟﻮﻤﺑ ﻰﺤ ﻨﻤ ﻟﺍ ﻊﺳﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻋﺎﻄﻘﻟﺍ SWAP . ﺭﻭﺪ ﻟ ﺍ ﻱﺭﺍ ﺩﻹﺍ ﻯﻮﺘﺴﻤ ﻟ ﺍ ■ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﻗ ﺮﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩﺇ ■ ﺔ ﻟء ﺎ ﺴﻤﻟﺍ ■ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻤﻟﺍ ■ ﺓﺩﻮﺠﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﺿ 1 . MES ■ ﺔﺳﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﺿ ■ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺎﺸ ﺘ ﺳﻻﺍ ﺔﻨ ﺠﻠ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﺍ ﺮ ﺷﻹﺍ ESCC 2 . TMM ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺑﺮ ﺘﻟ ﺍ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻖﻳﺮ ﻓ ﺔ ﻴﺑﺮ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﻳ ﺯﻭ/ ﻥﻮﻫ ﺮﻳ ﺯﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎﺋ ﺮﺑ ﺔﺿ ﺎﻳﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻉﺎﻄﻗ ﺔﻄﺧ ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺘﻟ ﺲﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﻙﺮ ﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﻢ ﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍ ESIP : ■ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﻴ ﻤﺼﺗ ■ ﻉﺎﻄﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺘ ﻣﻭ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩﺇ ■ ﻞﻤﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﺍ ﺮ ﺷﻹﺍ ﻭ ﻖﻴ ﺴﻨﺘ ﻟﺍ ■ ﻞﻳﻮﻤﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﻛﻭ ■ ﺎﻴﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩﻺﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺸ ﺘ ﺳﺍ 3 . ESCC ﺎﻬﺳ ﺃﺮﺘﻳ. ﺔﻴ ﻨﻔﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻯﻮﺘﺴﻣ ﻦﻣ ﻒﻟ ﺄﺘ ﺗ PS/ES ﺔﻴﺑﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻭ ﻦﻣ ﻦ ﻴﻴﻠﻴ ﻐ ﺸﺗﻭ ﻦ ﻴﻴﻨ ﻓ ﻦﻴ ﻔ ﻅ ﻮﻣ ﻢﻀﺗﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻮﻟﺍ ﻭ ، ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻻﺎﻛﻭﻭ ،ﻯ ﺮ ﺧﻷﺍ ﻉ ﺎ ﻄﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴ ﻣﻮﻜﺤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴ ﻏ ﺕﺎﻤﻈﻨ ﻤ ﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻞ ﻳﻮﻤ ﺘ ﻟﺍ . ﺹﺎﺨﻟﺍ ■ . ﺔﻄﺨ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﺟﺮﺨﻣ ﺝ ﺎﺘﻧﺇ ■ ﺔﻛﺮ ﺘﺸﻤ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻮﻬ ﺠ ﻠﻟ ﻝﺩ ﺎﺒﺘﻤ ﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺼﺗ ﻻﺍ ﻢﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻳﻮﻤﺗ ﺕﻻﺎﻛﻭ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻤﻟ EFAG 4 ﻞﻤ ﻌ ﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻋ ﻮ ﻤﺠ ﻣ . ﻢﻀﺗﻭ ﻦﻴ ﺿﻮ ﻔﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺳ ﺎﺋﺮﺑ ﻲﻠﻴ ﻐ ﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻯﻮﺘﺴﻣ ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴ ﺑﺮ ﺘﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺯﻭ ﻦﻣ ﻦ ﻴﻴﻨ ﻓ ﻦﻴ ﻔﻅﻮﻣ . ﻞﻳﻮﻤﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﻻ ﺎﻛﻭﻭ، ﻯﺮ ﺧﺃ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭﻭ، ﺔﺿ ﺎﻳﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻴ ﻋﺮﻔﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﺎ ﻄﻘﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻠﻣﺎ ﺸﻟ ﺍ : ﺭﺪ ﺼﻤ ﻟ ﺍ MOES 2003e: Education Sector Six Monthly Report ESSMR for the 10th ESR ﺯﻮﻣ ﺮ ﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻧﺎ ﻌﻣ : MoES . ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺮﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﻢﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻴﺑﺮﺘﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ : ESCC : . ﻢﻴ ﻠﻌﺘ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻄﻘﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺭﺎ ﺸﺘﺳﻻ ﺍ ﺔﻨﺠﻠ ﻟﺍ TMM . ﺎﻴ ﻠﻌ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭ ﺍﺩ ﻹ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻤ ﺘ ﺟ ﺍ : ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻳ ﺯﻭ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻳ ﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍ ﺩ ﻹﺍ ﻯﻭﺗﺳﻣ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ MoES ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﺔﻳ ﺭﺎﺷﺗﺳﻻ ﺍ ﺔﻧ ﺟﻠﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍ ESCC ﻝﻣ ﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﺷﻟ ﺍ / ﺔﻳ ﻋ ﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻋﺭﻔﻟﺍﻭ ■ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟﺍ ﺓ ﺭ ﺍﺩﺇﻭ ﺔﺳﺎﻳﺳ ■ ﻡ ﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑ ﺎﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ■ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﻧﺍﺯﻳ ﻣ ■ ﻲ ﺋ ﺍﺩﺗﺑﻻﺍ ■ ﻱﻭﻧﺎﺛ ﻟﺍ ■ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻲ ﻧ ﻬﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻧ ﻘ ■ ﻲﻟﺎﻌﻟﺍ ■ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻠﻟﺍ ﺗ

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85 ﻕﺣﻠ ﻣ 3 ﺍﺩﻧﻏ ﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﻡﻳﻅﻧﺗ. 1 . ﺔﻣ ﺩﻘﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘ ﺗ ﻟ ﺔﻌﺑﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﻁﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻩﺫﻫ ESSAPR ﺫﻧﻣ ﺓﺭﺍﺯ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻝﺑﻗ ﻥﻣ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺇ ﻡﺗ ﺩﻗﻭ ، ﻡﺎﻋ 2004 ﻝﻭ ﻷﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ ﺭﻬﺷ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻵﺍ ﺭﺩﺻﻳ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫﻭ ، ،ﻉﺎﻁ ﻘﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﺍ ﻭ ﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻛﻟ ﻲﻣﻳﻳﻘﺗ ﺹﺧﻠﻣ ﻝﺛﻣﻳ ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻝﻛ ﻥﻣ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﻭﻬﺟ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﻥ ﻳ ﻳﺩ ﻧﻏ ﻭ ﻷ ﺍ ﻥﻳﻧ ﻁﺍﻭﻣﻠ ﻟ ﻲﻋﻭﻧ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻭﺻﺣ ﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺍﻭﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻓ ﻭﺗﻟ ﺔﻣﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎ ﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺣﺗ .ﺔﻟﺎﻌﻓ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﺑﻭ 1.1 ﺭﻏ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺽ ESSAPR ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻓ ﺎﻔﺷﻟﺍ ﺯﻳﺯﻌﺗ ﻝﺟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌﻣ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺭﺿﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺫﻐ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻳ . ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇﻭ ﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻡﺗ ﺩﻘﻓ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗﻟﺍ ﻪﺟﻭ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷ ESSAPR ﻝﺟﺃ ﻥﻣ : i .ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ﺔ ﺣﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔﻟءﺎﺳﻣﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﻳ ﻘﻟﺍ ii ﻡﻳ ﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻟ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺿ ﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻌ ESSR . ،ﻥﻳﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﻣ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺻﻟﺍ ﺯﻛﺭﻣ ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﻱ ﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘ ﺗ ﻝﺗﺣ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﻲﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﺭﺩ ﺻﻣﻛ ﺔ ﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻝﻼ ﺧ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﺩﻳ ﺍﺯﺗ ﻣ ﻭﺣﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ . ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺳﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ،ﺩ ﺩﺻﻟﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻲﻓﻭ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺭﻳﺭ ﻘ ﺗ ﺭﻓﻭﻳ ﻊﻧﺻﻟ ﺎﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ،ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻭﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﻭ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻰﻠﻋ ءﺎﻧﺑ ﻭ ﻪﻧﺎﻓ ﻻ ﺔ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻋ ﻎﻠﺑ ُ ﻳ ﺎﻣﻧﺇ ﻭ ﺏ ﺳﺣﻓ ﻥﺃ ﻊ ﻗ ﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﻟ ﺎﺗ ﻟﺎﺑﻭ . ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﺧﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻝ ﺎﻣﻋﺃ ﻝﻭﺩ ﺟ ﻊﺿﻳ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻥﻣ ﺔﻌﺑﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺑﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﻣﺗﺳﺗ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﺏﻌﻟ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳ ﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻡﺳﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ 14 . ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ

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86 ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣ ﻋ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔﻣ ﺎ ﻋ ﺓﺭﻅﻧ 14 ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗ ﻟ ﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﻣﻋ ﺃﺩ ﺑﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺭﺭﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ 14 ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ ﻟ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺿ ﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ 22 ﻡﺎ ﻋ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ 2007 ، ﺔﻠﻳﻭﻁ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣ ﻳ ﻠﻗﺇ ﺔﻳﻧ ﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳﺯ ﻉﻭ ﺑﺳﺄﺑ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﻁﻭ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺔ ﺷﺭﻭ ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺯﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻊﺑ ﺗﻳ ﺳﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺃﺩ ﺑﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺭ ﺭ ﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻡﺎ ﻳﺃ ﺔﻌﺑﺭﺃ ﺓﺩﻣﻟ 29 ﻲﻧ ﺎ ﺛ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻳﺭﺷﺗ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻬ ﺗﻧﺗ ﻭ ﻝﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺭ ﺷﺗ 2007 . 1.2.1 ﺔﻳﻣ ﻳﻠﻗﻹ ﺍ ﺔﻳ ﻧﺍﺩﻳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳﺯ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺃ ﻥ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻱ ﺭﺟﺗﺳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺔﺳﻳﺋ ﺭ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﺷﻧ ﻷﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﺣﺍﻭ ﻩﺫﻫ 2007 ﻊﻠ ﻁﺿﻳﺳ ﻲﺗ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣﺗ ﺕﻻﺎﻛﻭ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ءﺎﺿﻋ ﺃ ﻭ ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻭﻔ ﻅﻭﻣ ﺎﻬﺑ EFAG ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟﺍﻭ . ﺔﻔ ﻳﺿ ﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻘ ﻁﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻭﻟﻭﺋﺳﻣ ﻭ ﻪﻋ ﻭﻣﺟﻣ ﺎﻣ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻥﻭﻛﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺭ ﺭ ﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ 5 ﺕﺍﺭ ﺎﻳﺯ ﻡﺎﻳﺃ ،ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳﻣ ﻡﻳ ﻟ ﺎﻗﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺎﻳﺃ ﺔﻌﺑﺭﺃ ءﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﻡﺗﻳ ﺳ ﺫﺇ ﺩﻠﺑﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺩﻳﻠﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺭﻷﺍ ً ﺍﺩﻳ ﺩ ﺣﺗ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﻳﺳ ﺱﻣﺎ ﺧﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻳ ﻟ ﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻳﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻁﺳﻭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻝ ﺎ ﻣﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻟﺍﻭ ﻕﺭﺷﻟ ﺍ ﻱﺃ . ﺎﺟﻭﻣﺭﺎﻛ ﺔ ﻘﻁﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻲﻔﻅﻭﻣ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛﻟ ﺔﺻﺭﻓ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳﺯﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻑ ﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺗ ﻳ ءﺎﺿ ﻋ ﺃﻭ EFAG . ﺔ ﻔ ﻠﺗﺧﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻼﺑﻟﺍ ﻕﻁﺎﻧﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺭﻓﻭﺗ ﻊﻗ ﺍﻭ ﺭﻳﺩﻘﺗ ﻟ : ﻰﻟﺇ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺯ ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻑﺩ ﻬﺗ ،ﺩ ﻳﺩﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻪﺟ ﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻛﻟ i . ﻝﻭﺻﻭﻟ ﺍ ﺯﻳﺯ ﻌﺗﺑ ﻕ ﻠﻌﺗﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺿﻳﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻩﺎﺟﺗﺍ ﻕﻘﺣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺩ ﻳ ﻛﺄﺗ ﺔ ﻟﺍﺩﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻋﻭ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺓءﺎﻔﻛﻟﺍﻭ ، ﻟ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟ ﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌ ﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﻳﺑ ﺎﻣﻛ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘ . ﺔﻠ ﺻﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻯﺭ ﺧﻷﺍ ﻕ ﺋ ﺎﺛﻭﻟﺍﻭ ii . ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺩﻌﺗ ﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺣﻣ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﺳ ﺅﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻋﺎ ﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﺟﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻕﻁﺎﻧﻣﻠﻟ ﻝ ﺎ ﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻓﻭﺗ . ﺔﻣﺋﺍﺩ ﻝﻭﻠﺣ ﺩﺎﺟﻳﺇ ﻝﻣﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻗ ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺎ ﻬﻬﺟﺍﻭﺗ 1.2.2 ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳﺭ ﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﻡ ﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻝﻣ ﻋ ﺔﺷ ﺭﻭ ESSR ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺷ ﻧ ﺃ ﺫﻳﻔ ﻧﺗﻭ ﻁﻳ ﻁﺧ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳﻳ ﻧ ﻌ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻳ ﻛ ﻣﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻳﻧ ﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ ﺔﺷﺭﻭﻟ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻑﺩ ﻬﻟﺍ ﻝﺛﻣ ﺗ ﻳ ،ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ : ـﺑ ﻡﻭﻘ ﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻊﻗﻭ ﺗ ﻣ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺷﺭﻭ ﻥﺎ ﻓ ﻝﺎﺣ ﺔﻳﺃ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ 1 : ﺔﺸﻗﺎﻨﻤ و ﺔﻌﺠا ر ﻤ ﺣﺗ ﻩﺎﺟ ﺗ ﺍ ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳ ﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻗ ﻩﺯﺭﺣﺃ ﻱﺫ ﻟﺍ ﻡﺎ ﻌﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺿ ﻳﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺳ ﺎﻳﺳ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻕﻳﻘ ﺔ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ 2006 / 2007 . ﻙ ﺭ ﺗﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻗ ﻭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﺭﻭ JPP ﻕ ﺩ ﺎﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻣ ﻬﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟ ﻕﻘﺣﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﺷﺑ ﻝﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺷﻋ ﺙﻟ ﺎﺛﻟﺍ ﺔﺿ ﺎﻳﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ 2006 . ﺓﺭﺗﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻪﺗﻬﺟﺍﻭ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺣﻣ . ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺩﻳ ﻗ

