Unit Lesson Design Kali Fontanilla

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Unit Lesson Design: Your Environment Is it Important Kali Fontanilla Curriculum Theory and Methods: Content Specific Pedagogy for Secondary English /Language Arts University of California Riverside May 4 2016

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Thematic and Argumentative Questions: To what extent does a person’ s physical environment determine their success in school and happiness Is it possible to overcome your physical environment If it is what do you think are the chances of overcoming your environment. I chose this thematic question because I want my students to look at the circumstances of the various characters in the book “The Outsiders” and how their environment contributed to the events the characters faced. I also want them to examine the relationship between environment and circumstance. They will also be learning about environments that facilitate positive or negative behavior from non-fiction text. After their investigation I want them to critically examine their own personal environment and whether it is contributing and/or hindering their success in life. Since most of my students come from low-income homes and an impoverished community I want them to carefully examine how this will contribute or hinder their success in life and how to overcome their circumstances. Major Work: The major work my students will be reading for the unit is “The Outsiders” by S.E. Hinton. This book closely examines the lives of two different groups of boys living in the same town. One group the Greasers are part of a low class neighborhood but more importantly the book illustrates the lives of these boys are without the guidance of parents. On the other hand there is the Socs who are from the upper-class in town. My students will be comparing and contrasting the environment of both groups and how that shaped how each character has developed and the various events that happen to them throughout the book. Non-Fiction: I will have my 7th and 8th grade students also read two non-fiction articles. “What Impact Does the Environment Have On Us From the research done by the University of Michigan. Link to article: http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/healing-environment/ what-impact-does-environment-have-us. The second article will be “Environment Factors that Influence Learning” http://www.effectiveteachingpd.com/blog/2015/9/22/environmental-factors-that- influence-learning

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As a bonus text my students will also read a shortened version of “The Prince and the Pauper” by Mark Twain Having students read a classic text as part of the unit will broaden their literacy and expose them to the idea that this theme of environment effecting outcome is common in multiple pieces of literature. Grammar and Vocabulary: Grammar Often in “The Outsiders” the greasers use improper grammar and informal language. For each chapter I will pick out 5 pieces of dialogue for my students to correct. For example in Chapter 8 Two-bit states “Somethin’ is gonna happen. We’re gonna stomp the Soc’s guts that’s what. A correction of this statement would be something like this “Something bad is going to happen. We are going to beat the Soc’s real bad and it is a sure deal.” For the first few chapters we will do this together. After modeling and whole-class instruction students will then do this in small groups and pick their own sentences to re-write. Eventually I will encourage them to make it as “proper” as possible which could be a good laugh. This could also lead to a discussion about the prejudices that are put on people who were raised with improper grammar and how that may impact their lives. Vocabulary Since I work with predominately EL students I believe that a pre-teach of difficult vocabulary is necessary. For each chapter I will pre-teach 7 difficult words using strategies that build literacy in EL students. First the students will see the word and I will ask for volunteers to tell me what they know about the word. Then the students will see 4 images that represent the word during that time they will discuss in their groups what they think the definition of the words. The groups will then choose a representative to share what they have gathered as the meaning. Next students will see an actually definition of the word and be prompted to write it down in their notebooks with their own drawing to remember. Finally the students will use the new word in a sentence frame while having a brief conversation with a partner. Example V ocabulary words from Chapter 2: Nonchalantly incredulous hoodlum stalk snarling bickering concession. Writing: - If you could choose to be born as a soc or a greaser which would you choose Use evidence from the text to support your choice. - When Johnny dies he tells Ponyboy to “stay golden”. Using evidence from the text what do think this means. After determining the meaning how can you “stay golden” in your own life.

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- After researching how your environment effects you and analyzing the characters in “The Outsiders” environments do you feel that it is possible to overcome your environment Use evidence from both the fiction and non-fiction text to support your opinion. Oracy and Poetry: My grandma used to have the poem below up in her bathroom and I would always read it as a little girl but never understood the meaning. It wasn’t until I was in my early 20’s when I read it and understood it’s meaning. It really stuck with me throughout life and has taught me to persevere during times of struggle and not let life’s circumstances to take control. With the theme of you our environment effects us I would have my students analyze the meaning of this poem and how it relates to our theme. One ship sails East And another West By the self-same winds that blow Tis the set of the sails And not the gales That tells the way we go. Like the winds of the sea Are the waves of time As we journey along through life Tis the set of the soul That determines the goal And not the calm or the strife - Ella Wheeler Wilcox Timeline: I will begin the unit with reading the childrens version of the short story by Mark Twain “The Prince and the Pauper”. For fun we may watch the 20 minute Disney cartoon version on youtube. After that I will introduce the theme of how our environment impacts our lives and how the prince and the pauper had very different lives even though they were twins. I will introduce the book “The Outsiders” as our major work for our theme. Then there will be a pre-teach of the vocabulary in chapter 1. After reading students will write down all the characters that are in the book and what they know about their environments so far. They will then do the short writing activity of whether they would want to be born as a greaser or a soc and why. While reading the book I will continue to pre-teach vocabulary and after reading each chapter students will do the grammar exercise. When we get to the scene in the book where Johnny kills the Soc this is when we will do a writing activity about Johnny’s environment and contemplate how his life would be different if he was raised in a better environment. Also while reading we will discuss in small groups or as a whole class what the questions that are with the unit.

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When we have finished the book then I will share with them the poem and discuss the meaning. This is when the students will begin to formulate their opinion for the last writing prompt which will be an argumentative essay on the possibility of overcoming the environment you are raised in. This is when I will assign the non-fiction articles for small group discussion and for use as evidence in their essays. The final essay will be the last assignment for the unit. Text Based Questions for “The Outsiders” Comprehension 1. Recall: Can you identify the main characters in “The Outsiders” Level 1 2. Recall: Why is the character Johnny meek and scared Level 1 3. Summarize: Summarize the events that led to the death of Bob. Level 2 Literary Analysis 4. Clarify:Ponyboy often mentions the differences between Socs and Greasers. Why do you think he does this Level 2 5. Make Inferences: Why do you think Dallas is so angry at the world Level 2 Text based questions for the article “What Impact Does the Environment have on us “ 1. Recall: According to the article what are key elements in someones environment Level 1 2. Examine: Choose a character from “The Outsiders” and using the elements listed in the article write about that characters environment. Level 3 3. Recall: Name 3 ways a person can improve their environment Level 1 4. Write about your own environment that you are being raised in and using information from the article how can you improve it. Level 4 5. Choose a greaser from the book “The Outsiders” make imaginary adjustments to their environment they live in and how it would change the outcome of the book. For example: What if Ponyboy’s parents didn’t die Level 4 Common Core State Standards: Reading CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .RL.7.1 Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .RL.7.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text provide an objective summary of the text. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .RL.7.3 Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact e.g. how setting shapes the characters or plot. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .RL.7.5

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Analyze how a dramas or poems form or structure e.g. soliloquy sonnet contributes to its meaning CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .RL.7.6 Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text. Common Core State Standards: Writing CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .W.7.1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .W.7.1.A Introduce claims acknowledge alternate or opposing claims and organize the reasons and evidence logically. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .W.7.1.B Support claims with logical reasoning and relevant evidence using accurate credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .W.7.1.C Use words phrases and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claims reasons and evidence. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .W.7.1.D Establish and maintain a formal style. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY .W.7.1.E Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

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