Tenses (Basic Rules ofTenses)

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BASIC RULES OF TENSES :

BASIC RULES OF TENSES Made By: Samyak Jain

Abbreviations used in the presentation:

Abbreviations used in the presentation S - Subject O - Object V 1 - First form of the verb V 2 - Second form of the verb V 3 - Third form of the verb

Simple Present :

Simple Present 1.If Subject is Singular: S + V 1 + s/ es + O E.g.: Alec sells toffees. 2.If Subject is Plural: S + V 1 + O E.g.: Children perform on the stage.

Present Continuous :

Present Continuous 1. If Subject is singular: S + is/am + V 1 + ing + O E.g.: He is flying the kite. 2. If Subject is plural: S + are+ V 1 + ing + O E.g.: They are flying kites. ‘am’ is used with ‘I’. ‘is’ is used with ‘he/she’. ‘are’ is used with ‘we/they/you’.

Present Perfect :

Present Perfect 1.If Subject is Singular: S + has + V 3 + O E.g.: He has finished his work. 2.If Subject is Plural: S + have + V 3 + O E.g.: They have finished their work.

Present Perfect Continuos:

Present Perfect C ontinuos 1.If Subject is Singular: S + has + been + V 1 + ing + since/for + O E.g.: He has been dancing for four hours. 2.If Subject is Plural: S + have + V 1 + ing + since/for + O E.g.: We have been doing the work since 7:00a.m.

Simple Past:

Simple Past Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + V 2 + O John bought two toffees.

Past Continuos:

Past Continuos 1. If Subject is singular: S + was + V 1 + ing + O E.g.: He was eating Pasta. 2. If Subject is plural: S + were + V 1 + ing + O E.g.: They were flying kites.

Past Perfect :

Past Perfect Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + had + V 3 + O E.g.: He had killed the snake.

Past Perfect Continuous :

Past Perfect Continuous Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + had + been + V 1 + ing + since/for + O E.g.:They had been talking for over an hour.

Simple Fututre :

Simple Fututre Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + V 1 + O E.g.: She will go there in the evening.

Future Continuous:

Future Continuous Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + be + V 1 + + ing + O E.g.: They will be running tomorrow.

Future Perfect:

Future Perfect Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + have + V 3 + O E.g.: Tom will have finished the work.

Future Perfect Continuous:

Future Perfect Continuous Whether the Subject is singular or plural, rule remains the same: S + will/shall + have + been + V 1 + ing + O E.g.: Jane will have been dancing on the stage tomorrow.

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