Philippians 1:1 Lesson 2 Paul, the Apostle

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This presentation is second in a series of exegetical Bible studies pertaining to Philippians 1:1. This study looks at Paul in the status he was in when he wrote this letter to his beloved Philippian congregation. Special focus is placed upon Paul's spiritual growth. Presented by Pastor Jim Oliver

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Paul, The Apostle : 

Paul, The Apostle Philippians 1:1 Lesson 2 Presented by Pastor Jim Oliver, MAET http://home.comcast.net/~jimoliverministries/

Slide 2: 

Scripture Reading “I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who made me strong, because He considered me faithful, putting me into the ministry, and even though I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor. But I have received mercy because being ignorant, I did it in unbelief; and the grace of our Lord was superabundant, with the faith and love in Christ Jesus.” 1 Timothy 1:12-14 “To me, the very least of all saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ” Ephesians 3:8 NASB

Paul, The Apostle : 

Paul, The Apostle

Paul, The Apostle : 

Paul, The Apostle Opening Prayer “Be filled with the Spirit…” Eph 5:18 Name your sins to God the Father.

Outline : 

Paul the Apostle 5 Outline Introduction The Spiritual Gift of Apostleship Imprisonments Recovery From Spiritual Failure The Apostle to the Gentiles

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 6 Introduction Paul: Saul’s Roman Name

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 7 Introduction Paul: Saul’s Roman Name Saul of Tarsus

Introduction : 

8 Introduction Paul: Saul’s Roman Name Named After King Saul

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 9 Introduction Paul: Saul’s Roman Name Named After King Saul First Occurrence of “Paul:” “But Saul, who was also known as Paul, having been filled with the Spirit…” Acts 13:9 NASB

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 10 Introduction Paul: Saul’s Roman Name Named After King Saul First Occurrence of “Paul:” “But Saul, who was also known as Paul, having been filled with the Spirit…” Acts 13:9 NASB Third Generation Roman

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 11 Introduction Greatest Roman Ever Responsible for Rome Becoming a Client Nation Responsible for Formation of Roman Pivot Paul: Saul’s Roman Name Named After King Saul First Occurrence of “Paul:” “But Saul, who was also known as Paul, having been filled with the Spirit…” Acts 13:9 NASB Third Generation Roman

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 12 Introduction Greatest Roman Ever Responsible for Rome Becoming a Client Nation Responsible for Formation of Roman Pivot Roman and Jewish Pharisee Paul: Saul’s Roman Name Named After King Saul First Occurrence of “Paul:” “But Saul, who was also known as Paul, having been filled with the Spirit…” Acts 13:9 NASB Third Generation Roman

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 13 Introduction Roman Citizenship: “Then the tribune came and said to him, ‘Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?’ And he replied, ‘Yes.’” Acts 22:27 NASB

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 14 Introduction Roman Citizenship: “Then the tribune came and said to him, ‘Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?’ And he replied, ‘Yes.’” Acts 22:27 NASB

Introduction : 

Paul the Apostle 15 Introduction Roman Citizenship: “Then the tribune came and said to him, ‘Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?’ And he replied, ‘Yes.’” Acts 22:27 NASB Jewish Pharisee: “…circumcised on the eighth day, out from the race of Israel and from the tribe of Benjamin, an outstanding Hebrew; with reference to the Law, a Pharisee.” Philippians 3:5 RBT

