Bender - Gestalt

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Bender-Gestalt II Test : 

Joseph Zanki EDCO 534 Fall II, 2010 Bender-Gestalt II Test

Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test : 

Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test Developed in 1938, Lauretta Bender Originally published by American Orthopsychiatric Association 1990- Riverside Publishing Co. – Bender II Evaluates Visual-Motor Maturity Originally Developed by Wertheimer – demonstrate the perceptual tendencies to organize visual stimuli into configural wholes (Gestalten)

Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test : 

Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test Screens Students for Developmental Delays Assess Brain Damage and Neurological Deficits Applied to people suffered Traumatic Brain Injury Battery of Neuropsychological Measures or Tests Sometimes used with other Personality Tests to determine presence of emotional and psychiatric disturbances such as schizophrenia

Precautions: : 

Precautions: Requires a clinically trained examiner Should be administered and interpreted by a trained psychologist or psychiatrist Always should be used as only one element of a complete battery of psychological or developmental tests Never should be used alone as the sole basis for a diagnosis

Bender-Gestalt Test : 

Bender-Gestalt Test Purpose: A rapid, efficient measure of perceptual-motor and cognitive development in children Population: Ages 4 and over Time: Typically ten (10) to 20 minutes, Not timed Individually or as a group Most frequently administered and researched of all the drawing or copying tests

Bender-Gestalt II Test : 

Bender-Gestalt II Test Consists of nine geometric designs which are numbered : 16 figures (originally 9) 3 x 5 card Each geometric design is presented sequentially to the subject One at a time subject will be asked to copy it onto a single piece of blank paper Task is to reproduce them on a blank sheet of paper

Results - Bender-Gestalt Test : 

Results - Bender-Gestalt Test Results are based on accuracy and organization Interpretation depends on form of test in use Evaluation of drawings based on: rotation, distortion, symmetry, preservation Example: A person with frontal lobe injury may reproduce the same pattern over and over (preservation)

Results: Bender-Gestalt II Test : 

Results: Bender-Gestalt II Test Scoring: Easy and rapid, rarely more that three or four minutes Reliability: interscorer reliability very high, correlations of .90 and above Correlation Coefficients – .80+ range, normal elementary school children show stable patterns on the Bender-Gestalt Validity: correlation coefficients from .50 to .80 for Bender-Gestalt for children up to 10 years old High correlation – Bender scores and educational achievement of first-grade children Test-retest reliability coefficients – A low of about .50 with kindergarten children, measured 8 months apart To .90 - Same age group, measured two weeks apart

Bender Gestalt Example of Errors: : 

Test Item Rotation error Bender Gestalt Example of Errors:

Slide 10: 

Test Item Retrogression error Bender Gestalt Example of Errors:

Slide 11: 

Bender Gestalt Example of Errors: Test Item Simplification

Example Results of Poor Visual Motor Abilities: : 

Example Results of Poor Visual Motor Abilities: Retrogression: Substituting more primitive figures for the original design—Example,: solid lines or loops for circles, dashes for dots, dots for circles, circles for dots, or filling in circles. Rotation: Involves rotating a figure or part of a figure by 45° or more. Error scored when examinee rotates the stimulus card that is being copied. Scribbling: Drawing primitive lines that have no relationship to the original Bender Gestalt figure. Simplification: Involves replacing a part of the figure with a more simplified figure.

Bender-Gestalt II  - Descriptive Labels : 

Bender-Gestalt II  - Descriptive Labels Extremely advanced Very high or very advanced High or advanced High average Average Low average Low or borderline delayed Very low or mildly delayed Extremely low /delayed

Bender Gestalt Test- Cases : 

Bender Gestalt Test- Cases

Normal Results: Bender-Gestalt Test : 

Normal Results: Bender-Gestalt Test People normally improve on test as they age Complexity of results – interpreted only by a clinically trained psychologist or psychiatrist Popular test because of short amount of time to administer and score, also other ways to score the test Never should be used in isolation to diagnosis a problem Designed for use in educational, research, and clinical setting Similar Test – Motor Free Visual Perception Test

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