logging in or signing up chapter 6, part 1 jschouwe Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 174 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: October 03, 2010 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: RomulousC (31 month(s) ago) The most interesting concept that caught my attention was pertaining to the use of languange through symbols and rules and how being able to control a language has an effect on controlling society in a fairly subtle way, for instance the example givin at the end of class Wed. when talking about calling a group of people he and not they regardless of which gender populates the group. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: fidrivas (32 month(s) ago) In chapter six, I found really interesting the "linguistic determinism". According to the definition, we can only think and see a certain ways ideas and the world because of our language. And I agree with this. Unless we really think or put ourself in the place of someone else's place, it is hard to pursue our understanding. For example, there are some words in my language, Guarani, that are very difficult to translate in English - the idea and concept behind the word just do not exist in English. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: Leona10 (32 month(s) ago) There is so much to language that we would not think of. Usually, we think of language as having a conversation with another person or a few actions that come along with what we say to another person. But this chapter brings out that there is so much more to language that I think a lot of us did not know or did not even consider. What is really interesting to me is the topic of sign language. How it has evolved over time and how in different places or regions, it is not all the same. Personally, I thought I knew a lot about language, but after reading this chapter, I realized that there is so much to language. There are aspects of language that I would not have considered would constitute as part of language. This chapter has really helped me to understand that I should be more aware of my language, not only with myself, but also with others. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: lent1 (32 month(s) ago) Language is how we communicate with each other and how a person does it makes it all effective. A person who does it effective will use semantics, synatics, and dialects. We use certain language to communicate and that makes it all effective. Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Chapter 6: Communicating Verbally : Chapter 6: Communicating Verbally Part 1 (p. 182-198) Language and Communication Studies : Language and Communication Studies p. 186-198 Semiotics : Semiotics Theorized by Ferdinand de Saussure Structuralist Signified Signifier tree Slide 4: Semantics: the relationship between signs and the things to which they refer Syntactics: the relationship between signs and how they are structures Pragmatics : relationship to signs and how they effect those who use them Book: Semiotics: The Basics http://books.google.com/books?id=T3yKcMnQzE0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=semiotics&source=bl&ots=HXujrlIpQ_&sig=SIsUaNGhyTASTs4FtE-HFkPPVnI&hl=en&ei=MsqoTJzrOI6ksQOc6fzSDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&sqi=2&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false Dialectics : Dialectics Used by Plato, Hegel, Kant, Marx, and others In communication, relational dialectics is largely theorized by Leslie Baxter and William Rawlins Dialectical tensions exist in relationships, leading to constant flux of emotions, perceptions, (mis)understandings, etc. Tensions cannot be separated from one another Discourse : Discourse Theorized by Michel Foulcault postmodern Codified linguistic usages tied to a realm of social action (legal discourse, medical discourse, judicial discourse) Structures of understood actions, ideas, and practices that systematically dictate the use of language Rhetoric : Rhetoric Classical rhetoric began in ancient Greece with Plato, Socrates, Aristotle Other forms: Neo-Aristotilian, invitational Rhetorical criticism is a methodology Often applied or understood as speech or persuasion, but it also enters into our interpersonal interactions Nature of Verbal Communication : Nature of Verbal Communication Ubiquitous—we use it constantly, even when we think we’re not using verbal communication Think how verbal communication might be using us! Defined by uses of language, therefore we must explore language in order to better understand verbal communication 1. Language as Symbolic : 1. Language as Symbolic Every language uses symbols Words become representatives of things, and therefore are arbitrary Collections of symbols form messages Consider our homonym activity Language is governed by rules Syntax, grammar, spelling, pronunciation Slide 10: Constitutive rules: define words and what they represent Regulative rules: govern the use of language (grammar, syntax) 2. Language is Flexible : 2. Language is Flexible Personal idioms: words and phrases with unique meanings for individuals Dialects (not dialectics): regional, cultural, or organizational Jargon Slang 3. Language is Cultural : 3. Language is Cultural Code switching “Adequate” knowledge of a language Mechanics vs. social usage (slang, jokes, sayings) Evaluate this statement from the textbook, page 185: “In the United States, of course, people typically don’t presume that others share similar knowledge and beliefs, so they ‘spell things out’ much more explicitly.” Slide 13: high-context cultures: indirect; assume implicit values and meanings in language and communication Low-context cultures: direct; more explicit in explaining beliefs, attitudes, values Slide 14: Is it accurate to categorize cultures as either high- or low-context? Can we instead see this as a continuum what varies continuously? Slide 15: Do we agree with the existence of the low-context category ? Is it possible to convey all or most of a culture’s assumptions in communicative instances? Conversely, how does this relate to white/heterosexual/body/class privilege? Are we always aware of the values and beliefs we hold? 4. Language Evolves : 4. Language Evolves Making concepts or material objects into verbs “I’m Facebook stalking him” “Why don’t you just Google it?” “I think we should just YouTube that ad” Who controls language evolution? Urban Dictionary p. 187, 2nd paragraph How might language be a form of resistance? Judith Butler Slide 17: Oral “storytelling”—is this just an art? Why are oral histories not valued processes of knowledge production and reception as much as institutional (“formal”) education? Deaf culture and language-- Functions of Verbal Communication : Functions of Verbal Communication What are some examples of… Connotative and denotative meaning Linguistic determinism Linguistic relativity Violent Language : Violent Language How does language do violence against certain people? Hateful terms/speech “everyday” language Hispanic, Latina/o, Chicana/o He, she, boyfriend, girlfriend—who does this exclude? Performing Actions : Performing Actions Searle—theorized speech acts, the actions we perform with words Close the door! Could you please close the door? I think it’s best to close the door. Characteristics of Conversation : Characteristics of Conversation Describe the 4 main characteristics of conversation Interactive Locally managed Universal Scripts You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.