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 16 The Gift of Apostleship

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 17 The Gift of Apostleship First and Highest Spiritual Gift Ever Given “Furthermore, God has appointed…first apostles.” 1 Corinthians 12:28 NASB Twelve Apostles to Israel Named in Matthew 10:2-4 Eleven of Twelve Apostles to Israel Named to Church Age Roster Paul Replaces Judas Iscariot “For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.” 1 Corinthians 15:9 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 18 The Gift of Apostleship First and Highest Spiritual Gift Ever Given “Furthermore, God has appointed…first apostles.” 1 Corinthians 12:28 NASB Twelve Apostles to Israel Named in Matthew 10:2-4 Eleven of Twelve Apostles to Israel Named to Church Age Roster Paul Replaces Judas Iscariot “For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.” 1 Corinthians 15:9 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 19 The Gift of Apostleship First and Highest Spiritual Gift Ever Given “Furthermore, God has appointed…first apostles.” 1 Corinthians 12:28 NASB Twelve Apostles to Israel Named in Matthew 10:2-4 Eleven of Twelve Apostles to Israel Named to Church Age Roster Paul Replaces Judas Iscariot “For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.” 1 Corinthians 15:9 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 20 The Gift of Apostleship First and Highest Spiritual Gift Ever Given “Furthermore, God has appointed…first apostles.” 1 Corinthians 12:28 NASB Twelve Apostles to Israel Named in Matthew 10:2-4 Eleven of Twelve Apostles to Israel Named to Church Age Roster Paul Replaces Judas Iscariot “For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.” 1 Corinthians 15:9 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 21 The Gift of Apostleship Apostles to Israel Apostles to the Church Apostles to Israel and Church Distinguished

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 22 The Gift of Apostleship The Church Age apostle was given the highest spiritual authority. Apostles to Israel and Church Distinguished

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 23 The Gift of Apostleship Purpose of Church Age Apostleship Formation of the Canon of Scripture, the New Testament Establishment of Local Churches Communication and Maintenance of Orthodox Doctrine Training of Pastors Training and Sending Out Missionaries Making Policy

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 24 The Gift of Apostleship Apostles Appointed After Christ’s Resurrection “And He has distributed spiritual gifts to men.” Ephesians 4:8 RBT “And He gave some as apostles…” Ephesians 4:11 NASB Gift of Apostleship Temporary Holy Spirit Bestowed Spiritual Gift “But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.” 1 Corinthians 12:11 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 25 The Gift of Apostleship Apostles Appointed After Christ’s Resurrection “And He has distributed spiritual gifts to men.” Ephesians 4:8 RBT “And He gave some as apostles…” Ephesians 4:11 NASB Gift of Apostleship Temporary Holy Spirit Bestowed Spiritual Gift “But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.” 1 Corinthians 12:11 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 26 The Gift of Apostleship Apostles Appointed After Christ’s Resurrection “And He has distributed spiritual gifts to men.” Ephesians 4:8 RBT “And He gave some as apostles…” Ephesians 4:11 NASB Gift of Apostleship Temporary Holy Spirit Bestowed Spiritual Gift “But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.” 1 Corinthians 12:11 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 27 The Gift of Apostleship Apostles Appointed After Christ’s Resurrection “And He has distributed spiritual gifts to men.” Ephesians 4:8 RBT “And He gave some as apostles…” Ephesians 4:11 NASB Gift of Apostleship Temporary Holy Spirit Bestowed Spiritual Gift “But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.” 1 Corinthians 12:11 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 28 The Gift of Apostleship Requirement for Apostleship: To See the Resurrected Christ. Paul saw the resurrected Christ on at least three occasions.

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 29 The Gift of Apostleship On the Damascus Road: “As he was traveling, it happened that he was approaching Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him; and he fell to the ground and heard a voice, saying to him, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?” And he said, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And He said, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting, but get up and enter the city, and it will be told you what you must do.’ The men who traveled with him stood speechless, hearing the voice but seeing no one. Saul got up from the ground, and though his eyes were open, he could see nothing; and leading him by the hand, they brought him into Damascus.” Acts 9:3-8 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 30 The Gift of Apostleship In the Temple: “It happened when I returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, that I fell into a trance, and I saw Him saying to me, ‘Make haste, and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about Me.’” Acts 22:17-18 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 31 The Gift of Apostleship In Prison: “But on the night immediately following, the Lord stood at his side and said, ‘Take courage; for as you have solemnly witnessed to My cause at Jerusalem, so you must witness at Rome also.’” Acts 23:11 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 32 The Gift of Apostleship Paul became an apostle by the decision of Jesus Christ. “And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets…” Ephesians 4:11a NASB Paul was given the spiritual gift of apostleship by the Holy Spirit. “But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.” 1 Corinthians 12:11 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 33 The Gift of Apostleship Paul became an apostle by the decision of Jesus Christ. “And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets…” Ephesians 4:11a NASB Paul was given the spiritual gift of apostleship by the Holy Spirit. “But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.” 1 Corinthians 12:11 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 34 The Gift of Apostleship Paul Described as the Worst of Sinners: “I thank Christ Jesus our Lord who…considered me faithful, putting me into the ministry…though I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor, but I have received mercy because…I did it in unbelief…” 1 Timothy 1:12-14 NASB Paul described as “least of the saints…” “To me, the very least of all saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ…” Ephesians 3:8 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 35 The Gift of Apostleship Paul Described as the Worst of Sinners: “I thank Christ Jesus our Lord who…considered me faithful, putting me into the ministry…though I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor, but I have received mercy because…I did it in unbelief…” 1 Timothy 1:12-14 NASB Paul described as “least of the saints…” “To me, the very least of all saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ…” Ephesians 3:8 NASB

The Gift of Apostleship : 

Paul the Apostle 36 The Gift of Apostleship Conclusion: Humility and teachability are the secrets to the attainment of success in the Christian life. Success is impossible to attain without humility. Arrogance, the antithesis to humility, destroys success.

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 37 Imprisonments

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 38 Imprisonments Paul understood Church Age doctrine completely. Paul needed to write what he knew. Mark Anthony Barracks Caesarea Rome Mechanics Modus Operandi Purpose of Paul’s Imprisonments Paul: Incarcerated 3 Times. He needed to be in a place he could write. Paul wrote as a prisoner of Jesus Christ.

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 39 Imprisonments Paul understood Church Age doctrine completely. Paul needed to write what he knew. Mechanics Modus Operandi Purpose of Paul’s Imprisonments He needed to be in a place he could write. Paul wrote as a prisoner of Jesus Christ.

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 40 Imprisonments Paul understood Church Age doctrine completely. Paul needed to write what he knew. Mark Anthony Barracks Caesarea Rome Purpose of Paul’s Imprisonments Paul: Incarcerated 3 Times. He needed to be in a place he could write. Paul wrote as a prisoner of Jesus Christ.

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 41 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure: Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. “As we were staying there for some days, a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea.” Acts 21:10 NASB Reversionism!!

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 42 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure: Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. “As we were staying there for some days, a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea.” Acts 21:10 NASB Contrary to God’s Will!! Emotional Revolt !!

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 43 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure: Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. “And coming to us, he took Paul’s belt and bound his own feet and hands, and said, ‘This is what the Holy Spirit says: In this way the Jews at Jerusalem will bind the man who owns this belt and deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.’ ” Acts 21:11 NASB

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 44 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure: Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. “When we had heard this, we as well as the local residents began begging him not to go up to Jerusalem.” Acts 21:12 “Then Paul answered, “What are you doing, weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be bound, but even to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.” Acts 21:13

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 45 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure: Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. “And since he would not be persuaded, we fell silent, remarking, ‘The will of the Lord be done!’” Acts 21:14 NASB

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 46 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure: Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. Paul offered a vow in the temple. Vows

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 47 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure: Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. Paul offered a vow in the temple. Paul violated two doctrinal principles. God provides a place of ministry. God provides hearers for prepared pastors.

Imprisonments : 

Paul the Apostle 48 Imprisonments Three Incarcerations Related to Failure Paul took a sentimental journey to Jerusalem. Paul offered a vow in the temple. Paul violated two doctrinal principles. Paul’s appearance in the temple almost cost him his life.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 49 Recovery From Failure

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 50 Recovery From Failure The advance through spiritual adulthood requires passing momentum testing.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 51 Recovery From Failure The advance through spiritual adulthood requires passing momentum testing. Paul had advanced through two of four categories.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 52 Recovery From Failure The advance through spiritual adulthood requires passing momentum testing. Paul had advanced through two of four categories. Paul failed to pass thought testing, turning to his emotions instead.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 53 Recovery From Failure The advance through spiritual adulthood requires passing momentum testing. Paul had advanced through two of four categories. Paul failed to pass thought testing, turning to his emotions instead. Paul recovered his spiritual momentum during his three imprisonments.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 54 Recovery From Failure Passing Momentum Testing

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 55 Recovery From Failure Passing Momentum Testing People Testing People Testing Rely Upon God’s Grace Maintain a Relaxed Mental Attitude Do Not React to Other People

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 56 Recovery From Failure Passing Momentum Testing People Testing System Testing System Testing Do Not Complain About Unjust Treatment Let God’s Supreme Court Handle all Situations