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87 2 ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻠﻟ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﺓﺩﻳﺩﺟ ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣ ﻰﻠ ﻋ ﺔﻘﻓﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ 15 ﻲﻓ ﺙﺩﺣﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻊ ﻗ ﻭﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻲﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ 2008 ﻰﻠﻋ ﺏﻠﻐﺗﻠ ﻟ ﺎﻬﺑ ﻰﺻ ﻭﻣ ﺔﻳﺟ ﻼﻋ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﺇ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻝﻛﺷ ﺗ ﺳ ﻭ ، ﺫﻳﻔﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺩﺣﺗﻭ ﺩ ﻭﻳﻗ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭ ﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻥﻣ ﻝﻛ ﺎﻫﺩﺩ ﺣ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﻙ ﺭ ﺗﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻗ ﻭﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺔﻗﺭﻭﻭ ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳ JPP . 3 ﺔ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠ ﻣﻌﻟ ﺎﻬﻳﻠﻋ ﻕﻔﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻑ ﻗ ﺍﻭﻣﻠﻟ ﻲﻘﻳﻘﺣ ﻝﺟﺳ ﺔﺑﺎﺛﻣﺑ ﻥﻭ ﻛﺗﻟ ﺓﺭﻛﺫ ﻣ ﺭﺍﺩﺻﺇ 14 ﺔﻳﺎﻬﻧﺑ . ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺷﺭﻭ ،ﺓﺩ ﺎ ﻌﻟﺎﻛﻭ ﻑﺩﻬﺗﺳﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻊ ﻗ ﻭﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣﻓ ﺔ ﻳ ﻠﺣﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻭﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻣ ﻥﻳ ﻛﺭﺎﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﺯﻛﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻝﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺷﺭﻭ ﻥ ﺎ ﻣﻟﺭﺑﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﻣ ﻭ ﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﺕ ﺎ ﻣﻅﻧﻣﻟﺍﻭ NGOs ، ﻣﻅﻧﻣﻭ ﻲﻧﺩﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺗﺟﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ، ﺔﻋﻭﻣ ﺟﻣﻭ ،ﺕ ﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻳﻭﻣ ﺗ ﺕﻻﺎﻛﻭ EFAG ،ﺹﺎﺧﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍﻭ، ،ﺔﻳ ﻭ ﺑ ﺭ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﺳﺳﺅﻣﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭﻟ ﺍ ﺯﻛﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭﻟ ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ MoES .

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88 ﺔﻳﺟﻬﻧ ﻣ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻘﻳﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻳﻧ ﻌﻣﻠﻟ ﺔ ﻳ ﻋﺎ ﻣﺟﻭ ﺓﺩﺩ ﻌﺗﻣ ﺔﻛﺭﺎﺷ ﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑ ﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻌ ﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺔﻳﻠ ﻣﻋ ﺩﻧ ﺗﺳﺗ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻳ ،ﺔﺿ ﺎ ﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻁﺷﻧﺃ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟ ﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭ ﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﺕﻗﺩﺎﺻ ﺞﻬﻧ ﻟ ﺍ ﺍﺫ ﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻲﻓ 1999 ﻲﻧﺑﺗ ﺏﺎﻘﻋﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﻰﺣ ﻧﻣﻟﺍ ﻊﺳ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﻲﻋﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ SWAP ، ﻁ ﻳﻁ ﺧﺗﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺕ ﺎﺳ ﺎﻳ ﺳﻟﺍ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺣ ﻟ ﺔﻘﻳ ﺭ ﻁﻛ ،ﻡﻳﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺓﺭﺍﺩ ﻹ ﺍﻭ ﻭﺣ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻭ ﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﺟﻧﺍ ﻝ ﻉ ، ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻕﻳﻘﺣﺗ ﻝﻳﻬ ﺳ ﺗ ﻝﺟﺍ ﻥﻣﻭ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻊﻣﻭ ﻝﻭﺩ ﺟ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻧﻳ ﺑ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﺟ ﻳﺗﺍ ﺭﺗﺳﻻﺍ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳﺍ ﺏﺟﻳ ﻪﻧﺎﻓ ﻉﺎ ﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﺓﺩﺩﺣﻣ 1.1 . i ﺔ ﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﻍﻼﺑﻹ ﻥ ﻳ ﺗ ﻳ ﺳ ﻳﺋﺭ ﻥﻳﺗﻘﻳﺛﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻱﺃ ، ESSAPR ﻭ JPP ﺽﺭﻌﻳﺳ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟ ﻱﻭ ﻧﺳﻟﺍ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﺭﻳﺭﻘﺗ ﻡﺩﻘﺗ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺹﺧﻠﻣ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﺔﺿ ﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠ ﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ،ﺫ ﻳﻔ ﻧﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺩﺣﻣﻭ ،ﻪﺗﺍﺯﺎﺟ ﻧ ﺍﻭ ،ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺩﺣﺗﻭ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﺳﻟﺍ 2006 / 2007 . ﻙﺭﺗﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻗ ﻭﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﺭﻭ ﺽﺭﻌﺗﺳ JPP ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻥ ﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ ﻊﻳﺭﺎﺷﻣ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭ ﻣ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﺟﻧﻻﺍﻭ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ 2006 . ii ﻳﻣﻳﻠﻗﺇ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺯ ﺱﻣﺧ ، ﻕ ﺭﺷﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻟﺍ : ﻱﺃ ﺔ ﻥﻣ ﺩﻛﺄﺗﻠﻟ ﻉﻭﺑ ﺳ ﺃ ﺓﺩﻣﻟ ﺎﺟﻭﻣ ﺭﺎﻛﻭ ، ﻁ ﺳﻭﻟﺍﻭ ،ﻝﺎﻣﺷﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺻﻼﺧﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺭﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﺿﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﻕﻘﺣ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ـﻟ ﻝﻭﺍﺩﺟﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺋﺎ ﺻﺣﻹﺍ ESSAPR ، JPP ، EMIS 2006 . iii ﺔﺿﺎﻳﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﻝﻣﻋ ﺔﺷﺭﻭ : ﻡﺎ ﻳﺃ ﺔﻌﺑﺭﺃ ﺓﺩﻣﻟ ـﻟ ﺔ ﻘ ﻣﻌ ﻣ ﺔﺷﻗﺎﻧﻣ ESSAPR ﻭ JPP . . ﺔ ﻳ ﻠ ﺑ ﻘﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺩﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻘﻓﺍﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻛﺫ ﻣ ﻲﻧ ﺑﺗ ESSR 14 . 1.2.4 ﺔﻳﺳﻳﺋﺭﻟﺍ ﺔﻁ ﺷﻧﻷﺍ ،ﺕﺎﻳﺟﻳ ﺗﺍﺭﺗ ﺳ ﻻ ﺍﻭ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﺩﺎ ﻣﺗ ﻋ ﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ً ﺍ ﺩ ﺎﻧﺗﺳﺍ ﻝﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﻥﻭ ﻛﻳﺳﻓ 2007 : ﻲﻫﻭ ،ﺔﺿ ﻳ ﺭﻋ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺔﻳﻭﻧﺳﻟﺍ i ـﻟ ﺽﺭﻋﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ESSAPR ، ﻙﺭﺗﺷ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻑﻗ ﻭﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﺭﻭﻭ JPP . ii ﻳﺯﻟ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ ﺔﻳﻣﻳﻠﻗ ﻹﺍ ﺔ ﻳ ﻧ ﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻳ ﺯﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺽﺭﻋﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻋ ﺇ ﻙﻟﺫ ﺔﻳﺑﺭﺗﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﺔﻳﻧﺍﺩ ﻳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻝ ﻣﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺷﺭﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺿﺎ ﻳ ﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻠﻌﺗﻟﺍﻭ . ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺃ ﻥﻳ ﺭﺷﺗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣ ﻲﻧ ﺑﺗ ESSR 2007

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89 ﻊﺒ ر ﻤ 1.2 .ﺔطﺸﻨ ﻷ ا ﻊﻴﻤﺠ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻨ ﻤﻀﺘﻤﻟا تﺎ ﻤﻬ ﻤﻠ ﻟ صﺨﻠﻤ : ط ﺎ ﺸﻨﻟا مﺎﻬﻤﻟا 1 1 . ﺔﻴﻤ ﻴﻠﻗﻹ ا ﺔ ﻴﻨادﻴﻤﻟا تا ر ﺎ ﻴ ز ﻟ ا - ﻟا س رادﻤﻟا و قطﺎﻨﻤ ﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻘﻓا وﻤ ﻟا و دﻴدﺤﺘ مﺘﺘﺴ ﻲﺘ . ﺎﻬﺘ رﺎﻴ ز - ﻲﻓ ﺔﻔ ﻠﺘﺨﻤ قطﺎﻨ ﻤ ﻲﻓ ةرﺎﺘﺨﻤﻟا س رادﻤﻟا ةرﺎﻴ ز .دﻼﺒ ﻟا قطﺎ ﻨﻤ ﻊﻴ ﻤ ﺠ - . ﺔ ﻴﻨاد ﻴ ﻤﻟا رﻴ رﺎﻘﺘ ﻟا دا دﻋإ - ﺔﻴ ﻌ ﺠ رﻤﻟا ط و رﺸﻟ ﺎﺒ ﻲﻨادﻴﻤﻟا ﻝ ﻤﻌﻟا دﺸ رﺘﺴﻴ و ToRs قﺤﻠﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻘﻓ رﻤﻟا. 2 2 2 . ﺔ ﻴ زﻛ رﻤ ﻟا ﻝﻤﻌﻟ ا ﺔﺸ ر و ﺔط ﺸﻨأ - /نوﻫ نﻤ ﺔﻤ دﻘﻤ ﻟا ﺔﻴﻤﺎﺘﺨﻟا و ﺔﻴ ﺤﺎﺘﺘﻓﻻا تﺎﻘﻴﻠﻌﺘ ﻟا ﻴﺒ رﺘﻟا رﻴ ز و ،ﺔﻀﺎﻴ رﻟا و مﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا و ﺔ ﺔﻋ وﻤ ﺠﻤ قﻴ ﺴﻨ ﺘ و مﻴﻠﻌﺘ ﻟا ﻝﻴ وﻤ ﺘ تﻻﺎﻛ و EFAG . - ﺔ ﻌ ﺠا رﻤ رﻴ رﻘﺘ و ،ك رﺘﺸﻤﻟا فﻗ وﻤ ﻟا ﺔﻗ ر و ضرﻋ يوﻨﺴﻟا ءادﻷا مﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا و ﺔﻴ ﺒ رﺘﻟا عﺎطﻘﻟ ﺔﻀ ﺎﻴ رﻟ ا و قﺌ ﺎﺜ وﻟا و . ى رﺨﻷا - . ﺔﻌ ﺒ رﻷ ا ﺔ ﻴﻨاد ﻴ ﻤﻟا رﻴ رﺎﻘﺘ ﻟا ضرﻋ - .ﺔﻤ ﺎﻌ ﻟا تﺎﺸﻗﺎﻨﻤﻟا - ﺔﻌ ﺠا ر ﻤ ﻟا ةرﻛذﻤ ﻲﻨﺒ ﺘ و دادﻋ إ 14 ﻠﺠﻟا ﻝﻼﺨ ﺔﺴ ﺔﻤ ﺎﻌ ﻟا - .ﻲﻔﺤﺼﻟا رﻤ ﺘ ؤﻤ ﻟا و 3 . ﺔﻌﺠ ا ر ﻤ ﻟ ا دﻌﺒ ﺎﻤ ﻝﻤ ﻋ ﺔﺸ ر و ﺔط ﺸﻨأ - .ة رﻛذﻤﻟا قﻴﺴﻨ ﺘ ﻲﺌﺎﻬﻨﻟا رﻴ رﺤﺘﻟا - . ة رﻛذﻤﻟا ﺔﻋﺎﺒط - .ة رﻛذﻤﻟا رﺸﻨ - فدﻬﺒ ة رﻛذﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻨ ﻤ ﻀ ﺘ ﻤ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺎﻴﺎﻀ ﻗ جا رﺨﺘﺴا .ﺔﻌ ﺒ ﺎﺘﻤ ﻟا - ﺔﻠﺼﻟا تاذ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ قﻔ ﺘﻤﻟا فﻗا وﻤ ﻟا ﻝوﺤ ﻝﺎﺼﺘ ﻻ ا .ذ ﻴ ﻔﻨﺘﻟا فدﻬﺒ تا رادﻹا ﻝﻛ ﺒ - ﺘ ﺔﻌ ﺒﺎﺘﻤ و . تﻼﺨدﺘﻟا ذﻴ ﻔ ﻨ

