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Premium member Presentation Transcript Poverty in India: Poverty in India "The biggest enemy of health in the developing world is poverty." - Yash Sati - Praveen Jat - Narendra Singh - Tarun Kumar RathorePowerPoint Presentation: Click on these link to study more about this slide: What is poverty Facts and figures…. Statistical study Causes Outlook for Poverty alleviation General Poverty in the States of India Female Literacy and Infant Mortality Rates Why is this Happening Cultural reason What is being done Positive Things Happening in India: Middle ClassWhat is Poverty? : What is Poverty? Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read. Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water. Poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom. Back to the topic=>Facts & Figures….: Facts & Figures…. As of 2005, 85.7% of the population lives on less than $2.50 (PPP) a day. the Planning Commission of India has estimated that 27.5% of the population was living below the poverty line in 2004–2005. Between 1999 and 2008, the annualized growth rates for Gujarat (8.8%), Haryana (8.7%), or Delhi (7.4%) were much higher than for Bihar (5.1%), Uttar Pradesh (4.4%), or Madhya Pradesh (3.5%).Poverty rates in rural Orissa (43%) and rural Bihar (41%) are higher than in the world's poorest countries such as Malawi. A 2007 report by the state-run National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) found that 25% of Indians, or 236 million people, lived on less than 20 rupees per day Back to the topic=>Statistical Study: Statistical Study next=>PowerPoint Presentation: Back to the topic=>Causes…: Causes… The view blaming British The Indian economy was purposely and severely deindustrialized through colonial privatizations, regulations, tariffs on manufactured or refined Indian goods, taxes, and direct seizures. Not only was Indian industry losing out, but consumers were forced to rely on expensive British manufactured goods, especially as barter, local crafts and subsistence agriculture was discouraged by law. next=>PowerPoint Presentation: British policies in India exacerbated weather conditions to lead to mass famines which, when taken together, led to between 30 to 60 million deaths from starvation in the Indian colonies. Community grain banks were forcibly disabled, land was converted from food crops for local consumption to cotton, opium, tea, and grain for export, largely for animal feed. next=>Causes contd….: Causes contd …. Unemployment and underemployment , arising in part from protectionist policies pursued till 1991 that prevented high foreign investment. About 60% of the population depends on agriculture whereas the contribution of agriculture to the GDP is about 18%. High population growth rate, although demographers generally agree that this is a symptom rather than cause of poverty. The caste system , under which hundreds of millions of Indians were kept away from educational, ownership, and employment opportunities, and subjected to violence for "getting out of line." British rulers encouraged caste privileges and customs, at least before the 20th century. General Causes… Back to the topic=>Outlook for Poverty alleviation : Outlook for Poverty alleviation Poverty alleviation is expected to make better progress in the next 50 years than in the past, as a trickle-down effect of the growing middle class. Increasing stress on education, reservation of seats in government jobs and the increasing empowerment of women and the economically weaker sections of society, are also expected to contribute to the alleviation of poverty. It is incorrect to say that all poverty reduction programmes have failed. The growth of the middle class indicates that economic prosperity has indeed been very impressive in India, but the distribution of wealth is not at all even. After the liberalization process and moving away from the socialist model, India is adding 60-70 million people to its middle class every year. At the current rate of growth, a majority of Indians will be middle-class by 2025. Back to the topic=>PowerPoint Presentation: General One fifth of the world’s people live on less than $ 1 a day, and 44% of them are in South Asia 26 percent of India is the poverty line This is happening in mainly in rural areas of India Back to the topic=>PowerPoint Presentation: Poverty in the States of India One half of India’s poor is located the three states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra, West Bengal and Orissa account for 22.5% of poverty Back to the topic=>PowerPoint Presentation: Female Literacy and Infant Mortality Rates Lack of food and health care due to low income/assets is associated with the higher probability of a new born child dying between birth and the age of one The High Female illiteracy rate has a major impact on IMR If more women were literate the IMR would be much higher Back to the topic=>PowerPoint Presentation: Why is this Happening Even though India’s economy is growing there wealth distribution is uneven 1/4 of the nation's population earns less than the government-specified $0.40/day Unemployment and underemployment Over-reliance on agriculture High population growth rate Back to the topic=>PowerPoint Presentation: Cultural Reasons The Caste System(Hindu Religion) prevents people from educational, ownership, and employment opportunities Back to the topic=>PowerPoint Presentation: What is Being Done Microfinance( very small loans) has helped India a lot There are multiple organization to help feed them and keep there agriculture going The Planning Commission sets up a five year plan for India to help them achieve goal such as ending poverty Back to the topic=>PowerPoint Presentation: Positive Things Happening in India: Middle Class Currently India adds 40 million people to its middle class every year estimated 300 million Indians now belong to the middle class one-third of them have emerged from poverty in the last ten years It is predicted that by 2025 the Majority of Indians will live in middle classPowerPoint Presentation: Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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