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 57 Recovery From Failure Passing Momentum Testing People Testing System Testing Thought Testing Thought Testing Dynamic Mental Attitude

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 58 Recovery From Failure Passing Momentum Testing People Testing System Testing Thought Testing Disaster Testing Disaster Testing

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 59 Recovery From Failure Passing Momentum Testing People Testing System Testing Thought Testing Disaster Testing Paul arrived in Rome as a mature believer.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 60 Recovery From Failure Passing Momentum Testing People Testing System Testing Thought Testing Disaster Testing Paul arrived in Rome as a mature believer. Paul’s prison writings delineate Church Age doctrine.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 61 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 62 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword. Jerusalem

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 63 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 64 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 65 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 66 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 67 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword.

Recovery From Failure : 

Paul the Apostle 68 Recovery From Failure Principles: God’s perfect timing allowed Paul to write for our benefit. God allows setbacks for our advance. Self pity will ruin recovery. Conclusion: God provided a place of ministry for Paul. Paul needed imprisonment to write. The pen is mightier than the sword.

The Apostle to the Gentiles : 

Paul the Apostle 69 The Apostle to the Gentiles

The Apostle to the Gentiles : 

Paul the Apostle 70 The Apostle to the Gentiles Paul was Roman, therefore the apostle to the Gentiles, not to the Jews. Though he was burdened for the Jews, he was to minister to Gentiles. Jews tried to discredit and destroy his ministry. Paul was a visible hero to the Jews, but would become an invisible hero in the Church. The prison epistles delineate church age doctrine, which is directed toward Gentiles. Paul’s greatest impact was with his pen.

The Apostle to the Gentiles : 

Paul the Apostle 71 The Apostle to the Gentiles Paul was Roman, therefore the apostle to the Gentiles, not to the Jews. Though he was burdened for the Jews, he was to minister to Gentiles. Jews tried to discredit and destroy his ministry. Paul was a visible hero to the Jews, but would become an invisible hero in the Church. The prison epistles delineate church age doctrine, which is directed toward Gentiles. Paul’s greatest impact was with his pen.

The Apostle to the Gentiles : 

Paul the Apostle 72 The Apostle to the Gentiles Paul was Roman, therefore the apostle to the Gentiles, not to the Jews. Though he was burdened for the Jews, he was to minister to Gentiles. Jews tried to discredit and destroy his ministry. Paul was a visible hero to the Jews, but would become an invisible hero in the Church. The prison epistles delineate church age doctrine, which is directed toward Gentiles. Paul’s greatest impact was with his pen.

The Apostle to the Gentiles : 

Paul the Apostle 73 The Apostle to the Gentiles Paul was Roman, therefore the apostle to the Gentiles, not to the Jews. Though he was burdened for the Jews, he was to minister to Gentiles. Jews tried to discredit and destroy his ministry. Paul was a visible hero to the Jews, but would become an invisible hero in the Church. The prison epistles delineate church age doctrine, which is directed toward Gentiles. Paul’s greatest impact was with his pen.

The Apostle to the Gentiles : 

Paul the Apostle 74 The Apostle to the Gentiles Paul was Roman, therefore the apostle to the Gentiles, not to the Jews. Though he was burdened for the Jews, he was to minister to Gentiles. Jews tried to discredit and destroy his ministry. Paul was a visible hero to the Jews, but would become an invisible hero in the Church. The prison epistles delineate church age doctrine, which is directed toward Gentiles. Paul’s greatest impact was with his pen.

The Apostle to the Gentiles : 

Paul the Apostle 75 The Apostle to the Gentiles Paul was Roman, therefore the apostle to the Gentiles, not to the Jews. Though he was burdened for the Jews, he was to minister to Gentiles. Jews tried to discredit and destroy his ministry. Paul was a visible hero to the Jews, but would become an invisible hero in the Church. The prison epistles delineate church age doctrine, which is directed toward Gentiles. Paul’s greatest impact was with his pen.

End of Presentation : 

Paul the Apostle End of Presentation Closing Prayer Go To: Philippians 1:1 Lesson 3Timothy http://jimoliverministries.home.comcast.net/~jimoliverministries/