The Supreme Court

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Slide 1: 

The Supreme Court

Supreme Court Preview Questions : 

Supreme Court Preview Questions How many Supreme Court Justices are there? How long is the Justice’s term of office? Who can appear before the Federal Supreme Court?

Supreme Court Preview Questions : 

Supreme Court Preview Questions 4. Is there more than one “Supreme Court” in America? 5. Which Supreme Court is this one we are studying?

Slide 4: 

The Supreme Court What is the concept of judicial review? What is the scope of the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction?

Slide 5: 

How do cases reach the Supreme Court? How does the Supreme Court operate? The Supreme Court

Judicial Review : 

Judicial Review Judicial review refers to the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a government action.

Judicial Review : 

Judicial Review The Supreme Court first asserted its power of judicial review in the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803).

Judicial Review : 

Judicial Review The Court’s decision laid the foundation for its involvement in the development of the American system of government.

Supreme Court Jurisdiction : 

Supreme Court Jurisdiction The Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction-is the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts.

Supreme Court Jurisdiction : 

Supreme Court Jurisdiction The Court has original jurisdiction over cases involving two or more States and all cases brought against ambassadors or other public ministers.

Supreme Court Jurisdiction : 

Supreme Court Jurisdiction Most cases heard by the Court are appeals cases. The Court hears only one to two cases in which it has original jurisdiction per year.

How Cases Reach the Supreme Court : 

How Cases Reach the Supreme Court For a case to be heard by the Court, four of nine judges must agree that it should be placed on the Court’s docket.

Writ of Certiorari : 

Writ of Certiorari Most cases reach the Court via writ of certiorari, an order to a lower court to send a record in a given case for its review.

Certificate : 

Certificate Cases can reach the Court by certificate when a lower court asks for the Court to certify the answer to a specific question in the matter.

How the Supreme Court Operates : 

How the Supreme Court Operates Oral Arguments Once the Supreme Court accepts a case, it sets a date on which lawyers on both sides will present oral arguments.

How the Supreme Court Operates : 

How the Supreme Court Operates Briefs Briefs are written documents filed with the Court before oral arguments begin.

How the Supreme Court Operates : 

How the Supreme Court Operates The Court in Conference The Chief Justice presides over a closed-door conference in which justices present their views on the case at hand.

Opinions of the Court : 

Opinions of the Court Once the Court finishes its conference, it reaches a decision and its opinion is written.

Opinions of the Court : 

Opinions of the Court Majority Opinion The majority opinion, formally called the Opinion of the Court, announces the Court’s decision in a case and its reasoning on which it is based.

Opinions of the Court : 

Opinions of the Court Precedents The majority opinions stand as precedents, or examples to be followed in similar cases as they arise in the lower courts or reach the Supreme Court.

Opinions of the Court : 

Opinions of the Court Concurring Opinions Concurring opinions are sometimes authored by justices to add or emphasize a point that was not made in the majority opinion.

Opinions of the Court : 

Opinions of the Court Dissenting Opinions Dissenting opinions are often written by those justices who do not agree with the Court's majority opinion.

Slide 24: 

1. The Supreme Court has which type of jurisdiction? (a) only original jurisdiction (b) only appellate jurisdiction (c) appellate and original jurisdiction (d) none of the above

Slide 25: 

2. The majority opinion of a Supreme Court case is (a) the decision made on a case by the Court. (b) written by those justices that voted in favor of a case. (c) never used as precedent in a court of law. (d) often authored by the justice holding the least seniority.

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