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90 5 ﺔﻌﻗ وﺘﻤ ﻟا ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ ﻟ ا و تﺎﺠ رﺨﻤﻟا ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻦﻳﺮﺸﺗ ﺮﻬﺸﻟ ﺔﺿ ﺎﻳﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﻢﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ ﻴ ﺑﺮ ﺘﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻄﻗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺮﻣ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟ ﺔﺴﻴﺋ ﺮﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺮﺨﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻤ ﻀﺘﺗ 2007 ﺎﻤ : ﻲﺘﺄﻴ i . .ﺔﻀﺎ ﻴ رﻟا و مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟا و ﺔﻴﺒ رﺘﻟا عﺎطﻘﻟ ي وﻨﺴﻟا ءادﻷ ا ﺔﻌﺠا رﻤ رﻴ رﻘﺘ ii . .ك ر ﺘﺸﻤﻟا فﻗ وﻤﻟا ﺔﻗ ر و iii . ﻹا ﺔﻴﻨاد ﻴ ﻤﻟا تا رﺎﻴ زﻟا رﻴ رﺎﻘﺘ . ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻠﻗ iv . ﻝوﻷا نﻴ ر ﺸﺘﻟ ﺔﻀﺎﻴ رﻟا و مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟا و ﺔﻴﺒ رﺘﻟا عﺎطﻗ ﺔﻌﺠا رﻤ ة ر ﻛذ ﻤ 2007 . v . .ﺔﻴ زﻛ رﻤﻟ ا ﻝﻤﻌﻟا ﺔﺸ ر و تاءا رﺠإ رﻴ رﻘﺘ ﺔﻀﺎ ﻴ رﻟا و مﻴ ﻠﻌﺘﻟا و ﺔﻴﺒ رﺘﻟا عﺎطﻗ ﺔﻌﺠا ر ﻤﻟ ﺔﻴﺴ ﻴ ﺌ رﻟا ﺞﺌ ﺎﺘﻨﻟا نﻤ ﻀﺘﺘ نأ ﻊﻗ وﺘﻤﻟا نﻤ و 14 نﻤ ﺔﻘ ﻘﺤﺘﻤﻟا : ﻲﺘﺄﻴ ﺎﻤ ﻩﻼﻋأ ﺔﻨﻴﺒﻤﻟا تﺎﺠ رﺨﻤﻟ ا أ - ﺔطﺸﻨأ و ﺞﻤا رﺒ ﺔﻴﻛﻠﻤ ةدﺎﻴ ز ﻲ ﺘ ﻟا و ن ﻴ ددﻌﺘ ﻤ ﻟا ﺔﺤﻠﺼﻤﻟا بﺎﺤﺼأ ﺔﻛ رﺎﺸ ﻤ زﻴ زﻌﺘﻟ ﺔ ﺠﻴﺘ ﻨﻛ عﺎطﻘﻟ ا ﺔﻴﻠ ﻤﻋ ﺎﻬﻤدﻘﺘ ﺔﺿﺎﻳ ﺮﻟﺍﻭ ﻢﻴﻠ ﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻉﺎ ﻄﻗ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺮﻣ ESSR . ب - ﻝﻛﺸﺘ ﻲﺘ ﻟا تﻼﺨدﺘ ﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻘﻓا وﻤﻟا ﺔﻴﺠ ﻴﺘا رﺘﺴا ذﻴﻔﻨﺘﻟا تﺎﻴدﺤﺘ و تاددﺤﻤﻟ ﺔﺒﺎﺠﺘﺴﻼﻟ عﺎطﻘﻟا عﺎطﻘ ﻟ ي وﻨﺴﻟا ءا دﻷا ﺔﻌﺠا ر ﻤ رﻴ ر ﻘ ﺘ نﻤ ﻝﻛ ﻝﻼﺨ نﻤ تز رﺒ ﻲﺘ ﻟا ﺔﻀﺎﻴ رﻟ ا و مﻴ ﻠ ﻌﺘﻟا و ﺔﻴﺒ رﺘﻟ ا .ك ر ﺘﺸﻤﻟا فﻗ وﻤﻟا ﺔﻗ ر و و

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91 قﺤﻠ ﻤ ﻟ ا 4 مﻴﻴﻘﺘﻟا و ﺔﻌ ﺒﺎﺘﻤ ﻟا مﻴﻤﺼﺘﻟ رﻴﻴ ﺎ ﻌﻤ و تﺎ ﻤﺴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﺎﺜﻤ: . تﺎﻴﺠﻴﺘا رﺘ ﺴﻻا و ططﺨﻠﻟ كرﺘﺸﻤ مﻴﻴﻘﺘ .ﺔﻤﻴﻠﺴﻟا ﺔﻴﻨط وﻟا ﺔ ﻴ ﺠﻴﺘا رﺘﺴﻻا تﺎﻤﺴ :كرﺘﺸﻤ مﻴﻴﻘﺘ ةادأ . ﺔﺤﺼ ﻠ ﻟ ﺔﻴﻨط وﻟا تﺎﻤﺴﻟا ر ﻴ ﻴﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﺗﺗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻁﺧ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥﻣﺿ ،ﺡﻭﺿ ﻭﺑ ﺔﻧﻳ ﺑ ﻣ ﺭﺛ ﻷ ﺍﻭ / ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺟﺭﺧﻣﻠﻟ . ﺕﺍﻭﻧ ﺳ ﺓﺩﻌﻟ ﺔﻠﺻ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹ ﺎ ﺑ ﺱﺎ ﺳ ﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻭﻘ ﻳ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻠﻟ ﻲﻠﻳﺻﻔﺗ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﺭﺛﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺞﺋ ﺎﺗ ﻧﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎ ﺟﺭﺧﻣﻠﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅﻣ ﻥ ﻣ ﺿﺗﻳﻭ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ . ﺎﻬﺗﺎ ﻧﺎ ﻳﺑ ﻊﻣﺟ ﻥﻛﻣ ﻳ ﻭ ﺔﺣﻟﺎﺻ ﺭﺩﺎﺻﻣ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﺗ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗ ﻣ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣ ﻕﻓﺩﺗﻟ ﻑ ﺻﻭﻭ، ﺕﺍﺭﺷﺅ . ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎ ﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺔﻣﻅﻧﺃ ﻡﺍﺩ ﺧﺗ ﺳ ﺎﺑ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺫﻳ ﻔﻧ ﺗ ﻔﻧﺻﻣ ﻯ ﺭﺧﻷ ﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟ ﺍﻭ ، ﺡﻭﺳ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻳﺣﺻﻟﺍ ــ ﺔ ﺏﺳ ﺣ ﻋﻭﻣﺟﻣ ــ ﺻﻧﻹ ﺍ ﺕﺎ ــ ﻠﻣﺗﺣﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻑﺎ ــ . ﻕﻁ ﺎ ﻧ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺙﺎﻧﺇ/ﺭﻭﻛﺫ ﺔ ﺕﺍ ﻭﺟ ﻓ ﻭ ﻕﻓﺩﺗﻟ ﺎﻔﺻﻭ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘﺗ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻ ﺗ ﻥﻣﺿﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﺩ ﺎﺻ ﻣﻭ ،ﺕ ﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ،ﺕ . ﺕﺎ ﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺕ ﺎﻳﺟ ﻬﻧﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻊﻣﺟﻟ ﺎﻔﺻﻭ ﻥﻣﺿﺗﺗ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻠﻟ ﺔﻁﺧ / ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍ، ﺕ ﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﺑﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﻕﺭﻁ . ﺔﻳﻠﻳﻠﺣﺗ ﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺟﺭﺣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﺟﻔ ﻟﺍ ــ ﻓ ﻑﻌﺿﻟ ﺍ ﻁﺎﻘﻧﻭ ﺔ ـــ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﻳ ﻣﺻﺗ ﻲ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺏﻠﻐﺗ ﻠﻟ ﺔ ﺣ ﺿﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻳ ﺟﻳﺗﺍﺭﺗ ﺳﻻ ﺍ ﻭ ، ﺕﺩ ّ ﺩ ُ ﺣ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ ﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻔﺻﻭ ﻡﺗ ﻑﻌﺿﻟﺍ ﻁﺎﻘ ﻧ ﻭ ﺕﺍﻭﺟﻔ ﻟﺍ .ﺎﻬﻔﻳﻟﺎﻛﺗ ﺩﻳﺩﺣﺗﻭ ُ ﺗ ـ ﻝ ّ ﺻﻔ ﻁﺧﻟﺍ ــ ﺔ ﺭﺍﻭﺩﻷﺍ ﻳﻟ ﻭﺅﺳ ﻣﻟﺍ ﻭ ـــ ﺕﺎ ﻛﻳﻬﻟﺍ ــ ﻝ ﻣﻳﻅﻧﺗﻟﺍ ـ ﺟ ﻰﻠﻋﻲ ــ ﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻊﻳﻣ ــ ﻛﻟ ﺕﺎ ــ ﻧﺎﻳﺑ ﻟﺍ ﻝ ــ ﺎ ﺕ . ﺔ ﺑﻭﻠﻁﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻥﻭﻛﻣ ﺔﻳﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍ ءﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺕ ﺎﻌﺟﺍﺭﻣﻟ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻙﺎﻧﻫ ﻝﺑﺎﻘﻣ ﺞﺋ ﺎ ﺗﻧﻟ ﺍ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺭﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺗﻛ ﺔﻛﺭﺗﺷﻣﻟﺍ ﺡ ﺭﺷﺗ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺭﻘﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺩ ﻬﺗﺳ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ، ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﺕﺍءﺍﺭﺟﻹﺍ ﺭﻳﻭﻁﺗﻟ ﺕ ﺎ ﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻓﺍﺭﺣﻧﺍ ﻱﺃ . ﺔﻠﺻﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻳﺣﻳﺣﺻﺗﻟﺍ ﻪﺗﺩ ﻭ ﺟﺑ ﻕ ﻠﻌﺗﻳ ﺎﻣﻳﻓ ﻡﺎﻅﺗﻧﺎ ﺑ ﻡﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗ ﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔ ﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻧ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘ ﺗ ﻡﺗ ﻳ . ﺔ ﺑﻭﻠ ﻁﻣﻟ ﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻭﻠﻌﻣﻟﺍ ﺩ ﻳ ﻟﻭﺗﻭ ، ﻕﻘﺣﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﻡﺩ ﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻌﺟﺍ ﺭ ﻣﺑ ﻡﻭﻘﻳ ﺔﺟﺎﺣﻟﺍ ﺩﻧ ﻋ ﻝﻘ ﺗﺳﻣ ﺕﺍﻭﻧﺳ ﺓﺩﻌﻟ ﻙﻳﺭﺷ ﻡﺎ ﻅﺗﻧ ﺎﺑﻭ ﻲﺟﻬ ﻧ ﻣ ﻝﻛﺷﺑ ﺕﻼﺧﺩ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻟﺁ ﺞﻣﺍ ﺭﺑ ءﺍ ﺩﺃ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻟ .ﻝﺟﻷﺍ ﺔﻠﻳﻭ ﻁﻭ ﺔﻳﻭ ﻧ ﺳﻟﺍ ﻑﺍ ﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻝﺑﺎ ﻘ ﻣ ﻉﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺣﺻﻷ ﺕﺎﻳ ﻟ ﺍﻭ ، ﺔﻳﻗﺍﺩ ﺻ ﻣ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺔﻁﺧﻟﺍ ﻝﻳﺻ ﺎﻔﺗ ﻝﻭﺣ ﺔﻳ ﻧﻳ ﺗﻭ ﺭ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺭ ﺔﻳ ﺫﻐﺗ ﻡﻳ ﺩﻘﺗﻟ ﻥﻳ ﺩﺩﻌﺗ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺔﺣﻠﺻﻣﻟﺍ ﺭﻳﻏ ﻥﻳ ﺩﻭﺯ ﻣﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻧﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﻯ ﻭ ﺗ ﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻥﻳ ﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻠ ﻟ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ . ﻥﻳ ﻳﻣﻭ ﻛﺣﻟﺍ ﻥﻛﻣﻳ ﻲﺗﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻠﻣﻌﻟ ﺍ ﻑﺻﺗ ﻡ ﻳ ﻳﻘ ﺗﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎ ﺗﻣ ﺔﻁﺧ ﻟ ﺫﺎﺧﺗﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻳﻓ ﺭ ﺛﺅﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣ ﻟﺍ ﺞﺋﺎ ﺗ ﻧ ﻲﻟﺎﻣﻟ ﺍ ﻕﺎ ﻔﻧﻹ ﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣﺑﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺩ ﺔﻳﻔﻳﻛ ﻝﻳﺻ ﻔ ﺗ ﻟ ﺎﺑ ﺔﻁﺧﻠﻟ ﻡﻳﻳ ﻘﺗﻟ ﺍﻭ ﺔﻌ ﺑﺎﺗﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻭﻛ ﻣ ﻥﻳﺑ ﺗ ﺔﻳﻠﺑ ﻘﺗﺳﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﺧﺗ ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻳﻣﺳﺭ ءﺍ ﺩﻷﺍ ﻝ ﻳ ﻠﺣﺗ ﺞﺋﺎﺗﻧ ﺞﻣﺍ ﺭﺑﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﻟﺎﻣﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻔﻧ ﻟﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﻭ ﻣﻟﺍ ﺹﻳ ﺻﺧﺗ ﺎﻬ ﻳﻓ ﺎﻣﺑ . ﺔﻳ ﻧﻁ ﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﻭ ﺩ ﺕ ﺎﻳﻭ ﺗﺳﻣﻠﻟﻭ

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