Department of Social Services: Child Welfare

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Department of Social Services (DSS):

Department of Social Services (DSS) Child Welfare Division Fresno County, California

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Phone: (559) 600-2300 Fax: (559) 600-2395 Child Protective Services Hotline: (559) 255-8320 Children's Mental Health Crisis Services Hotline: (559) 453-3860 Address: 2135 Fresno Street Fresno, CA 93721

Main Issues DSS Addresses::

Main Issues DSS Addresses: Disproportionality among African Americans, as well as other minorities Poverty Issues Physical neglect & abuse of children

What is Abuse?:

What is Abuse? Physical Abuse: “ A physical injury that is inflicted by other than accidental means on a child by another person.” Sexual Abuse: “…includes rape, incest, sodomy, lewd or lascivious acts, oral copulation, penetration of genital or anal opening by a foreign object and child molestation.” Emotional Abuse: “…willfully causing harm or permits a child to suffer mental harm…” Physical Neglect: “ the negligent treatment or the maltreatment of a child by a person responsible for the child’s welfare.”

Specific Populations DSS Serves::

Specific Populations DSS Serves: Abused Children (physical, sexual, emotional) Neglect of Children Parents Domestic Abuse issues Substance Abuse Issues Poverty “contains scenes of mom being held to the floor & punched repeatedly”

Recognizing Child Abuse The following signs may signal the presence of child abuse or neglect::

Recognizing Child Abuse The following signs may signal the presence of child abuse or neglect : The Child: Shows sudden changes in behavior or school performance Has not received help for physical or medical problems brought to the parents' attention Has learning problems (or difficulty concentrating) that cannot be attributed to specific physical or psychological causes Is always watchful, as though preparing for something bad to happen Lacks adult supervision Is overly compliant, passive, or withdrawn Comes to school or other activities early, stays late, and does not want to go home The Parent: Shows little concern for the child Denies the existence of—or blames the child for—the child's problems in school or at home Asks teachers or other caregivers to use harsh physical discipline if the child misbehaves Sees the child as entirely bad, worthless, or burdensome Demands a level of physical or academic performance the child cannot achieve Looks primarily to the child for care, attention, and satisfaction of emotional needs The Parent and Child: Rarely touch or look at each other Consider their relationship entirely negative State that they do not like each other http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/signs.cfm

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How many deaths per year? Estimated 1,1700 child fatalities in 2009 Who are the perpetrators Individuals responsible for the care of the victims “in 2009, 75% of infant fatalities were caused by parents” How do these deaths occur? Fatal child abuse may involve repeated abuse over a period of time (e.g., battered child syndrome), or it may involve a single, impulsive incident (e.g., drowning, suffocating, or shaking a baby). Fatal neglect, the child’s death results not from anything the caregiver does, but from a caregiver’s failure to act . http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/fatality.cfm

Vision & Mission:

Vision & Mission Vision To lead an integrated network of community partners that supports, protects, & strengthens children & families. Mission To promote a system of best practice in partnership with the community, committed to prevention & early intervention, that ensures child safety, permanence & stability, family well-being, that is proactive, strategic, outcomes based, & fiscally responsible to the children & families served. “My goal as a social worker is to provide best practice in all my actions with my clients,” (Eva Torres, SWIII)

To fulfill the county’s mission,….:

To fulfill the county’s mission,…. “…County of Fresno employees and community partners provide assessment, intervention, prevention, placement and mental health treatment services for infants, children, youth and families of Fresno County.” http ://www.co.fresno.ca.us/DepartmentPage.aspx?id=23095

Fresno County DSS::

Fresno County DSS: Practice? “Always strive for the best for the clients no matter the situation” Policy & Procedure? The work of Child Welfare is directed by State and Federal Law which then guides Regulations and Policies in place at all levels, from the Federal level all the way down to the Local Agency level. Views of clients? Treated with respect & dignity Viewed as able to make change How SW make contact with clients & what that portrays? Home calls Most clients do not have transportation, SW make the effort to make contact where the client is located

What is the community’s perception of child welfare in Fresno County?:

What is the community’s perception of child welfare in Fresno County? Negative stigma Bad reputation “we (child welfare) are presented in the media as a result of a child death or if anything else major and negative that happens,” (Eva Torres, SWIII)

Significance of this agency in terms of::

Significance of this agency in terms of: Social Work: “The social work profession promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships and the empowerment & liberation of people to enhance well-being. Utilizing theories of human behavior & social systems, social work intervenes at the point where people interact with their environments. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work.”

Significance of this agency in terms of::

Significance of this agency in terms of: Values: 1. Service 2. Social Justice 3. Dignity & worth of the person Importance of human rights Integrity Competence I think that the social workers in my agency at the Department of Social Services especially promote social work values when working with the children. Social workers serve the children in taking them out of abusive situations, providing resources for their family & parents to better care for their children, provide justice to abused children, provide them with the knowledge that they are worthy, protect their rights as children and do all of the above with competence.

Significance of this agency in terms of::

Significance of this agency in terms of: Social Justice: “Social workers have a responsibility to promote social justice, in relation to society generally, and in relation to the people whom they work with.” This means: Challenging negative discrimination Recognizing Diversity Distributing resources equitably Challenging unjust policies a practices Professional conduct “Universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice .“ “Social justice is described as the right and opportunity of all people to benefit equally from the resources afforded us by society and the environment."

Significance of this agency in terms of: :

Significance of this agency in terms of: Human Rights: “Social work is based on respect for the inherent worth & dignity of people, & the rights that follow from this. Social workers should uphold & defend each person’s physical, psychological, emotional & spiritual integrity & well-being.” This Means: 1. Respecting the right to self-determination 2.Promoting the right to participation 3. Treating each person as a whole 4. Identifying & developing strengths The social workers at my agency (DSS) often ask the client what their needs are, provide them with referrals & resources, help them identify strengths unknown to the client & then let the client take the action themselves. The social workers are never disrespectful & continually look at the client as a complete individual that needs a helping hand. When the client has thanked the social worker for their success, the social workers at DSS often remind the client that it was their strengths & determination that brought them to where they now. Social workers in my agency also protect the rights of children daily by removing them from abusive homes, or daily checking on children in the at-risk homes.

Organizational Structure of DSS:

Organizational Structure of DSS INTERIM DIRECTOR: Judy Lemos Administrative Secretary: Terry Reyna DEPUTY DIRECTORS: Christine Balbas , CalWORKs & Welfare to Work Services Howard Himes, Child Welfare Judy Lemos , Administrative Support Services Marlene Pascua, Adult Services Steve Rodriguez, Medi -Cal & CalFresh , Regional Services

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PROGRAM MANAGERS: Maria Aguirre, Program Manager West Fresno Regional Center-Voluntary Family Maintenance- Family Reunification- Permanency Planning Vivian Aldridge, Program Manager Cal Works-Sanction Unit-Ongoing Metro-Refugee Services-West Fresno Regional Barbara Boswell, Program Manager Staff Development David Cannon, Program Manager Medi -Cal & CalFresh Ongoing – Rapid Services Unit – Supportive Services Call Center Joy Cronin, Program Manager Child Focus & Teen Parenting Teams – School Based Independent Living Program – Court Ordered Supervised Visitation Linda Du’Chene , Program Manager CalWIN Project Manager – CalWIN Help Desk – IEVS (Integrated Earnings Verification System) John Dufresne , Program Manager Court Services – Care Line – Central Desk Linda Espinosa, Program Manager Program Integrity – Appeals – QA/QC (Quality Assurance–Quality Control) –

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Program Specialists Henry Flores, Program Manager General Relief – Homeless CalFresh Oralia Gomez, Program Manager Welfare to Work Services – Employment Resource Center – Special Needs- Work Experience – Fresno City College – Adolescent Services – AFLP JoseLuis Gonzalez, Program Manager Welfare to Work Services – Refugee Coordinator – Ongoing Metro –West Fresno Regional Employment Services Joel Gurss , Program Manager In-Home Supportive Services – Adult Protective Services Katherine Martindale, Program Manager Child Welfare – Metro Division Deborah Martinez, Program Manager Foster Care Eligibility – Foster Parent Resources – Relative Foster Parent Home Approval Enrique Medina, Program Manager Regional Centers – (Reedley, Selma, Coalinga, & Kerman)

Slide 21:

Lauri Moore, Program Manager Emergency Response – Family to Family Sylvia Mota, Program Manager Medi-Cal & CalFresh Ongoing Wendy Osikafo , Program Manager CA Partners for Permanency Michael Reiser , Program Manager Aged , Blind & Disabled – Medi -Cal – CalFresh – Public Authority Harkiran ( Kiran ) Sandhu , Program Manager CalWORKs Intake – Homeless Assistance – Rapid Service Unit Tina Torres, Program Manager Child Care – Welfare to Work Services Maria Villapudua -Herrera, Program Manager Medi -Cal – CalFresh Intake Peter Vue , Program Manager Medi -Cal & CalFresh Ongoing – Outreach – Edwards Medi -Cal

Resources::

Child Abuse and Neglect www.childwelfare.gov Identifying Child Abuse and Neglect www.childwelfare.gov/can/identifying Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect www.childwelfare.gov/preventing Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect www.childwelfare.gov/responding/reporting.cfm Resources:

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